International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 213

Full Length Research Paper

Perception and Utilization of Standardized Nursing Languages among Nurses in south-south Nigeria

Emmanuel Chukwunwike Enebeli
  • Emmanuel Chukwunwike Enebeli
  • Adult Critical Care Unit, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar
Blessing Osagumwendia Josiah
  • Blessing Osagumwendia Josiah
  • Department of Nursing, Turks and Caicos Islands Community College, Turks and Caicos Islands.
  • Google Scholar
Paulina Ackley Akpan-Idiok
  • Paulina Ackley Akpan-Idiok
  • Department of Nursing Science, University of Calabar, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 20 December 2023
  •  Accepted: 21 February 2024
  •  Published: 31 March 2024


Standardized nursing languages (SNLs) are crucial for nursing documentation, yet their usage varies and depends on several factors. This study aims to investigate the perception and other influences on SNL use among Nigerian nurses. A cross-sectional survey employing a questionnaire was utilized to survey 310 nurses from two Nigerian hospitals: The University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH) and General Hospital Calabar (GHC). Despite 92.58% of nurses having a positive perception (average score of 30.2 out of 40), the study revealed low SNL utilization (t = -50.01, df = 309; p < 0.05). Additionally, SNL perception and utilization showed no significant statistical relationship among nurses (N = 310, r = -0.07, p > 0.05). Barriers to SNL use included nurse-related factors (lack of time, p = 0.034; lack of mentor, p < 0.000) and institution-related factors (lack of material, p = 0.011; lack of SNL policies, p = 0.001; training, p = 0.105; sufficient staff, p = 0.001). Low SNL utilization, despite positive perception, stemmed from personal and institutional factors. Both parties should enhance SNL use by organizing seminars, formulating policies, introducing electronic documentation, participating in training and conferences, and seeking mentorship.

Key words: Perception standardized nursing language, utilization.