International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 194

Full Length Research Paper

Variables that may affect the traditional signs of perinatal asphyxia

Virginia Maroto Alonso
  • Virginia Maroto Alonso
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology Service, Hospital Universitario Infanta Cristina, Avenida 9 de Junio, 2.28981 Parla (Madrid), Spain.
  • Google Scholar
Eva Perez-Martinez
  • Eva Perez-Martinez
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology Service, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Calle Camino del Molino, 2. 28942 Fuenlabrada (Madrid), Spain.
  • Google Scholar
Vicente Manuel Patino Maraver
  • Vicente Manuel Patino Maraver
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology Service, Hospital Universitario Infanta Cristina, Avenida 9 de Junio, 2.28981 Parla (Madrid), Spain.
  • Google Scholar
Ana Belen Hernández Lopez
  • Ana Belen Hernández Lopez
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology Service, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Calle Manuel de Falla, 1. 28222, Majadahonda (Madrid), Spain.
  • Google Scholar
Consuelo Alvarez Plaza
  • Consuelo Alvarez Plaza
  • Departament of Anthropology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avenida Séneca, 2. 28040 Madrid, Spain.
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  •  Received: 24 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 15 October 2021
  •  Published: 30 November 2021

Abstract

The objective of this study was to prove if certain variables related to labour affect the traditional signs of perinatal asphyxia (cardiotocography records, Apgar score and the umbilical artery pH). This is an observational, multicentric, longitudinal, analytical, cohort study in pregnant women at term admitted to the delivery room of Hospital Infanta Cristina, Hospital de Fuenlabrada and Hospital Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda. Of all the variables under scrutiny, the onset of labour, parity, clamping the umbilical cord, gestational age, type of delivery, newborn weight and neonatal resuscitation have a significant relationship with the three signs of perinatal asphyxia. This study showed a relationship between the three signs and some of the studied variables, therefore recommending assessing them in the perinatal asphyxia diagnosis.

Key words: Cardiotocography records, umbilical pH, Apgar score, perinatal asphyxia.