Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Article in Press

Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence and Associated Factors among Children on Antiretroviral Medication in Dessie Referral Hospital, Dessie city Administration, Ethiopia

Kibret Bayeh Asressie and Yeshewas Abaynew Getaneh

  •  Received: 08 June 2019
  •  Accepted: 19 July 2019
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency disease (HIV/AIDS) is worse in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. To achieve the goal of fighting HIV/AIDS; appropriate antiretroviral treatment (ART) and maximizing adherence to ART are crucial. The objective of this study was to assess ART medication adherence status and associated factors among children on ART in Dessie Referral Hospital. Methods: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted by using a structured questionnaire. Caregivers of children age less than 14 years who were on ART follow up were included in the study. Study subjects were selected using simple random sampling technique. Results: A total of 262 study subjects were participated. The estimated adherence by using pill count was found to be 75.2%. On multivariable logistic regression model, children who were aware of their HIV sero-status [AOR= 3.71 (95% CI: 1.33-10.36)], and children whose HIV sero-status was disclosed to their family [AOR= 9.42 (95% CI: 4.20-21.10)] were more likely to adhere. Conclusions: ART medication adherence level based on pill count was low. Caregivers/parents should be encouraged to disclose the HIV status to the child or to family.

Keywords: Medication Adherence, HAART, caregivers