Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009

JAHR Articles in press

Scoping review on factors associated with continuity of treatment among people living with hiv in Nigeria

Article in Press

HIV infection and AIDS are serious public health issues globally. Nigeria has one of the highest rates of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa and the world's second highest HIV burden. Patients’ continuity of treatment (CoT) is critical towards achieving HIV control. This study aims to explore individual and associated factors of HIV treatment continuity among PLHIV in Nigeria. For this review, the Preferred Reporting...

Author(s):Ojemeiri Karl Airaoje, Omotola Ogunbola, Funmi Falobi, AruayeAfeye Obada and Aondover Eric Msughter

Prevalence and Correlates of Hypertension, Diabetes, and Cancer Among HIV-Infected Adults in Guinea: Insights for Healthcare Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Article in Press

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, accounting for 71% of deaths worldwide in 2019. This trend extends to sub-Saharan Africa, where NCDs are expected to overtake infectious diseases by 2030 amid rapid urbanization, population growth, and changing lifestyles. People living with HIV may be at even greater risk of NCDs due to chronic inflammation due to HIV,...

Author(s):Aly Dramé, Mohamed Cissé, and Jeb Jones

Workers' HIV vulnerability contexts in ethiopian sugar factories and development projects

Article in Press

In Sugar Factories and other development projects, the high unemployment rate and labor migration-related issues run the risk of exacerbating the spread of HIV among temporary employees and their social networks at the workplaces and at home. The adult demographic groups most impacted by HIV/AIDS are young people between the ages of 15 and 49, and the working class is the group most at risk of catching the illness owing...

Author(s):Fekadu Dereje, and Gutema Bati

Prevalence and correlates of youth voluntary counseling and testing uptake among students of higher education institutions in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

HIV/AIDS remains a major public health concern worldwide, and young people are among the most vulnerable groups. Compared to adults, youth are characterized by significant physiological, psychological and social changes and aspirations that place their life at risky sexual and reproductive outcomes. Given the sensitive nature of adolescents with respect to sex and sexuality, students in the developing world are less...

Author(s):Chalachew Getahun Desta and Kiflu Kemal

Correlates of HIV prevalence among key population in Nigeria

Article in Press

There has been improvement in the control of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. The 2018 national prevalence was 1.4%, a decline from previous surveys. The gains are however not uniform; a gap still exists in the response to key populations (KP) due to socio-cultural barriers and unfavourable legislative environment. We examined the demographic correlates of HIV among KP in Nigeria. Society for Family Health provided HIV Testing...

Author(s):Oluwatosin Adeoye, Kenneth Alau, Salome Chika-Igbokwe, Paul Nwaogu, Rosemary Adu, Roselyn Odeh, Kucheli Wudiri, Halima Momodu, Aishatu Onota, Obed Nnamdi, Patricia Igbene, Omokhudu Idogho, Jennifer Anyanti and Godpower Omoregie

Sexual practices and condom use for HIV prevention among military personnel in Abuja, Nigeria

Article in Press

Background: Uniformed officers have been classified as one of the most at risk groups for the transmission of HIV/AIDS. Condom use among military officers is one of the national strategies instituted for HIV prevention, in the military. However, the utilization of condom in the military has not been adequately documented. This study therefore assessed the use of condoms in HIV prevention and its determinants among the...

Author(s):David A. Adeyemi and Olajide A. Adekunle

Clinical Features and the prevalence of Occult Hepatitis C Virus Infection (OCI) among HIV / AIDS positive people at Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon

Article in Press

Background: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) has become the leading cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer worldwide. Occult Hepatitis C Infection (OCI) is a silent form of Hepatitis C Virus infection, making it difficult to diagnose. The detection of the OCI makes it possible to avoid eventual HCV reactivation. Some studies have described the immunological factors, and others the biochemical factors associated with Occult Hepatitis C...

Author(s):Raoul Kenfack Momo∗, Diane Kamdem Thiomo, Ndinakie Yakum Martin , Gaelle Aureliènne Kameni, Cedric Fossi Tchinda, Marceline Djuidje Ngounoue,

Risk factors among adolescents living with HIV and AIDS in Botswana

Article in Press

Background: HIV and AIDS risk factors among adolescents aged 15-19 years are of great concern in the fight against this deadly pandemic. It is almost three decades since the HIV and AIDS pandemic has severely ravaged the people of Botswana and children who have been born of mothers who are HIV positive have now reached the adolescent stage. As part of a large of on-going study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health...


Chronic diseases multi-morbidity and life style factors among adult people living with HIV at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Background: Due to the wide implementation of antiretroviral therapy (ART), people living with HIV (PLWHIV) are now living longer. This increased the risk of having non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCDs) among them. We aimed to describe prevalence of NCCDs multi-morbidity among people living with HIV at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Referral Hospital (HUCSRH). Methods: In April 2016, institution...

Author(s):Endrias Markos Woldesemayat

Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence and Associated Factors among Children on Antiretroviral Medication in Dessie Referral Hospital, Dessie city Administration, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency disease (HIV/AIDS) is worse in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. To achieve the goal of fighting HIV/AIDS; appropriate antiretroviral treatment (ART) and maximizing adherence to ART are crucial. The objective of this study was to assess ART medication adherence status and associated factors among children on ART in Dessie Referral...

Author(s):Kibret Bayeh Asressie and Yeshewas Abaynew Getaneh

Household food security and associated factors among Adult living with HIV/AIDS attending ART clinic at the Hawassa Town Hospital , Southern Ethiopia 2017.

Article in Press

Introduction: Globally 78 million peoples are living with HIV/AIDS. Ethiopia has one of the highest populations of HIV infected people in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. The relationship between HIV epidemic and food security situation in Ethiopia is complex, it is likely that the epidemic will contribute to worsening widespread food insecurity. The aim of this study is to assess the level of food security and...

Author(s):Rekiku Fikre and

Quality of life and coping strategy of HIV patients receiving care in a Nigerian Tertiary Institution

Article in Press

Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome in patient management. This study evaluated the quality of life (QOL) and coping strategies for 241 HIV/AIDS patients receiving care at the Enugu state teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria. The patients were assessed with the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire-Short Version (WHO-QOL-BREF) and a stress coping strategy questionnaire. Results were...

Author(s):Ukoha-kalu, Blessing Onyinye and Adibe, Maxwell Ogochukwu

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Helicobacter pylori Infection among HIV Positive Adults on ART at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern-Ethiopia

Article in Press

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections are worldwide healthcare burdens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of H. pylori infection among HIV patients at Southern-Ethiopia. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital on 390 HIV infected adults on antiretroviral therapy from...

Author(s):Addis G/Mariam, Techalew Shimelis, Agete Tadewos, Fanuel Belayneh, Demiss Niguse

Prevalence of HIV/AIDs among pregnant women attending state specialist hospital akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

Article in Press

This examination was carried out to enumerate the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women attending the State Specialist Hospital, Akure, Nigeria. Blood samples were collected from 520 pregnant women and screened for antibodies to HIV using Determine HIV-1/2 kit and Determine HIV-1/2 kit. The overall prevalence of HIV was found to be 2.88% (n=15). Higher prevalence of 3.81% was found among age-groups 25-34 years compared...

Author(s):Ojo D.Olukitibi T. A.,Oladunmoye M. K.

Predictors of loss to follow up among adults enrolled on anti-retroviral therapy in Otona teaching and referral hospital, Wolayita Soddo, Southern Ethiopia; retrospective cohort study

Article in Press

In Sub-Saharan African country, particularly in Ethiopia, there is a growing concern of the management of diagnosis and treatment of to diagnose HIV-AIDS patients. These patients later on are presented with advance disease and loss of follow up in not uncommon. There are several factors demotivating these patients to continue their treatment but later on, they will present with advanced disease because they have loss to...

Author(s):Molalegn Mesele, Gistane Ayele, Manaye Yihune and Gedion Asnake

Analysing the joint effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in Selected Countries in Africa

Article in Press

This paper analyses the effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in selected African countries. Using a panel data from 40 African countries within the period of 2005 to 2014, both linear and nonlinear models were estimated. The Hausman test conducted approves the appropriateness of the random effect. Random effect estimation with interaction term shows health expenditure has positive and significant...


Under the Influence of Needles: Multiplicity of HIV Related Risk Behaviour among Injecting Drug Users in South Asian Countries

Article in Press

Background: Interface of drug abuse, needle sharing and high-risk-sex are potential menace multiplying HIV risk. This paper analyses covariates of multiplicity of risk behaviour among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the selected countries of South Asia. Methods: Findings are based on data from 1393 male IDUs from Nepal (2010-11), 1290 from Bangladesh (2015-16) and 1977 from India (2010). Bivariate and multivariate...

Author(s):Shrikant Singh, Santosh kumar Sharma, Anshur Rehman, Deepanjali Vishwakarma, Bhawana Sharma and Alankar Malviya

Knowledge, attitude and practice as a response against HIV/AIDS among new entrants of Dilla University students, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Objective: To identify the influence of clinical setting on adherence to antiretroviral treatment among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika Level 5 hospital. Design: Crossectional. Setting: Thika Level 5 hospital, Thika Sub County, Kiambu County. Subjects: 150 HIV/AIDS infected adolescents and 25 health Care Workers. Results: Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis revealed that there was a significant...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tadesse Gemeda, Abineh Unasho Gandile, Demisse Semebo Bikamo


Article in Press

Young people including adolescents constitute a significant number of the people living with Human Immune Deficiency Virus/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the world today. The study sought to establish the antiretroviral treatment adherence determinants among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika level 5 Hospital. The specific objective of the study was to find out how health literacy influence...

Author(s):T. W. Kariuki, E.S Some,George Kimanthi and J.Kariuki


Article in Press

In Nigeria, Christian leaders have been instrumental in increasing the rates of voluntary HIV testing especially pre-marital testing and have also being participating in between 40 and 70% of HIV related activities in other African countries. It is based on this premise it is hypothesized that given their influence on the population, Muslim religious leaders can make a similar effort in Northern Nigeria in increasing the...

Author(s):Taofeek Ibrahim,Balarabe Isa Adamu,Ismaila Mohammed Ahmed,Usman Nasir Nakakana and Maryam Mohammed Ahmed


Article in Press

HIV-infection in children progresses more rapidly than in adults, and up to half of untreated children die within the 1st two years of life. This progression is correlated with higher viral burden and faster depletion of infected CD4 lymphocytes in infants and children than in adults. Most studies have demonstrated that CD4 cell count has the strongest predictive value in predicting disease progression. Highly active...


The effects of a therapeutic exercise intervention on depression and body self-image in women receiving anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa

Article in Press

This research study investigated the effects of a programme of therapeutic movement on depression and body self-image, on two samples of HIV positive females undergoing anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aims and objectives of this study are in line with the World Health Organisation (WHO) (2012) and UNICEF (2013) mandates, which advocates the implementation of effective psycho-social and...

Author(s):Daniels Andrea K. and Rudolf L. Van Niekerk

Survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children under 15 years of age after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has emerged as one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity in sub Saharan Africa. But, the attention given to HIV-infected children in terms of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) had so far been ranked second. The study had the objectives of identifying predictors that had significant impacts on the survival status of HIV infected children who received...

Author(s):Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Yemane Asmleash

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