Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Article in Press

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Helicobacter pylori Infection among HIV Positive Adults on ART at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern-Ethiopia

Addis G/Mariam*, Techalew Shimelis, Agete Tadewos, Fanuel Belayneh, Demiss Niguse

  •  Received: 31 October 2018
  •  Accepted: 14 December 2018
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections are worldwide healthcare burdens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of H. pylori infection among HIV patients at Southern-Ethiopia. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital on 390 HIV infected adults on antiretroviral therapy from September to November 2017. All vital data were collected by designed questionnaires and stool samples were collected using appropriate sample cap for H. pylori antigen diagnosis. The overall prevalence of H. pylori infection was 17.9%. In addition, 42.6% of the participants had a history of dyspepsia and of them, 4.3% were positive for H. pylori infection. Moreover, 48.9% were using either aqua tablet (67mg-Trocloresene sodium) or water filters for drinking water, of them 11.5% were positive for H. pylori infection. Furthermore, having a history of dyspepsia: the adjusted odds ratio [AOR (95% CI): 4.8 (1.6–14.7)], and age ≤30 years [AOR (95% CI):3.7(1.6–8.8)] were associated factors of H. pylori infection. H. pylori infection has an association with age ≤ 30 years old and history of dyspepsia. Therefore, the finding indicates the need of further large-scale and cohort type studies to determine the other possible associated factors for the infection.

Keywords: Helicobacter Pylori, HIV, Stool antigen test, South-Ethiopia