Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Article in Press

Workers' HIV vulnerability contexts in ethiopian sugar factories and development projects

Fekadu Dereje*, and Gutema Bati

  •  Received: 12 June 2023
  •  Accepted: 18 July 2023
In Sugar Factories and other development projects, the high unemployment rate and labor migration-related issues run the risk of exacerbating the spread of HIV among temporary employees and their social networks at the workplaces and at home. The adult demographic groups most impacted by HIV/AIDS are young people between the ages of 15 and 49, and the working class is the group most at risk of catching the illness owing to risky sexual conduct. The HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities would be more successful and have a greater positive impact if we understood the vulnerability settings of highly vulnerable groups. This study's objective was to assess the conditions that made sugar industry workers in Ethiopia particularly susceptible to hazardous sexual behavior and HIV/AIDS. The study used a mix of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Thus, the study's systematic random sample method comprised 650 workers from the eleven sugar mills and development projects overseen by Ethiopian Sugar Corporation. Quantitative information was gathered through the use of a structured, methodical questionnaire, and SPSS version 20 was used for analysis. 70.53% of respondents, according to the report, have experienced sexual activity. The majority (54.8%) of the sexually experienced respondents had intercourse within three months of the research. Up to 30.14% of sexually experienced respondents who had intercourse in the preceding year did so with someone other than their current partner. Only 59.6% of respondents who had previously engaged in sexual activity reported using condoms. The study's findings showed that the individuals engage in sexual behaviors that may increase their risk of contracting HIV. Researchers recommended creating remedies that are contextually relevant to the sugar industry based on the aforementioned findings in order to address the problem and raise the level of social responsibility outlined in the corporation's policy document.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Ethiopia, Sugar Factories