Journal of
Accounting and Taxation

  • Abbreviation: J. Account. Taxation
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6664
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAT
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 206

Full Length Research Paper

Investigating the use of the four perspectives of balanced score card (BSC) as technique for assessing performance by Nigerian banks

Mohammed Ibrahim
  • Mohammed Ibrahim
  • Department of Accounting, Gombe State University, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 19 June 2014
  •  Accepted: 26 February 2015
  •  Published: 30 April 2015


This paper explores the use of BSC as technique for assessing performance in the Nigerian banking industry. The population of the study comprised 21 banks operating in Gombe State, Nigeria. A purposive sampling technique was adopted to arrive at the sample of eleven  banks. A survey technique was used to obtain data for the study. Fifty five copies of questionnaire were distributed to the executive staff of the sampled banks (5 each to every selected bank), out of which forty three copies were duly completed and returned. Descriptive statistics and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA was used as techniques for data analysis. The study concludes that Nigerian banks relied heavily on financial performance measures followed by customer performance measures as technique for assessing their performance. The study recommended that Nigerian banks should enhance their performance measurement systems by balancing their performance measures within the four perspectives of BSC. This will check the skewness of the CAMEL’s rating approach (C = capital adequacy, A = asset quality, M = management quality, E = earning quality and L = liquidity), which uses financial measures to assess banks performance in Nigeria.


Key words: Balanced scorecard (BSC), bank, performance, performance measurement, Nigeria.