Full Length Research Paper
This paper reviews the existing and emerging perspectives on fair value accounting (FVA) in the context of the stewardship function of financial reporting. This study draws on diverse research threads and theoretical notions to advance a comprehensive assessment of existing FVA research in the context of the trade-off between decision-usefulness and the stewardship objective. By conducting a narrative literature review, the authors identify two distinct domains of literature: FVA- a result of a conceptual shift in financial reporting; and FVA- an enhancement of decision-usefulness in general-purpose financial reporting. This study posits that FVA can be considered as an evolutionary, rather than revolutionary, development in financial reporting measurement which emerged from financialisation and globalisation of economies. It is further suggested that the ability of FVA to provide stewardship-relevant information may be reduced due to the emphasis it places on the provision of decision-useful information for investment purposes. Therefore, the authors call for a greater engagement between policy-setters and researchers when choosing conceptual underpinnings for financial measurement objectives.
Key words: Fair value accounting, stewardship function, decision usefulness, IFRS 13.
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