Journal of
Accounting and Taxation

  • Abbreviation: J. Account. Taxation
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6664
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAT
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 206

Full Length Research Paper

Employment dynamics and fiscal policy in ECOWAS: A panel data analysis

Okunola, Adesola Olajumoke
  • Okunola, Adesola Olajumoke
  • School of Social and Management Sciences, Pan Atlantic University, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 26 August 2021
  •  Accepted: 11 October 2021
  •  Published: 31 October 2021


The study investigated the association between employment dynamics and fiscal policy in Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The study focused on the 15 memberships of ECOWAS from 1990 to 2019. ?h? study made use of Keynes’ theory, from which a simple model was formed. The variables used in the model were employment, government expenditure, and tax revenue. ?ut?r?gr?ss?v? d?str?but?d l?g (?RDL) was adopted because of the nature of the unit root test. The result of the paper showed that in the long-run, both government expenditure and tax revenue are significant in determining employment level in ECOWAS; government revenue has a negative significant effect on employment and tax revenue has a positive significant effect on employment. The study recommended that only tax revenue can boost employment levels in ECOWAS countries. Therefore, the government should make use of tax revenue to create more employment rather than using government expenditure, which has not been productivity over time.


Key words: Employment dynamics, fiscal policy, autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach.