International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

IJMMS Articles

Is there a relationship between occult celiac disease and functional dyspepsia?

August 2017

This is a study to answer the question: Is there a relationship between occult celiac disease and functional dyspepsia? The study was carried out on 400 dyspeptic patients. Upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) endoscopy was done for all patients and those with non-functional dyspepsia were excluded from the study. Duodenal biopsies with histopathological examination according to the Marsh-Oberhuber criteria were done....

Author(s): Hanaa Kh. Fath-Elbab, Magdy Fouad, Elham Ahmed Mohammed, Nehad M. Reda and Hend Mones

Neutrophil vacuolization in peripheral blood smear assessed with May Grünwald-Giemsa stain has direct correlation with the severity of hemorrhagic shock and serum lactate in trauma patients

July 2017

Tissue trauma induces migration and activation of neutrophils through specific mediators. Vacuolated neutrophils in peripheral blood smear of septic patients correlated with mortality. However, scarce data exist with respect to findings in hemorrhagic shock (HS) trauma patients. The aim of this work was to evaluate the number and size of cytoplasmic and nuclear vacuoles in polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) obtained...

Author(s): João Rodrigo Campos, José Gustavo Parreira, João Baptista Rezende-Neto, Emanuelle Maria Savio de Abreu, Thais Andrade, Ernest Moore, Marcus Vinicius Melo Andrade, Sílvia Dantas Cangussu and José Renan Cunha-Melo

Malignant otitis externa: An assessment of emerging pathogens and the prognostic factors

July 2017

Although the mortalities from malignant otitis externa (MOE) have greatly reduced, it is still a potentially fatal clinical condition. This study was undertaken to review the treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in MOE and to compare the behavioral pattern of cases caused by pseudomonas and non-pseudomonas organisms. A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with MOE in a tertiary institution over a 13...

Author(s): Foster T. Orji, James O. Akpeh and Onyinyechi C. Ukaegbe

Clinical outcomes of patients admitted in intensive care units of Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital of Hosanna, Southern Ethiopia

June 2017

An intensive care unit is a special department of hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine. Critically ill patients are admitted to the intensive care unit to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with acute illness, trauma or surgical procedures. This study aimed to assess clinical outcomes of patients admitted in intensive care units of Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital of...

Author(s): Mohammed Suleiman Obsa, Abdi Oumer Adem and Getish Bezabih Gete

Prevalence and associated factors of female genital mutilation among high school students in Dale Wabera Woreda, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

June 2017

Female genital mutilation is still a serious health problem in Ethiopia. Female genital mutilation conceptualizes harmful traditional practice and is among existing traditional attitudes and practices on practice in different corners of the world. Other than demographic and health survey data, studies showing the prevalence of female genital mutilation is scarce and in some areas nonexistent. Its existence is only, time...

Author(s): Desalegn Shiferaw, Negussie Deyessa, Gamachu Fufa, Tadele Kinati and Markos Desalegn

Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies in Dedo district of Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

May 2017

 Rabies is a fatal neglected viral zoonosis which causes encephalitis in many warm-blooded animals and humans. It is an incurable disease once the clinical signs appear. However, it can be prevented via vaccination and community awareness. This study was therefore designed to determine the level of community knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding rabies. Cross sectional study was conducted from December...

Author(s): Nejash Abdela, Boru Midekso, Jemal Jabir and Wezir Abdela

Categorization of relative risk of diseases with relation to stress, body mass index and anthropometric markers: A cross-sectional study in general population of Karachi, Pakistan

May 2017

This study aimed to evaluate stress among general population of Karachi, Pakistan and to categorize the relative risk of diseases through body mass index (BMI), as well as to categorize the relative risk of diabetes through questionnaire based scoring pattern. Study consisted of two phase study duration. Total 377 individuals were approached; only 269 individuals completed the study procedures. In phase-I, data was...

Author(s): Muhammad Bilal Azmi, Shamim A. Qureshi, Fauzia Imtiaz, Ahmed Moiz, Hina Akram Mudassir Amna Nayyar, Sadia Ikhlaque Sheikh, Uzma Imran and Arisha Salman,

Correlation of lymphocyte count with serum calcium level and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in end stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis in Adamawa State, Nigeria

May 2017

Low lymphocyte count in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis was documented. This study aims to correlate the levels of lymphocyte count with serum calcium level, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in ESRD patient receiving hemodialysis in Northeast Nigeria. Seventy eight (78) patients receiving hemodialysis and 75 clinically healthy subjects (control) participated in the...

Author(s): Emmanuel Asuquo Etim, Mathias Abiodun Emokpae, Jessy Thomas Medugu and Isaac Ferdinard Medugu

Death certificates errors in academic hospital; Review of 617 cases at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi

April 2017

The importance of death certification goes beyond the benefits to the health facility as they also provide invaluable legal and epidemiological benefits. Errors in filling Medical Certificates of Cause of Death (MCCD) greatly affect global mortality statistics and hence create challenges for public health programs to be executed effectively. The present study used both retrospective and prospective study design to...

Author(s): Ossei P. P. S., Agyeman-Duah E. and Obese-Antwi D.

The assessment of fever in under-five children in the Ekounou Health Area of Yaounde, Cameroon: Usefulness of rapid diagnostic tests

April 2017

Improper diagnosis and management of febrile patients results in the persistence of malaria and other conditions with similar symptoms. The algorithm established here with Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs) will help in the follow-up and treatment of fever patients according to the guidelines on Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI). This study aimed at determining the causes of fever in children and at...

Author(s): Barbara Mma Atogho Tiedeu, Liliane Mekue Tadjouo, Olivia Achonduh-Atijegbe, Olivier Tresor Donfack Sontsa, Jean Claude Mbanya, and Wilfred Fon Mbacham,

Supply chain management of anti-malarials in the district hospitals in Kumasi Metropolitan Area, Ashanti region of Ghana

April 2017

The aim of the study was to assess the supply chain management of anti-malarials in the five district hospitals in the Kumasi Metropolitan Area (KMA) including the Regional Medical Store (RMS) and also to assess the level of knowledge of respondents on malaria in these facilities. Cross sectional study was conducted at the facilities and purposeful sampling technique was applied to select the clients and interviewed....

Author(s): Charlotte Sena Agyare, Newman Osafo, Christian Agyare, Kwame Ohene Buabeng and Akua Afriyie Abruquah

Assessment of knowledge, attitude and associated factors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among anesthetists working in governmental and private hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Institutional based cross-sectional study

March 2017

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important medical procedure which is needed for individuals who face sudden cardiac arrest. Sudden cardiac arrest is a life-threatening condition and a leading cause of death among adults over the age of 40 years in the United States and other countries. Reports showed that about 1,000,000 people die of cardiac arrest every year in the United States and Europe. To assess...

Author(s): Bedilu Girma Weji, Eyayalem Melese Goshu and Kidest Getu Melese

Review of cardiac protein quality control and major degradation pathways

February 2017

Protein quality control (PQC) senses and repairs misfolded and or unfolded proteins. However, if the repair fails, it degrades the terminally misfolded polypeptides through an intricate collaboration between molecular chaperones and targeted proteolysis. Proteolysis of damaged proteins is performed primarily by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Macroautophagy (commonly known as autophagy) may also play a role in...

Author(s): Osalusi, B. S.

Medical waste management and disposal practices of health facilities in Kumbo East and Kumbo West health districts

January 2017

The provision of healthcare generates waste which can be detrimental to health and the environment. Management of healthcare waste is still a challenge in developing countries as practices, capacities and policies on waste disposal are grossly inadequate and require intensification. With the growing trend of biomedical services in Kumbo Cameroon, the medical waste management practices in this area was investigated to...

Author(s): Lanyuy Gillian Dzekashu, , Jane Francis Akoachere and Wilfred Fon Mbacham,

A five-year review of necrotizing fasciitis at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Jimma, Ethiopia

December 2016

Necrotizing bacterial infections are extremely serious, fulminant infections of the soft tissues by virulent bacteria. The annual incidence of NF is estimated at 500–1,000 cases annually, and its prevalence globally has been reported to be 0.40 cases per 100,000 populations. It is seen to have a predilection for men, with a male-to-female ratio of 3:1. The disease affects all age groups. Clinical risk factors for...

Author(s): Y. Yilma, Y. Fikadu and T. Belachew

Decade of permanent cardiac pacing in a tertiary care hospital of Northern India

December 2016

This study of 10 year review of pacing was undertaken to analyse the continuous rise in the incidence of pacing in this part of country. 532 patients implanted with permanent pacemakers were evaluated during this decade. The age of patients ranged from 6 to 85 years with majority of patients belonging to age group of 55 to 70 years and a male to female ratio of 2:1. The commonest presenting  symptom was cardiac...

Author(s): Nazir Ahmad Lone, B. A. Naiku and Khalid Mohi u Din

Point prevalence study of antibiotic use in hospitals in Butembo

December 2016

Inappropriate use of antibiotics is known as an important risk factor in the development of antibiotic resistance which increases the morbidity and mortality. We aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of antibiotic use in hospitals. A prevalence survey was conducted in 11 hospitals from 1st to 31th October 2014. In this study, from 700 patients investigated in this study, 476 received at least one...

Author(s): José Mulwahali Wambale, Jean-Marie Liesse Iyamba, Divine Masika Mathe, Sabine Kabuyaya Kavuo and Takaisi- Kikuni

Prevalence of antiretroviral treatment failure and associated factors in HIV infected children on antiretroviral therapy at Gondar University Hospital, retrospective cohort study

November 2016

As the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) increases, the issue of drug resistance and subsequent anti-retroviral treatment (ART) failure appears as a challenge. The study aim to assess prevalence of ART treatment failure and associated factors amongst children on ART at Gondar University Hospital, North WEST Ethiopia, 2014. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on children taking ART at...

Author(s): Abiyie Zeleke

The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and risk of atrial fibrillation

November 2016

Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac arrhythmia that has many risk factors including some medications; however, the effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and its risk is not well assessed. This study was conducted to find out if there is an association between the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of atrial fibrillation. The study was conducted at Al-Hussein Medical City...

Author(s): Riyadh Mustafa Murtadha Al-Shehristani

Up scaling mental health and psychosocial services in a disaster context: Lessons learnt from the Philippine Region hardest hit by typhoon Haiyan

October 2016

In the aftermath of typhoon Haiyan which struck Philippines in 2013, the World Health Organization Philippines in collaboration with the Philippine government acted to improve access to mental healthcare in affected regions. Eastern Visayas with population 4, 3 million had merely four psychiatrists and seven generalists providing mental health care. It was selected as a model region for integration of mental health care...

Author(s): Boris Budosan, Katherine P. O’Hanlon, John Mahoney, Sabah Aziz, Ratnasabapathipillai Kesavan  and Kathryn Beluso

Prevalence of psychoactive substance use among registered commercial motorcycle operators in Kano, North Western Nigeria: A community study

October 2016

The present study was carried out in the most populated city in Northern Nigeria that is believed to have the highest number of commercial motorcyclists and highest prevalence of psychoactive substance use in the country. Research on psychoactive substance use among motorcycle operators in Northern Nigeria is limited, despite the high level of morbidity these substances cause to them. This study aimed to study the...

Author(s): Gudaji M. I. and Habib Z. G.

Quality of life and prevalence of depressive symptoms among patients on prolonged indwelling urinary catheters: A study from South west, Nigeria

October 2016

Urinary catheters are used to relieve urinary retention. Its prolonged use has been associated with poor quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial distress among patients. We sought to evaluate the QoL and prevalence of depressive symptoms among patients on prolonged indwelling urinary catheters. A cross- sectional study of patients with indwelling urinary catheters at an outpatient urology clinic of a tertiary hospital in...

Author(s): Olajide Olusegun Abiola, Olorunfemi O. Ogunwobi, Oyeronke Titilope Williams-Abiola, Shola Christopher Ayeni, Segun Oladele Adeniyi

Chitosan derived from the tunic of ascidian Phallusia nigra (Savigny, 1816) showing antibacterial activities and its characterization

September 2016

The present study was to evaluate the in-vitro antibacterial activity of chitosan against clinical pathogens. Chitosan was extracted from the tunic of Phallusia nigra the marine black tunicate by utilizing standard protocol. Chitosan is a versatile natural polysaccharide, the second most abundant, biocompatible, biodegradable and non-toxic natural polymer which made wide applicability in conventional pharmaceutics as a...

Author(s): D. C. Christomelba and G. Ananthan

Reproductive function in premenopausal African Blacks with metabolic syndrome: Associations among inhibin B, adipokines, pituitary and sex hormones and sex hormone binding globulin

August 2016

Reproductive dysfunction is associated with metabolic syndrome. Since fertility is highly valued in Africa, preliminary data on the association of metabolic syndrome with indices of reproductive function in premenopausal Nigerian women was provided. Sixty six premenopausal participants (44 with metabolic syndrome and 22 controls) aged 18-45 years were purposely selected for this study. Reproductive history, blood...

Author(s): O. I. Famuyiwa, D. P. Bitrus, M. A. Charles-Davies, U. A. Fabian, A. A. Fasanmade, J. A. Olaniyi, O. E. Oyewole, M. O. Owolabi, J. R. Adebusuyi, O. Hassan, B. M. Ajobo, M. O. Ebesunun, K. Adigun, K. S. Akinlade, S. U. Okoli, O. G. Arinola and E. O. Agbedana

Prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factor among interstate commercial drivers in Jabi Park Abuja

July 2016

Commercial drivers are a ‘high-risk’ population where fitness on duty is important in enabling them to adequately respond to their job responsibilities. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among the interstate commercial drivers in Jabi Park, Abuja. A cross-sectional study with 389 inter-state commercial drivers at Jabi Park in Abuja was conducted. A...

Author(s): Olusegun Samuel Oyeniyi and Ikeoluwapo Oyeneye Ajayi

Cochlear implanted deaf children with additional disabilities: The mothers’ perspective

July 2016

The objective of this qualitative study was to evaluate the perspective of mothers, whose children, in addition to being deaf and having cochlear implants, also have additional disabilities. Five mothers participated in this study and semi-structured interviews, together with the children’s clinical files were used to gather data and inductive analysis was used to establish themes. The results indicated that...

Author(s): Zerrin Turan

Assessment of nurses’ perception of the use of job enrichment as motivator by the nurse manager at Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Parklane

June 2016

The study aimed at examining nurses’ perception of their unit managers use of job enrichment strategy as a motivator to their subordinates in Enugu State University of Science and Technology Hospital. Descriptive survey research designed was adopted for the study. 235 nurses who were on duty when the research was conducted were used. Data was collected using the researchers’ developed questionnaire with a...

Author(s): Ezenduka P. N., Nwaneri A. C., Ndie E. C. and Ude C. C.

Professionalism: An attempt to measure definition and understanding

May 2016

Professionalism is under scrutiny in all service-providing professions. Healthcare is one of them. There are rules and regulations mentioned from professional bodies that place the foundations of the definition of professionalism which have to be followed. A prospective study was conducted in a District General Hospital, with the aim to establish if professionalism was clearly defined. A questionnaire with open...

Author(s): George Zafiropoulos

Pattern of renal impairment among hypertensive subjects in Umuahia, South East, Nigeria

May 2016

Hypertension is a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study investigated the patterns of renal impairment among hypertensive subjects in Umuahia, South East, Nigeria.  A cross-sectional study involving 262 subjects comprising equal number of hypertensive and non-hypertensive was used. Questionnaires were administered; medical, socio-demographic and anthropometric profiles were...

Author(s): Nwachukwu Daniel C, Uchenna Francis Agu and Nkiru Zuada Nwachukwu

Assessment of the quality of mobile voluntary counseling and testing services in Addis Ababa and Adama organization for social services for AIDS (OSSA) branches, Ethiopia

April 2016

Mobile or outreach type of voluntary counseling and testing approach is a useful way to reach high risk groups and rural population that are far away from facility based voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) service. Little has been done to assess the quality of mobile VCT services in Ethiopia. This study aims to assess the quality of mobile VCT services and client satisfaction in the cities of Addis Ababa and Adama....

Author(s): Tigist Tamirayehu, Tirhas Tadesse and Zelalem Kebede

Persistent proteinuria among sickle cell anaemia children in steady state in Ilorin, Nigeria

March 2016

Sickle cell disease (SCD), the commonest single gene disorder amongst Nigerian children, may present as sickle cell nephropathy (SCN). SCN is detectable by persistent proteinuria, a “nephrotoxin” that contributes to progression of SCN to end stage renal disease. Unfortunately, screening for persistent proteinuria is an uncommon practice among Nigerian children with SCD, even when reduction of proteinuria is...

Author(s): Emmanuel Ademola Anigilaje and Olanrewaju Timothy Adedoyin

Prevalence, epidemiological characteristics and predictors of occurrence of urinary schistosomiasis among ‘Almajiri’ school children in Sokoto, Nigeria

March 2016

Schistosomiasis is a major public health problem and second only to malaria as the most devastating disease in tropical countries in Africa, East Asia and South America. ‘Almajiri’ children are known to be exposed to conditions that place them at high risk of infectious diseases including schistosomiasis. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 272 randomly selected children studying at the...

Author(s): Yunusa, E. U., Awosan, K. J., Ibrahim, M. T. O. and Isah, B. A.

Effects of Phoenix dactylifera on the prostate and seminal vesicle of Wistar rats

February 2016

Phoenix dactylifera, a member of the family Arecaceae, is a highly nutritious fruit that is rich in vitamins, simple sugars, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, carotenoids and steroids. The study is aimed at evaluating the possible effects of P. dactylifera on the prostate and seminal vesicle of Wistar rats so that it can be suggested for use in the treatment of infertility or as a natural male contraceptive. Twenty male...

Author(s): N. I. Dibal, J. O. Hambolu and A. A. Buraimoh

Relationship between road traffic law violation, accident and psychoactive substance use among commercial motorcycle operators in Kano, Northwestern Nigeria

February 2016

Motorcycle operators who drive under the influence of psychoactive substances are at high risk for road traffic violations and accidents. Despite the high level of morbidity associated with psychoactive substance use, it is not a well-researched area in Northwestern Nigeria. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use and road traffic violations and accidents among...

Author(s): Mustapha Ibrahim Gudaji and Faisal Saleh Dankishiya

Malignant pleural mesothelioma treated as pulmonary tuberculosis

January 2016

A 45 year old man with malignant pleural mesothelioma had symptoms of prolonged cough, heamoptysis, breathlessness, weight loss and low grade persistent fever. The high prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in this environment, coupled with paucity of radiologists in rural areas to competently review his chest radiograph, resulted in making the wrong diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) as against malignant pleural...

Author(s): Aiyekomogbon Joshua Oluwafemi, Chom Nuhu D., Tabari Abdulkadir Musa, Igashi Joseph Bako, Delia Zira Ibrahim and Adamu Abdullahi

Prevalence of Hymenolepis nana among primary school children in Burkina Faso

December 2015

This cross-sectional descriptive study estimated the prevalence of Hymenolepis nana infection in primary school children living in Burkina Faso. A parasitological survey was conducted in 2013 in 22 primary schools located in eleven regions of Burkina Faso. Kato-Katz method was used as a technique to detect the H. nana eggs. The prevalence and intensity of the infection were determined by estimating the means of H. nana...

Author(s): Mohamed Bagayan, Dramane Zongo, Adama Ouéda, Boubacar Savadogo, Hermann Sorgho, François Drabo, Amado Ouédraogo, Issouf Bamba, Yaobi Zhang, Gustave Boureima Kabré and Jean Noël Poda

A study of impact and prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students

November 2015

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is considered as a prevalent gastrointestinal disorder which is characterized by some non-specific symptoms, such as altered bowel habits and abdominal pain. There is no recognized organic pathology associated with IBS. The prevalence of IBS is different in different communities. Its etiology remains uncertain or obscure, perhaps multifactorial. The predestined objective was the...

Author(s): Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Faisal AlOsamey, Abdullah AlHamdan, Ahmad binkhalaf, Abdulaziz Alnujaydi, Abdulrahman Turkistani, Abdulrahman AlRasheed, Saleh AlShamrani, Abdullah AlQuaydheb, Mohammed Bin Ofaysan, Bandar AlQuraini, Sahal Bin Jupier  and Charanjit Arneja

Practice of regional anesthesia and analgesia in Ethiopian hospital

August 2015

Series of studies have shown that regional anesthesia offers many advantages to the patient care compared to general anesthesia, and the patient has the right to participate in the type of anesthesia techniques planned. Contrastingly, the practice of regional anesthesia in Ethiopia is underutilized and the patient choice of regional blocks limited. The aim of this study was to assess both the extent of practice and need...

Author(s): Merga Haile, Nega Desalegn and Leulayehu Akalu

Evaluation of anatomy students’ knowledge of information communication technology in Nigerian universities

July 2015

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has accelerated many aspects of medical education acquisition, driving it towards more evidence-based platforms. We undertook to evaluate anatomy students’ knowledge of computers and information communication technology application in the various departments of anatomy in medical schools. This survey was implemented using questionnaire research instrument and involved...

Author(s): Peter, A. I. and Azu, O. O.

Case report: Late onset warfarin-induced skin necrosis

July 2015

Warfarin induced skin necrosis (WISN) represents a rare complication of warfarin therapy that is associated with high incidence of morbidity and mortality. It usually presents in susceptible patients within 10 days of initiation of therapy.  The study report a case of 24 years old gentleman who is known to have a unique rare inborn error of metabolism (primary hyperoxaluria), and was diagnosed with late onset WISN...

Author(s): Salim Yaghi, Nouran Gaber and Khalil Chughtai

Hepatitis C virus genotype distribution among adults and children in Bydgoszcz, Poland

June 2015

One of the fundamental factors determining the effectiveness of the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is genotype hepatitis C (HCV). The aim of the study was to determine and compare the genotypes distribution among adults (2100) and children (381) patients from the Department of Infectious Diseases in Bydgoszcz diagnosed in years 2003 to 2013 due to hepatitis C (HCV) infection. The most common genotype was...

Author(s): MaÅ‚gorzata Tyczyno, Anna Pniewska, Waldemar Halota, MaÅ‚gorzata PawÅ‚owska , Magdalena Wietlicka-Piszcz

Effect of solvent extracts of Colatropis gigantea leaf on oxidative parameters in diabetic rabbits

June 2015

The effect of Colatropis gigantea leaf extract was studied on alloxan-induced hyperglycaemic rabbits to evaluate the possible hypoglycaemic and antioxidant properties of Colatropis gigantea (C. gigantean) in diabetes mellitus. Significant decrease (p < 0.05) in the thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) was observed in diabetic rabbits administered with the acetone fraction of Colatropis gigantea (C....

Author(s): Uhuo Emmanuel Nnaemeka, Ogugua Victor, Joshua, N. and Parker Elijah

Assessment of entrance surface air kerma in patients undergoing chest X-ray from conventional diagnostic radiology in Ogun State, Nigeria

June 2015

Due to the universality and high percentage demand of chest X-rays and the importance of this examination in diagnostic radiology, there is a strong need for the assessment of its entrance surface air kerma. Entrance surface air kerma (ESAK) has been measured for a total of 60 patients undergoing posteroanterior chest x-ray from conventional diagnostic radiology in three diagnostic centers in Ogun State, Nigeria. ESAK...

Author(s): L.R. Owoade, Isa Sambo and S.A. Tijani

Effect of radiation on pregnancy

May 2015

The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of radiation on pregnancy. 20 experimental animals (rabbits) were exposed to X-ray (10 random exposure to represent patients’ dose and 10 continuous to represent radiation workers dose). Each sample was exposed to X-ray and this dose measured with thermo luminous dosimeter (MGP instruments DMC 2000X) in the first, second and third trimester then the dose...

Author(s): Ibrahim Abdalla and Mohamed Elshikh

Health care providers’ satisfaction with the clinical laboratory service of Nekemte Referral Hospital, Western Ethiopia

May 2015

The objective of this study was to assess health care providers’ satisfaction with the service provided by the clinical laboratory personnel at Nekemte Referral Hospital, Western Ethiopia to determine the level of satisfaction of health care providers on clinical laboratory services. A cross sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2014 at Nekemte Referral Hospital. The data was collected from 105...

Author(s): Eyasu Ejeta, Geletta Tadele, Mikias Desalegn, Shibabew Abere and Keneni Elias

Role of body mass index (BMI) on the oxygen saturation and apneic spells in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

May 2015

Data from the sleep disorder institute showed that subjects with similar apnea hypopnea index (AHI) but different body mass index (BMI) had no difference in oxygen saturation in rapid eye movement (REM) or non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Only 6 pairs of subjects were evaluated in the study and they were not age-matched. The objective of this study was to evaluate, in age-matched subjects, if there are any...

Author(s): Zinobia Khan, Moses Bachan, Faizul M. Suhail, Stephen Lund, Joseph Ghassibi and Jon Freeman

Multicenter bacteraemia among Sudanese children: Causative agents and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns

April 2015

Bacteraemia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. Therefore, bacteraemia continues to be increasingly a serious health problem that needs an immediate attention and treatment. A retrospective hospital-based study was conducted on positive blood cultures collected from 804 children (aged less than 10 years) including both genders in a period between 2012 and 2013 in three different medical...

Author(s): Baha Eldin K. Elamin, Maryam Atif Salah Eldin, Maali Faisel Abd Elseed and Emanowell Sedig

Idiopathic oligospermia treatment: An alternate approach

April 2015

One of the factors of male infertility is idiopathic oligospermia in which the causative factor is not known. A direct case control, two-centers, prospective, randomized controlled two-arm parallel group trial was carried out to investigate the safety and efficacy of trialed medicine in Shifa-ul-Mulk Memorial Hospital for Eastern Medicine at Madinat-ul-Hikmah, Hamdard University Karach-74600, Pakistan. An assessment was...

Author(s): Mohdmmad Abdul Sami, Halima Nazar and Khan Usmanghani

Anti-ulcer activity of Rhus coriaria in indomethacin and water immersion restraint induced gastric ulcer in experimental rats

March 2015

The anti-ulcer activity of hydro alcoholic extract of Rhus coriaria Linn (HAERC) was investigated in indomethacin and water immersion-induced restraint gastric ulcer in wistar rats. The assessment was carried out by using ulcer index, ulcer score and histopathological studies of the specimens. HAERC at doses of 145 and 248 mg/kg given orally produced significant inhibition of the gastric lesions induced by indomethacin...

Author(s): Haqeeq Ahmad, Abdul Wadud, Nasreen Jahan and Izharul Hasan

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