International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

IJMMS Articles

Efficacy and safety of Livwin (polyherbal formulation) in patients with acute viral hepatitis: A controlled clinical trial

May 2010

  The study was planned to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Livwin (polyherbal formulation) in acute viral hepatitis. In this study, there were 29 patients in each group, receiving either Livwin or placebo.  Livwin capsules contains Terminalia arjuna -100 mg, Withania somnifera - 100 mg, Phyllanthus niruri -  100 mg, Berberis aristata - 50 mg, Tinospora...

Author(s): Yogendra N. Keche,  Vandana A. Badar and Mrunalini M. Hardas

The role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in alleviating gastrointestinal symptoms

May 2010

  Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard treatment for symptomatic gall stone disease. This study is aimed at assessing the effect of the operation on patients' symptoms. 175 unselected consecutive patients admitted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy between June 2007 and June 2008 were recruited into the study. A standard questionnaire examined pain and other dyspeptic symptoms. Histories of...

Author(s): Sh. Mehrvarz, S. A. Fanaei and S. A. Ziaee

Role of fluoroquinolones in two-weeks triple therapy for eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in Iranian population

May 2010

  Despite reports on high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection especially in developing countries, considerable low H. pylori eradication rate has been shown following different triple therapies. The present study has for the first time assessed and compared the efficacy of the two 14day PPI-based triple therapies with and without a fluoroquinolone...

Author(s): Homayoun Zojaji, Dariush Mirsattari, Vadoud Ahrari Roudi, Babak Salehimarzijarani and Mohammadreza Zali

Prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among patients attending Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

May 2010

The prevalence of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) was evaluated in three hundred patients attending Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital, Lafia Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Results showed 180 (60%) patients were positive. The most common organisms were Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Proteus mirabilis. In-vitro antibiotic susceptibility tests revealed that the gram...

Author(s): Kolawole, A. S., Kolawole, O. M., Kandaki-Olukemi, Y.T., Babatunde S.K., Durowade K. A. and Kolawole, C. F.

Mouse mortality from a high Plasmodium berghei inoculum density may be due to immune suppression in the host

May 2010

  Patients’ malaria parasite burden on hospital presentation has been implicated in human artemisinin monotherapy failure rather than any drug resistance-conferring genetic mutation in the infecting Plasmodium species.  We investigated this observation using a mouse-Plasmodium berghei model at varying inocula abundance and monitored the pathogenesis without intervention. Three...

Author(s): Chika K. Onwuamah, Phillip U. Agomo and Peter G. C. Odeigah

Inflammatory response after laparoscopic versus open colonic resection: Review of the literature

April 2010

Surgical trauma may lead to immune dysfunction as a result of the intense inflammatory response which arises in order to restore tissue function. The inflammatory response after surgical trauma is mediated by a number of substances which are produced at the site of wounded and manipulated tissues or at more distant places and they can act locally and systematically. These substances are TNF, Interleukins, Heat shock...

Author(s): Dimitrios Tsamis, George Theodoropoulos, V. Nikolaos Michalopoulos, Thalassini Delistathi, Nikolaos Nikiteas, Christos Tsigris and Emmanuel Leandros

A seroepidemiological study of rift valley fever virus among slaughter houses' workers in Saudi Arabia

April 2010

The aim of this study was to determine the activity of the Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV) in non-exposed regions in Saudi Arabia following the outbreak that had occurred in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia in 2000 - 2001. An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was used to detect anti-RVFV IgG antibodies among subjects working in abattoirs or adjacent livestock holding yards as a high risk group and healthy...

Author(s): Esam I. Azhar, Tariq A. Madani, Moujahed Kao and Ghazi A. Jamjoom  

Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of methicillin-resistant and coagulase-negative staphylococci in a tertiary care hospital in India

April 2010

The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of MRSA and MRCoNS and their rate of resistance to different antistaphylococcal antibiotics used broadly for treatment.Of the 235 isolates, 164 isolates (69.8%) were identified as Staphylococcus aureus and the remaining seventy one (30.2%) were coagulase negative staphylococcus (CoNS), the frequency of MRSA by oxacillin screen agar method,...

Author(s): Habeeb Khadri and Mohammad Alzohairy

Protective role of gossypol against N-methyl-N’-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) induced gastric carcinogenesis in experimental rats

April 2010

Gossypol, C30H30O8, is a polyphenolic aldehyde compound derived from the cotton plant (genus Gossypium, family Malvaceae) that permeates cells and inhibits wide range of cell growth. It also disturbs a variety of cellular enzymes that are known to be involved in energy production. According to literature survey there is no study on the effect of gossypol on experimental gastric cancer. Here, we used...

Author(s): Gowri Rangasamy Gunassekaran, Renganathan Gayathri, Doraiappan Kalpana Deepa Priya, Sivalingam Murugan and Dhanapal Sakithsekaran  

Symptomatic outcome following laparoscopic anterior 180° partial fundoplication: Our initial experience

April 2010

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is increasing in frequency in the Asia Pacific region, which can be attributed to increase in awareness among doctors and patients and/or true increase in the prevalence of this disease. Surgical treatment of GERD is well established in the West and in selected clinical situations, provides well recognized benefits over non-surgical treatment. In contrast, there are only a few published...

Author(s): S. Kumaresan, A. Sudirman and G. Ramesh

Unusual location of BCR/ABL fusion gene in four CML patients with masked Philadelphia chromosome

March 2010

The author describes atypical BCR/ABL fusion patterns among CML patients using FISH technique. The fusion BCR/ABL gene is usually observed at the der(22) chromosome while atypical rearrangements in CML patients are rare. As the relocation of BCR/ABL1 fusion sequence on sites other than 22q11 represents a rare type of variant Ph-translocation, the present study may highlight the hot spots involved in CML pathogenesis and...

Author(s): M. Brahmbhatt  Manisha, S. Patel Prabhudas, J. Trivedi Pina, P. Patel Beena, B. Gajjar Sarju, N. Dalal Esha, M. Patel Dharmesh, S. Purani Sejal,  N. Shukla Shilin, M. Shah Pankaj and R. Bakshi Sonal

A ten year retrospective study of incidence of cleft lip and/or palate in babies born in the CISAM maternity unit, Recife, Brazil

March 2010

An epidemiologic study of children’s prevalence born with cleft lip and/or palate in the Amaury de Medeiros Integrated Health Center (CISAM) maternity unit, between January 1998 and December 2008. Variables instructed are prematurity, APGAR index, type of cleft, other associated anomalies besides clefts, mother’s age, occurrence of infection in mother and use of drugs during pregnancy. Descriptive analysis...

Author(s): Ana Paula Veras Sobral, Édila Figuerêdo Feitosa, Fabiane Ferraz Lima and Marina de Almendra Freitas Leitão

Histopathologically documented gastrointestinal cytomegalovirus infection in immunosuppressed patients: Clinicopathologic analysis with serum quantitative PCR correlation

March 2010

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is associated with high mortality in immunosuppressed patients. Few studies have correlated serum viral load with histopathological findings in this setting. Gastrointestinal biopsies from 28 immunosuppressed patients showing CMV cytopathic effect were studied by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH). Quantitative...

Author(s): Roger Klein Moreira, Christine Norton, Flavia Nunes Rosado, Cynthia Cohen and Frederick Nolte

Ethnobotanical uses of medicinal plants of two ethnoecological regions of Cameroon

March 2010

This paper documents the herbal drugs that are used in two ethnoecological regions of Cameroon, namely littoral and South-west and Sudano-sahelian regions. The data on popular medicinal plants used to cure several diseases were collected through direct interviews with herbalists, traditional healers and customers between 2006 and 2007. An inventory of 289 plants species belonging to 89 families was prepared along with...

Author(s): T. Jiofack, C. Fokunang, N. Guedje, V. Kemeuze, E. Fongnzossie, B. A. Nkongmeneck, P. M. Mapongmetsem and N. Tsabang

Resistance to respiratory illness and antibody response in open water swimmers during training and long distance swims

March 2010

The immune response in open water swimmers during training and long-distance swims (LDS) as well as their resistance to respiratory illnesses has not been investigated. The immune, metabolic and hematological response was determined in experimental  and control groups of swimmers (7 and 8 athletes, respectively) during 6 months of training, as well as in the experimental group during each one of three LDS (>6 h)...

Author(s): Alexander Kormanovski, Francisco Castañeda Ibarra, Eleazar Lara Padilla and Rafael Campos Rodriguez

Management of childhood diarrhea by patent medicine vendors in Enugu North Local Government Area, South-east Nigeria

March 2010

The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out in Enugu North LGA, Enugu state, Nigeria in November, 2008. Ninety patent medicine vendors were studied using semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaires. Information on knowledge and management of diarrhea in under-fives was obtained. The patent medicine vendors had good knowledge (64.0%) of the types, causes, signs and effects of diarrhea but...

Author(s): Emmanuel Nwabueze Aguwa, Patricia Nonye Aniebue and Ikechukwu Emmanuel Obi

Antibacterial potential of chosen mangrove plants against isolated urinary tract infectious bacterial pathogens

March 2010

Five Indian mangrove plants (Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Bruguiera cylindrica, Ceriops decandra, Avicennia marina) /parts (hypocotyls, bark, collar and flower) were investigated to evaluate the antibacterial activity against UTIs bacterial pathogens. Sixty nine bacterial strains were isolated from mid urine samples of 75 males and 75 females from Thondi coastal area, Ramanathapuram and were identified by...

Author(s): S. Ravikumar, M. Gnanadesigan, P. Suganthi and A. Ramalakshmi   

Efficacy and challenges of adherence to anti retroviral therapy: Experience from Nyeri Provincial Hospital, Kenya

February 2010

A study was conducted to investigate the success and challenges of antiretroviral therapy among patients attending Nyeri provincial hospital in Kenya. The success of treatment was monitored by viral load, CD4 cell count and weight. On the other hand, challenges of ART were investigated by administering a questionnaire. The results indicate that the quality of life of the patients improved markedly with increase in...

Author(s): M. W. Mutugi, L. M. Kaguu and S. N. Maangi

Tinea capitis in primary school children in Hamedan (West of Iran)

February 2010

Regarding the importance of Tinea capitis as a world wide health problem, evaluation of this problem needs territorial epidemiologic studies. This disease is commonest in boys less than 15 years old, therefore this study was performed to determine the prevalence and aetiologic agents of T. capitis among school children in Hamedan. We examined1800 cases of children from Hamedan primary schools. The...

Author(s): Ameneh Yazdanfar

Craniometric patterns of three Nigerian ethnic groups

February 2010

The usefulness of craniometry in facilitating proper identification of skeletal remains and in emphasizing a common origin of studied populations is far reaching. Conducting anthropological studies with the aim of obtaining the characteristics of ethnic groups assists not only in understanding the frequency distribution of human morphologies but also in providing the basis for comparison of races. Craniometric patterns...

Author(s): E. I Odokuma, P. S. Igbigbi, F. C. Akpuaka and U. B. Esigbenu

Human herpes viral central nervous system infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and non-HIV patients: An 18-month prospective study

February 2010

Human herpes virus (HHV) infection of the central nervous system (CNS) is a common problem worldwide. The incidence of HHV-CNS infection in human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients and non-HIV patients has been studied at Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. To identify the prevalence and incidence of HHV1 (HSV), HHV3 (VZV), HHV4 (EBV), HHV5 (CMV), HHV6A,B, and HHV 7-CNS...

Author(s): Kanokwan Pattanapongpaiboon and Subsai Kongsaengdao,

Treating children for malaria fever in the face of counterfeit and fake medicines

January 2010

Author(s): Kazeem A. Oshikoya 

Knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraception among students in tertiary schools in Anambra State Southeast Nigeria

January 2010

Emergency contraception is very important in the fight to reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancy and the attendant unsafe abortion within the developing countries. This multicentered, cross sectional and questionnaire based study assessed the knowledge and practice of emergency contraception among 600 undergraduate students selected from four tertiary institutions in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria. 38.1% were...

Author(s): J. A. Obiechina Nworah, U. Mbamara Sunday, O. Ugboaja Joseph, O. Ogelle Monday and C. Akabuike Josephat

Inter-relationship of waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI) and subcutaneous fat with blood pressure among university-going Punjabi Sikh and Hindu females

January 2010

Different anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR), waist and hip circumferences (WC and HC) and skin fold thickness are the important indicator to investigate the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was undertaken to assess the interrelationship between blood pressures with body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR) and...

Author(s): Badaruddoza, Navneet Kaur and Basanti Barna

Prevalence of different Nd:YAG Laser induced complication in patients with significant posterior capsule opacification and their correlation with time duration after standard cataract surgery.

January 2010

To determine the prevalence of different types of eye complication due to Nd: YAG laser posterior capsulotomy and its correlation with postoperative time duration following cataract surgery. Eyes underwent ND: YAG Laser posterior capsulotomy (on average 6 months to 3 years) after implantation of Intraocular lens (IOL) in posterior chamber of the eye. Determination of different types of Nd: YAG Laser induced...

Author(s): Aurangzeb Shaikh, Faheemullah Shaikh, Jai Ram Adwani and Ziauddin Ahmed  Shaikh

Anti-diabetic and some haematological effects of ethylacetate and n-butanol fractions of Ganoderma lucidum aqueous extract in alloxan - induced diabetic Wistar rats

December 2009

Diabetes mellitus has become a major public health concern, especially in the developing countries. The current orthodox treatment modalities for diabetes mellitus have many drawbacks including undesirable side-effects and the high cost of long-term treatment. The aim of this study is to determine the anti-diabetic and some haematological effects of Ethylacetate and n-Butanol fractions of Ganoderma...

Author(s): A. Mohammed, A. B. Adelaiye, A. G. Bakari and M. A. Mabrouk

Anti-hyperglycaemic, lipid lowering and anti-oxidant properties of [6]-gingerol in db/db mice

December 2009

In the present study, we investigated the blood glucose lowering, lipid lowering and antioxidant effect of [6]-gingerol in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Treatment of db/db mice with [6]-gingerol (100 mg/kg bw) for 12 days significantly (p<0.05) lowered fasting blood glucose and improved the glucose tolerance in db/db mice. Oral administration of [6]-gingerol also significantly (p < 0.05) decreased plasma...

Author(s): Amar Bahadur Singh, Akanksha, Nilendra Singh, Rakesh Maurya and Arvind Kumar Srivastava

The Malaria and the vaccine candidate

November 2009

Author(s): Dr. John Ibekwe

A case of Behcet's disease with abdominal aortic aneurysm

November 2009

Behcet's disease is a multisystem disease that is mainly classified as vasculitis and may involve many organs like skin, mucosa, eyes, joints, vessels, nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, testis, heart and lungs. This case depicts a rare presentation of Behcet's disease with multiple saccular aneurysms in a 33 year old man. A patient with a persistent pain in the back and flanks with radiation to the testis...

Author(s): Mansoor Karimifar, Mansour Salesi, Mozhgan Karimifar and Peyman Mottaghi

Testicular embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma: A case report

November 2009

Rhabdomyosarcoma is one of the most frequent soft tissue sarcomas in children. It is found mostly in children, primarily infants, toddlers, and pre-school pupils. However, pure testicular rhabdomyosarcoma is a very rare tumor and few cases have been reported in literature. The tumor usually presents as a painless testicular enlargement with early dissemination via the blood stream and lymphatics. The origin of this...

Author(s): Agabus N. Manasseh, Godwins O. Echejoh, Olugbenga A. Silas, Matthew N. Tanko, Shola K. Jegede and Barnabas M. Mandong

Biosynthesis, physiology and main diagnostic and therapeutic potentials of cardiac natriuretic peptides

November 2009

Cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) is a family of peptide hormones, circulating in blood, originating from three prohormones: The atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) prohormone synthesizes four active peptides (ANPs: Long-Acting Natriuretic Peptide, Vessel Dilator, Kaliuretic Peptide and ANP). B type natriuretic (BNP) and C type natriuretic (CNP) prohormones are cleaved in only one active peptide hormone each (BNP and CNP,...

Author(s): Melpomeni Ntalapascha, Zoi Daniil and Epaminondas Zakynthinos

Lactoferrin levels in human breast milk among lactating mothers with sick and healthy babies in Kaduna State, Nigeria

November 2009

Breastfeeding of babies has received worldwide recommendation and acceptance due to its high level of bioactive constituents. Lactoferrin, an iron binding glycoprotein is one of the major bioactive components of breast milk. Lactoferrin has many proposed biological functions which include antibacterial/anti-inflammatory activities, participation in local secretory immune systems in synergism with some immunoglobulins...

Author(s): Ella, E. E., Ahmad, A. A., Umoh, V. J., Ogala, W. N. and Balogun T. B.

An evaluation of the use of insecticide treated bed nets among children presenting with malaria at a Nigerian health facility

November 2009

The use of insecticide treated nets has been advocated for the prevention of the vector borne transmitted disease (malaria) by the World Health Organization and UNICEF for more than a decade now through the roll back malaria (RBM) program. In spite of this, malaria continues to significantly impact negatively on the health of Nigerian children, thus signifying no reduction in the transmission of the disease. This makes...

Author(s): O. A. Oyedeji, P.O. Elemile, A. A. Adepoju and G. A. Oyedeji

Surgical stress differences between total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty

November 2009

This study aims to clarify the difference between surgical stress of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) under the same conditions through blood transfusion and ischemic extremity. Body temperature, white blood cell (WBC) count, the level of C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured for eleven patients undergoing THA and eight patients undergoing TKA. All the patients...

Author(s): Motoki Sonohata, Kenji Tsunoda, Hajime Kugisaki, Shinsuke Someya, Hidefumi Honke, Mitsunori Komine, Masaru Kitajima, Masaaki Mawatari and Takao Hotokebuchi  

The correlation of pre-pregnancy body surface area and the rate of cervical dilation in term nulliparous women

November 2009

The objective of this study is to examine the correlation of maternal body surface area with cervical dilation in nulliparous women at term. Data from nulliparous women with a term pregnancy referred to Al-Zahra Maternity Hospital in Rasht were collected from November 2008 - May 2009. Inclusion criteria were: singleton pregnancy, nulliparity, estimated fetal weight of less than 4000 g, gestational age of 37 - 41 weeks,...

Author(s):   Fariba Mirblook and Mitra Ahmad Soltani  

Rapid detection of procalcitonin as an early marker of sepsis in intensive care unit in a tertiary hospital

November 2009

This study investigated the usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) as an early marker of sepsis, its relation to infection severity and its prognostic value. A total of 109 consecutive systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) patients admitted to the intensive care unit were included: 68 with infectious SIRS (33 with sepsis, 20 with severe sepsis and 15 with septic shock) and 41 patients with non infectious SIRS....

Author(s): Alhusain Jaber Alzahrani, Manal Ismail Hassan, Obeid Eltrifi Obeid, Asim Eltayeb Diab, Hatim Othman Qutub and Rakesh Kumar Gupta

Serum levels of micronutrients and antioxidants during malaria in pregnant women in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

November 2009

The comparative effects of malaria on serum micronutrients and antioxidants were studied in two hundred and ninety five (295) pregnant women aged 20–43 years. The malaria cases were 195 while 100 served as controls. Serum levels of copper, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, vitamin A, folic acid, cobala-mine and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, carotenes, glutathione and superoxide dismutase were measured....

Author(s): M. F. Asaolu and P. A. Igbaakin

Malaria parasitaemia among pregnant women with multiple child birth attending ante-natal clinics in parts of Idah and Igalamela/Odolu Local Government Areas of Kogi State, Nigeria

November 2009

The prevalence of malaria parasitaemia/ anaemia among pregnant women with multiple child birth were determined during two malaria transmission seasons in rural Idah and Igalamela-Odolu Local Government Areas of Kogi State. In each survey questionnaires were administered on previous number of child births and gestational age, while presence or absence of malaria parasitaemia was determined. A total of 797 pregnant women...

Author(s): O. Yahaya, O. E. Miachi, I. O. Umar and E. Uwaokhonye

Health workers’ knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards hepatitis B infection in Southern Nigeria

October 2009

Globally, it is estimated that approximately 400 million individuals are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus and more than a million people die annually from HBV-related causes. This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital in Edo state, Nigeria, to determine health workers knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards hepatitis B infection using a structured questionnaire....

Author(s): S. O. Samuel, S. A. Aderibigbe, T. A. T. Salami and O. A. Babatunde

Prevalence of breast cancer in menopausal blind women

October 2009

A correlation between prevalence of breast cancer with blindness has not been attempted in India and only scanty information is available at the world scenario as well. We have done a pilot study by epidemiological survey of blind menopausal (high risk age group) women (n = 204) from Chennai to find the prevalence of the disease. In the present study,  menopausal visually challenged women have shown that the ratio...

Author(s): K. Pushkala and P. D. Gupta

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) caused by Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa vs. other microorganisms at an adult clinical-surgical intensive care unit in a Brazilian University Hospital: Risk factors and outcomes

October 2009

This study aims at investigating whether the development of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) episodes caused by Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosaor other microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus and other bacilli) were related to different risk factors. A 1-year retrospective case-control study was conducted in surgical-clinical Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Inclusion criteria were VAP cases (n =...

Author(s): Dayane Otero Rodrigues, Renata Cristina Cezário, and Paulo P. Gontijo Filho

Evaluation of biofilm production by Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates from nosocomial infections and skin of healthy volunteers

October 2009

Staphylococcus epidermidis is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections. The major virulence factor is thought to be biofilm formation by the organism mediated by gene products of the icaADBC operon. In this research, biofilm phenotype and icaADBC gene carriage were studied in 50 S. epidermidis isolates from symptomatic patients (group A) and 50 skin isolates from healthy...

Author(s): Fereshteh Eftekhar and Zeinab Mirmohamadi

Quality use of antidepressants: How pharmacists can play their part

October 2009

Author(s): Dr. Tahir Mehmood Khan

Geohelminthiasis among Nigerian preschool age children

October 2009

A study of the prevalence, intensity and risk factors of geohelminth infections was investigated among preschool children aged 1-5 years old in Ibilo, Akoko-Edo Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria. Two hundred and ninety eight children (94.30%) out of 316 volunteers examined were infected with one or more geohelminth parasites. The predominant geohelminth was Ascaris lumbricoides (85.7%, 104.4 epg),...

Author(s): O. P. G. Nmorsi, C. Isaac, I. S. Aashikpelokhai and N. C. D. Ukwandu

Nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in a tertiary care hospital: Risk factors, overall mortality and antimicrobial resistance

October 2009

A retrospective study on risk factors of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia was carried out on 99 blood culture isolated episodes of S. aureus in a Brazilian hospital during 2000 - 2002”. We found several factors associated with an increased risk of methicillin-resistant S. aureus(MRSA) bacteremia including presence of two or more devices and use of antimicrobials. The patients with MRSA...

Author(s): Rosineide Marques Ribas, Claudete Freitas and P. Paulo Gontijo Filho  

Neuroimaging findings in breast cancer: A systematic qualitative review

October 2009

Patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy may develop neuropsychiatric symptoms, including fatigue and depression. The authors discuss the potential use of structural neuroimaging in the identification of these patients. Findings from neuroimaging studies improve our understanding of the wide-ranging neurobiological changes in breast cancer patients. We set out to determine whether neuroimaging studies had...

Author(s): Francine Nunes Ferreira, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, and Tânia Correa de Toledo Ferraz Alves,

Effective inhibition of agglutinability of human A and B type erythrocytes by sodium periodate-chloroacetic acid combined treatment

October 2009

The study focused on effective inhibition of the agglutinability of human A and B type erythrocytes by sodium periodate-chloroacetic acid concerted action. Suppression of agglutinability was determined by using anti-A and anti-B antisera. Effective concentrations of sodium periodate were 6.8 and 2.7 mM, respectively for A and B type erythrocytes in presence of 4.5 chloroacetic acid in the reaction mixture....

Author(s): Dipankar Ghosh, Susmita Santra, Sujit Dutta and Panchanan Pramanik

Predictive equations for estimation of stature from knee height, arm span, and sitting height in Indonesian Javanese elderly people

October 2009

The purpose of this study was to develop the predictive equations for estimation of stature, using knee height, arm span and sitting height in Indonesian Javanese elderly people. Eight-hundred and twelve healthy elderly people (295 men and 517 women) participated in this cross sectional study. Standing height, weight, knee height, arm span and sitting height were measured. The Chumlea and Eleanor equations were...

Author(s): Fatmah, Yusran

Dermatoses reports in Wenchuan districts of Sichuan province after 5.12 earthquake

October 2009

After 5.12 earthquakes, we attended one team for medical support at the dermatologic clinic in Wench-uan district of Sichuan province, the centre of the earthquake. The dermatoses were recorded and statistically analyzed. We try to assess different epidemiological and clinical features of the dermatoses in Wenchuan district of Sichuan province after 5.12 earthquakes. Clinical assessment of...

Author(s): Sun Renshan, Zhu Tangyou, Li Chunxue, Chen Hong and Wu Jinjin

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