International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

IJMMS Articles

Pathophysiology of spinal cord injury and potential health benefits of omega-3 fatty acid

April 2024

Spinal cord injury (SCI), is a life changing threatening neurological condition that completely changes patients’ life. It has been shown that early treatment soon after the injury may improve neurological recovery. To date, no therapeutic modalities exist that have shown very positive effect on neurological outcomes. However, recent clinical and preclinical studies have shown little hope for the treatment of SCI....

Author(s): Shah Waliullah, Zeenat Ara, Mohammed Lafi Al-Otaibi, Khurshid Alam and Shatakshi Pant  

Chlorine dioxide and chlorite as treatments for diabetic foot ulcers

March 2024

The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising and is predicted to exceed 10% by 2030. Foot ulcers are a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus.  Existing treatments for diabetic foot ulcers are only partially effective and when these ulcers do not heal, amputation of the affected limb may result. It is estimated that an amputation due to diabetic foot infection occurs every 30 seconds somewhere in the...

Author(s): Patricia Calliperis, Yohanny Andrade, Raul Pineda Aquino, Martin Vargas, Susan Raj Kota and Mitchell Liester  

Awareness of cervical cancer screening services and uptake of free liquid-based cytology test among brothel-based female sex workers in Sokoto State, Nigeria

May 2023

There are few studies on the awareness and uptake of cervical cancer (Ca Cervix) screening services among Female Sex Workers (FSWs) in Nigeria despite the increased risk of Ca Cervix among FSWs and the potential benefit of early screening. The study aimed to assess the awareness, uptake, barriers to and predictors of uptake of Ca Cervix screening services among FSWs. A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted...

Author(s): Bilkisu Gulma Abubakar  

Anatomical figures obtained by means of a delineation technique as an additional strategy in the clinical evaluation of the thyroid

May 2023

In patients with morphological alterations of the thyroid, both the physical examination (inspection and palpation) and the imaging studies continue to be the cornerstone for their evaluation, treatment, and long-term follow-up. The realization of anatomical figures, obtained by means of a thyroid morphology delineation technique, is proposed as an additional exploratory intervention strategy in the initial clinical...

Author(s): Carlos-Enrique Tene

Bacterial load reduction efficacy, acceptability and cost benefit of a locally produced Hand sanitizer in a tertiary Hospital in Uyo, Nigeria

July 2022

Local production of hand hygiene products result in increased availability and compliance with hand hygiene in healthcare settings and significant cost saving to hospitals if effective and acceptable. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness, acceptability, and cost benefit of a locally produced hand sanitizer to commercial hand sanitizer products. This was a comparative cross sectional study carried out...

Author(s): Ekuma, Agantem E., Oloyede, Iso P., Akinjogunla, Olajide J., and Akpan, Richard  

Accessibility to and utilization of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) services by rural women: A case study of health centres in Mutare district based on the 3 delays model

July 2022

High maternal, neonatal and child mortality rate constituting about 70% of the population in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwean rural women have faced challenges in accessing and utilizing Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH) services. Rural areas in Zimbabwe have had high prevalence of home deliveries and pregnancy related complications associated with lack of access to and utilization of MNCH services, resulting in high...

Author(s): Netsai P. Ndhlovu-Ncube, Greanious A. Mavondo, Obadiah Moyo, Chikuse F. Farai, Ndhlovu T. Chitonga, Mavondo Joy, Mkhwanazi B. Nkazimulo, Musarurwa Cuthbert and Cynthia N. Chaibva  

In-vitro antioxidant potential of conventional herbal decoction aiding diabetes metabolomics

June 2022

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor of oxidative stress through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS triggers cell damage which enhances the risk of several diabetes associated disorders such as neuropathy. There are many treatment options but no cure, and the quest for the natural, cost-effective treatment regimen is ongoing. Therefore, the present study was conducted to observe the in-vitro...

Author(s): Saara Ahmad, Hamna Rafiq, Asra Khan and Inara Merani  

Assessment of recurrently diagnosed diseases dynamism at Korhogo General Hospital in Northern Côte d’Ivoire from 2014 to 2018.

March 2022

Because of, well established relationship between seasonal variability and diseases dynamism we embarked here in evaluating recurrently diagnosed diseases dynamism at Korhogo General Hospital in Northern Côte d’Ivoire from 2014 to 2018. For this purpose, clinical data with regard 1707 patients were collected and clusterized in 25 diseases cases. Data have been submitted to multivariate and computational...

Author(s): Dago Dougba Noel, Dagnogo Olefongo, Tehoua Lazare, Sekongo Wagniman, Koffi N’Guessan Bénédicte Sonia, Kouadio Kouassi Joel, Kimou Adjiman Florent, Eboulé Ago Eliane Rebecca, Guehi Zagocky Euloge and Yangni-Angaté Koffi Hervé  

Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus in a tertiary referral hospital in Nairobi, Kenya

November 2021

Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of hospital and community acquired infections globally. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) prevalence has been reported to be high in various settings and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and risk of nosocomial outbreaks. Surveillance of prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns is important to ensure appropriate antibiotic prescription. The objective...

Author(s): Christina A. Okello, Loice A. Ombajo, Enoch Omonge, Frederick C. F. Otieno, Davies Otieno and Christina Mwachari  

The chlorine dioxide controversy: A deadly poison or a cure for COVID-19?

September 2021

Chlorine dioxide has been condemned as a dangerous poison and has been touted as a cure for COVID-19. This narrative review examines the controversy surrounding the use of aqueous chlorine dioxide by investigating evidence-based research articles, government documents, press reports, and the results of the first clinical trial utilizing chlorine dioxide as a treatment for COVID-19. Chlorine dioxide was found to be...

Author(s): Mitchell Brent Liester

Prevalence and risk factors of Hepatitis B virus infection among blood donors in Gabonese National Blood Transfusion Center: A cross-sectional and analytic study

June 2021

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is prevalent in Gabon and poses a potential risk of transmission by blood transfusion. However, few studies have examined epidemiological data regarding HBV infection of Gabonese blood donors. This article reports on research conducted to estimate the seroprevalence of HBV and associated risk factors in the urban population of Gabon. A cross-sectional and analytic study survey of blood...

Author(s): Maulot-Bangola D., Nkoa T., Rebienot P. O., Mangala C., Moundanga M., Boussougou O., Vigan Codjo F. and Fokam J.  

Day case tonsillectomy: A 9 year experience in Delta State Nigeria

May 2021

Tonsillectomy has generally been regarded as an in-patient procedure. Presently though, due to rising costs and space constraints, it has increasingly became popular as a day case procedure world-wide. However, careful selection of patients is advised so as to avoid undue risks and possible resulting mortalities. To find out the suitability or otherwise of day case tonsillectomies in a resource poor country, taking note...

Author(s): Okolugbo N. Emmanuel and Jasper O. Abiodun

Assessment of renal function tests, serum total protein, and lipid profile concentrations among pregnancy-induced hypertension attending women in Asrade Zewudie Memorable Hospital (ASZMPH), Gojjam, Ethiopia: Case-control study

November 2020

Pregnancy-induced hypertension has remained a significant cause of prenatal morbidity and mortality of mothers. So this study aims to assess renal function test, serum total protein, and lipid profile concentrations among pregnancy-induced hypertension women in Asrade Zewudie Memorable hospital (ASZMPH), Gojjam, Ethiopia. A case-control study was done on 200 pregnant women: 100 with pregnancy-induced hypertension (case...

Author(s): Haymanot Tewabe, Abebe Edoa and Mistire Wolde  

Demographic and clinical determinants of multi drug resistant tuberculosis among HIV infected patients in Tanzania

September 2020

Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a public health challenge, which itself remains a global public health problem. Its impact is worsened by co-infection with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In order to institute successful TB control strategies, factors for development of MDR-TB must be understood. This study aimed to identify and describe clinical and demographic determinants for development of MDR-TB...

Author(s): John Mgogwe, Hadija Semvua, Oliva Massay, Balthazar Nyombi and Jaffu Chilongola,  

The value of exercise therapy to asthmatic patients as an adjunct treatment

June 2020

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that adversely influences the quality of life of many South Africans. The medical management of asthma includes identification, education, medical and pharmaceutical treatment. Literature has inequitably demonstrated that habitual structured exercise therapy can be a beneficial adjunct to general medical and pharmaceutical management strategies. This clinical commentary aims to...

Author(s): Bernelee Denize Doherty, Yvonne Paul, Terry Jeremy Ellapen and Marco Barnard  

Information and communication technologies and patient empowerment: A complex skein

April 2020

This article aims to explore the relationship between patient empowerment and information and communication technologies (ICTs). Indeed, ICTs are considered important for increasing access to medical information and for patients’ other experiences, thereby nourishing the empowering rhetoric. The paper presents a research study conducted in Italy that focuses on the self-assessments made by online health...

Author(s): Alberto Ardissone  

Cause specific and trends of mortality in Nigeria: A six-year study of a tertiary hospital

January 2020

Mortality data necessary for proper healthcare planning, policy formulation, and implementation is hampered by a decline in hospital autopsy practice. Therefore, non-autopsy based death profile reviews provide a framework for the presentation and discussion of reliable mortality data. This study aims to present the general mortality profile of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria....

Author(s): Christopher Chinedu Obiorah  

Arousal perception/misperception and total sleep time misperception in subjects with sleep disorders

May 2019

Limited studies have examined arousal perception in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or other sleep disorders. The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors that affect patients’ arousal and total sleep time perception. This is a retrospective study of 210 subjects divided into 5 groups: Primary insomnia; upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS)/primary snoring; mild, moderate and severe OSA. Perceived arousals...

Author(s): Zinobia Khan, Moses Bachan, Pahnwat Taweesdt, Manaswenne Rath, Dinesh Kumar, Robert Siegel, Stephen Lund and Jon Freeman  

Common ultramarathon trail running injuries and illnesses: A review (2007-2016)

April 2019

Regardless of the significant growth of ultra-marathon trail-running races over the last 40 years, epidemiological research is lacking. Presently, no review paper exists that integrates the empirical surveillances of ultra-marathon trail runners’ injuries and illnesses. The purpose of this work is to integrate the empirical findings of injuries and illness among trail runners during the period 2007-2016. An...

Author(s): Istvan Albertus Oosthuizen, Yvonne Paul, Terry Jeremy Ellapen, Marco Barnard, Timothy Bongani Qumbu, Henriëtte Valery Hammill and Gert Lukas Strydom  

Correlates and self-management strategies of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) among nursing students in a Nigerian teaching hospital

March 2019

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe premenstrual disorder characterized by distressing symptoms and significant impairments in personal, social and professional functioning. The study aimed to determine the magnitude of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PMDD among nursing students of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH) Sokoto State, Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey of 135 consenting...

Author(s): Bakare A. T., Panti A. A., Yunusa M. A. and Obembe A.  

Assessment of the trend and risk factors of under-five diarrhea morbidity and mortality in two selected communities in the West-Mamprusi District

March 2019

Diarrhea episodes among children under five years with its devastating consequences have been a concern to stakeholders in child survival strategy programs. Mothers are key in the prevention of diarrhea among children since they are the care givers. The main aim of this paper is to assess the trend and risk factors of under-five diarrheal disease in the study areas. Descriptive research design was employed for the...

Author(s): Bashiru Mahama  

Prevalence of preoperative hypertension and its intraoperative anesthetic management among patients undergoing elective surgery at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

February 2019

Overall, twenty of the world’s adult populations live with hypertension. Blood pressure determination forms an integral part of anesthesiologist’s evaluation of the patient prior to and during surgery. 25% of surgical patients have hypertension preoperatively. There are several risks related to untreated preoperative hypertension in perioperative and postoperative phase. The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Kurabachew Mengistu and Dereje Geleta  

Prevalence and risk factors of acute backache after spinal anesthesia in surgical procedures at Asella Teaching and Referal Hospital, Asella, Ethiopia

January 2019

Spinal anesthesia is one of the routinely anesthetic procedures done in practice. Post spinal backache is one of the complications causing discomfort in patients, leading to rejection of its use for next operations. The aim of this work is to assess the prevalence and factors associated with backache after spinal anesthesia from October to January at Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital, Asella, Ethiopia, 2016....

Author(s): Ashebir Nigussie Yirgu and Ayele Bekele Weyessa  

Cystatin C protection of human umbilical vein endothelial cell against oxidative stress injury through activating autophagy

December 2018

Cystatin C (CysC)-induced autophagy may play a beneficial role in preventing subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced cerebral vasospasm. The role of CysC in endothelial cells (ECs) autophagy is unknown. This study explores the role of CysC during the process of oxidative stress in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) was used to stimulate HUVECs in vitro study. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)...

Author(s): Wenjing Fan, Wenyi Deng, Tingting Tang, Yuning Zhu, Chi Zhang, Zhisheng Jiang and Shunlin Qu  

Updating traumatic optic neuropathy

November 2018

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is the affectation of the visual function, secondary to a damage caused by a direct or indirect traumatic mechanism over the optic nerve. It occurs in approximately 0.5 to 5% of closed head injuries, and in 2.5% of patients with maxillofacial trauma and mid-face fractures. The types of TON are direct, anterior indirect, posterior indirect, and chiasmal. This work aims to offer an...

Author(s): Damaris Hodelin Fuentes and Damaris Fuentes Pelier  

Collodiaphyseal angle in the diagnosis of coxa vara and coxa valga in adult Nigerans

September 2018

Collodiaphyseal angle (CDA) is the angle formed between the femoral neck axis and the diaphysis axis. The aims of this study were to determine the normal range of collodiaphyseal angle in adults and to determine any difference in the collodiaphyseal angle between right and left femur and also between sexes. 340 subjects consisting of 170 (50%) males and 170 (50%) females were included in this study. Plain radiographs...

Author(s): Abiodun A. A., Ikem  I. C., Adeyemi D. O., Ofusori D. A. and Komolafe O. A.  

Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound scans for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy culture as gold standard in Anambra State, Nigeria

August 2018

Ultrasound scanning (USS) and high vaginal swab culture and urine microscopy culture and sensitivity (m/c/s) tests are the most common investigations used for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in our locality. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of PID keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy, culture as gold standard. The USS, high...

Author(s): Eze J. C., Ohagwu C. C., Ugwuanyi D. C., Chiegwu H. U. and Onyeugbo E.  

Polycystic ovary syndrome: Impact of obesity and aging on the profile of gonadotrophin and adrenal hormones

July 2018

Many studies have been conducted to understand thoroughly the mechanism of polycystic ovaries syndrome (PCOS), but very few of them came from Africa. The aim of this study, was firstly to make a diagnostic of this syndrome, according to Rotterdam criteria, and secondly to assess the correlation of obesity and age on this pathology. The study was conducted at Bouaké, within the medical School and Hospital, during...

Author(s): Dere K. A. L., Koffi K. G., Niamke A. G., Bita D. V., Manhan K. E. and Tiahou G. G.  

Factors associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients at southern Ethiopia

July 2018

Atherogenic dyslipidemia worsens cardiovascular functions and supporting data concerning dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients in Ethiopian situation is very limited. The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients at Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 238 hypertensive participants at Hawassa University comprehensive...

Author(s): Agete Tadewos Hirigo and Eshetu Nigussie Geleta  

Emerging trends in the profession of Biokinetics: A 10 year perspective (2007-2017)

June 2018

The consistent review of developing patterns in any healthcare profession is important, as this allows the determination of whether the current practitioner registry meets the healthcare demands, or whether the patient market has become oversaturated with practitioners. The South African Biokinetics profession has been established for 35 years, but as never undergone an examination of its developing trends. The aim was...

Author(s): Terry J. Ellapen, Marco Barnard, Mariette Swanepoel, Henriette V. Hammill, Yvonne Paul and Gert L. Strydom

Knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students towards complementary and alternate medicine

June 2018

Complementary and alternative medicine has been an important part of Pakistani culture for a long time. Whilst it is widely practiced amongst the general population, this study aims to determine attitude and practices of medical students towards complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and their willingness to learn about them and give advice to their patients about it in future. Cross sectional study was conducted...

Author(s): Fauzia Imtiaz, Abeera Junaid, Sarmad Pirzada, Arham younus and Rafay Amir  

Prevalence of thyroid cancer among thyroid swelling in Jimma University Medical Center, South West Ethiopia: A five-year retrospective study

May 2018

Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancies. It is postulated that goiter is a precursor lesion to the development of thyroid cancer. The worldwide prevalence of goiter in the general population is estimated at 4 to 7%. The objective of the study was to assess the burden of thyroid cancer among patients who visited Jimma University Medical Center (JUMC) with thyroid swelling over the past 5 years. The...

Author(s): Abdi Dandena, Melese Sinaga Teshome and Mesele Bezabeh

Antibiotics prescribing patterns and incidence of respiratory tract infection in children under five years: A study in two hospitals in Accra, Ghana

April 2018

Respiratory tract infections are known to have the highest incidence and mortality rates especially among children in developing countries. Antibiotic use is common in respiratory tract infections (RTI); however, increased rates of antibiotic resistance development have prompted studies on prescribing patterns and recommendations for appropriate antibiotic use. This study aims at monitoring prescription patterns of...

Author(s): John Antwi Apenteng, Bright Selorm Addy, Emmanuel Ogbu Onwukwe and Marianne Gloria Brookman-Amissah  

Assessment of influence of student perception, knowledge, and area of specilization on ICT utilization for academic purposes in College of Health Technology, Calabar

March 2018

Information Communication Technology (ICT) application in academics and research has come to stay. While the developed world has not only embraced ICT in academics, they have gone ahead to make teaching and learning far more simpler, on the other hand most of the developed world is still grappling with the provision of basic amenities to its citizens that the idea of ICT appears farfetched and elitist. This study was...

Author(s): Akedor Ibor Usang, Daniel Orok Archibong, Eze Eze Aji, Cynthia Eyong, Edadi Ukam E and Omeh Anthony Bassey  

People healed of Ebola and their psychosocial life: About 55 cases at the Donka treatment center (Conakry)

March 2018

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), is often a severe and fatal disease. The objective of this study is to identify the psychological and social problems as well as the needs of people cured of Ebola. This work is a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study done within a period of three months, from 16 November 2014 to 15 February 2015. The population of this research...

Author(s): Fodé Bangaly Sako, Mamady Mory Keita, Fodé Amara Traore, Aminata Oumou Sylla, Mavolo Toure, Moumié Barry and Mohamed Cisse  

Profile and management of community acquired pneumonia in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi

February 2018

The objective of this study was to assess the demographic profile, severity of patient, co morbidity, length of stay (LOS) and management of community acquired pneumonia. The study was a prospective study and consist of 212 patients (>20 years of age) with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) hospitalized to the tertiary care hospital, situated in Karachi between 1st January, 2010 and 31st March, 2012. Information...

Author(s): Maqsood A. Khan, Zeb-un-nisa, Syed I. Ali, SadiaS. Kashif, Farya Zafar, Huma Ali, Rasheeda Fatima, Hafsa Sohail and Sarwat Jahan

Auditory effects of noise and its prevalence among sawmill workers

February 2018

Noise at work could be hazardous, particularly after prolonged period of exposure. Sources of noise include generators, grinding machines, loud music at home, religious houses and clubs. The objective of this study was to find the auditory effects of noise and its effects on sawmill workers. This is a prospective, community based study involving sawmill workers in Ile-Ife.  The prevalence of hearing loss was...

Author(s): Bright Otoghile, Paul Adekunle Onakoya and Confidence Chioma Otoghile

Determination, knowledge and prevalence of pregnancy-induced hypertension/eclampsia among women of childbearing age at Same District Hospital in Tanzania

February 2018

Several risk factors including hypertension are common complications of pregnancy with preeclampsia particularly associated with substantial risk to both the mother and fetus. This cross-sectional study involving quantitative approach was conducted in Same District Hospital in Tanzania. Data were collected from all pregnant women in the hospital using questionnaires. Respondents’ knowledge on maternal mortality...

Author(s): Ejike Daniel Eze, Ambrose Barasa, Moses Dele Adams, Karimah Mohammed Rabiu, Iliya Ezekiel, Sheu Oluwadare Sulaiman and Nganda Ponsiano

The value of C–reactive protein in the diagnosis of septicaemia in children with malaria

January 2018

Malaria and septicaemia, both major causes of infant and early childhood morbidity and mortality in Nigeria, often co-exist and are difficult to differentiate. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that C-reactive protein (CRP) levels could differentiate between malaria and malaria coexisting with septicaemia. One hundred and fifty-one children aged 6 to 60 months with fever without localising signs and 141...

Author(s): Emmanuel Eyo Ekanem, Ador John Uniga , Cosmas Akataekwe Obiora, Angela Ekanem Oyo-Ita, Helena Martin Omang

Descriptive analysis of neoplasias diagnosed as pleomorphic adenoma (PA) that presented at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla Enugu

January 2018

Pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland is described as a slow growing painless benign tumor characterized histologically by its mixed appearance with epithelial and myoepithelial components. It occurs in both the major and minor salivary glands with the parotid gland as the commonest site for the major gland while the palate is the commonest site for the minor glands. This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical...

Author(s): James Onuorah Akpeh, Uchenna Chukwuemeka Okechi, Kenneth Amaechi Agu and Basil Chukwuemeka Ezeanolue

Health service delivery in selected municipalities in Leyte: Inputs for improved health service delivery

January 2018

Utilizing  descriptive research design, this study investigated the nature and implementation extent of service delivery related to reproductive health (RH) and tuberculosis (TB) control. Data were gathered using existing data files, survey checklist questionnaires and interview schedule. The questionnaires were pilot-tested then implemented on actual respondents. Findings showed there was adequate number of needed...

Author(s): Miguel E. Mangada

External application of moisture exposed burn ointment for phlebitis: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

December 2017

To evaluate the therapeutic effects of moisture exposed burn ointment (MEBO) on phlebitis, seven electronic databases where checked until September, 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of MEBO on phlebitis. Risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane handbook guidelines. Thirty eight randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria in which the aggregated results indicated that comparison revealed...

Author(s): Lian Liu, Song Wei Su, Ping Zhou, Ru Song and Hong Yan Sun

Is moist exposed burn ointment effective for diabetic foot ulcers? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

December 2017

This meta-analysis aimed to assess the effectiveness of moist exposed burn ointment (MEBO) for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Two researchers independently assessed the quality and validity of included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in 7 electronic databases. Risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane handbook guidelines. Twenty seven trials which include 1,979 patients were involved for analysis. Comparison of the same...

Author(s): Lian Liu, Song Wei Su, Ping Zhou, Ru Song and Hong Yan Sun

Assessment of breast self-examination practice and associated factors among female health professionals in Western Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

December 2017

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Breast cancer incidence is increasing both in developed and developing regions. Regular breast self-examination (BSE) is one of the most cost effective methods for early detection of breast cancer in asymptomatic women. The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude of BSE practice and its associated factors among female health professionals working in...

Author(s): Elias Legesse Negeri, Worku Dechassa Heyi and Alemu Sufa Melka

Assessments of health professionals’ knowledge towards post-operative pain management in Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital, South East Ethiopia

November 2017

Pain is defined as any an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. Adequate postoperative pain management can reduce the patients‟ length of hospitalization and decrease postoperative complications. However, post-operative pain has not been satisfactorily relieved. Thus, the aim of this work is to assess professionals’ knowledge on post-operative pain...

Author(s): Abdi Oumer Adem, Mohammed Suleiman Obsa and Tahir Aman Worji

Assessment of respiratory status among workers exposed to cotton dust at Arba Minch Textile Factory, Southern Ethiopia, 2017

November 2017

In many of the textile industries, workers are largely exposed to cotton dust, which can leave workers with respiratory disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate respiratory status of workers exposed to cotton dust in Arba Minch textile factory, Southern Ethiopia, 2017. A comparative cross sectional study was done and 51 workers exposed to cotton dust in the factory and 51 age and sex matched controls were...

Author(s): Tesfaye Kanko, Getahun Shibru, Feleke Gebremeskel, Belay Boda and Eyayu Girma

Correlates of abnormal hysteroscopy findings among infertile women in Nigeria

November 2017

This study aimed to evaluate the correlates of abnormal hysteroscopy among infertile women seen in 2 new Fertility/ Gynaecological Endoscopy units in Nigeria. Data was collected on biosocial and clinical characteristics of the patients as well as the findings at hysteroscopy and was analyzed with STATA software, version 12.0 SE (Stata Corporation, TX, USA) for the correlates of abnormal hysteroscopy using the...

Author(s): Joseph Odirichukwu Ugboaja, Charlotte Oguejiofor Blanche, Emmanuel Okwudili Oranu, Emmanuel Ndudi Monago, Onyecherelam Monday Ogelle and Anthony Osita Igwegbe

Sociodemographic determinants of abnormal cervical cytology among HIV positive women in Nnewi, Nigeria

October 2017

Women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have a higher burden of premalignant lesion of the cervix. This may be influenced by their sociodemographic profile. To study the sociodemographic determinants of abnormal cervical cytology among HIV-positive women attending the adult HIV clinic in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi (NAUTH), Nnewi, Nigeria, the Pap smears of 110 HIV-positive...

Author(s): Joseph O. Ugboaja, Charlotte O. Oguejiofor and Bertrand N. Obi

Factors affecting prolonged intensive care unit stay in Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hosanna, Southern Ethiopia

September 2017

The reason for a long stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is unknown in most cases, but there are some risk factors that can prolong the patients’ stay in the ICU. However, the threshold of prolonged length of stay is useful in analyzing the quality of health care and hospital costs. The main objective of this study was to assess the factors affecting prolonged intensive care unit stay in Nigist Eleni Mohammed...

Author(s): Mohammed Suleiman Obsa, Bedilu Girma Weji and Tahir Aman Worji

Abnormal laparoscopy findings among infertile women attending a mission hospital in Nigeria

September 2017

This research aims to study the findings from diagnostic laparoscopy among infertile women managed in a secondary healthcare center in Nigeria. This is a prospective study of eighty infertile women who had diagnostic laparoscopy in a secondary healthcare facility in Nigeria. The age range of the women was 24 to 45 years with most of them belonging to the parity group of 0 to 1 (90.0%; n=0.72). Primary infertility...

Author(s): Joseph Odirichukwu Ugboaja, Charlotte Blanche Oguejiofor and Onyecherelam Monday Ogelle

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