Journal of
Accounting and Taxation

  • Abbreviation: J. Account. Taxation
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6664
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAT
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 189

JAT Articles

Financial accountability mechanisms in local governments in Uganda: a case of Kabale District Local Government

April 2021

The purpose of the study is to present financial accountability mechanisms in local governments, with reference to Kabale district local government. A cross-sectional research design, which used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to collect and analyze data, was adopted. Both simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select 117 respondents from 174 subjects. Questionnaires and personal...

Author(s): Perpetua Arinaitwe, Marus Eton, Moses Agaba, Abanis Turyehebwa, Bernard Patrick Ogwel and Fabian Mwosi

Board structure and firm performance: An empirical study of Greek systemic banks

April 2021

This paper examines the effect of board characteristics on bank financial performance. Tracing the Greek financial crisis during the period of 2008 to 2018, the paper investigates whether board size, board independence, CEO duality, female directors, and foreign directors affect banks performance. The empirical evidence shows that board structure has a significant effect on bank performance. Specifically, board size,...

Author(s): Michalis Bekiaris

Closed form solution for the valuation of deferred tax assets

January 2021

Deferred tax asset (DTA) is a tax/accounting concept that refers to an asset that may be used to reduce future tax liabilities of the holder. In the banking sector, it usually refers to situations where a bank has either overpaid taxes, paid taxes in advance or has carry-over of losses (the latter being the most common situation). In fact, accounting and tax losses may be used to shield future profits from taxation,...

Author(s): João Marques Silva, Nuno Souto and José Azevedo Pereira

Internal audit as an optimization tool for educational monitoring organizations

January 2021

Organizations that oversee education institutes contribute to the quality of education. Audit as a tool can support the optimization of processes for these organizations. However, literature was scarce regarding audit in educational monitoring organizations. This research attempts to understand the position that audit holds in educational monitoring and how it optimizes their processes. A questionnaire based on audit...

Author(s): Lazos Grigoris, Karagiorgos Alkiviadis, Stavropoulos Antonios, Karagiorgou Dimitra and Hatzakis Nikos

Greek tax reality and the VAT gap: Influential factors

January 2021

The value added tax gap (VAT gap) is a notable indicator of tax evasion, tax avoidance and overall inefficiency within the tax system. As the VAT gap in Greece is one of the largest in the European Union (EU), an attempt to quantify and analyze it was made. In order to achieve that, social, economic, fiscal and tax factors were examined based on international literature, since there is very little relevant research in...

Author(s): Eriotis Nikolaos, Missiakoulis Spyros, Papadakis Spyros and Vasiliou Dimitrios

Tax-free synthetic cash for individuals: A theoretical review of the Swiss case

January 2021

Synthetic cash, which is a pure product of financial engineering, can be defined as a combination of financial instruments that provide (before tax) a performance equal to that of a traditional monetary deposit but without the use of a debt or interest payment instrument. This article discusses the taxation of synthetic cash in Switzerland and shows that synthetic cash can generate tax-free income when adequately...

Author(s): François-Serge Lhabitant,

Forensic accounting and financial crimes in Nigerian public sector

October 2020

The mismanagement of notable government businesses across the nation has led to the abandonment of viable public projects and the attendant indiscriminate lay-off of staff in the public sector have generated the ever-increasing attention in academic, private and public sectors. As a result of the increase in the level of decadence in the government sector, a gamut of dissenting voices have been raised necessitating the...

Author(s): Dada Samuel O. and Jimoh Fatai B.  

Effects of information technology on effective tax assessment in Nigeria

October 2020

Ineffective tax assessment and systemic deficiencies have been the general perceptions that tax administrators do not remit tax collections, and this is greatly affecting tax revenue generation in Nigeria. Prior studies have attributed these anomalies to lack of efficient information technology and competent tax administrators. Consequently, this study investigated the effect of information technology on effective tax...

Author(s): Ajala Michael O. O. and Adegbie F. F.

Risk based internal audit at Greek listed shipping companies of New York stock exchange

October 2020

In recent years, significant changes have been made in the internal audit function, based on regulatory stipulations along with the need for improvement of internal audit services. These changes had a significant impact not only on the business itself, but also on the markets and on various stakeholders, and have led to the need to implement a methodology for conducting internal audits based on risk. Our research...

Author(s): Andreas G. Koutoupis, Panagiotis Kyriakogkonas, Ioannis Ploumpis and Dimitrios Leontis

Factors influencing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) implementation success: Evidence from Ethiopia

October 2020

Drawing on Institutional and Economic Network Theories, this study investigated factors influencing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) implementation success in Ethiopian business organizations identified as Public Interest Companies by the government which were expected to adopt IFRS for the year ending June 30, 2018. The study adopted explanatory method to answer the research questions and test...

Author(s): Mengistu Bogale Ayele

Has tax and accounting relationship come to nothing? An investigation into the decision usefulness of financial information disclosure

October 2020

This paper investigates the decision usefulness of financial information disclosure to the Nigeria tax authority in discharging its tax assessment and collection responsibility. The paper is built on the notion that the long relationship and influence of taxation on accounting should in particular promote decision usefulness information to the tax authority. Thirteen tax themes were developed whose reflection was...

Author(s): Koholga Ormin and Bashir Tijjani  

Challenges of business income tax administration with special emphasis on collection process in Ethiopia: The case of Hadiya zone, Hossana town

August 2020

The objective of this study is to assess the challenges of business income tax administration with special emphasis on collection process in the case of Hadiya zone, Hossana town. To answer the research questions, the researcher used both primary and secondary data as a source of information. Initially, by using proportionally stratified sampling technique, 341 tax payers were selected as a sample size from the total...

Author(s): Desta Temotewos Tumoro  

Ownership structure and tax planning of listed firms: Evidence from Nigeria

August 2020

The study investigated the effect of ownership structure on tax planning of quoted non-financial companies in Nigeria. It aims to find out the ownership structure that improves tax planning thereby reducing tax liability of the firms. Data for the study were extracted from the annual reports and accounts of the companies for ten years (2008 - 2017). The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics and...

Author(s): Bashir Tijjani and Zachariah Peter  

Analysis of the level of compliance with the code of ethics in the accounting profession

August 2020

The accountant professional code of ethics contains the ethical principles applicable to his profession. The purpose of the code of ethics for the accountant is to enable the professional to adopt a personal attitude, according to the ethical principles known and accepted by society. Most financial scandals have called into question the ethical conduct of accounting professionals. The code of ethics in the accounting...

Author(s): Aila Bulo, Filipe Mahaluça, Alfeu Vilanculos, Emidio Mabjaia, Anatolia Maite, Júlio Macuacua and Octávio Manhique  

The challenges affecting tax collection in Nigerian informal economy: Case study of Anambra State

June 2020

The Federal and State Governments might not be able to provide infrastructural development for its citizens, if the citizens do not pay tax. Successive government officers and tax administrators in Nigeria have come up with different programs on how to increase tax collection. Each of these programs has been unsuccessful due to lack of accountability, poor awareness and publicity, and poor implementation. Recently,...

Author(s): Nobert Osemeke, David Nzekwu and Robert O. Okere  

Role and contribution of administrative accounting to small and very small businesses

June 2020

The aim of this work is to study the main factors that influence the collaboration between the firm and a cost specialist. The paper highlights key aspects of administrative accountings activities performed by Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and factors that differentiate them due to their nature and small size.  Empirical research was conducted through questionnaires to Greek small and micro (very small)...

Author(s): Karagiorgos A., Gaitanaki Alexandra, Ignatiou O. and Terzidou A.  

The impact of value-added tax (VAT) implementation on Saudi banks

February 2020

The study aims to identify the impact of value-added tax (VAT) on Saudi banks, through measuring the impact of changes in the banks before and after the implementation of Value Added Tax (VAT), in all of total assets, total liabilities, customer deposits, retained earnings, total operating income, total operating expenses and net operating income. The study targeted the fourth quarter of 2017 (before the implementation...

Author(s): Meshari Alhussain  

Effect of executive compensation and share ownership on financial performance of listed deposit money banks in Nigeria

January 2020

It has remained a paradox whether people will be motivated if they believe that strong effort will lead to good performance and good performance will lead to desired rewards. Studies in this area have reported conflicting findings. To this end, the study examines the effect of executive compensation and share ownership on financial performance of listed Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria. Executive compensation variables...

Author(s): Ibrahim Magaji Barde and Ahmed Abubakar Zik-Rullahi

Taxation efficiency and accounting assisted transparency, insight into a European framework

January 2020

This paper highlights the relationship between taxation, accounting and transparency for achieving disclosure and efficiency. Research takes into consideration taxation costs and legislation in order to discern an optimized business level of transparency. The data collected from questionnaires were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis, followed by factor analysis and reliability testing that led to relationships...

Author(s): Karagiorgos Alkiviadis, Lazos Grigorios and Leontiadis Nikolaos  

Creative accounting and investment decision in listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria

January 2020

Creative accounting involves the manipulation of company’s records toward a predetermined target. Financial information manipulation is usually aimed at misleading the users of financial reporting through the provision of information that affects their decision making. This study evaluated the effects of creative accounting on investment decision in selected listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria’s real...

Author(s): SIYANBOLA Trimisiu Tunji, BENJAMIN, Rebecca Deborah, AMUDA Motunronke Bintu and LLOYD Janet Flomo

Information technology and the accountant today: What has really changed?

January 2020

One of the major advancements in information technology (IT) is the use of IT tools to perform accounting functions and processes. In this paper, we provide discussions on how IT has affected the accountancy profession. We argued that the traditional duty of accountants is the preparation of financial statements, and consequently, several tasks are carried out throughout that function. In the pre-IT era, accountants...

Author(s): Friday Imene and Japhet Imhanzenobe

Investors’ perception and profitability of listed companies: Evidence from Nigeria

October 2019

The stock market has continually been a source of economic development in most developing countries. This study examined the relationship between investors’ perception and profitability of quoted companies in Nigeria using secondary data obtained from the annual reports of forty (40) companies. The study employed the multiple regression techniques to analyze the relationship between investors’ perception...

Author(s): Akinola Abisola and Akinsulere Femi  

The role of board characteristics on the relationship between International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adoption and earnings management: Evidence from China

October 2019

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adopting on earning management by considering the role of board size and board independence. Univariate tests and multivariate regression analysis were employed to test whether the level of earnings management is significantly lower after the adoption of IFRS and whether the role of board size and board...

Author(s): Khaldoon Albitar, Ahmad Alqatan and Wei Huang

Do economic variables still influence tax compliance intentions of self-employed persons in developing economies? Evidence from Ghana

October 2019

The purpose of this study was to establish whether tax compliance intentions of tax-registered self-employed persons are still influenced by economic variables instead of non-economic variables which are now at the centre stage in tax compliance research. A quantitative research design based on a survey of 453 self-employed persons randomly selected from 15 Small Taxpayers’ Offices across the Greater Accra region...

Author(s): Jones Adjei Ntiamoah, David Sarpong Jnr. and Ernest Christian Winful  

Effect of tax identification number on revenue generation in Southwest Nigeria

October 2019

This paper examined the effect of tax identification number on revenue generation in south-west, Nigeria. The ex-post facto research design was adopted and the population covered all the states in the Southwest geopolitical zone of Nigeria, out of which three states namely Ekiti, Osun and Ondo States were selected as the study elements using simple random sampling technique. Quantitative secondary data were sourced from...

Author(s): Gideon Tayo Akinleye, Festus Oladipupo Olaoye and Adeduro Adesola Ogunmakin

Factor analysis on IFRS Adoption: A survey study on lenders, users and audit firms’ perspective in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

October 2019

The adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) around the world is occurring rapidly to bring about accounting quality improvement through a uniform set of standards for financial reporting standards and harmonization of reporting procedures. For the same purpose, Ethiopia begins the IFRS adoption process since the year 2014. For this study, 200 questionnaires were distributed and administered to...

Author(s): Belesti Wodaje and Kerima Rahmeto  

The informative value of taxes: The case of temporal differences in tax accounting

August 2019

This work is an overview of empirical research of the last decades in the field of deferred taxes, focusing on their value relevance when making business, investment and financing decisions. The majority of research is derived from the Anglo-Saxon area, where the USA Accounting Standard SFAS No.109 is implemented. According to the relevant literature, Deferred Tax Assets, in contrast to Deferred Tax Liabilities, are...

Author(s): Evangelos Chytis

An assessment of just in time system on the financial performance of manufacturing firms in Nigeria

July 2019

The study examines the effect of Just-in-time on the financial performance of manufacturing organizations in Nigeria. The purpose of the research work is to determine the effect of application of just in time on cost reduction and return on investment of manufacturing firms in Nigeria. Primary data were collected through a self administered questionnaire on knowledgeable sample of employees selected to test the strength...

Author(s): Adeniran Busari Ganiyu, Agbaje Wale Henry and Adeosun M. Adekunle

The influence of tax amnesty programme on tax compliance in Nigeria: The moderating role of political trust

July 2019

The paper examined the influence of tax amnesty programme on tax compliance in Nigeria moderating the effect of political trust. The survey research design was employed to understand the taxpayer's perception of the Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme (VAIDS). We collected the data through the administration of questionnaires to taxpayers across the most commercial states in Nigeria.  The data...

Author(s): Francis Okoye

Impact of IPSAS adoption on transparency and accountability in managing public funds in developing countries: Evidence from Liberia

June 2019

International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) has become one of the popular tools implemented by governments to ensure greater transparency and accountability globally. This research assesses the impact of IPSAS adoption on transparency and accountability in the use of public funds in Liberia. A survey design using five-point Likert scale questionnaire was employed for collecting the data. Questionnaires were...

Author(s): Williams Abayaawien Atuilik and Hussein Salia

Expectation – performance of internal auditors: Examining views from Ghana

May 2019

The study examines the audit expectation-performance gap from the standpoint of the internal audit function from the perspective of a developing economy. It evaluates the audit expectation-performance gap from the perspective of internal audit with the view to providing useful insights, interesting dimensions and innovative perspectives to the Audit Expectation Gap (AEG) debate. A questionnaire survey method was used to...

Author(s): Babonyire Adafula, Nicholas Asare, Williams Abayaawien Atuilik and Christopher Jwayire Adafula  

Effect of tax incentives on the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Rwanda: A case study of SMEs in Nyarugenge district

May 2019

The study analyzes the effect of tax incentive on the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Rwanda taking SMEs in Nyarugenge as a case study. Qualitative and quantitative research approach was adopted. The population includes 49000 SMEs from agricultural, industrial, services and tourism sectors operating in Nyarugenge district. A sample of 136 SMEs was determined using Silovin and Yemen’s formula...

Author(s): Daniel Twesige and Faustin Gasheja

Taxpayers’ online information privacy concerns, antecedents, and behavior intention

April 2019

More and more individual taxpayers are using the online services of commercial tax software to prepare and file their tax returns electronically. However, online tax return does have risks, especially the risk of information privacy evasion. Little research has been conducted on the linkage between taxpayers’ online information privacy concerns (TOIPC) and taxpayers’ behavior intentions, and factors...

Author(s): Xiaoyan Chu, Xun Li, Wei-Chih Chiang, and Yu Zhang

Determinants of profit shifting by multinational companies in developing countries: A case of Rwanda

April 2019

The objective of this study is to examine the determinants of profit shifting by multinational enterprises in Rwanda. The study specifically sought to determine the extent to which finance costs, intra group transactions / services costs and royalty expense influence profit shifting by multinational companies in Rwanda. Profit shifting was measured on the basis of total cost as well as taxable income reported by...

Author(s): Daniel Twesige and Faustin Gasheja  

Firm specific determinants of financial distress: Empirical evidence from Nigeria

March 2019

This paper in an attempt in answering the basic research question on what actually determines financial distress of firms in the manufacturing sector in the country employed the fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) on annual time series data of eighteen listed manufacturing firms on the Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) which was obtained from their audited financial statement. The endogenous variable used in the...

Author(s): Fredrick Ikpesu  

Analysing the profitability and the relations among its determinants of the retail sector: Evidence from Greece

February 2019

This study aimed to investigate the existence of differences in retail firms’ strategy towards accomplishing profitability targets. By using data of Greek retail sector, we find that profitability, evaluated in terms of return on equity, as well as the average sales growth rate, does not differ statistically within the sub-sectors of the Retail Sector. However, significant differences not only among the...

Author(s): Georgios Kolias and Nikolaos Arnis  

Practical documentation of qualifying research activities for the SR&ED tax credit

January 2019

The Canadian tax program for Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SR&ED) is a crucial component of Canadian economic policy as it encourages domestic companies to engage in risk-taking initiatives through tax incentives such as credits. While the SR&ED program has evolved over the decades, the SR&ED Five Questions have established the principal criteria that determine the eligibility of an...

Author(s): Jamie Nickerson, Adam Rogers, Amber Farrington and Anne Nguyen  

Accounting information and dividend payout prediction in Nigerian listed manufacturing firms

January 2019

Investors’ curiosity on the worth of their investment could be resolved with the availability of sufficient information in predicting their returns and security. Several studies linked dividend payout to the performance of manufacturing firms in Nigeria but a few considered information as a signal to performance not necessarily to dividend. This paper examined the usefulness of accounting information in predicting...

Author(s): Grace Oyeyemi Ogundajo, Patrick Enyi Enyi, Ishola Rufus Akintoye and Samuel Olajide Dada

Operational efficiency and financial sustainability of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria

January 2019

This study investigates the impact of operational efficiency on the financial sustainability of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The recent economic crisis in Nigeria has caused an alarming decline in financial sustainability indicators of manufacturing companies. Managers are forced to make efficient use of resources to maximize profitability so as to cope with and compete in the harsh economic condition....

Author(s): Imhanzenobe Japhet Osazefua  

Bankruptcy prediction and homogeneity of firm samples: The case of Greece

December 2018

This paper explores the prediction of bankruptcy of Greek retail and wholesale trade companies and, in particular, the relation between the forecasting ability of the Logit model and the degree of homogeneity of the samples of bankrupt and healthy companies. A sample of 119 bankrupt companies was matched with an equal sample of healthy companies for the period 2003-2014, based on year, sector, and sub-sector, which was...

Author(s): Arnis Nikolaos I., Chytis Evangelos T. and Kolias Georgios D.  

Utilization of personal tax relief schemes: An empirical analysis in the context of tax evasion

November 2018

This study departs from focusing on the level of tax relief utilization by focusing on the factors contributing to the low trends and how utilization of personal tax relief can influence tax evasion from the premises of the Allingham-Sandmo (A-S) theory. This study considered respondents working within the formal sector of Ghana. Data was collected through the use of questionnaire after the stratified sampling technique...

Author(s): Mavis Pobbi, Samuel Gameli Gadzo, Emmanuel Atta Anaman, Philip Yamoah Esse and Holy Kwabla Kportorgbi  

Capital structure and corporate financial distress of manufacturing firms in Nigeria

September 2018

This paper investigated the effect of capital structure on corporate financial distress of manufacturing firms in Nigeria by employing panel corrected standard error (PCSE) technique. The variables used in the study are corporate financial distress, capital structure, firm size, assets tangibility, revenue growth, profitability and age of firms. The outcome of the research reveals that capital structure affects...

Author(s): Ikpesu Fredrick and Eboiyehi Osazemen C.  

The effects of corporate governance codes in curbing fraudulent activities in private organisations in Nigeria

September 2018

The rise of accounting scandals has prompted the need to improve the relevance of financial reporting by setting up good corporate governance structures. The relationship between corporate governance and fraudulent activities has been strongly debated in the developed countries. It is recently that attention has turned to the study of corporate governance and financial reporting in developing countries. This paper...

Author(s): Adigwe Pretty Dennis and Stanley Ogoun  

Effect of audit quality on market price of firms listed on the Nigerian stock market

August 2018

This study examines the effect of audit quality on share prices of Nigerian oil and gas firms using the regression and covariance analyses. Findings from the regression anlysis suggests that the composition of the audit committee and auditor type has significant effect on the market prices of quoted firms. There is a positive and significant relationship between audit committee composition and share prices. The...

Author(s): David Okelue Ugwunta, Boniface Uche Ugwuanyi and Christian Ugonna Ngwa  

Investment in accounting information system and sales growth: An investigation of Nigeria small and medium enterprise

August 2018

Previous studies indicated that most organizations do not invest in AIS because they do not know the importance of AIS to their organizational growth, while some that invested do not know it impacts on their organizational growth. This study examined investment in accounting information system and its effect on sales growth of Nigeria Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). The specific objectives of the study are to;...

Author(s): Akanbi Taibat Adenike and Jonathan Oyerinde Adewoye  

Modeling an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) assessment system for municipalities in Greece with public accounting of austerity

July 2018

The new form of local government organization should be competent and effective in order to provide 21st century services equivalent to the citizens of every country. Its new developmental role can be fulfilled by implementing management techniques that will be conducive to local development. The use of accounting ratios from financial statements is necessary to municipalities as well as to every accounting body to...

Author(s): Panagiotis Pantelidis, Michail Pazarskis, Athanasia Karakitsiou and Vaia Dolka

Determinants of tax evasion in the developing economies: A structural equation model approach of the case of Ghana

June 2018

The objective of this paper is to examine the factors that determine whether a tax payer would evade tax. It also seeks to explore the mediating role of tax education in the relationship between traditional, institutional, socio-cultural factors and tax evasion. A cross-sectional survey was used for the study. Using structural equation modelling with bootstrapping analysis, data from a sample of 1,052 tax payers, drawn...

Author(s): Richard Oduro, Michael Amoh Asiedu and George Tackie  

Accounting and philosophy: The construction of social reality framework

March 2018

Accounting scandals and their severe consequences shed light on the ambiguity of accounting. This paper attempts to explore the philosophical roots of accounting in an attempt to remove, or at least mitigate, this ambiguity. The study employs Searle’s framework of the construction of social reality as an approach to achieve this aim. It is argued that the main problem of accounting is its failure to faithfully...

Author(s): Emad M. Elkhashen, and Collins G. Ntim

Firm specific determinants of corporate effective tax rate of listed firms in Nigeria

February 2018

This study examines the Corporate Effective Tax Rates (ETRs) of non-financial firms listed in Nigerian Stock Exchange. The study also measures the neutrality of taxation within the Nigerian economic sectors and establishes the relationships between ETRs and firm specific characteristics of size, leverage, profitability, capital intensity, inventory intensity, labour intensity and auditor type. Data were extracted from...

Author(s): Yinka Mashood Salaudeen and Uchenna Celestine Eze

Tax costs and tax compliance behaviour in Kenya

January 2018

This study examines the influence of measures of tax compliance costs on tax compliance behaviour among medium and large corporate taxpayers in Kenya. It uses a Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) technique to establish the key cost drivers built using survey data, while controlling for key attributes of the tax system as well as firm characteristics. The results indicate that tax compliance in Kenya significantly...

Author(s): Farida Abdul and David Wang’ombe

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