African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of plastic mulch on economizing irrigation water and weed control in baby corn sown by different methods

Gulshan Mahajan*, Rakesh Sharda, Ashwani Kumar and K.G. Singh
Department of Soil and Water Engineering, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India – 141004
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 05 January 2006
  •  Published: 31 January 2007

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted during the winter season of 2003 -04 and 2004 -05 to determine the 
effect of mulch in relation to irrigation and planting method on soil temperature, weed control, baby 
corn growth, water use and yield. The study revealed that bed planting of baby corn caused 34.9% 
increase in yield over ridge planting method. Plastic mulch increased baby corn yield by 18.9% and 
77.5% over rice straw and unmulched treatment respectively. Baby corn yield at irrigation level of 1.2 
ETc proved significantly superior to 1.0 ETc and 0.8 ETc levels. The study further revealed that plastic 
mulch at irrigation level of 0.8 ETc resulted significant increase in yield by 28.6% over unmulched soil 
condition even when it was irrigated at 1.2 ETc and resulted 30.6% of water saving. It was interesting 
that in bed planting method, plastic mulch caused statistically same baby corn yield at all the levels of 
irrigation with maximum water use efficiency of 40.1 kg/ha-cm at irrigation level of 0.8 ETc, while in 
ridge planting method the baby corn yield was statically same only at irrigation level of 1.2 ETc and 1.0 
ETc, while at 0.8 ETc it decreased significantly. 
 
Key words: Baby corn, irrigation, plastic mulch, planting method, weeds, water use efficiency, soil temperature.