African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Review

The role of dietary phytase in formulation of least cost and less polluting fish feed for sustainable aquaculture development in Nigeria

U. U. Gabriel1*, O. A. Akinrotimi2, P. E. Anyanwu2, D. O. Bekibele2 and D. N. Onunkwo2      
1Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Environment, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, P. M. B. 5080, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 2African Regional Aquaculture Centre/Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and marine Research, P. M. B. 5122, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 June 2007
  •  Published: 31 July 2007

Abstract

The production of fish meal in Nigeria from the wild sources has for some period now been dwindling and when available are very expensive, because most of the fish meal used in fish feed formulation are imported. Hence viable alternatives have to be found for the sustainability of the aquaculture industry in the country. Plant based protein sources, which are relatively cheap, readily available and easily accessible hold the solution to this, but with limitations in utilization, due to the presence of phytic acid, an anti-nutritional agent present in virtually all plant ingredients. Phytic acid reduces bioavailability and digestibility of nutrients like proteins, phosphorus and other minerals, there by promoting accumulation of dissolved solids which ultimately leads to pollution. Hence, the need to create awareness of the efficiency of phytase treated diets, for the survival of the industry in the nearest future is imperative for the overall success of aquaculture venture. The role of dietary phytase in the formulation of fish feed using plant based protein sources which is cost effective, and reduces the incidence of aquatic pollution by making the nutrients and minerals in the feed more available to fish are thoroughly discussed in this paper.

 

Key words:  Fish feed, phytase, cost effective, diet, sustainable aquaculture.