African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Review

Logistics and storage of soybean in Brazil

Fernando Castro de Oliveira
  • Fernando Castro de Oliveira
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Paulo Henrique Moreira Coelho
  • Paulo Henrique Moreira Coelho
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Maurílio de Sousa Neto
  • Maurílio de Sousa Neto
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Andre Cirilo de Souza Almeida
  • Andre Cirilo de Souza Almeida
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Fenelon Lourenço de Sousa Santos
  • Fenelon Lourenço de Sousa Santos
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Joao Paulo de Morais Oliveira
  • Joao Paulo de Morais Oliveira
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Bruna Santos de Oliveira
  • Bruna Santos de Oliveira
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Itamar Rosa Teixeira*
  • Itamar Rosa Teixeira*
  • Department of Agronomy, State University of Goiás, Campus Ipameri, 75780-000, Ipameri-GO, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Andre Jose de Campos
  • Andre Jose de Campos
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, State University of Goiás, Campus Anápolis, 75001-970, Anapólis-GO, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 07 May 2016
  •  Accepted: 08 July 2016
  •  Published: 01 September 2016

Abstract

Soybean is one of the most important cultures harvested in the world, and Brazil is ranked the second major producer and the top exporter of this oilseed. Brazil presents good edaphoclimatic conditions for soybean cropping, it has a strong research structure and has capacity to enhance its cropping area, and however, the faulty infrastructure in its own terrain hinders logistic operations for soybean flow and exportation. Brazil has a huge deficit in grain storing, forcing producers to flow their production right after harvesting. Brazilian transportation is centered on a road system, and it is not viable once road conditions are precarious and also there are long distances to run. Soybean should then be transported by water or railway, but these means of transportation are not enough in the country due to low exploitation of existing waterways and the short railway system. Besides, Brazilian ports are inefficient, when the soybean harvest flow is at its peak for exportation; there are long lines of trucks and ships. This series of internal barriers increase the costs of Brazilian soybean and reduces its competition in the foreign market. Thus, it is of pivotal importance that the Brazilian government performs investments in building warehouses. It is also vital to invest in the improvement of the road network, extend railways and waterways and enhance ports, so that the costs with soybean logistics drop and producers should be able to increase their profits and competitiveness in the overseas market.

Key words: Glycine max L., transport, packaging