African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of phytosanitary products on yield and grain quality of winter wheat in the conditions of Central Non-Chernozem region of Russia

Congera Alexandre
  • Congera Alexandre
  • Burundi Institute of Agricultural Sciences (ISABU), Avenue de la Cathédrale, Bujumbura P. O. Box 795, Burundi.
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Barry Mamadou
  • Barry Mamadou
  • Department of Crop Productions, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 117198 Moscow, Russia.
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Joseph Nyambose
  • Joseph Nyambose
  • Department of Crop Productions, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 117198 Moscow, Russia.
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Basakin M. P.
  • Basakin M. P.
  • Federal Research Center Nemchinovka, 6 Agrochemists Street, Village Novoivanovskoe, Odintsovo District, Moscow Region, 143026, Russia.
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Nazih Y. Rebouh
  • Nazih Y. Rebouh
  • Department of Environmental Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 117198 Moscow, Russia.
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Vedenski V. V.
  • Vedenski V. V.
  • Department of Crop Productions, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 117198 Moscow, Russia.
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  •  Received: 14 September 2023
  •  Accepted: 15 December 2023
  •  Published: 31 January 2024

Abstract

One of the problems with producing winter wheat is the use of phytosaniatry products to guarantee high and steady winter wheat yields. Over the course of two years (2021-2022), field tests were carried out at the Federal Research Center Nemchinovka in Russia's Central Non-Black Earth area. With respect to intensity levels, such as basic, intense, and high intensity; this study sought to assess the impact of various phytosanitary agents on the productivity and quality of winter wheat types. Treatments comprised various mixtures and doses of fertilizers, pesticides (fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides), and growth regulators. Winter wheat varieties Nemchinovskaya 85, Moskovskaya 40, and Moskovskaya 27 have all been researched. Insecticides (Picus 1.0 l/t, Danadim Power 0.6 l/ha, Picus 1.0 l/t + Danadim Power 0.6 l/ha, Picus 1.0 l/t + Vantex 60 ml/ha, Picus 1.0 l/t + Vincite forte 1.5 l/t, and Picus 0.7 l/t + Vantex 50 ml/ha) and fungicides (Impact Exclusive Moskovskaya 27 increased its output from 0.64 to 3.62 t/ha, Moskovskaya 40 from 0.71 to 3.21 t/ha, and Nemchinovskaya 85 from 1.14 to 3.10 t/ha). Results might be used to create winter wheat farming techniques that increase yields and improve grain quality.

Key words: Winter wheat, grain yield, phytosanitary products, wheat productivity, wheat varieties, non-chernozem zone.