African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Light-induced transient dormancy in Cleome gynandra L. seeds

  Julius O. Ochuodho1* and Albert T. Modi2
  1Moi University, Chepkoilel Campus, P.O Box 1125, Eldoret, Kenya. 2School of Agricultural Sciences and Agribusiness (Crop Science), University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, Pietermaritzburg.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 November 2007
  •  Published: 30 November 2007

Abstract

 

Events associated with dormancy release during seed germination still require explanation. The objective of this study was to examine seed responses during germination of Cleome gynandrain the presence or absence of light and at constant or alternating temperatures. Germination of C. gynandra seeds at 20oC was inhibited by light, but it was improved at 20oC in darkness. There was no photoinhibition when seeds were germinated at alternating temperature 20/30oC (16 h night and 8 h day). Photoinhibition was expressed more in seeds that were harvested late, after the pods had turned brown than in mature seeds at physiological maturity. It was more pronounced in seeds grown in extreme temperatures of 21/17 and 33/28oC, compared to those grown at 27/22oC. More than 5d photoinhibition reduced the germination of late harvested seeds such that the seeds did not completely recover their germination capacity. Photoinhibition is negative sensitivity to white light during seed germination in C. gynandra, likely controlled by the phytochrome system.

 

Key words: Seed germination, photoinhibition, phytochromes, Cleome gynandra.