African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

Table of Content: November 2007; 2(11)

November 2007

Empirical assessment of short-term preferences of tropical forages by crossbred bull calves

  Short-term preference studies were carried out with growing calves based on diets of local grass forages found in Turiani division, Morogoro, Tanzania. Four intact crossbred male calves aged 7 - 8 months and weighing 82.75 kg were used. Four grass species were provided either singly [Panicum maximum (T1), Panicum trichocladum (T2), Pennisetum purpureum (T3)...

Author(s):   D. M. Komwihangilo, F. P. Lekule, D. M. Mgheni, P. H. Petersen, L. A. Mtenga, G. C. Kajembe and R. L. Kurwijila

November 2007

Remote real-time monitoring soil water potential system based on GSM

  Aiming at the limitation of traditional measuring soil water potential, the paper presents an information system based GSM to real-time monitor data coming from multiple data sources. The monitoring system, which consisted of monitoring center, GSM transmission channel and data detection terminal, was given. The detection terminal included the measuring station and TS-2 negative pressure meter, which was...

Author(s):   Yongming Zhao, Xin Lu and Haijiang Wang

November 2007

Influence of nitrogenous fertilizer plant effluents on growth of selected farm crops in soils polluted with crude petroleum hydrocarbons

  Nitrogenous fertilizer (NPK) plant effluents from NAFCON were used in amending plots of land experimentally polluted with crude oil. Results obtained showed that NPK served as a good soil for the natural removal of contaminating crude from soils. Crude oil disappearance in untreated plots ranged between 8.70 and 34.80% and 20.90 and 60.50% for treated plots; cumulative loss was 73.0%. The disappearance was...

Author(s):   A. Adoki and Token Orugbani

November 2007

Testing the sensory acceptability of biltong formulated with different spices

  Biltong is a traditional meat product widely consumed in South Africa and other countries. In this work different formulations of biltong were prepared, using either traditional South African or Brazilian (salt, sugar, nitrite, pepper, allspice, aniseed, garlic, onion, coriander and, or, pineapple juice) spices and sensory evaluated. The appearance acceptability of the alternative formulations was judged as...

Author(s):   Flávia Edite J. M. Dzimba, José de Assis F. Faria and Eduardo Henrique M. Walter

November 2007

Legal and institutional constraints to Kenya-Uganda cross-border bean marketing

  This study investigated the legal and institutional constraints to Kenya-Uganda cross-border bean marketing. Common bean is an important legume crop in East and Central Africa, providing protein, calories and cash income for rural households. There is high potential in cross-border bean trade between Kenya and Uganda. However, the complex methods of certification, stamp fees and institutional restrictions are...

Author(s):   L. W. Mauyo, J. R. Okalebo, R. A. Kirkby, R. Buruchara, M. Ugen and R.O. Musebe

November 2007

Economic contributions of the forest to the economy of Edo State, Nigeria

  Evidence from the results of this current study showed that there are significant contributions from the forest to the economy of Edo State. A total of 217 mills using wood as raw materials are established in the state .The study showed that the revenue that accrued to government from 1991 - 2002 is reasonable. Apart from about 10,000 workers employed by the wood working mills the government has a number of...

Author(s):   J. E. Ehiagbanare

November 2007

Light-induced transient dormancy in Cleome gynandra L. seeds

  Events associated with dormancy release during seed germination still require explanation. The objective of this study was to examine seed responses during germination of Cleome gynandrain the presence or absence of light and at constant or alternating temperatures. Germination of C. gynandra seeds at 20oC was inhibited by light, but it was improved at 20oC in darkness. There was no...

Author(s):   Julius O. Ochuodho and Albert T. Modi

November 2007

Comparative evaluation of vertebrate pest damage on some newly developed quality protein maize (QPM) varieties in south-western Nigeria

  Six newly developed Quality Protein Maize (QPM) varieties were subjected to natural vertebrate pest infestation in Ibadan South-Western Nigeria. Data taken were statistically analyzed while probably level was set at p<0.05. Results of the experiment revealed that ILE-1-OB maize variety with the mean yield of 1.3 t/ha recorded the highest rodent damage of 2.77% while ART 98 SW4-OB with 0.74 t/ha recorded a...

Author(s):   J. O. Fayenuwo, S. A. Olakojo, M. Akande, N. A. Amusa and O. A. Olujimi

November 2007

Insecticidal activity of Trachyspermum ammi (Umbelliferae), Anethum graveolens (Umbelliferae) and Nigella sativa (Ranunculaceae) essential oils against stored-product beetle Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

  The essential oils from the dried fruits of three common spices, Trachyspermum ammi,Anethum graveolens and Nigella sativa were isolated by hydrodistillation and its repellent, toxic and developmental inhibitory activities were determined against wheat flour insect pestTribolium castaneum. The three essential oils repelled the adults of T. castaneum at low concentrations in the...

Author(s):   Mukesh Kumar Chaubey  

November 2007

Management of black pod disease of cocoa with reduced number of fungicide application and crop sanitation

  Black pod disease caused by Phytophthora megakarya is the most important fungal disease on cocoa in Ghana. The current recommended control method of combining sanitation practices with 6 - 8 fungicide applications in a year is considered unfriendly to the environment, too expensive and time consuming. Consequently, fungicide adoption rate by farmers is extremely low. Studies were therefore...

Author(s):   I. Y. Opoku, M. K. Assuah and F. Aneani

November 2007

Studies of physiochemical and microbial properties of soils from rainforest and plantation in Ondo State, Nigeria

  Microbial population, and biomass as well as hydrolytic enzymes of soil that are responsible for biodegradation of various structural complexes of plant litters and dead organic compounds from Ondo State Aforestation project at Lisagbede (Oluwa forest reserve) were studied. Soil fungi and bacteria were isolated and identified from two sources namely Gmelina aborea plantation (planted for over 15...

Author(s): Oseni, O. A., Ekperigin, M. M., Akindahunsi, A. A. and Oboh, G.

November 2007

The floristic composition of some historical botanical gardens in the metropolitan of Cairo, Egypt

  In this article,we studied the historical background of six major historicalbotanic gardens that were established by the Khedive Ismail (1863 - 1879) in the second half of 19th century in Cairo city, and report their floristic composition. These gardens were Zohriya, Aquarium, Ezbekiya, The Zoo, Orman and Horreya. In addition, the present status of these six gardens was addressed in...

Author(s):   Hamdy, R. S., Abd El-Ghani, M.  M., Youssef, T. L.  and El-Sayed, M.