African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Studies of physiochemical and microbial properties of soils from rainforest and plantation in Ondo State, Nigeria

Oseni, O. A*., Ekperigin, M. M., Akindahunsi, A. A. and Oboh, G.
Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 November 2007
  •  Published: 30 November 2007

Abstract

 

Microbial population, and biomass as well as hydrolytic enzymes of soil that are responsible for biodegradation of various structural complexes of plant litters and dead organic compounds from Ondo State Aforestation project at Lisagbede (Oluwa forest reserve) were studied. Soil fungi and bacteria were isolated and identified from two sources namely Gmelina aborea plantation (planted for over 15 years) and an adjacent natural forest at different depth levels (0 - 10, 10 - 20 and 20 - 30 cm) by weighing 1.0 g of soil into 9.0 ml of sterilized water, shaken and diluted 1 in 1000, 0.5 ml each of this was poured onto separate sterilized Petri dish and overlaid with potato dextrose agar and nutrient agar, allowed to incubate at 27 and 32oC for five and one day respectively. The results of the study revealed that all the parameters showed slight increase in natural forest soil as compared to the G. aborea plantation soil. Substantive differences were obtained in soil microbial biomass for each sampling depth in the natural forest compared to theG. aborea plantation. While there were no much differences in the soil physicochemical properties of the forest and plantation. Bacteria and fungi isolates of the two locations and their enzymes activities were similar. Two fungi Aspegillus niger and Penicillium italicum isolated from the two locations produced hydrolytic enzyme activities of cellulase, α-amylase, β- amylase and protease which are degrading enzymes

 

Key words: Natural forest, Gmelina aborea plantation, physicochemical parameters, enzyme activities, soil microbial biomass.