African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Estimating water needs of maize (Zea mays L.) using the dual crop coefficient method in the arid region of northwestern China

ZHAO Chuanyan1, NAN Zhongren2, 3       
1Hydrology and Ecology Laboratory of Watershed, The Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China. 2Department of Environment Science, College of Earth and Environment Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China. 3National Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental System, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 May 2007
  •  Published: 31 July 2007

Abstract

Understanding crop water needs is essential for irrigation scheduling and water saving measures in an arid region because of its limited water supply. This study was performed using the dual crop coefficient method to predict seasonal changes in evapotranspiration (ETc) for maize fields in northwestern China in 2004. The reference crop evapotranspiration ET0, an important parameter in simulating the actual crop evapotranspiration (ETc), was estimated using FAO Penman–Monteith equation. The values suggested by FAO-56 were used for the basal crop coefficients (Kcb) after adjustment for the specific climatic condition in the study area. The soil evaporation coefficients (Ke) were determined for the climate, the soil, the maize growing stages, and the irrigation method. Some missing climatic parameters were calculated. The results showed that the ETc values were very low (average value of 1.09 mm day-1) except during irrigation events in the initial stage of crop growth. The ETc value increased during the crop development stage (average value of 3.67 mm day-1) and reached its peak during the mid-season stage (average value of 5.49 mm day-1), then the ETc value declined rapidly during the last crop growth stage (average value of 3.33 mm day-1). In general, the evapotranspiration (ETc) ranged from 0.54 to 7.69 mm day-1 and the total actual ETc was 611.5 mm at the experimental site in the growing season of 2004.

 

Key words: Evapotranspiration; dual crop coefficient; maize (Zea mays L.); FAO-Penman monteith equation; crop water requirement.