African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6668

Full Length Research Paper

Family agriculture in mesoregions of the state of Alagoas, Brazil: Analysis from the production of rural settlements

Miriam Monteiro da Costa
  • Miriam Monteiro da Costa
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Raquel de Melo Silva
  • Raquel de Melo Silva
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Luan Danilo Ferreira de Andrade Melo
  • Luan Danilo Ferreira de Andrade Melo
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Joao Luciano de Andrade Melo Junior
  • Joao Luciano de Andrade Melo Junior
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Vanuze Costa de Oliveira
  • Vanuze Costa de Oliveira
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Larice Bruna Ferreira Soares
  • Larice Bruna Ferreira Soares
  • Veterinary Department, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171- 900, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Ivanildo Claudino da Silva
  • Ivanildo Claudino da Silva
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Adriana Guimaraes Duarte
  • Adriana Guimaraes Duarte
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Reinaldo de Alencar Paes
  • Reinaldo de Alencar Paes
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Jaqueline Figueredo de Oliveira Costa
  • Jaqueline Figueredo de Oliveira Costa
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Priscila Cordeiro Souto
  • Priscila Cordeiro Souto
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Lívia Francyne Gomes Chaves
  • Lívia Francyne Gomes Chaves
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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Wesley Oliveira de Assis
  • Wesley Oliveira de Assis
  • Agroecology Department, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Campus of Engineering and Agrarian Sciences (CECA), BR 104/Norte - Km 85, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 03 March 2022
  •  Accepted: 05 May 2022
  •  Published: 31 May 2022

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze food production and verify the purpose of production in rural settlements, in different mesoregions of the state of Alagoas. Semi-structured interviews were used, with 245 families from six settlements distributed in the three mesoregions: East, Agreste, and Sertão, resulting in a diversity of crops in regions with water availability, and the main crops, such as corn and beans, occuring only during the rainy season. Livestock farming stood out in semi-arid regions, and it was discovered that production is intended for sale and consumption. Livestock farming is uncommon in the eastern region, and the focus is on self-sufficiency. It is concluded that plant and animal production in the six settlements is primarily for self-sufficiency. Low productivity was prevalent in the families of the three mesoregions studied. Obstacles included edaphoclimatic conditions and the absence of public policies that allow for increased production.

Key words: Agriculture, production for self-consumption, public policy.