African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Viability of maize pollen grains in vitro collected at different times of the day

Kaian Albino Corazza Kaefer
  • Kaian Albino Corazza Kaefer
  • State University of West Paraná - UNIOESTE, Marechal Cândido Rondon – Paraná – Brazil, Street Pernambuco, Number 1777, Zip Code: 85960-000, Box: 91, Center, Brazil.
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Ricardo Chiapetti
  • Ricardo Chiapetti
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná - PUCPR, Toledo – Paraná – Brazil, Avenue União, Number 500, Zip Code: 85902-532, Center, Brazil.
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Luciana Fogaça
  • Luciana Fogaça
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná - PUCPR, Toledo – Paraná – Brazil, Avenue União, Number 500, Zip Code: 85902-532, Center, Brazil.
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Alexandre Luis Muller
  • Alexandre Luis Muller
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná - PUCPR, Toledo – Paraná – Brazil, Avenue União, Number 500, Zip Code: 85902-532, Center, Brazil.
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Guilherme Borghetti Calixto
  • Guilherme Borghetti Calixto
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná - PUCPR, Toledo – Paraná – Brazil, Avenue União, Number 500, Zip Code: 85902-532, Center, Brazil.
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Elisiane Inês Dall’ólglio Chaves
  • Elisiane Inês Dall’ólglio Chaves
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná - PUCPR, Toledo – Paraná – Brazil, Avenue União, Number 500, Zip Code: 85902-532, Center, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 18 July 2015
  •  Accepted: 17 February 2016
  •  Published: 24 March 2016

Abstract

The viability of pollen grains is the essential precondition for obtaining enhanced or hybrid vigor genotypes and a good fixation of the fruit. It is a matter of great importance, especially for genetic improvement programs, which are used in various types of controlled pollination. This study aimed to evaluate the viability of the maize pollen grain through in vitro germination and stainability tests, collected at different times. The experimental design was a randomized block with factorial 2x5, two days of pollination at five times (9:00 a.m., 11:00 a.m., 1:00 p.m., 3:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m.) with four replications. Each treatment consisted of 12 plants, which were taken randomly within each plot. The parameters evaluated were: germination percentage, the percentage of pollen grain stainability, the stigma receptivity and the best time for pollination. Through the analysis of variance, it was noted and interaction between the days and times of collection and highly significant differences for the following parameters: temperature percentage, humidity, germination and viability of the pollen grain, indicating that the days and times influenced the viability of pollen grains. We could observe that the best results of viable pollen grains were obtained at 09.00 a.m. regardless of the day. It was also noted that the ambient temperature and relative humidity were the main influencing factors on pollen viability, and not the collection times.

 

Key words: Genetic improvement, pollination, Zea mays L.