African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6862

Table of Content: 24 March 2016; 11(12)

March 2016

Fagopyrum esculentum Moench: A crop with many purposes in agriculture and human nutrition

Buckwheat is a dicotyledonous crop that quickly grow at high altitudes. It presents high tolerance to acidity and ability to grow in poor soil. This study aimed to identify different buckwheat forms of use and benefits in agriculture and human nutrition. It can be used as green manure, being an option as soil cover plant and recycling of nutrients, as well as an alternative grain and forage. At the plant flowering, it...

Author(s): Flávio Marcel Ferreira Gonçalves, Rafael Rostirolla Debiage, Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva, Petrônio Pinheiro Porto, Eidi Yoshihara and Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello Peixoto

March 2016

Evolution of methodology for the study of adaptability and stability in cultivated species

The GxE interaction only became widely discussed from evolutionary studies and evaluations of the causes of behavioral changes of species cultivated in environments. In the last 60 years, several methodologies for the study of adaptability and stability of genotypes in multiple environments trials were developed in order to assist the breeder's choice regarding which genotypes are more stable and which are the most...

Author(s): Leonardo Castelo Branco Carvalho, Kaesel Jackson Damasceno-Silva, Maurisrael de Moura Rocha and Giancarlo Conde Xavier Oliveira

March 2016

Effects of low nitrogen on chlorophyll content and dry matter accumulation in maiz

For photosynthesizing plants, studies on the effect of different levels of Nitrogen on chlorophyll could let us know about the overall physiological status of the plant under different environmental conditions. Objective of our study was to understand if there was any difference among the ten recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of IBM population and their parents B73 and Mo17 for chlorophyll content and dry matter...

Author(s): S. Sen, M. E. Smith and T. Setter

March 2016

Ecological effects on the flowering phenology of Cenchrus ciliaris L. collections from the arid and semiarid lands of Kenya

Flowering is critical in plant ecology. Through flowering, plants evolve into new plant species that are better adapted to environmental variations. Cenchrus ciliaris is an important forage grass in Kenya, which is drought tolerant but is increasingly becoming depleted in grazing areas requiring reseeding. To identify suitable germplasm for such initiatives, collections from varied ecologies were evaluated at Kiboko to...

Author(s): Everlyne C. Kirwa, Kiarie Njoroge, George N. Chemining’wa and W. Ngowavu Mnene

March 2016

Gas exchange and carbon metabolism in young plants of muruci (Byrsonima crassifolia L.) submitted to water deficit

The Byrsonima genus covers various fruit species known in the Brazilian Amazon as murucizeiro, which is considered as a species with good nutritional quality and features in its composition a variety of volatile compounds. The adaptation of plants to water stress is a complex physiological and biochemical phenomenon. Depending on the intensity and duration of stress, changes ranges from a rapid change in the flow of...

Author(s): Glauco André dos Santos Nogueira, , Tamires Borges de Oliveira, , Kerolém Prícila Sousa Cardoso, , Vitor Resende do Nascimento, , Bruno Moitinho Maltarolo, , Ana Ecídia de Araújo Brito, , Thays Correa Costa`, , Silviane Freitas Castilho, , Ismael de Jesus Matos Viégas, , Luma Castro de Souza, and Candido Ferreira de Oliveira Neto,

March 2016

Carbon dioxide enrichment studies: Current knowledge and trends in plant responses

Atmospheric CO2 concentrations are increasing and studies about the impact on plant species’ responses are on the rise. Unfortunately the wide range of variations in the published data is a concern when it comes to usefulness and application. Simple descriptive analyses on the published results are needed to make sense of the overall trends in plant responses to CO2 enrichment. In the present report, 90 articles...

Author(s): Taoufik Saleh Ksiksi

March 2016

Physiological quality of habanero pepper (Capisicum chinense) seeds based on development and drying process

The objective in this research was to study the physiological and biochemical alterations in habanero pepper during the development and after the natural and controlled drying. The experiments were conducted at Seeds Laboratory and in the experimental area of Agriculture Department at Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA). The fruits were harvested in four stages of development, being these E1-49, E2- 56, E3- 63 and E4-...

Author(s): Heloisa Oliveira dos Santos, Sophia Mangussi Franchi Dutra, Rucyan Walace Pereira, Raquel Maria De Oliveira Pires, Édila Vilela De Resende Von Pinho, Sttela Dellyzete Veiga Franco Da Rosa, and Maria Laene Moreira De Carvalho

March 2016

Availability and uptake of P from organic and in organic sources of P in teak (Tectona grandis) using radio tracer technique

Pot culture experiments were conducted on two bench mark soil series of Kerala (varying in available P status) at the Radiotracer Laboratory, Kerala Agricultural University, with the objectives of studying the effect of organic and inorganic sources of P on the growth of teak seedlings, uptake of P, percent P derived from fertilizer (% Pdff), P use efficiency (PUE) and A value using 32P. The treatments consisted of...

Author(s): Smitha J. K., Sujatha M. P. and Sureshkumar P.

March 2016

Comparative study on cross-compatibility between Camellia sinensis var. sinensis (China type) and C. sinensis var. assamica (Assam type) tea

Tea has long been a well-known crop for its economic value and widening the genetic variability of tea family is often necessitated. Hybridization programs at intraspecific level have been greatly fascinated as potential and useful methods in tea plant breeding to widening the genetic diversity. This comparative study was intended to explore a new avenue to develop the tea plant breeding programs through evaluating...

Author(s): H. M. Prathibhani Chamidha Kumarihami, Eun Ui Oh, Atsushi Nesumi and Kwan Jeong Song,

March 2016

Viability of maize pollen grains in vitro collected at different times of the day

The viability of pollen grains is the essential precondition for obtaining enhanced or hybrid vigor genotypes and a good fixation of the fruit. It is a matter of great importance, especially for genetic improvement programs, which are used in various types of controlled pollination. This study aimed to evaluate the viability of the maize pollen grain through in vitro germination and stainability tests, collected at...

Author(s): Kaian Albino Corazza Kaefer, Ricardo Chiapetti, Luciana Fogaça, Alexandre Luis Muller, Guilherme Borghetti Calixto and Elisiane Inês Dall’ólglio Chaves

March 2016

Production of yellow passion fruit seedlings on substrates with different organic compounds

The production of passion fruit seedlings constitutes one of the important stages of the production system and the importance of substrate for the seedlings growth and plant performance in the field. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different composting organic wastes in the substrate composition for production of yellow passion fruit seedlings. The experiment had been conducted in...

Author(s): Adailza Guilherme Cavalcante, Raunira da Costa Araújo, Alian Cássio Pereira Cavalcante, Alex da Silva Barbosa, Manoel Alexandre Diniz Neto, Bruno Ferreira Matos, Daivyd Silva de Oliveira and José Flávio Cardoso Zuza

March 2016

Profitability of yellow passion fruit as a function of irrigation depths under semiarid conditions

In regions where rainfall is limited and irregular, irrigation technique is important for optimizing fruit plants production and profitability, such as yellow passion fruit. Therefore, this study investigates the economic viability of irrigations depth applied on passion fruit cultivation in the semiarid region of Paraíba State. The treatments were arranged on a factorial scheme that comprises four levels of ETo...

Author(s): José Madson da Silva, Alberto Soares de Melo, Alexson Filgueiras Dutra, Janivan Fernandes Suassuna, Wellison Filgueiras Dutra, Carlos Henrique Salvino Gadelha Meneses and Pedro Roberto Almeida Viégas

March 2016

Efficiency of optimal pheromone trap density in management of red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier

The red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier is an invasive, hidden pest of date palms causing significant economic losses in Middle East. Mass trapping of weevils with synthetic male aggregation pheromone and food baited traps has been an important component of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program against RPW. As the viability of pheromone trapping system depends on the optimum trapping density,...

Author(s): P. S. P. V. Vidyasagar, S. A. Aldosari, E. M. Sultan, A. Al Saihati and R. Mumtaz Khan

March 2016

Optimization of culture media for Desmodium incanum micropropagation

Desmodium incanum DC., popularly known as pega-pega, is a wide spread leguminous plant in fields in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Southern Brazil and is well accepted by the cattle as forage. However, its forage potential is currently threatened, due to the replacement of natural grasslands by agricultural crop and grazing lands and because of the poor pasture management associated with high stocking rate, making it...

Author(s): Raíssa Schwalbert, Joseila Maldaner, Raí Augusto Schwalbert, Lincon Oliveira Stefanello da Silva, Gerusa Pauli Kist Steffen and Ricardo Bemfica Steffen

March 2016

Striga hermonthica reduction using Fusarium oxysporum in Kenya

The biological control agent Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. strigae isolate Foxy 2 had shown potential as a biological control in West Africa, however it failed to achieve the same results when used on Kenyan Striga hermonthica. A F. oxysporum isolate FK3 was obtained from infected S. hermonthica in a maize crop in Kenya and tested as a potential control agent of S. hermonthica in Kenya. Two pot trials were conducted where...

Author(s): Daniel Kangethe, Collins Wanyama, Samuel Ajanga and Henry Wainwright

March 2016

Effect of seasons on chemical composition and fungitoxicity of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Staf essential oil

The study aimed to evaluate the chemical composition and the fungitoxicity of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Staf essential oil, obtained in different seasons of the year. Therefore, C. citratus leaves were harvest at four seasons (summer, fall, winter and spring) and essential oil extracted by hydrodistillation of freshly harvested and dried leaves, with a total of eight samples. Yield was expressed in percentage and the...

Author(s): Virlene do Amaral Jardinetti, Kátia R. Freitas Schwan-Estrada, Aline José Maia, Willian Ferreira da Costa and Raphaeli Nascimento de Freitas