African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6836

Table of Content: 8 September, 2016; 11(36)

September 2016

Adaptability and stability parameters for potassium and calcium contents and grain yield in cowpea lines

The aim of the present study is to estimate the adaptability and stability of K and Ca contents, and grain yield in cowpea lines for release as new cultivars. Forty-four inbred lines and cultivars were assessed in seven sites of the Brazilian semi-arid region. Significant statistical differences were observed in the treatment, environments and environment treatment interaction mean squares for all variables. The methods...

Author(s): Danillo Olegario Matos da Silva and Carlos Antonio Fernandes Santos

September 2016

Effect of temperature on the development and survival of immature stages of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

The Peach fruit fly (PFF), Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is known as a key pest of fruits in Egypt. The effect of temperature on the development and survival of the Peach fruit fly (PFF), Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae) from egg to adult was studied to understand the geographical pattern of occurrence of these fruit fly[N1] . Studding carried out in laboratory under four different constant...

Author(s): Mahmoud Abbas Ali

September 2016

Salinity in irrigation water with organic fertilizer application on growth of castor bean

Plants grown under salt stress are adversely affected, however, it has been suggested the use of organic inputs in order to mitigate the deleterious effects of salinity. As a result, it aimed to evaluate the effect of different electrical conductivities of irrigation water due to the application of organic fertilizers in the cultivation of castor bean. The experiment was conducted in greenhouse located at...

Author(s): Mario Leno Martins Véras, José Sebastião de Melo Filho, Lunara de Sousa Alves,         Danila Lima de Araujo, Toni Halan da Silva Irineu, Thiago Jardelino Dias, Raimundo Andrade and Nelto Almeida Sousa

September 2016

Analysis of levels and determinants of technical efficiency of wheat producing farmers in Ethiopia

Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops in Ethiopia, ranking fourth in total cereals production (16%) next to maize, sorghum and teff. Despite its potential for wheat grain production, Ethiopia falls short of being self-sufficient in wheat, and is currently a net importer of wheat grain. This study examines levels of and determinants of technical efficiency of wheat producing farmers in Ethiopia. Data was...

Author(s): Kaleb Kelemu and Workneh Negatu

September 2016

Soil fauna dynamics affected by decomposition of different legume combinations in alley cropping systems in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil

The objective of this study was to evaluate the temporal composition of epigeous fauna during decomposition of different legume combinations in alley cropping systems. Two legume species with high quality waste Leucaena leucocephala (Leucaena) and Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea), and two species of low quality waste Clitoria fairchildiana (Sombrero) and Acacia mangium (Acacia), were combined forming six treatments: Sombrero...

Author(s): Nárgila de Moura, Raimunda Nonata de Lemos, João Thiago R. de Sousa, Albéryca Stephany de Ramos, Ester do Amaral, Emanoel de Moura and Mario Luiz Mesquita

September 2016

Antimicrobial action against of Macrophomina phaseolina and control of the grey stem in soybean by homeopathic remedies Nosode and Sulphur

The aims of the study were to evaluate the control of botrytis in the soybean stem, spraying homeopathic solutions of Sulphur and Nosode of Macrophomina phaseolina in the dynamizations 6, 12, 24, 36 and 48CH. As additional treatment, we used distilled water and hydroalcoholic solution at 30% ethanol. In vitro tests were performed so as to analyze the number of micro-sclerotia and mycelial growth of the fungi, and in...

Author(s): Eloisa Lorenzetti, José Renato Stangarlin, Elizana Lorenzetti Treib, Anderson Luis Heling, Sidiane Coltro-Roncato, Jeferson Carlos Carvalho, Lívia Hoepers, Bruna Broti Rissato, Jéssica Caroline Coppo, Cristiani Belmonte, Odair José Kuhn and Itamar Ferreira da Silva

September 2016

Effect of egg storage temperature and fumigation on hatchability of Cobb 500 and Hubbard broiler strains

Hatchability of Cobb 500 and Hubbard broiler strain eggs subjected to different levels of egg storage temperature and fumigation was studied at Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia. The different egg storage temperature levels employed were 10, 16 and 23°C and fumigation levels employed were fumigated and unfumigated. Fertility and hatchability were tested during the experimental period. Fertility is...

Author(s): Melaku Woldeyohannes Bekele and Mengistu Urgea Leta

September 2016

Irrigation under different soil surface wetted areas and water depths for banana cv. Grand Naine

The use of different water depths and soil surface soil surface wetted areas by micro-sprinkler irrigation systems results different wetted soil volumes and evapotranspiration conditions, which may cause changes in fruit production quality and quantity. The objective of this study was to evaluate yield, fruit physical characteristics and leaf area of ​​banana cv. Grand Naine under different irrigation depths and...

Author(s): Eugênio Ferreira Coelho, Marcelo Rocha dos Santos, Édio Luis da Costa, Sérgio Luiz Rodrigues Donato and Polyanna Mara Oliveira

September 2016

Field assessment of baits for frugivorous flies (Tephritidae and Lonchaeidae)

Hydrolyzed proteins are used as attractive agents in McPhail traps for monitoring of fruit flies (Tephritidae). There has been no defined role for monitoring of insects belonging to the Lonchaeidae family. Currently, there is a great concern in using most efficient and low-cost attractive materials. Thus, this study aimed at assessing the attractiveness of solid and liquid baits in capturing of frugivorous flies...

Author(s): Olívia Oliveira dos Santos, Sávio de Oliveira Ribeiro, Maria Aparecida Leão Bittencourt, Maria Aparecida Castellani, Raquel Pérez-Maluf, Ana Elizabete Lopes Ribeiro and Aldenise Alves Moreira

September 2016

The efficiency of wheat yields by nitrogen dose and fractionation

The biomass productivity and wheat grains efficiency is determined by nitrogen dose adjustment (full or fractioned), environmental conditions, and cropping system. The aim of this study was to improve the efficiency of N-fertilizer usage on wheat to maximize the biomass productivity and grain yield by adjusting the full or fractioned nitrogen dose in favorable and unfavorable year conditions, in succession systems with...

Author(s): Ana Paula Brezolin, José Antonio Gonzalez da Silva, Fabricia Carneiro Roos Frantz, Manuel Osorio Binelo, Antonio Carlos Valdiero, Cristiano Mathias Zimmer, Rubia Diana Mantai, Anderson Marolli, Osmar Bruneslau Scremin and Gustavo Mazurkievicz

September 2016

Technological parameters and economic analysis of sugarcane cultivated under irrigation depths for ethanol production in Santa Maria-RS, Brazil

This study aimed to perform economic analysis and evaluate the effect of technological parameters on plant and ratoon sugarcane under irrigation depths for ethanol production. Treatments were irrigation of 30, 60, 90, and 120% of ETc and a control treatment (no irrigation). The experimental design was a randomized block with six repetitions. We used a drip irrigation system with management based on crop...

Author(s): Helena Maria Camilo de Moraes Nogueira, Marcia Xavier Peiter, Adroaldo Dias Robaina, Richard Alberto Rodríguez Padrón, Marta Von Ende, Antonio Luiz Fantinel and Cicero Urbanetto Nogueira

September 2016

The effects of sewage sludge, mineral and organic fertilizers on initial growth of Urochloa brizantha cv Marandu (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) R.D Webster

The application of biosolids on agricultural soils is a procedure used by municipalities and private companies to dispose, purposefully or inadvertently, of residue. This study evaluated the effects of limed sewage sludge and inorganic or organomineral fertilizers on the chemical properties of red latosol and the contents of chlorophyll A and B in the fresh and dry matter of Urochloa brizantha cv Marandu. The...

Author(s): Joaquim Caros de Resende Júnior, Reginaldo de Camargo, Regina Maria Quintão Lana, Amilton Alves Filho and Ana Luisa Alves Matos

September 2016

Properties, classification, genesis and agricultural suitability of soils in a semiarid pediplain of North Cameroon

The aim of the study was to determine the morphological and physicochemical characteristics, classification, genesis and suitability of soils developed on pediplain around granitic hills in Minawao in the Far North region of Cameroon. The studied soil profile had 450 cm thick. It is composed of two subsections formed by erosion and cumulization. The upper subsection classified as typic ustifluvents clayey...

Author(s): Désiré Tsozué and Oumarou Yakouba