African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1126

Full Length Research Paper

Water supply, sanitation and health risks in Douala, Cameroon

Ndjama Joséphine1,2*, Kamgang Kabeyene Beyala Véronique1,3, Sigha Nkamdjou Luc2, Ekodeck Georges1, Tita Margaret Awah3
  1Laboratory of Geology of the Engineer and Alterology, Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon. 2 Hydrological Research Center (HRC), Institute of Geological and Mining Research (IRGM), P. O. Box 4110 Nlongkak-Yaounde, Cameroon. 3Laboratory of Geology, Department of Biological Sciences, Higher Teacher training school, University of Yaounde , P. O. Box 47, Yaounde I, Cameroon
Email: [email protected]; [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 November 2008
  •  Published: 31 December 2008



With a view to contribute to the hygiene condition and improvement in the urban zones of Cameroon, a survey was carried out in March 2007 among 1400 households with respect to the water supply, sanitation and health risks in seven quarters of spontaneous habitat of Douala town. It results from this study that the majority of participants were married (76%). The populations are supplied with of water especially by CAMWATER network (49% of households) and wells (50% of households). The majority of participants evacuate solid waste in public refuse vats (56% of households). Household’s wastewater is especially discharged around the houses (21% of households) and in rivers (20% of households). The companies present in the quarters discharge their wastewater in the drains. 52% of households deposit their excrements in latrines. We noticed in these quarters a prevalence of residences made out of hard materials (43% of households). Cholera (88.5% of households), Diarrhoea (70% of households), Dysenteries (74% of households), Typhoid fever (72% of households), Malaria (32% of households) and skin diseases (76% of households) were the most frequent diseases. These results highlight problems for which, it would firstly be necessary to attack in the research of the improvement strategies for hygiene conditions in the populations of an urban environment.


Key words: Environment, sanitation, water, diseases, Douala