African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5211

Full Length Research Paper

Bioconversion of orange peels for ethanol production using Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Eman Zakaria Gomaa
Department of Biological and Geological Sciences, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 February 2013
  •  Published: 02 April 2013


Fruit processing industries produce large amount of waste material, which poses considerable disposal problems leading to pollution. The potentiality of Bacillus subtilis andPseudomonas aeruginosa to produce ethanol from orange peels was investigated in the present study. Optimization of parameters to improve ethanol production was done. Maximum amounts of ethanol were produced using 8% orange peels. With the addition of2% sucrose, ethanol production reached 67.20 g/l by B. subtilis whereas, in P. aeruginosaaddition of lactose at a concentration of 2.5%, increased ethanol production till 55.20 g/l.B. subtilis produced maximum ethanol (75.20 g/l) when ammonium chloride was added to the medium at 4 g/l whereas, corn steep liquor at 5 g/l caused maximum ethanol production (69.50 g/l) by P. aeruginosa. The optimum environmental conditions that influence ethanol production in B. subtilis include inoculum concentration, pH, temperature and incubation time 10%, pH: 7, 35°C for 72 h and in P. aeruginosa; 10%, pH: 8, 35°C for 72 h respectively. At these optimal conditions, the maximum ethanol production reached 92.25 and 82.70 g/l for B. subtilis and P. aeruginosa, respectively was recorded.


Key words: Orange peel, fermentation, bioethanol, total sugar, reducing sugars, optimization, Bacillus subtilus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.