African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5230

Short Communication

Prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis during 2010 in Mazandaran Province, Iran

Mohammad Reza Youssefi1, Behzad Esfandiari2*, Jalil Shojaei3, Hossein Jalahi4, Shirin Aghvami Amoli5, Hamzeh Ghasemi6 and Mehrdad Javadian7
  1Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Islamic Azad University, Babol – Branch, Iran. 2Pasteur Institute of Iran-Amol research center, Iran. 3Management central disease, Mazandaran Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran. 4Health Management, Mazandaran Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran. 5Imam Ali Hospital, Mazandaran, Iran. 6Health Net, Amol, Mazandaran, Iran. 7Emam Ali Hospital, Amol, Mazandaran, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 October 2011
  •  Published: 23 December 2011

Abstract

 

Leishmaniasis includes a wide variety of diseases which are classified into three main categories: cutaneous leishmaniasis, muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis, and visceral leishmaniasis. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the health problems in tropical regions and a priority of world health. The vector of this disease is female sand fly fromPhlebotomus specie. This descriptive-inferential retrograde study was conducted on all 62 individuals that were diagnosed with cutaneous leishmaniasis using clinical and lab finding and underwent treatment for this disease in seven health centers of Mazandaran province from January to December 2010. It was carried out during one year in all the health centers of Mazandaran province. During the study of the 62 cases, it was recognized that 37 (59.67%) were male and 25 (40.33%) were female and the most common type of cutaneous leishmaniasis seen in this province was the rural or wet type (61.3%). Considering the high prevalence rate and distribution of leishmaniasis in Iran, it is crystal clear that accumulating data about vectors and reservoirs of each region for prevention and control programs play prominent role in this case.

 

Key words: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Mazandaran province, Iran.