African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5232

Full Length Research Paper

Seroprovalences of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in preoperative patients admitted to a hospital in Northern Anatolia

Özgür Günal1, Hüseyin Åžener Barut1, Ramazan Tetikçok2, Nagehan Yildiz Çeltek2 andIlker Etikan3
  1Gaziosmanpasa University, School of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology,60100 Tokat, Turkey. 2Gaziosmanpasa University, School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine 60100 Tokat, Turkey. 3Gaziosmanpasa University, School of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics 60100 Tokat, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 20 October 2011
  •  Published: 23 December 2011

Abstract

 

Infections of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are considered important health problems worldwide. In this study, we assessed results of hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), anti-HCV and anti-HIV tests which were ordered to patients before any surgical intervention in a university hospital, in Tokat, Turkey. All patients who were planned to have surgical intervention and had tests for HBsAg, anti-HCV and anti-HIV in year 2009 and 2010, were included in this retrospective study. Hospital records of patients were examined and 3794 subjects were included in the study. HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalences were found to be 3.4% (128/3782) and 2.2% (85/3736), respectively while no patient was positive for anti-HIV. It was found that the risk of HBsAg positivity was 2.07 times higher in males versus females; the HBsAg prevalence increased as patients became older and it was lowest in patients ≤29 years whereas highest in the age group of 60-69 years. Anti-HCV positivity was most prevalent in the age group of 60-69 years as well. Conclusively, it seems that our region has moderate endemicity for HBV and HCV infections, thus preoperative screening may provide us to detect silent hepatitis patients, but  doing anti-HIV test is unnecessary before surgical intervention in our country.

 

Key words: Hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, prevalence, vaccination.