African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Full Length Research Paper

Schizosaccharomyces selective differential media

Santiago Benito*, Laura Gálvez, Felipe Palomero, Fernando Calderón, Antonio Morata, Daniel Palmero and José Antonio Suárez-Lepe
Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 April 2013
  •  Published: 11 June 2013


This study discusses the optimisation of a selective and differential medium which would facilitate the isolation of Schizosaccharomyces (a genus with a low incidence compared to other microorganisms) to select individuals from this genus for industrial purposes, especially in light of the recent approval of the use of yeasts from this genus in the wine industry by the International Organisation of Vine and Wine, or to detect the presence of such yeasts, for those many authors who consider them food spoilers. To this end, we studied various selective-differential agents based on the main the physiological characteristics of this species, such as its high resistance to high concentrations of sugar, sulfur dioxide, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, acetic acid or malo-ethanolic fermentation. This selective medium is based on the resistance of the genus to the antibiotic actidione and its high resistance to inhibitory agents such as benzoic acid compared to possible microorganisms which can give rise to false-positive results. Malic acid was used as a differential factor due to the ability of this genus to metabolise it to ethanol, which allows detecting of the degradation of this compound. Lastly, the medium was successfully used to isolate strains of Schizosaccharomyces pombe from honey.


Key words: Schizosaccharomyces pombe, benzoic acid, actidione, differential selective medium, malic acid.