African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Full Length Research Paper

Trends of sudden wilt syndrome in sesame plots irrigated with delayed intervals

Hamit Kavak1* and Erkan Boydak2
1Plant Protection Department, Agricultural Faculty, University of Harran 633192 Åžanliurfa, Turkey. 2Department of Field Crops, Agricultural Faculty, Bingöl University, 1300 Bingöl, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 19 May 2011
  •  Published: 18 July 2011


In this work, sudden wilt syndrome in sesame was investigated during varying irrigation treatments. For the four irrigation intervals numbers of infected plants and infected rows were determined in experiments conducted during growing periods. The resulting data were transformed to percent values and regressed against the irrigation intervals. The correlations between the rates of infected plants and irrigation intervals and between the rates of infected rows and irrigation intervals were assessed separately in replicate and total plots following testing. Positive increases were observed for both categories within total plots. The correlations for the two years were r= 0.86 and r= 0.85 for the wilted plant category, and r= 0.99 and r= 1 for the infected row category. Fusariım oxysporumfsp sesame and Macrophomina phaseolina were two of the parasitic pathogens isolated from samples. In addition, parasitic pathogens were not isolated from some of the samples that displayed sudden wilt symptoms. Depending on delays in irrigation within irrigated crops grown in drought and hot regions, sudden wilt syndrome of sesame may increase. The causes of sudden wilt syndrome appear to be parasitic pathogens, drought stress, or the combined effect of both.


Key words: Sesame, irrigation intervals, sudden wilt.