African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5230

Table of Content: 30 August, 2013; 7(35)

August 2013

In vitro selection of sheath blight resistance germplams in rice

  An effective rice callus screening method for breeding disease-resistant regenerated plants of sheath blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kühn is yet to be developed. In this study, callus-resistant rice was screened using pathogenic crude toxins of highly virulent isolates, R. solani (Anastomosis Group 1-IA) collected from Sichuan Province, China. Highly susceptible rice...

Author(s):   Liang XiaoXing, Li Ping and Zheng AiPing

August 2013

Microbial inoculation during composting improves productivity of sun mushroom (Agaricus subrufescens Peck)

  The aim of this research was to evaluate the application of different microbial additives during composting, on some parameters of the production of Agaricus subrufescens.Compost was prepared over two weeks with ammonia assimilating bacterial and a thermophillic fungus as microbiological additives. These additives were introduced during two week composting to promote greater selectivity of the substrate...

Author(s):   Vinícius Reis de Figueirêdo, Emerson Tokuda Martos, Félix Gonçalves de Siqueira, William Pereira Maciel, Romildo da Silva, Danny Lee Rinker and Eustáquio Souza Dias

August 2013

The functional roles of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in improving growth and tolerance of Vicia faba plants grown in wastewater contaminated soil

Wastewater contaminated soil poses serious environmental and health problems in Saudi Arabia and requires technological solutions for mitigating potential environmental risks. In spite the efforts of the Agriculture Ministry and agencies of water resources to overcome those problems, they still exist. In this concern, the effects of an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus (Glomus deserticola Trappe and John) on...

Author(s): Salem M. Al-Amri

August 2013

Two reverse-transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification systems for highly sensitive detection of enterovirus 71 and coxsackievirus A16

  Human enterovirus 71 and coxsackievirus A16 are two of the major causative agents of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). EV71 and CoxA16 infections in HFMD are clinically indistinguishable, but EV71 infection is more frequently associated with serious neurological complications and fatalities. In this study, two specific reverse-transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assays were...

Author(s):   Guo-ping Zhao, Guang-ya Yin, Hong Zhao, Guo-liang Li, Bin Meng, Xiao Hu, Ya-xiao Li, Yi-zheng Wang and Hua-bing Zhao

August 2013

Microflora of fresh and smoke-dried fish in Yenagoa metropolis, Nigeria

  The microbial load of fresh and smoke-dried fish marketed in Yenagoa metropolis was evaluated. The samples were three fish types: Clarias angularis, Channa obscura andChrysicthtys auratus from Tombia and Swali markets were analysed. The bacterial counts for fresh fish samples ranged from 4.0 x 108 - 2.30 x 1010 cfu/g while fungal counts ranged from 1.8 x 104 - 7.0 x...

Author(s):   Oku, Ikpebivie and Amakoromo, Ebi Rebecca

August 2013

Evaluation of the antifungal activity of Iranian propolis against Candida albicans

  Propolis is a resinous substance which has many pharmaceutical and biological effects such as antimicrobial activities. In this study, antifungal aspect of ethanolic solution of propolis was investigated. Candida albicans isolates were obtained from patients attending the Mycology Laboratory of Veterinary Faculty of the University of Tehran. BALB/c mice were used for the second part of the study....

Author(s):   Roozbeh Yalfani, Alireza Khosravi and Behnaz Pirouz

August 2013

Occurrence of VIM-2 Metallo-ß- Lactamases in imipenem resistant and susceptible Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from Egypt

Different metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) have been increasingly recognized among imipenem (IMP)-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) isolates. The existence of MBL IMP-susceptible isolates has been lately reported bearing the risk of unnoticed spread in hospitals. Early detection of MBL-producing organisms is critical to stop their uncontrolled spread and to allow for the prompt use...

Author(s): Manal Diab, Nevine Fam, Manal El-Said, Ehab El-Dabaa Inas El- Defrawy and Mohamed Saber

August 2013

Evaluation of rotavirus and intestinal parasite infection in a paediatric population in West Cameroon: Clinical characteristics and virus genotyping

  The prevalence of Rotavirus (RV)-related gastroenteritis in Cameroon was monitored in this study, identifying the circulating G-P types, and the presence of co-infection with intestinal parasites. The stool samples were examined for rotaviruses using chromatographic and molecular techniques, and parasites were identified by macroscopic and microscopic examination. 38% of samples were RV positive. Data...

Author(s):   Antonella De Donno, Pierre René Fotsing Kwetche, Giovanni Gabutti, Adele Idolo, Alessandra Cavallaro, Elisabeth Lysette Kouemeni, Lorenzo Badia, Elisa Vanino, Lazare Kaptue, Tiziana Grassi and Rosario Cultrera

August 2013

Lack of Candida bracariensis and Candida nivariensis in vaginal Candida glabrata isolates in Jos, Plateau State

  Although rare and emerging, Candida bracariensis and Candida nivariensis are two newly described species in the Candida glabrata complex which share similar phenotypic features and could be misdiagnosed. We examined 34 clinical isolates of C. glabratausing a multiplex PCR method for the presence of this newly described cryptic species. All study isolates were confirmed to...

Author(s):   Nnadi Nnaemeka Emmanuel, Okolo Mark Ojogba Orazio Romeo, Ayanbimpe Grace Mebi, Fabio Scordino, Enweani Ifeoma Bessie and Giuseppe Criseo