African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 402


East is Red (Ink): China aid and debt diplomacy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Paul James Greenbaum
  • Paul James Greenbaum
  • Princeton School for International Affairs, Schwarzman College, Princeton University, USA.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 28 April 2020
  •  Accepted: 21 October 2020
  •  Published: 30 April 2021


Using fixed-effects regression analysis, this article demonstrates that China donates more aid dollars to countries which have higher degrees of ethno political competition. This article advances a theory of foreign aid that links domestic political considerations of recipient countries with the desire of donor nations to leverage foreign aid for political gain. States where ethnic identity functions as a relevant political factor, that is, those states where ethnicity has been utilized by elites to mobilize populations for political purposes will receive more aid than countries where ethnicity is irrelevant in the domestic political calculus.


Key words: Politically relevant ethnic groups, ethnopolitical competition, foreign aid.