Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2008

Full Length Research Paper

Decentralisation by devolution: Reflections on community involvement in planning process in Tanzania

A.S Norman1 and L Massoi2
  1Moshi University College of Coorperative and  Business Studies, P.O. BOX  474, Moshi, Tanzania. 2Mzumbe University, Dar es Salaam Business School, P.O. BOX 20266 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 April 2010
  •  Published: 30 June 2010



This paper provides reflections on Decentralization-by-Devolution in planning process at grassroots level by investigating the manner in which grassroots level is involved in preparing the three years strategic plan; and its implications towards solving socio-economic problems at grassroots level. The study employed a combined research design where case study design and mini –survey designs were used. Questionnaires, In-depth interviews and intensive documentary reviews were done for data collection purposes. The findings from the Kizota ward in Dodoma municipality  revealed that although, the government has done a commendable work in implementing D-by-D, its contribution in planning process at grassroots level is still minimal and ineffective. The Mitaa residents were not involved in the planning process; rather they were involved in the implementation of the centrally made plans that did not include their priorities. The paper further suggests for the need of elected leaders at local government level to undergo training on their responsibility to get involved in the planning process at their very level of structure among others.


Key words: Community; involvement and; grassroots