This paper studies the housing and town building policies. It analyzes reasons that new towns failed to achieve their strategic goals. This paper addresses the question of why the new towns are not functional. The research methods are classic linear programming, a benchmarking technique, and a case study strategy. The benchmarking procedure compares the existing urban development pattern to optimal building models. This study explores fundamental theories concerning housing and urban development, proportional to the inhabitants’ requirements, lifestyles, and livelihoods. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the natural and social characteristics of each region, as well as the livelihood needs of indigenous peoples in housing and urban policies. The case study of this research uses a market analysis procedure to discover rational and optimal housing policies. Finally, this paper suggests a feasible programming model that changes the present unsuccessful ways toward improved methods of housing policies. The model predicts required urban spaces in the new towns. It recommends design procedures based on the real needs of local people. The presented model of this research has a local application, but it is also helpful for other new urban development projects everywhere.
Key words: Housing, new towns, urban planning and design, market analysis, linear programming.
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