African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

Full Length Research Paper

Lack of technology hinders advancing aquaculture; special emphases on fish intestinal microbiota research in Africa

Eric Amenyogbe1*, Eric Kwabena Droepenu1, Rahmat Quaigrane Duker2, George Lutterodt1, Christian Larbi Ayisi1, Grace Afumwaa Boamah1 and Jian-sheng Huang3,4,5*  
1Department of Water Resources and Aquaculture Management, School of Sustainable Development, University of Environment and Sustainable Development, Somanya, Eastern Region, Ghana. 2Department of Biological Sciences, School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, University of Environment and Sustainable Development, Somanya, Eastern Region, Ghana. 3Fishery College, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524025, China. 4Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhanjiang), Zhanjiang 524025, China. 5Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology and Epidemiology for Aquatic Economic Animals, Zhanjiang 524088, China.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 25 May 2023
  •  Accepted: 18 August 2023
  •  Published: 31 January 2024

Abstract

Fish farming plays a crucial role in aquaculture, providing protein and livelihoods to millions worldwide. Research on fish intestinal microbiota has gained increasing importance in recent years due to its critical roles in fish health, growth, disease resistance, and production. However, advanced aquaculture research, such as studying fish intestinal microbiota, faces significant challenges in Africa due to inadequate technologies, complexity, and high costs. As a result, researchers are unable to fully explore the intricate interactions between fish gut microbiota and their hosts. The absence of advanced technologies in Africa has impeded research in crucial aquaculture areas like probiotics, prebiotics, and metagenomics. Although these beneficial microorganisms can enhance fish growth, health, and disease resistance, their application necessitates advanced technologies for characterization and formulation. Consequently, Africa's dearth of advanced technologies stands as a significant obstacle to progressing advanced aquaculture research, including the study of fish intestinal microbiota. This limitation curtails the potential of African aquaculture to contribute to global food security and obstructs the development of sustainable aquaculture practices. To tackle this challenge, both African and international research institutions must invest in infrastructure, capacity building, and collaborative partnerships.

Keywords: Technologies, fish intestinal microbiota, advance aquaculture research, Africa.