African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6691

Review

Fagopyrum esculentum Moench: A crop with many purposes in agriculture and human nutrition

Flávio Marcel Ferreira Gonçalves
  • Flávio Marcel Ferreira Gonçalves
  • Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná (UENP/Bandeirantes), BR-369, km 54, Vila Maria, Caixa Postal 261, CEP 86360-000, Bandeirantes, Paraná, Brasil
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Rafael Rostirolla Debiage
  • Rafael Rostirolla Debiage
  • Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná (UENP/Bandeirantes), BR-369, km 54, Vila Maria, Caixa Postal 261, CEP 86360-000, Bandeirantes, Paraná, Brasil
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Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva
  • Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva
  • Faculdade de Ciências e Letras de Assis, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho,Laboratório de Fisiologia Vegetal e Fitoterápicos, Avenida Dom Antônio, 2100, CEP 19806-900, Assis, São Paulo, Brasil
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Petrônio Pinheiro Porto
  • Petrônio Pinheiro Porto
  • Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná (UENP/Bandeirantes), BR-369, km 54, Vila Maria, Caixa Postal 261, CEP 86360-000, Bandeirantes, Paraná, Brasil
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Eidi Yoshihara
  • Eidi Yoshihara
  • Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios, Polo Alta Sorocabana, SP 270, km 561, Caixa Postal 298, CEP 19015-970, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brasil.
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Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello Peixoto
  • Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello Peixoto
  • Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná (UENP/Bandeirantes), BR-369, km 54, Vila Maria, Caixa Postal 261, CEP 86360-000, Bandeirantes, Paraná, Brasil
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  •  Received: 18 December 2015
  •  Accepted: 10 February 2016
  •  Published: 24 March 2016

Abstract

Buckwheat is a dicotyledonous crop that quickly grow at high altitudes. It presents high tolerance to acidity and ability to grow in poor soil. This study aimed to identify different buckwheat forms of use and benefits in agriculture and human nutrition. It can be used as green manure, being an option as soil cover plant and recycling of nutrients, as well as an alternative grain and forage. At the plant flowering, it can provide a food source to the predators of common insects’ pests, increasing their populations. In livestock, it can feed cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and poultry because it features similar quality to millet forage, but with higher concentration of protein. Buckwheat could act as a functional forage to manipulate ruminal fermentation. The presence of tannins in plants can positively influence the health of small ruminants because these represent a promising alternative control of gastrointestinal nematodes. For human nutrition, the buckwheat is an important food that contain a well-balanced amino acid profile with a high quantity of lysine, limiting amino acid in grasses such wheat, relatively high fibre content, zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and selenium (Se). Furthermore, this flour is gluten-free and it can be used as a supplement for patients with celiac disease. Therefore, it is a culture that should be best explored in different regions of the world.

Key words: Buckwheat, celiac sprue, green manuring, high protein, tanniferous plants, recycling of soil nutrients.