African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6858

Table of Content: January, 2021; 17(1)

January 2021

Status of parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) and its control options in Ethiopia

Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is an invasive herbaceous weed which belongs to the family Compositae. It is believed to have originated in tropical America and now occurs widely in Asia, Australia, Southern and east Africa. Parthenium has been observed to grow on road sides, gardens, waterways, in grasslands and crop fields both during the crop season and after harvest, as long as enough moisture is available....

Author(s): Zelalem Bekeko  

January 2021

Makafaci and Wachangu improved doubled haploid rice (Oryza sativa) varieties recommended for lowland cultivation in Malawi

The study was conducted in 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 rainy seasons at Nanzolo, Domasi and Mkondezi in three replications using the RCBD following the Mother-Baby Trial Approach. The objective of the study was to evaluate grain yield of twelve high-yielding rice (Oryza sativa) varieties that were selected and shared from elite Doubled Haploid germplasms of a Collaborative Project of KAFACI (RDA) and AGRA at Suwon in Korea...

Author(s): Elias Jeke, Tennyson Mzengeza, Kyung-Ho Kang, Lazarus Chapo, Mwai Malipa, Brian Boyce, Memory Kachingwe and Innocent Machira  

January 2021

Factors affecting the adoption of mobile applications by farmers: An empirical investigation

In developing countries such as Nigeria, agriculture is the main source of livelihood with over 70% of the population engaged in farming. They are mostly smallholders and subsistence farmers with minimal use of technology and low productivity. The use of mobile applications in agriculture can potentially help smallholders access agricultural information and financial services, improve access to markets and enhance...

Author(s): Victor Okoroji, Nic J Lees and Xiaomeng Lucock  

January 2021

Supplemental value of exo-enzyme in the utilization of cassava fibre meal by broiler-chickens

This study assessed the supplemental value of Roxazyme® G2 in the utilization of cassava fibre meal (CFM) by broiler-chickens in a 56 day feeding trial. A batch of three hundred and sixty day-old Arbor acre broiler-chicks was allotted to twelve treatments replicated five times of six birds in a 4 × 3 factorial in complete randomization. Cassava fibre meal was substituted for maize at 0, 20, 40 and 60% levels...

Author(s): Simeon Ajibade Akinyele, Muyiwa Hilarious Ogunsipe and Oyewumi Nather Oyewole  

January 2021

Effects of cyanotoxins in germination, growth and DNA damages of Lettuce sativa (Lettuce) and Coriandrum sativum (Coriander)

The use of irrigation water containing cyanobacterial toxins can cause significant impacts in agricultural and consequently environmental health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cyanotoxins (microcystin-LR and saxitoxin) on germination, growth and micronuclei formation in lettuce (Lettuce sativa) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum). Seeds of lettuce and coriander were exposed during 7-9 days to...

Author(s): Janiele França Nery, Gleydson Kleyton Moura Nery, Adriana Guedes Magalhaes, Walclécio Lira and Salomão de Sousa Medeiros  

January 2021

The preventive impact of vermicompost on bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) salinity resistance: An evaluation

This work aims to identify the impacts of vermicompost leachate (VCL) toward its salt resistance stress in plants. Young Capsicum annuum L seedlings were subjected to salinity (160 mM NaCl added to a nutrient solution) over a course of seven days during or following the adding of 7 mL L−1 VCL. The exposure to salt stress resulted in a notable decrease of dry and fresh leaf weights, K+ concentrations, and leaf...

Author(s): Naser Ahmadi and Elnaz Akbari,  

January 2021

Indigenous knowledge of Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke, in Burkina Faso

Striga gesnerioides is one of the major constraints to cowpea production in West Africa. In Burkina Faso, Striga is a national phenomenon despite the control measures proposed by research. This study aims to collect farmers' perceptions of S. gesnerioides. Thus, a survey was conducted among cowpea producers in 15 localities across the four agroclimatic zones of Burkina Faso. Data collected were related to...

Author(s): Pingawindé SAWADOGO, Nerbéwendé SAWADOGO, Tinga Jeremy OUEDRAOGO, Zakaria DIENI, Teyioué Benoit Joseph BATIENO, Hamadou ZONGO, Léandre PODA, Jean Baptiste De La Salle TIGNEGRE and Mahamadou SAWADOGO  

January 2021

Assessment of sixteen varieties of groundnut in two agro ecological zones in Burkina Faso for yield and tolerance to aflatoxin

In Burkina Faso, groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is produced in almost the entire country except the north. Its multiple uses make it a highly appreciated oil seeds and leguminous crop. However, the presence of aflatoxins in grains constitutes a public health risk and thus limits its marketing to international markets. The present study evaluated sixteen (16) short duration (90 days) groundnut varieties (15 varieties...

Author(s): Amos MININGOU, Sy Appolinaire TRAORE, Blaise KABRE and Sondé Ardjouma Lassina Moulaye KONATE  

January 2021

Effect of different vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality of statice

An experiment at Egerton University in Kenya studied effects of vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality in statice. Three vermicomposts prepared from Kitchen waste (V1), mowed lawn grass (V2) and Weed biomass (V3) were mixed at a rate of 40% by volume with garden soil and tested against the untreated control (V0). Bioslurry from a digester at Tatton Agricultural Park in the university was...

Author(s): Amos Nyakeyo, Mariam Mwangi and Jane Nyaanga  

January 2021

Climate-Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices and its implications to food security in Siyadebrina Wayu District, Ethiopia

Climate change poses a major threat to agricultural production and food security in Ethiopia. Temperature rise and variability in rainfall patterns have had serious consequences on crop and livestock production. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is one of the solutions that simultaneously address the issues of food security, climate change and agricultural productivity. The objective of this study was to examine trends...

Author(s): Tekeste Kifle  

January 2021

A comparative economic analysis of aquaculture production systems in Southern Agricultural Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

This study was undertaken to determine the factors that influence the output of aquaculture production and the profitability of three production systems (concrete tank, earthen pond, and mobile tank) in Southern Agricultural Zone of Cross River State. A multi-stage stratified random sampling technique was used to select 140 farmers from three LGAs in the study area. Structured questionnaire was used for data...

Author(s): Etuk, Ekanem Abasiekong, Ogban, Gloria Onette and Idiong, Christopher Idiong  

January 2021

The effect of multi-component fertilizer and lime application on yield of common bean in Western Kenya

Soil acidity and micronutrient deficiency is a major constraint affecting common bean production in Western Kenya. Farmers in the region have access to the two fertilizers Mavuno and Sympal fortified with different micronutrients and recommended for legumes; however, the performance of beans in the region remains low. A field experiment was, therefore, conducted in two sites in Nandi county, western Kenya, to determine...

Author(s): Shadrack C. Kipngetich, Samuel M. Mwonga and John O. Ojiem  

January 2021

A review of food buffer system for urban areas: Case study of Jakarta

Food is a human basic need and its provision should be secured by the government. In this regard, the government must control the stability of food price particularly in urban areas in which its food demand depends mostly on food supply from surrounding areas as a food buffer. However, the current food buffer system for urban areas has not been able to stabilize food price volatility experienced every year. This is...

Author(s): Agung Hendriadi, Benny Rachman and Arif Syaifudin  

January 2021

Growth, phenology, yield and yield attributes of rice as influenced by tillage, residue and nitrogen management practice in Chitwan, Nepal

A field experiment was conducted in three factorial strip-split-plot design to evaluate the effect of two establishment methods (EM) [transplanted in puddled soil (PuTPR) and direct seeded in zero tillage (ZT-DSR)], two residue levels [residue kept at 3 t ha-1 (RK) and residue removed (RR)] with two nitrogen doses [recommended dose (100 kg N ha-1) (RD) and farmers' dose (50 kg N ha-1) (FD)] with six replications on...

Author(s): Arjun Bastola, Tika Karki, Santosh Marahatta and Lal Prasad Amgain  

January 2021

Inorganic fertilizer use among agroforestry and non-agroforestry practicing farmers in South West Cameroon: A comparative assessment and policy ramifications

Continuous and excessive use of inorganic fertilizers by farmers across the world is causing more harm than good to croplands. This is because most of these inorganic fertilizers are toxic, which in essence defeats the very purpose for which they are produced. This paper sought to comparatively assess the use of inorganic fertilizer among agroforestry and non-agroforestry practicing farmers in south west Cameroon. Data...

Author(s): Azembouh Roshinus Tsufac, Nyong Princely Awazi and Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima  

January 2021

Effect of crop canopy manipulation on light interception, growth, and development of wild proso millet and giant foxtail in row-cropping systems

Crop canopy architecture is known to affect weed performance. Field experiments were conducted to examine the effect of altered crop canopy architecture and light interception on growth and development of wild proso millet and giant foxtail, two problematic weed species. Crop canopy architecture was manipulated by planting two sweet corn varieties contrasting in canopy architecture (Bonus-has a dense leaf canopy and...

Author(s): Jenipher Bisikwa, Roger L. Becker, Vince A. Fritz, Kevin Natukunda and Martha I. Natukunda,

January 2021

Assessment of fertilizers usage and cropping patterns in study area of Naypyitaw, Myanmar

A study was conducted to observe the demographic characteristics of farmers, to assess the use of fertilizers application by farmer and to identify the current status of cropping pattern in the study area. The demographic profiles of 60 respondents stated that the age ranged from 30 to 78 years and land holding ranged from 0.10 to 2.80 ha. The majority of farmers (40%) had a primary educational level. Farmers utilized...

Author(s): Hla Moe Khaing, Swe Swe Mar, Htay Htay Oo and Kyaw Ngwe  

January 2021

Impact of tank geometry on production of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus)

Geometry of fish tanks tends to affect the growth and yield of fish. The impact of tank geometry on the production of Clarias gariepinus was evaluated. Circular, rectangular and ellipsoid tanks were used to test the variation of water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen and total suspended solids on African catfish growth performance. Results on water temperature, pH, DO, were within the acceptable ranges of...

Author(s): Shadrack Kwadwo Amponsah, Sampson Agodzo, Etornyo Agbeko and Enock Asante Osei  

January 2021

Screening of okra (Abelmoschus species) genotype for resistance to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species)

Okra has significant area under cultivation in Africa and Asia, despite it has been considered as a minor crop and not much attention has been given to okra improvement in international research program. Niger produced during 2008, 2794 t of okra in 5288 ha with mean productivity of 0.39 t.ha-1. This poor average productivity is far below than the mean productivity of East Africa (6.2 t.ha-1) and North (8.8 t.ha-1)....

Author(s): IDI SAIDOU Sani,, HAOUGUI Adamou, ISSAKA Salia Ousseini, KUMAR Sanjeet, ALI Mahamane, and BAKASSO Yacoubou,  

January 2021

Relative time of planting of legumes (cowpea, soybean and groundnut) on weed suppression and yield in cassava cropping system

Weeds are a serious problem farmer’s face in tropical Africa, which significantly reduces yield. Field trials were conducted from September 2013 to September 2014 to determine the appropriate relative time of planting of legumes in cassava cropping system for optimum weed suppression. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates. Treatments consisted of combinations...

Author(s): Kingsley Joseph Taah and Emmanuel Ogyiri Adu