International Journal of
Vocational and Technical Education

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Voc. Tech. Educ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-534X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJVTE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 110

Full Length Research Paper

Challenges and opportunities for the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Somalia: A case for Puntland

Farah Abdiqani Ahmed
  • Farah Abdiqani Ahmed
  • Hayaan Institute for Research and Policy, Garowe, Puntland, Somalia.
  • Google Scholar
Farah Dahir Abshir
  • Farah Dahir Abshir
  • Hayaan Institute for Research and Policy, Garowe, Puntland, Somalia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 10 March 2022
  •  Accepted: 31 May 2022
  •  Published: 30 June 2022

References

Abdul-Wahab H, George A (2009). Workshop on Revitalizing TVET Provision in ECOWAS Countries. Abuja: 17th - 20th August 2009. Final workshop report.

View

 

Adam J, Kamuzora F (2008). Research methods for business and social studies. mzumbe mzumbe book project. P 138.

 

Ahmad M (2015). Ilmi Principles of education. Graduate Studies I. Lahore: Ilmi Kitab Khana. Kabeer St, Urdu Bazar Lahore.

View

 

African Union (2007). Strategy to Revitalize Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Africa.

View

 

Abdi AA (1998). Education in Somalia: History, distraction, and calls for reconstruction, Comparative Education 34(3):327-340.
Crossref

 

Ahmed HS (2009). An Analytical Understanding of How External Sources Inform and Impact Upon Somaliland's National Education and Teacher Education Policy Making Processes. School of Sport and Education Brunel University.

View

 

Cassanelli L, Abdikadir FS (2008). "Somalia: Education in Transition," Bildhaan: An International Journal of Somali Studies 7:7. Available at:

View

 

Cassanelli L (1995). "Victims and Vulnerable Groups in Southern Somalia." Ottawa: Documentation, Information and Research Branch (DIRB), Immigration and Refugee Board.

 

Chamadia S, Shahid M (2018). Skilling for the future: Evaluating post-reform status of "skilling Pakistan" and identifying success factors for TVET improvement in the region. Journal of Technical Education and Training (JTET)10:1.
Crossref

 

Dadfeatured (2018). Italian Mogadishu.

View

 

Dolores M, Tongco C (2007). Purposive Sampling as a Tool for Informant Selection. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 5:147-158.
Crossref

 

Kingombe C (2011). Lessons for Developing Countries from Experience with Technical and Vocational Education and Training. Paper for the International Growth Centre - Sierra Leone country programme. International growth centre, IGC.

View

 

ESSP (2016). Education Sector Strategic Plan 2012 to 2016. Puntland Ministry of education and Higher Education.

 

Farah AA (2020). Governance of Somali Tertiary Education Systems: A Case Study in Complexity. Cultural and Pedagogical Inquiry 12(1):353-359.
Crossref

 

Farah AA (2020). Puntland That came Into a Cross road Oblivion by Its Sovereign, and a federal Government that had a day trip to Damascus and came back. Wardheernews.

View

 

Gaas A (2015). The presidential decree number 593 dated on 27 September 2015. https://molgov.so/

 

Hujale M (2020). A race against time': the new law putting Somalia's children at risk of marriage. The Guardian.

View

 

Idris A, Rajuddin MR (2012). The Influence of Teaching Approaches among Technical and Vocational Education Teachers towards Acquisition of Entrepreneurship Skills in Kano State-Nigeria. OSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science 5(3):19-22.
Crossref

 

Jawara A, White W (2019). Challenges Affecting Technical Vocational educational and Training in Trinidad and Tobago. Journal of technical education and training 11(3):136-143.
Crossref

 

Kanyonga L, Mtana N, Wendt H (2019). Implementation of competence-based Curriculum in technical colleges: The case of Arusha City, Tanzania. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education 11(1):1-20.

 

Lewis IM (1999). A pastoral democracy: A study of pastoralism and politics among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa. London: James Currey.

 

Lewis IM (1994). Blood and Bone: The Call of Kinship in Somali Society. Lawrence, NJ: The Red Sea Press.

 

MoE, HE (2016). Chapter 8. Technical Vocational Education and Training. Education Sector Strategic Plan. Garowe, Puntland, Somalia.

 

MOE,HE (2017). Project TEU and TVE Department. Ref ww&TS/50228/2017.

View

 

MoE, HE (2020). Chapter 15. Technical and Vocational Education and Training. Educational Management Information System year book. Garowe, Puntland, State of Somalia.

 

MoE,HE (2020). Out of school children advocacy paper.

View

 

MoE,HE (2020). Global Partnership for Education Program Document 2017-2020.

View

 

MoE,HE (2020 ). Puntland School Feeding Program Advocacy Paper.

View

 

MoPDEPIC (2019). Five-Year Puntland Development Plan 3 (FYPDP-3) 2020-2024.

View

 

MoLYS (2017). Puntland Second Youth Policy Development Plan 2017-2021.

View

 

Ndyali L (2016). Higher Education System and Jobless Graduates in Tanzania. Journal of Education and Practice 7(4):116-121.

View

 

Onwusa SC (2021). The Issues, Challenges and Strategies to Strengthen Technical, Vocational Education and Training in Nigeria. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science 5:5.
Crossref

 

Oresanya TO, Omodewu OS, Kolade TT, Fashedemi AO (2014). Vocational Education and Employability: The Nigerian Situation. Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development-An Open Access International Journal 3:158-160.

View

 

NEP (2017). National Employment Policy. Federal Government of Somalia. Version 4.

View

 

NEP (2019). National Employment Policy. Federal Government of Somalia. Version 4.

View

 

PEC (2017). Headcount Report for the Puntland of Somalia civil Service. Human Resource Audit, Capacity Injection Project. Puntland of Somalia civil Service.

 

Pape U, Karamba W (2019). From data to development: Poverty and policy in Somalia.

View

 

Provisional Constitution (2012). The Federal Republic of Somalia. Article 1.

View

 

Puntland Higher Education Bill (2016). not available online. Contact: [email protected] .pl.so.

View

 

Reliefweb (2020). Situation in Somalia - Report of the Secretary-General. (S/2020/398).

View

 

Rieckmann U (2018). Rehabilitation of technical and vocational education and training in Somalia. Ministry of Planning, Investment and Economic Development (Federal Government); Ministry of National Planning and Development (Somaliland). Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

View

 

Technical/Vocational Education And Training (2009). Puntland State of Somalia-Ministry of Education -Archived from the original.

View

 

The World Bank (2021). The World Bank supports government institutions in Somalia to promote good governance, accelerate economic recovery and create jobs. The World Bank in Somalia on Africa can.

View

 

Tom, Norton M (2021). The Need for New Pathways in TVET Delivery.

View

 

United Nations (2017). Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia. Security council. S/2017/1109.
Crossref

 

UNDP (1981). Technical Education and Vocational Training, Project Findings and Recommendations, Somalia. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Development. United Nations Development Program. Serial No. FMR/ED/OPS/81/402 (UNDP).

View   

 

Wahba, MMM (2011). Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Challenges and Priorities in Developing Countries. Economy. SEMANTIC SCHOLAR.

View