African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 806

AJPS Articles

Infestation dynamics of mistletoes in urban and rural landscapes of semi-arid Botswana

June 2024

The available information regarding mistletoes inadequately explains the dynamic facets of infestation in rural-urban gradients. This study was carried out to compare the abundance of mistletoe species on hosts between urban (Gaborone and Gakuto) and rural (Lentsweletau and Oodi) areas of Botswana. Four plots each with a surface area of 625 m2 were established in the respective study areas and from which...

Author(s): Mpho Granny Batlhophi, Tebogo Selebatso, Keoikantse Sianga, Mpho Rinah Setlalekgomo, Boipuso Legwatagwata, Ross N. Cuthbert and Mmabaledi Buxton

Neuroprotective effect of Khaya grandifoliola against aluminium chloride (AlCl3) induced neurotoxicity in rats

April 2024

Aluminium chloride (AICl3) is known as a potent environmental neurotoxin causing progressive neurodegeneration in the brain. Khaya grandifoliola (KG) is used in Cameroon in traditional medicine for its therapeutical properties. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of K. grandifoliola against AICl3-induced neurotoxicity in rats. The KG25-fraction was obtained by maceration of the K....

Author(s): Domkem Nkameni Léa, Owona Ayissi Brice, Ambassa Axel Cyriaque, Njingou Ibrahim, Ngoungoure Ndam Viviane Laure, Njayou Frédéric Nico,+ and Moundipa Fewou Paul,

Combining ability of aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) resistance in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.)

December 2023

General combining ability (GCA) describes the general usefulness of the parental form in terms of the concerned trait, whereas specific combining ability (SCA) indicates importance of the joint action of the genes of parental forms. Such information is useful to identify the best combiners which may be hybridized to build up favourable genes. This present investigation aimed to determine the GCA and SCA effects of...

Author(s): Adelaide Pingdewinde Ouédraogo, Agyemang Danquah, Jean-Baptiste Tignegre, Jeremy Tinga Ouédraogo, Jonathan Narh Ayertey and Kwadwo Ofori

Occurrence and distribution of viruses associated with papaya ringspot disease in Kenya

November 2023

Papaya ringspot disease is a serious threat to papaya production in Kenya. For effective management, it is important to determine the occurrence and distribution of the viruses associated with the disease. A survey was conducted in 2017, covering a total of 103 papaya fields in major papaya production areas in the country. To determine the disease incidence, 20 plants per field were visually inspected for symptoms...

Author(s): Naomi Nzilani Mumo, Elijah Miinda Ateka, George Edward Mamati, Fredah Karambu Rimberia and George Ochieng’ Asudi

An investigation of the photophysiology and phenology of cultivated African violet plants

November 2023

African violets (Streptocarpus ionanthus), originally native to the Eastern Arc Mountains of Africa and adjacent submontane or montane forests in Kenya and Tanzania, are commonly grown as ornamental plants and have been extensively studied by horticulturists. However, there is a lack of laboratory data regarding their ecophysiology. Given the growing interest in conserving African violets in their threatened natural...

Author(s): O. Roger Anderson  

Effects of four plants and solarization on bacterial wilt of tomato caused by Ralstonia solanacearum E. F. Smith in Burkina Faso

October 2023

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a major constraint in tomato production. Experiments were carried out using four sanitised plants and solarization in a semi- controlled environment and in the field to reduce the infectious potential of the soil in R. solanacearum. The experimental design used is a randomized Fisher block with eight (8) treatments composed of Ocimum basilicom, Ocimum gratissimum,...

Author(s): Oumarou Traoré, Yacouba Sawadogo, Fousseni Boro and Issa Wonni

Prospecting, survey and plant material collection for Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) genebank establishment in Côte d'Ivoire

October 2023

Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) is a plant whose leaves and calyxes are integral to the local diet. The leaves are commonly used in sauce preparations, while the calyxes are utilized in making the local drink known as "bissap," which is highly appreciated by the local population. Despite its socio-economic significance, the production of this species remains relatively low in Côte d'Ivoire. This...

Author(s): Gnigouan Kadio Guy Roland Anzara, Chia Michelle Valérie Angui, Saraka Didier Martial Yao, Nafan Diarrassouba, Doffou Selastique Akaffou, Raoul Sylvère Sie and Bi Irié Arsène Zoro

Effect of soil provenances on seed germination and seedling growth of Aframomum citratum (Pereira) K. Schum

September 2023

Soil that is rich in organic matter means soil that is rich in physical and chemical properties and enhances plant growth and development. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of soil provenance on seed germination and seedling growth of Aframomum citratum. Soil provenances were Buea, Dschang and Bamenda. These respective soil types were filled into 25 cm diameter polyethylene bags and pretreated...

Author(s): Christiana Ngyeti Nyikob Mbogue, Anjah Mendi Grace, Nkemnkeng Francoline Jong and Jane Iyinji Anyi

Detached berries response to coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae) of F1 hybrid genotypes developed from Ethiopian accessions of Arabica coffee

August 2023

Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) is a cash crop that supports the livelihoods of many Tanzanians, but its productivity is limited by various factors, including Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) caused by Colletotrichum kahawae. CBD can lead to up to 90% coffee yield losses in Tanzania. There are different control measures for CBD, but the use of resistant cultivars has been mentioned to be a more sustainable method than the...

Author(s): Grace Kitange, Susan Nchimbi-Msolla and Dunstan G. Msuya

In vivo effect of cashew apple powder on fungi isolated from stored maize seed (EV8728-SR)

June 2023

One of the most significant cereal crops in the world is maize (Zea mays L.), which is susceptible to a number of illnesses, particularly those spread through seeds.  Plant extract research offers a viable area for replacement research for fungicides used to treat seeds. In order to evaluate its antifungal impact on the sanitary and physiological quality of maize seeds, this study examined the phytochemical profile...

Author(s): TIA Vama Etienne, BOKO Kouassi Jean-martial, SORO Doudjo and DOFFOU N’Cho Marc

Relationship between rice blast severity and the rice growth stage for accurate selection of rice breeding material for improved rice production in Africa

May 2023

To improve the disease resistance of adapted rice genotypes, fourteen rice genotypes selected from previous field screening and four controls (two resistant and two susceptible) were screened in greenhouse trials against ten Beninese and four East African pathogenic isolates at rice seedling and tillering stages. Results show that across isolates, no significant difference was observed between disease severity on tested...

Author(s): Murielle FANTODJI, Bonaventure Cohovi AHOHUENDO, Drissa SILUE and Andreas von TIEDEMANN

Screening Sclerocarya birrea provenances on pests and diseases: A step towards domestication

April 2023

Sclerocarya birrea is a famous wild fruit tree species which constitutes an important agro ecological system of the global ecosystem. It is one of the widely spread miombo woodland fruit trees species within sub Saharan Africa. An international provenances trial of 21 genotypes evaluated the plant phenology thus including, growth, adaptability (survival), fruit productivity and quality to select genotypes with superior...

Author(s): Chicco D. M. Kayange, Nyirenda S. P., Mhango J., Njera D., Manda C. S., Rudoviko M. and Kaponya I.

Distribution of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) root rot complex and associated pathogens in eastern Ethiopia

March 2023

Groundnut root rot is a complex disease affecting the crop production worldwide. The objectives of this study were to: (1) Assess the occurrence and distribution of groundnut root rot complex in four main groundnut-growing areas of eastern Ethiopia; (2) Identify the major pathogens associated with groundnut root rot complex; and (3) Determine the role of pathogens singly and in combination on root rot severity of...

Author(s): Solomon Debele, Chemeda Fininsa, Mashilla Dejene and Tamado Tana

Nutritional composition of cinnamon and clove powder and the evaluation of the antimicrobial properties of their extracts: A comparison between Ghana and other countries

February 2023

Current trends have suggested that the continuous use of chemical additives has carcinogenic effects on consumers. This has instigated the research into more organic ingredients such as plant parts which could serve as potential replacement for these additives in food. This study was therefore conducted to compare the proximate and mineral compositions of the powder of cinnamon bark and clove buds collected from Cape...

Author(s): Gamaliel Seth Tawiah Jnr. Lartey, Josiah Wilson Tachie-Menson and Stephen Adu

Different levels of irradiance and plant regulators modify the leaf structure and essential oil production of Lippia origanoides H.B.K (Verbenaceae)

January 2023

The quality and quantity of secondary metabolites produced by plants can be influenced by biotic and abiotic factors, since the biochemical and physiological processes that coordinate the synthesis of these compounds are influenced by these. Plant regulators can also interfere with plant growth and terpene biosynthesis in aromatic species, which is why they are widely used in agriculture. Lippia origanoides H.B.K is an...

Author(s): de Oliveira Gomes Jordany Aparecida, Mielke Marcelo Schramm, do Bomfim Costa Larissa Corrêa, de Oliveira Rosilene Aparecida and da Costa Silva Delmira

Performance of cotton genotypes (Gossypium hirsutum L.) for yield and yield component traits under irrigated climatic conditions of Ethiopia

November 2022

The present study was conducted to test the performance of cotton genotypes for yield and yield components from 2011 to 2013 cropping season at different cotton growing agro-ecologies in the country. Eleven cotton genotypes along with three check varieties were examined at three locations in RCBD under three replications. The genotypes manifested highly significant differences (p≤0.01) for plant height, bolls per...

Author(s): Samuel Damtew, Donis Gurmessa Merdasa Balcha, Arkebe G. Egziabher, Bedane Gudeta, Alehegn Workie and Mekashaw Arega

Effect of storage temperature on fruit firmness and weight loss of nine tomato lines

November 2022

This study aimed to determine effect of three temperature levels on fruit firmness and weight in nine tomato lines in Kenya. Fruit firmness and weight loss were evaluated in a split plot design, temperature levels as main plots and tomato lines as sub-plots at the University of Nairobi, Pilot Seed Processing Plant. Fruits stored at 16°C showed the lowest average decrease in fruit firmness (58.19%) followed by...

Author(s): Francis Kamau Kathimba⊃, Paul Macharia Kimani⊃, Rama Devi Narla⊃ and Leonard Muriithi Kiirika⊃

Molecular characterization of banana genotypes by SSR markers

October 2022

Banana and plantain are monocotyledonous herbs in the genus Musa (Musa spp.) and grown globally due to their diverse uses as export income, food and fiber. Banana is also grown widely in Ethiopia; however, the crop attracted very limited research attention and has little genetic information available. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to assess the genetic diversity and population structure of banana...

Author(s): Solomon Tamiru Workneh, Sisay Kidane Alemu, Gamachu Olani, Abel Debebe, Biruktait Berhanu, Asmare Dagnew and Wegayehu Assefa

Seed dispersal of a range restricted and vulnerable species, Guibourtia copallifera Benn. in Sierra Leone

October 2022

In the early 20th Century, Guibourtia copallifera Benn. was extensively exploited as a source of gum copal.  Its geographic distribution in Sierra Leone is now restricted to a few square kilometers in a single badly degraded forest reserve. We conducted a series of seed rain experiments to quantify its seed dispersal potential. Transects of seed traps were laid out and a total of 1,164,880 seeds were collected over...

Author(s): Jonathan Johnny, Aiah Libbie and Richard Wadsworth

Screening for complete submergence seedling tolerance in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes collected from Sudan and South Sudan

October 2022

Eighteen rice genotypes from Sudan and South Sudan and two genotypes (FR13A tolerant and IR42 sensitive checks) from the International Rice Research Institute were screened for complete submergence at seedling stage in a protected house. Most of the genotypes showed zero survival, except genotypes [NBGA (2.08%), Banban (3.92%), Masury1 (5.56%), Pipanfary Red2 (11.11%) and Sommboy (14.58%)]. Sensitive genotypes...

Author(s): El Dessougi Hanadi, Gasim Seif, Abuanja Ishraka, Abdella Abdelwahab and Nile Eltayeb 

Physical, mechanical and acoustic properties of Terminalia superba, Cleistopholis patens and Holarrhena floribunda woods used in sculpture and instrument making in Benin

October 2022

Wood is important in several fields including sculpture and instrument making. In the last two fields, Terminalia superba, Cleistopholis patens, and Holarrhena floribunda are three of Benin’s most used wood species. In this work, we have, on prismatic samples (500 mm × 20 mm × 20 mm) of the wood of these species, used the acoustic method Beam Identification by Non-destructive Grading (BING) of...

Author(s): Montcho Crépin Hounlonon, Comlan Aristide Houngan, Clément Adéyèmi Kouchadé, Alexis Enagnon Medehouenou and Basile Bruno Kounouhéwa

Radio-Sensitivity of four selected rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties in Kenya, as a pre-requisite for mutation breeding

September 2022

Radio-sensitivity test informs the optimal irradiation dose for use in mutation breeding. In this study, four rice varieties (Basmati 217, Basmati 370, ITA310, and Komboka) were irradiated with gamma-ray doses ranging from 0 to 500 Gy, to examine their morphological responses at the seedling stage, and estimate their optimal doses. Two experiments were carried out at varied time points between March and May 2022. In the...

Author(s): Njoroge Wagatua, Miriam Kinyua, Emily Gichuhi, Theresa Ankamah-Yeboah, Kwame S. Offei and Kwadwo Ofori

Evaluation of maize germplasm for resistance to maize chlorotic mottle virus and sugarcane mosaic virus: The casual agents of maize lethal necrosis disease

September 2022

In Kenya, at national policy level to the individual household level, food security is synonymous to maize productivity and availability. However, the productivity of maize is affected majorly by maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) that was first reported in Kenya in 2011. MLND results from co-infection between maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and any cereal-infecting viruses in Potyviridae family particularly...

Author(s): Kiruki Grace Gacheri, Kuria Paul, Nzuve Felister Mbute and Cheboi Juliana Jepkemoi

Spatial variation in the micro-minerals and ß-carotene concentration in four varieties of plantain

September 2022

Nutrition plays a vital role in growth, development and the prevention of possible nutrient-deficiency diseases that may cause permanent health risks in the later stages of life. Due to this, the concentrations of iron, zinc, copper, manganese and β-carotene in four varieties of plantain were investigated in this study. The relationship between the micro-minerals in the fruit, the sampling location and soil were...

Author(s): Abraham Janice Dwomoh

Genetic diversity in pepper (Capsicum annum L.) germplasms using SSR markers

August 2022

Analysis of pepper genetic diversity and genetic relationship is important in selecting genetically diverse parental lines drawn from several genetic populations, and also helps to implement effective conservation strategies. For this purpose, 25 pepper genotypes comprising both accessions and improved varieties were examined using 16 SSR markers. The markers were polymorphic and showed a mean PIC value of 52% with a...

Author(s): Terefe Motbaynor, Alemu Sisay Kidane, Olani Gamachu, Debebe Abel, Aklilu Shimelis and Berhanu Biruktait

Potential and measures for sustaining Prunus africana (Hook.F.) Kalkman (Rosaceae) in Tchabal Mbabo forest (Mf), Adamaoua Cameroon

August 2022

Prunus africana (Hook. F.) Kalkman is a medicinal plant for which the bark is used to treat benign prostate hypertrophy. P. africana is listed in Appendix 2 of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Its exploitation has been regulated in Cameroon through the settlement of some management standards. This paper aims to assess the potential of P. africana in the Tchabal...

Author(s): Ndedy Bile Armand Wilfried, Mpouam Alain Rayane, Betti Jean Lagarde, Fono Louis Aimé, Kourogue Liliane Rosine, Fouadjio Benoit Jean, Yimga Michele Flore, Wete Eric, Njimbam Oumar Farick, Nana Afiong Natacha, Fils Billong Pascal, Ela Marius, Tassiamba Steve, Tientcheu Stephanie, Bem Eleanor and Guedem Christine

Alleviation of Huanglongbing disease in citrus by foliar application of microelements

August 2022

Huanglongbing (HLB), also referred to as citrus greening disease, ranks high among the most destructive diseases in citrus plants worldwide. This disease is caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter species. As a strategy for the appropriate management of this disease has not been established yet, economic cultivation of citrus in the diseased areas has mostly ceased. One of the most conspicuous...

Author(s): Inoue Haruhiko and Masaoka Yoshikuni

Antibacterial activity of some substances against citrus bacterial canker caused by Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (Hasse) in Burkina Faso

July 2022

Citrus bacterial canker (CBC) threatens citrus fruit production in Burkina Faso due to the lack of effective control methods. In this study, the antimicrobial effect of copper hydroxide and sulphate, the biopesticide from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, the essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum and aqueous extracts of Eucalyptus camadulensis, Azadirachta indica and Cymbopogon citratus were tested in vitro and in vivo against...

Author(s): ZERBO Kevin Ben Fabrice, WONNI Issa, YAMEOGO Florence, and SOMDA Irénée

Effects of grain spawn and substrates on growth and yield of oyster mushroom grown under different cropping shelters

July 2022

Limited access to oyster mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) substrates and the high cost of production are among the constraints affecting mushroom farming in Kenya. In an effort to solve the above problem, a study was carried out in Egerton University to determine the effect of grain spawn and substrates on growth and yield of oyster mushroom grown under different cropping shelters. The study was laid out as...

Author(s): Hakizimana Modeste, Gesimba Robert M. and Muthamia Japhet M.

Identification and relative quantitative comparison of compounds in bottle gourds [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]

July 2022

To study the diversity and cultivar-specific of phytochemicals in bottle gourd, Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based untargeted metabolomics method was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of two groups of bottle gourd cultivars exhibiting different tastes and flavors: fresh and slightly bitter (BBGs) / fragrant and sweet (SBG). A total of 155 metabolites (16 differential metabolites and 139...

Author(s): Zhaohui Zhang, Xuan Du, Na Liu and Chunhong Chen

Traditional knowledge and economic importance of Ferula assa-foetida in the rural areas of southeastern Iran

July 2022

Traditional knowledge is considered as knowledge, innovations, practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional life-styles; the wisdom developed over many generations, of holistic traditional scientific utilization of lands, natural resources and environment. Traditional knowledge is valid and necessary, and due to its relevance, it currently has wide application for human benefit. Many people in...

Author(s): Golmohammadi Farhood 

Phenotyping selected Australian wheat genotypes for resistance to stem rust and yellow rust and yield performance in Kenya

June 2022

Stem rust and yellow rust are major diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) caused by Puccinia graminis and Puccinia striiformis, respectively. In Kenya, although the two diseases occur together, available genetic resistance is limited. Therefore, research for resistance to both diseases is of priority. We therefore evaluated 59 Australian wheat genotypes alongside local checks over three seasons in Njoro, Kenya, for...

Author(s): Wasike Cyril, Ojwang Pascal P. Okwiri., Okiror Michael A., Macharia Godwin K. and Randhawa Mandeep S.

Variability effect of pH on yield optimization and Mycochemical compositions of Pleurotus ostreatus sporophores cultured on HCl-induced substrate

June 2022

Contamination due to Coprinus cinerius has been identified as a major drawback in the use of oil palm bunch (OPB) for mushroom cultivation. OPB is a common agro-waste in the South-eastern part of Nigeria with high alkalinity which does not support the growth of oyster mushrooms. A study on the fructification and some mycochemical contents of Pleurotus ostreatus fruitbodies cultivated on hydrochloric acid (HCl)-induced...

Author(s): Nwoko, M. C., Ehumadu, C. R., Achufusi, J. N., Nmezi, S. N., Ezekoye, M. O., Ahaiwe, M. C., Okwulehie, I. C., Ogwo, N. and Chukwuma, O. C.

Combining ability and gene action for bacterial wilt disease resistance in wild tomato (Solanum pimpinellifolium) and cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genotypes

April 2022

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the most destructive and widespread diseases of tomato in Kenya. The objective of this study was to determine the combining ability effects and gene action conditioning bacterial wilt disease resistance in tomato. Eight parents were crossed in North Carolina II mating design scheme to produce sixteen F1 hybrids. The F1 hybrids and the parental genotypes were...

Author(s): Faith Wangui Mathai, Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang and Robert Morwani Gesimba

Identification of drought tolerant finger millet (Eleusine coracana) lines based on morpho-physiological characteristics and grain yield

April 2022

Drought stress contributes significantly to economic yield losses in finger millet (Eleusine coracana) production. This study evaluated morpho-physiological and agronomic traits among 25 finger millet genotypes for drought tolerance under field conditions. Out of the 25 genotypes, 24 were advanced lines preselected for drought tolerance from ICRISAT, KALRO and Egerton University seed units and one check cultivar P-224....

Author(s): Jael Mwangoe, Paul K. Kimurto and Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang

Physical and mechanical properties of Holarrhena floribunda and Nesogordonia papaverifera branch wood in Ghana

March 2022

The current study examines the physical and mechanical properties of branch wood from Holarrhena floribunda and Nesogordonia papaverifera, two of Ghana's least researched deciduous species. At an equilibrium moisture content of 12±2%, H. floribunda and N. papaverifera specimens had average density values of 467.53 and 720.80 kgm-3, respectively. The overall tangential and radial shrinkage was 3.8 and 3.2%,...

Author(s): Kwaku Antwi, Tobias Cremer and Kwasi Frimpong-Mensah,

Nitrogen use efficiency and performance of rice to the application of slow release nitrogen fertilizer under waterlogged conditions in North Western Ethiopia

February 2022

Highly soluble N fertilizers like urea may be lost from the soil plant system through leaching, ammonia (NH3) volatilization and denitrification that reduce NUE and yield. The study was conducted to determine the effects of UREAStabil on enhancement of nitrogen utilization efficiencies of rice crop and to evaluate the influence of UREAStabil on growth and yield of rice under waterlogged conditions of Fogera area....

Author(s): Christian Tafere

Current state of knowledge on the potential and production of Cucurbita moschata (pumpkin) in Africa: A review

January 2022

Pumpkin has high nutritional value essential for food security. Despite many benefits, it still considered an orphan crop in Africa. Very little information is available on the potential and production of pumpkin in Africa due to neglect by researchers and improvement program. Classical research, both theoretical and empirical, was used to conduct a systematic review of the various result trends obtained by researchers...

Author(s): Ulrich H. Gbemenou, Vincent Ezin and Adam Ahanchede

Normalized difference vegetation index as screening trait to complement visual selections of durum wheat drought tolerant genotypes

January 2022

Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) is considered as a potential screening tool detecting stay green traits for drought tolerance. The present study aimed to evaluate durum wheat genotypes using NDVI under drought condition and investigate its association to grain yield. NDVI scores taken at different growth stages for 64 durum wheat genotypes were replicated twice in both sandy clay and clay textured soils...

Author(s): Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Firew Mekbib Hailemariam, Kebebew Assefa Abebe and Zewdie Bishaw

Bioconversion of bananiculture waste for Amazon edible mushroom production

December 2021

The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of banana stalk and pseudostem residues from two banana cultivars as cultivation substrate for the Amazonian Pleurotus ostreatus NATB. The residues of the two cultivars (silver-dwarf and thap-maeo) were used to cultivate P. ostreatus NATB from the Mushroom Cultivation Laboratory Micoteca, CTI, INPA, Brazil, reactivated in medium Potato Dextrose...

Author(s): Adriana da Silva Nunes⊃, Márcio Laranjeira Anselmo⊃, Gabriellen Yasmine de Oliveira Pedreno, Vanessa Costa Alves Galúcio and Ceci Sales-Campos

Occurrence of maize yellow mosaic virus and evidence of co-infection with maize lethal necrosis viruses in Bomet County, Kenya

December 2021

Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) disease is caused by synergistic interaction between maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). However, some East African countries have detected maize infecting polerovirus named maize yellow mosaic virus (MaYMV) also known as maize yellow dwarf virus (MYDV-RMV) co-infecting maize with MLN viruses. Maize yellow dwarf virus occurrence and distribution in different...

Author(s): Chepkorir Tanui, Sylvester Anami, Jane Wamaitha and Bramwel Waswa Wanjala

Assessing production constraints, management and use of pearl millet in the Guinea Savanna Agro-ecology of Ghana

November 2021

The adoption of new and high yielding pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) varieties can be boosted if they correspond to farmers’ preferences and answer the constraints prevailing in the production environments. Therefore, the focus of this study was to assess production constraints, farmers’ preferences and choices of varieties among pearl millet cultivating farmers using participatory rural...

Author(s): Peter Anabire Asungre, Richard Akromah, Alexander Wiredo Kena and Prakash Gangashetty

Distribution and farmers’ knowledge on Fusarium wilt (Race 1) in cropping systems of Uganda

November 2021

The study aimed at understanding the spatial distribution of Fusarium wilt (FW) in different banana growing regions, ascertain the effect of management practices and plantation age on FW incidence, as well as investigate farmers’ knowledge regarding the symptoms and spread of FW in Uganda. Individual interviews were conducted in 119 farms using a pre-tested questionnaire and field observations during a survey in...

Author(s): Elias Oyesigye, William Tinzara, Georgina Karamura and Wacal Cosmas

Genotypic variability, heritability and path analysis of yield components of determinate lablab (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) inbred lines in Kenya

October 2021

Lablab is a leguminous crop that offers great potential as food and cash crop in Kenya. However, high yielding early maturing determinate varieties suitable for short season environments and for intercropping systems are lacking. This study was conducted to estimate heritability, genetic advance and correlation between grain yields and yield attributing traits of advanced inbred determinate lines. Thirty nine lablab F5...

Author(s): Eliezah M. Kamau, Miriam G. Kinyua, Charles N. Waturu and David R. Karanja

Effect of integrated potassium nutrition on Fusarium wilt tolerance in apple bananas

September 2021

Potassium nutrition has been used in controlling fungal and bacterial diseases of plants. However, this has not yet been tested on control of Fusarium (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense -Foc), a major fungal disease constraining apple banana production. This study was set up with a general objective to investigate the effects of potassium on tolerance to Fusarium wilt in apple bananas using chlorophyll content, stomatal...

Author(s): Anna Nowembabazi, Godfrey Taulya, William Tinzaara and Eldad Karamura

Correlation and path coefficient analysis studies in Ethiopian Mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun)

August 2021

Ethiopia is the center of origin for Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata). The crop is one of the oldest oil crops and farmers in the highlands of the country grow as a leafy vegetable in their gardens. However, no attempt has been made to assess the association of characters and path analysis in Ethiopian mustard leaf. This study was conducted to assess association of traits among leafy vegetable yield and yield...

Author(s): Ousman Yimer, Wassu Mohammed, Endale Teju and Do Ham Pae  

Combining ability of quality protein maize inbred lines under low and optimum soil nitrogen environments in Ethiopia

August 2021

Maize (Zea mays L.) is the most important cereal crop on which many smallholder farmers in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) depend on as a sole source of calories, proteins, and vitamins. However, conventional maize is deficient in two essential amino acids, lysine, and tryptophan. Thereafter, Quality Protein Maize (QPM) developed to combat protein malnutrition. In SSA low soil nitrogen is also the most limiting factor in maize...

Author(s): Bedassa M. Dosho, B. E. Ifie, I. K. Asante, E. Y. Danquah and Habtamu Zeleke

Classifying highland quality protein maize in bred lines into heterotic groups

August 2021

Efforts to boost maize productivity can be undertaken through systematic management of heterosis. Combining ability test is a critical step towards identifying a heterotic group of new parental lines. Different heterotic grouping methods has been used by different researchers. Among these, SCA and hybrid mean, hybrid index, combined use of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), SSR markers and heterotic...

Author(s): Goshime Muluneh Mekasha, Adefris Teklewold Chere, Hussein Mohammed Ali and Solomon Admassu Seyoum  

Meta-analysis of the effects of Rhizobia inoculants and phosphorus fertilizer on soybean nodulation in Africa

August 2021

Soybean has the potential to bring significant benefits in diversified cropping systems, which could help restructuring soil fertility and allow smallholders to increase grain yield. Rhizobium inoculation improves the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) in legume crops and assists resource-poor farmers to increase grain yield at lower financial costs. The efficacy of symbiotic bacteria on legumes can also be...

Author(s): Jasper Kanomanyanga, Xiaoqiang Jiao, Shingirai Mudare, Stanford Mabasa and Lixia Tang

Standard heterosis and heterotic grouping of highland adapted maize (Zea Mays L.) inbred lines in Ethiopia

July 2021

The current study was initiated to estimate the magnitude of standard heterosis for grain yield and yield related traits in a line x tester hybrids and to classify the inbred lines into different heterotic groups. Fifty entries consisting of 48 testcrosses developed from 12 inbred lines and 4 testers using line x tester design and two commercial check hybrids used in the study. The experiment was conducted using alpha...

Author(s): Dufera Tulu, Demissew Abakemal, Zeleke Keimeso, Tefera Kumsa, Worknesh Terefe, Legesse Wolde and Abenezer Abebe

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