Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

JPHE Articles

Missed opportunities in the diagnosis and management of protein energy malnutrition among children under 5 years in Wakiso district, Uganda

November 2013

Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is one of the leading causes of death among children below 5 years in Uganda. It develops after acute childhood illnesses despite children having received treatment from health facilities. This study assessed knowledge and practices of health workers in the diagnosis and management of PEM, which was used to establish missed opportunities to prevent severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in its...

Author(s): Roselyne Akugizibwe, Josephine Kasolo, Duncan B. Makubuya and Ali M. Damani

The buruli ulcer morbidity in the amansie West District of Ghana: A myth or a reality?

October 2013

Although there is a lot of literature on the possible causes of Buruli ulcer (BU), no one is sure where the bacterium lives in the environment. It is also a mystery how the mycobacterium enters the human body, although it is clear the bacterium is unable to do so by itself. There is therefore a lot of myth about the disease epidemiology. This research has shown that the myth surrounding the cause of the disease and the...

Author(s): Ebenezer Owusu-Sekyere

Prevalence and barriers to the use of insecticide treated nets among pregnant women attending ante-natal clinic at Specialist Hospital Sokoto, Nigeria

October 2013

Malaria is endemic and a major public health problem in Nigeria. In most malaria endemic areas, pregnant women are the main adult group at risk for the severe form of the disease.In the absence of effective vaccine for malaria prevention and development of unacceptable levels of resistance to one drug after another by the malaria parasite, prevention of mosquitoes bite through use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs)...

Author(s): Awosan, K. J., Ibrahim, M. T. O., Alayande, M. O., Isah, B. A., Yunusa, E. and Mahmud, M. B.

Prevalence of motorcycle helmet use in Sri Lanka: An observational study

October 2013

In Sri Lanka, helmet use is mandatory by law. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of motorcycle helmet use in Sri Lanka. An observational study was conducted in four locations: two locations entering and leaving the city of Kandy, a rural area in the Kandy district, and the high way (A1) leading to Colombo from Kandy. All the motorcyclists that passed the observation locations were observed. Of all the...

Author(s): Samath D. Dharmaratne,, Achala Upendra Jayatilleke, Asanka N. Abeyrathna, Inoka D. M. Mabharana and K. G. B. Kumbukgolle

Loss of the meca gene during storage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Northwestern Nigeria

October 2013

Preservation of strains in a microbiology laboratory is of great importance for quality control, teaching, and research. Freezing is a very common method of preservation and storage of microorganisms. The evaluation of new diagnostic or in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility tests for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) requires well-defined strain collections. The...

Author(s): Kumurya, A. S.

Detection of Campylobacter jejuni from food and its epidemiology

September 2013

Food borne campylobacteriosis is distributed all over the world. Large outbreaks have been associated with consuming raw or inadequately pasteurized milk and contaminated water.Campylobacter jejuni is not an environmental organism rather zoonotic organism. It habituates intestinal tract of a wide range of warm blooded animals. The principal route by which C. jejuni contaminates the food is through...

Author(s): Angesom Hadush, and Mahendra Pal

Impact of double fortified salt on iron and iodine deficient school children (6 to 12 years) of rural Vadodara

September 2013

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a widespread health problem in developing countries. Double fortified salt (DFS) has been developed to combat two micronutrient deficiencies (iron and iodine) simultaneously; because, in many instances, these deficiencies co-exist. Iron component of the DFS helps to improve the hemoglobin (Hb) level. There is a simultaneous improvement in thyroperoxidase (TPO) activity and iodinated...

Author(s): Sirimavo Nair, Ruchirang Goswami, MGR Rajan and Vasudev Thakkar

Risk factors of diarrhoea in the Mahmood Raghi district of Kapisa province Afghanistan-2010

September 2013

Surveillance data claimed the presence of a diarrhoea outbreak after a flash flood swept off some villages of Mahmood Raqi district in Kapisa province. The water sources were treated with chlorine to stop the outbreak, but still no significant decrease in the incidence of diarrhoeal cases was observed. A case control study was conducted to find the risk factors of diarrhoea in the affected villages, of which...

Author(s): Jawad Mofleh, N. Muserat and N. Ziar

Serum lipid profile and hepatic dysfunction in moderate Plasmodium falciparum infection

September 2013

Plasmodium falciparum is one of four distinct species of the malaria parasite that afflicthumans and pose a threat to public health. The present study seeks to ascertain the serum lipid profile and associated hepatic dysfunction of male subjects with moderate P. falciparum infection. The patients were adults (n = 11) of 21 to 31 years old and adolescent (n = 10) of 11 to 20 years old....

Author(s): Chikezie, P. C and Okpara, R. T.

A tool for quality improvement of field epidemiology training programs: Experience with a new scorecard approach

September 2013

Field epidemiology training programs (FETP) are capacity building programs that provide applied epidemiology training to public health professionals for national public health systems, emphasizing evidence-based problem solving. FETP’s have been in existence for over 30 years and there are currently 55 programs covering 82 countries. We describe the use of a new tool that assists programs in the assessment of FETP...

Author(s): Donna Jones, Victor Caceres and Dionisio Herrera-Guibert

Level of awareness and use of insecticide treated bed nets among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria

September 2013

This was a cross sectional study designed to assess the level of awareness, ownership and use of insecticide treated bed nets (ITNs) by pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Anambra state, South Eastern Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was self administered to 700 volunteer pregnant women aged 17 to 45 years recruited during routine antenatal care in selected hospitals in the study area to capture information...

Author(s): Ukibe S. N, Mbanugo J. I., Ukibe N. R. and Ikeakor L. C.

Race and ethnicity of mothers with Spanish surnames

September 2013

The objective of this study was to assess how hospital designation of race/ethnicity based on Spanish surnames of mothers correlated with the self-report, and explores how these mothers identified their own race/ethnicity using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) categories. 235 mothers were enrolled prospectively and asked to report their race/ethnicity. Positive predictive value (PPV) of using surnames as a tool...

Author(s): Carlos R. Oliveira, Alicia Guzman, Gaynelle Hensely, Melissa H. Leps, Nancy A. Miller and Pablo J. Sánchez

Modeling the combined effects of careless susceptible and infective immigrants on the transmission dynamics of HIV/AIDS epidemics

September 2013

In this paper, a non-linear mathematical model was proposed to study the combined effect of irresponsible infectives and irresponsible susceptible immigrants on the spread of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in a variable size population. The paper discussed biological feasibility of the model and also presents the basic reproductive number of the model. Also, the equilibrium...

Author(s): Mohammed I. Daabo, Oluwole D. Makinde and Baba Seidu

Anthropometric parameters of malnutrition in children 5-15 years old in Khartoum State, Sudan

August 2013

A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted using a structured questionnaire and anthropometric measurements to assess chronic malnutrition (stunting) and acute malnutrition (wasting) for 570 children at 60 to 180 months age, including 294 girls and 276 boys at Dar EL Salam, Khartoum State, Sudan. The prevalence of malnutrition was calculated using World Health Organization (WHO)...

Author(s): Taha H. Musa, Elrasheed A. Ali, Hassan H. Musa and Arshad Khan

Dengue fever in a border state between Sudan and Republic of South Sudan: Epidemiological perspectives

August 2013

Dengue fever is a vector-borne disease; it is transmitted to humans by infected Aedes mosquitoes. In this study, we estimated the prevalence of IgG antibodies in a border oil rich state between Sudan and the new republic of South Sudan, estimated the prevalence of dengue IgG antibodies in Lagawa locality populations age 15 to 60 years in 2012 and described the most affected groups within the locality. This is...

Author(s): Mohammed A. Soghaier, Syed F. Mahmood, Omrana Pasha, Syed I. Azam,Mubarak M. Karsani, Mutasim M. Elmangory, Babiker A. Elmagboul, Hayat S. Khogali and Emad Eltigai

Long lasting insecticidal nets use, efficacy and physical integrity in a vector resistance area after a nationwide campaign in southern Benin, West Africa

August 2013

Although effective malaria control measures such as long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) have been promoted, relatively little is known about their coverage dimension. However, usage varies among households, and such variation may seriously limit the potential impact of nets. Moreover, the efficacy of these measures against Anopheles gambiae in some departments is unknown. The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Razaki A. Ossè, Rock Aïkpon, Arthur Sovi, Gil Germain Padonou, Frédéric Oké-Agbo, Virgile Gnanguenon and Martin Akogbéto,

Improving food safety in Asia through increased capacity in ecohealth

August 2013

Interest has increased considerably in the last five years in transdisciplinary approaches to addressing the precipitating factors of emerging infectious and zoonotic diseases. During this time, several One Health and ecohealth initiatives have begun in Asia. This paper reports on recommendations coming out of one such initiative (the Building Ecohealth Capacity in Asia project) and outlines a strategy for promoting an...

Author(s): David C. Hall, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Iwan Willyanto, Dinh Xuan Tung and Suwit Chotinun

The effect of metformin on the lipid profile of women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized controlled trial

August 2013

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies affecting 4 to 7% of women in the reproductive age. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of metformin on the lipid profile of women with PCOS. This randomized controlled study was conducted in public and private obstetrics clinics in Sanandaj city, Northwest Iran. One hundred women with polycystic ovarian syndrome...

Author(s): Shola Shahghebi, Roonak Shahoei, Masomeh Rezaie and Fariba Farhadi Far

The effect of maternal body mass index on the delivery route in nulliparous women

August 2013

Body mass index (BMI) is widely used to categorize the degree of obesity and to guide recommendations for weight gain during pregnancy. To examine the relationship between the maternal body mass index of nulliparous women and the route of delivery in a sample of Iranian Kurdish women, a cross sectional descriptive study was conducted, at Beasat Hospital in Sanandaj, the capital of Kurdistan province, West of Iran. The...

Author(s): Masomeh Rezaie, Roonak Shahoei and Shoaleh Shahghebi

Tobacco smoking and awareness of smoking-cessation products in a university community

August 2013

Cigarette smoking is one of the most significant preventable causes of death and illness in the world. The present study investigated tobacco smoking among patrons of joints in Amassoma, the host community of Niger Delta University. Participants’ awareness of various smoking-cessation products was also explored. Participants in the cross-sectional survey were 261 patrons of “Joints” or pubs in...

Author(s): Gboyega E. Abikoye, Adesegun J. Kashimawo and Chikezie U. Eze

Community knowledge perceptions and practices regarding malaria prevention and physical environment aspect: A prelude to indoor residual spraying (IRS) implementation in Atacora region, Benin

July 2013

The implementation of a vector control strategy needs to be adapted to both socioculturaland environmental contexts. The determination of National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) to fight effectively against malaria resulted in their decision to implement indoor residual spraying (IRS) in the department of Atacora in the Northwest of...

Author(s): Rock Aïkpon, Razaki Ossè, Arthur Sovi, Renaud Govoetchan, Frédéric Oké-Agbo and Martin C. Akogbéto,

Microbiology of otitis media among children attending a tertiary hospital in Benin City, Nigeria

July 2013

Otitis media has a worldwide prevalence. Though it is more common in children, the aetiologies and antibiogram varies with age, time and geographical location. A total of 220 children less than 18 years with signs and symptoms of otitis media were recruited for this study. Middle ear discharge were collected, processed and microbial isolates identified using standard microbiological techniques. Disc susceptibility tests...

Author(s): Philomena Ikharuonaemi Ogbogu, Nosakhare Odeh Eghafona and Michael Izuwanneka Ogbogu

Population screening for chronic kidney disease and its associated risk factors: a survey in Hail region, KSA

July 2013

Early identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) provides valuable opportunities for effective interventions that reduce the risk of outcomes particularly renal failure and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to screen the local population for CKD to identify potential risk factors for its development. Screening for CKD was performed involving 299 individuals aged over 15 year-old subjects in a cross...

Author(s): Ibrahim Abdelmajeed Ginawi, Abdelbaset AM Elasbali, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed, Ibraheem M. Ashankyty, Tahani Altamimi, Sharafeldien Alhasan and Awdah M. Al-hazimi

The promise of the services sector sustainability: A United Arab Emirates (UAE) perspective

July 2013

Emirates value their health care system above any other social program. The system of health care in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) faces significant financial and population pressures, relating to comprehensiveness, universality, accessibility and portability, healthcare quality, healthcare cost, and communication technologies (ICTs). All of these challenges are significant catalysts in the development of technologies...

Author(s): khalid Alrawi, Maher Ibrahim, Yacoub Hamdan and Waleed Alrawi

Suicidal ideation in callers to a crisis hotline in Mumbai, India

July 2013

Suicide is a worldwide public health problem. The stigma associated with suicide often deters people from seeking help. Although, helplines are not rated as very effective therapeutically, they offer an opportunity for intervention for people in crisis. The present study examined the characteristics of people attending an outpatient service after establishing an initial contact during an emotional crisis with a helpline...

Author(s): Amresh K. Shrivastava, Megan Johnston, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Sunita Iyer, Nilesh Shah and David Lester

Yellow fever outbreak in central part of Senegal 2002: Epidemiological findings

July 2013

In 2002, a yellow fever (YF) outbreak occurred in the regions of Diourbel and Fatick, centre of Senegal. The index case was a young woman without any history of vaccination. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) specific of YF was detected in her blood by the Centre de Référence OMS sur la Recherche des Arbovirus et des Fièvres Hémorragiques (CRORA) in the Institut Pasteur of Dakar. According to specific...

Author(s): M. Diallo#, A. Tall#, I. Dia, Y. Ba, F. D. Sarr, A. B. Ly, J. Faye, A. Badiane, G. Diakhaby, P. C. Faye, R. Michel, B. Diatta, P. Nabeth, L. Marrama and A. A. Sall

Formula for estimating incidence of chronic diseases from prevalence, mortality, and other indices from survey

June 2013

A theoretical formula was devised to calculate the age-specific estimated incidence (ASEI) rate of chronic diseases using consecutive-year data on disease prevalence and death rate. Data on the rate of persons who had suffered from one disease but died from another disease (RPDA) were retrieved from the database of a public health center. The ASEI rate of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension among older age groups...

Author(s): Koujirou Inoue

Human metapneumovirus infections in adults associated with respiratory illness in Sao Paulo, Brazil

June 2013

The human metapneumovirus was associated with respiratory infections among children without others etiologic causes attributable. Researchers worldwide subsequently detected the virus in samples from all age groups. Our study was established on adults presented with acute respiratory infections from 2001 to 2003. Three groups of outpatients were enrolled: community patients, health care workers and kidney transplant...

Author(s): Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto, Emerson Carraro, Celso Francisco Hernandes Granato and Nancy Cristina Junqueira Bellei

Perception, attitude and involvement of men in maternal health care in a Nigerian community

June 2013

This study aimed to examine men’s perception, attitude and involvement in maternal care. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was carried out in Atelewo community in Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria using multi-stage sampling technique to select 400 respondents. Participants were adult men of reproductive age. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire. In the study, there was no intervention component;...

Author(s): Olugbenga-Bello Adenike I., Asekun-Olarinmoye Esther O., Adewole Adefisoye O.,  Adeomi Adeleye A.   and Olarewaju Sunday O.

Trafficking and consumption of hard drugs in Côte d’Ivoire from 1999 to 2007

May 2013

Côte d'Ivoire, like other West African countries, is faced with the problem of drug trafficking and drug abuse in the last decade. During the period from 1991 to 1999, about 7,500 drug cases were handled by the Ivorian judiciary, with an average of 830 cases per year. This figure  increases the magnitude of the problem in Côte d’Ivoire, considering the negative effect of drug addiction ...

Author(s): Dano Djédjé  Sébastien, Manda Pierre, Ezoulin Miezan Jean Marc, Wandji Boris, Diakité Aissata and Sangaré-Tigori Béatrice

River Opa - A potential agent for the dissemination of multiple-antibiotic resistant bacteria

May 2013

In the process of determining the bacteriological quality of water from the Opa River, samples were taken from the river at five different points on five separate occasions. These samples were analysed by the most probable number method and by filtration, and the bacterial isolates obtained were identified by standard methods. The isolates obtained were tested for their resistance to thirteen antibiotics using the disc...

Author(s): Abdul-Rasheed Abdu, Oluwatoyin A. Igbeneghu and Adebayo Lamikanra

Kurdish women’s stories of abortion in Sanandaj, Iran

May 2013

Abortion is illegal in Iran, yet women go through the risks for various reasons. The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons why Kurdish women wanted to terminate their pregnancies, the methods used to induce the abortions, and their experience after abortion. The methodology for this study used a descriptive qualitative design. Five women with history of at least one induced abortion were interviewed in-depth...

Author(s): Fariba Ebtekar, Haliza Mohd Riji and Zhila Abed Saeedi

Evaluating primary healthcare service revitalization interventions though a knowledge, practice and coverage survey in earthquake-affected areas in Pakistan

May 2013

The study evaluated a primary healthcare service revitalization project in the 2005 earthquake affected areas in northern Pakistan by comparing the 2010 endline survey results with the 2007 baseline. A two-stage stratified sampling was used to sample 3,000 households in Bagh district of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The data indicates significant improvements in majority of the indicators including use of tetanus toxoid...

Author(s): Rashid Uz Zaman, Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Rashid Nazir, Sheldon Allen, Iftikhar Cheema, Shafique Arif, Chantelle Allen, Bruce Rasmussen and Simon Hunt

Intraorganizational human resource auditing of Ashas in Harahua block of Varanasi

May 2013

Intra-organizational auditing of human resource (AHR) evaluates personnel skill inventory in the organization towards identifying workers’ potential and capabilities for desired output. Thus, it is mandatory that such evaluation of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) by respective Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) could explore output components. The objectives of this study were to (1) obtain quantitative...

Author(s): Mohapatra A. and Mohapatra S. C.

Epidemiological model of influenza a (H1N1) transmission in Ashanti Region of Ghana, 2012

April 2013

The pandemic potential of influenza A (H1N1) has required decision makers to act in the face of uncertainties. A deterministic susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered model was developed to study the spread of H1N1 using population data from the Ashanti region of Ghana. We assumed the population to be constant with birth rate equals death rate and they interact freely (homogeneous mixing). We determined the equilibria...

Author(s): Samuel Okyere, F. T. Oduro, Ebenezer Bonyah and Loius Munkayazi

Prevalence of vaginitis and vaginosis among University of Calabar female students

April 2013

The prevalence of vaginosis and vaginitis among the female students of the University of Calabar was studied between September and December, 2005. High vaginal swabs were collected from each respondent. Questionnaires were administered to the respondents and collected together with the specimen. A total of 1000 respondents aged between 15 and 35 years were examined. The survey revealed that 70% were infected with...

Author(s): J. A. Lennox, S. D. Abbey, D. Udiba, C. I. Mboto, I. S. Ikpoh and F. C. Akubuenyi

Nosocomial outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, 2010

April 2013

On 14 September, 2010, a suspected case of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) was admitted in Holy Family Hospital (HFH). The case was confirmed on 20 September, 2010. The hospital had experienced loss of one intern due to CCHF in 2000s, a panic was created and the blood specimens of team taking care of index case (IC) was sent to reference laboratory for examination. On 28th September, all specimens...

Author(s): Jawad A. Mofleh, Rana J. Asghar, R. S. Kakar , S. Z. Zaidi and B. M. Kazi

Knowledge and attitudes about induced abortions among female youths attending Naguru Teenage Information and Health Centre, Kampala, Uganda

April 2013

This study aims to investigate unsafe abortion, which is more prevalent in low resource countries, contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality. In Uganda, majority of patients treated for complications of induced abortion are adolescents and young, yet their knowledge and attitudes are understudied. In this paper we described the knowledge and attitudes of female youths about medical complications of...

Author(s): Justin Lussy Paluku, Sam Kalisoke, Julius Wandabwa and Paul Kiondo

Impact of community health educators on the nutrition of children in Gaza province, Mozambique

April 2013

Twenty six percent of children with protein-energy malnutrition live in Africa. This studydetermines whether Care Groups (CG) in collaboration with Community-based HealthEducators (CHE) help reduce malnutrition in children between 0 and 23 months of age. A total of 299 caregivers at baseline (2004) and 380 at follow-up (2007) were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Caregivers were between 12 and 49...

Author(s): Stabern D. Kapurura and Andy Beke

Knowledge and preventive practices related to Avian influenza among livestock farmers and poultry traders in Ikorodu, Lagos state, Nigeria

April 2013

The emergence of H5N1 led to increased global attention as the virus could potentially represent the source of the next human influenza pandemic. The disease has led to the loss of millions of birds which constitute a major source of animal protein. This study was therefore aimed at determining the knowledge and preventive practices related to Avian influenza among livestock keepers and poultry traders in Ikorodu, Lagos...

Author(s): M. D. Dairo and Nusirat Elelu

Assessment of water quality and its effects on the health of residents of Jhunjhunu district, Rajasthan: A cross sectional study

April 2013

Achieving efficient, effective and cost effective water purification methods for the community is the key to human survival and development, as water management is a current global concern. Water is the basic resource necessary for sustaining all human activities, so its provision in desired quantity and quality is of utmost importance. Water pollution affects drinking water, rivers, lakes and oceans all over the world,...

Author(s): Taruna Juneja and Alankrita Chaudhary

Knowledge of sexually transmitted Infections among patients attending outpatient clinics at University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

March 2013

The study was designed to assess the level of knowledge of sexually transmitted infections and possible factors associated with knowledge of patients attending outpatient clinic in University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. This is to enable appropriate advocacy targeted on at risk population so as to control sexually transmitted infections and prevent its complications in this environment. A cross sectional...

Author(s): Adegun, P. T., Solomon, O. A., Adegoke, S. A., Ade-Ojo, I. P. and Fape M. O.

Multiple outcome parameters: A 10 year follow-up study of first-episode schizophrenia

March 2013

Schizophrenia is a disease with multiple dimensions, thus its treatment also results in differential outcomes. A number of clinically recovered patients do not recover in several other parameters of social functions which are necessary to lead a socially integrated and functional life, for example, the ability to work or live independently. Until recently, the outcome of schizophrenia has been measured primarily in...

Author(s): Amresh Shrivastava, Nilesh Shah, Megan E. Johnston, Kristen Terpstra and Larry Stitt

A Bayesian Poisson specification with a conditionally autoregressive prior and a residual Moran’s coefficient minimization criterion for quantitating leptokurtic distributions in regression-based multi-drug resistant tuberculosis treatment protocols

March 2013

In this study, we employed an eigenfunction decomposition algorithm associated with a Moran’s coefficient to investigate district-level non-linearity in an empirical dataset of spatiotemporal-sampled MDR-TB parameter estimators sampled in San Juan de Lurigancho (SJL) Lima, Peru. The non-parametric technique attempted to remove the inherent autocorrelation in the model by introducing appropriate synthetic surrogate...

Author(s): Benjamin G. Jacob, Fiorella Krapp, Mario Ponce, Nanhua Zhang, Semiha Caliskan, Jose Hasemann, Daniel A. Griffith, Eduardo Gotuzzo and Robert J.  Novak

Prevalence of cockroaches (Periplanata americana) in households in Calabar: Public health implications

March 2013

The study was carried out in Anantigha area of Calabar, Nigeria and involved the trapping and examination of cockroaches from toilets, kitchens, living rooms and bedrooms of houses to determine the parasites in and on the cockroaches and also to assess the possible role of the cockroaches in the dissemination of medically important parasites. A total of 322 cockroaches were trapped from the different sites within the...

Author(s): Etim, S. E., Okon, O. E., Akpan, P. A., Ukpong G. I.  and Oku, E. E.

Perceived needs for school mental health among stakeholders in districts of South-west Nigeria

March 2013

Child and adolescent mental health problems could cause significant distress, and may limit the chance of a student to fully utilize his or her potentials.  School mental health services (SMHS) are standard practices in many parts of the world and serves as a useful preventive intervention against child/adolescent psychiatric disorders. The study is aimed at determining teachers, students and parents beliefs about...

Author(s): Oshodi O. Y., Aina O. F., Adeyemi J. D., Oduguwa T. O. and Ogundipe O. A.

Plasmodial infection and haematological parameters in febrile patients in a hospital in Oyo town, South-western Nigeria

March 2013

A cross-sectional study on Plasmodium infection was conducted among 158 febrile patients (65 males and 93 females) reporting to Oyo State Hospital, Oyo, South-western Nigeria. Parasitological and haematological examinations of the blood samples were conducted. An overall infection rate of 29.7% was observed with parasite densities ranging from 96 - 64680 asexual parasites/µL blood. The percentages of...

Author(s): Adedotun A. A., Salawu O. T., Morenikeji, O. A. and Odaibo A. B.

Uranium concentration in ground water samples belonging to some areas of Western Haryana, India using fission track registration technique

March 2013

Author(s): D.P.S. Rathore

How accurate is triaxial RT3TM (RT3) accelerometer for estimating energy expenditure?

February 2013

The participants are instructed to remove the RT3 only for sleeping, bathing and swimming activities but some studies have shown the participants remove the accelerometer for longer times. The activities performed while the accelerometer is not being worn and, or energy that was not recorded during this time has never been estimated. This study aimed to assess compliance in using the accelerometer and quantify the...

Author(s): Selma Liberato and Josefina Bressan

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