African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Phylogenetic analyses and bioactivities of endophytic Pestalotiopsis from Amazonian species

Article in Press

Bioprospecting of the genus Pestalotiopsis shows potential for different bioactivity applications, this potential may originate from the close relationship with its host species. In this study, we verified the efficiency of the ITS regions for phylogenetic analysis of Pestalotiopsis species isolated as endophytes associated with basidiomycetes. The strains of endophytic fungi were isolated from the Genus Gustavia,...

Author(s):Elissandro F. Banhos, Antonia Q. L. Souza, Marne C. Vasconcellos, Gleyce S. B. Jobim, Dolores P. Fonseca, Marta R. Oliveira, Sarah R. Silveira, Wanderli P. Tadei, Afonso D. L. Souza

Prelimenary Screening for In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from the Armoured Cricket (Acanthoplus discoidalis) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)

Article in Press

The use of insects in folk medicine is widespread. This study was carried out in order to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the Acanthoplus discoidalis insect extract. Insects were harvested from maize fields by hand picking and prepared to produce the extract. In the disc-diffusion assay, plate count agar plates were inoculated with 100μl of each of the test microorganism adjusted with peptone to...

Author(s):Mugova A.K., Zvidzai C.J., Musundire R

Assessment of the Microbial Quality of Food Contact Surfaces (Utensils) of Hotels and Restaurants in Addis Ababa

Article in Press

Background: Food contact surfaces are surfaces that encounter food for humans. It can harbor and introduce pathogens into food. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of food contact surfaces (utensils) from hotels and restaurants in Addis Ababa. Methods: We used cross-sectional study design in which 12 hotels and 28 restaurants were randomly selected in Addis Ababa. Swab samples from...

Author(s):Abiyot Tenna, Kassayenew Amare, Hiwot Tekola, Yohannes W.Kidan, Daniel Melese, Girmaye Medhin

MicroRNA 122 and 483 as potential markers to diagnose Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Chronic Hepatitis C virus patients

Article in Press

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is of the most frequent malignancies that suffer poor prognosis. In Egypt, HCC occurs mainly in the background of chronic infection with HCV. Early diagnosis of HCC development is crucial for proper management. Therefore, this study aimed to detect the expression of miR-122 and miR-483 in sera from Egyptian patients with HCV-related HCC and to evaluate their value as biomarkers...

Author(s):Ahmed Gaballah, Akram Fathi Shatara, Sahar Ahmed Shoman, Hisham Saad Mohamed, Abeer Ghazal

Survey for Faba bean (Vicia fabae L.) fungal diseases in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Among biotic factors diseases were the most important constraints of Faba bean yield in Ethiopia. This investigation was designed: to identify, document, prioritize and be acquainted with distribution of fungal diseases of Faba bean in Ethiopia; to map geographical distribution areas for economically important faba bean fungal diseases. Assessments of diseases were accomplished in 2017 and 2018 main growing season of the...

Author(s):Tajudin Aliyi Mohammed, Bayoush Birke Yeshinigus and Alemayehu Hailu Welderufael

INCIDENCE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS RESISTANT TO VANCOMYCIN FROM CLINICAL SAMPLES IN A TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTION IN ZARIA, NORTH-WEST, NIGERIA

Article in Press

Vancomycin remains one of reserved drugs and last option for the treatment of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) globally. Little resistance has been reported to date, but generally it is not being actively prescribed in this environment. This study evaluated the possibility of isolating S. aureus with genes encoding resistance to vancomycin in a hospital setting. A total of 177 presumptive S. aureus...

Author(s):Aremu O.K, Onaolapo J.A, Ibrahim Y.K.E, Igwe JC

BACTERIAL BIOFILM IN VETERINARY MEDICINE: MECHANISMS AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

Article in Press

Bacteria can exist in natural ecosystem in two forms: (1) free-floating ‘planktonic organisms’ and (2) in biofilms which is recently recognized and the predominant form of microbial growth attached to surfaces. Biofilms are clinically important in both human and veterinary medicine, having the ability to form on both medical devices and living tissue. Biofilm formation has many stage of process which is includes:...

Author(s):Umer Seid, Munera Ahmadnur

Polyethylene Degradation by Certain Bacterial and Fungal Isolated from Solid Waste Dump Site

Article in Press

Soil samples were collected from a dump site, isolations and identification of microorganisms were carried out. Bacteria isolated were Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus and Clostridium sp. while the fungi isolated were Penicillium sp., Fusarium sambucinum and Aspergillus niger. The ability of the isolates to utilize polyethylene for growth in liquid and solid culture media was investigated. At the end of 5 months, the...

Author(s):DADA S. O., ABORISADE A.T., ADESINA F. P.

Docking Studies of NS5 MTase and RdRp proteins of Dengue virus for the anti-viral drug Development in Saudi Arabia

Article in Press

Flavivirus has been recently raised to the status of a new family of enveloped RNA viruses, the Flaviviridae. Non-structural protein 5 (NS5) of Dengue virus (DENV) contains N- terminal methyltransferase domain and a C-terminal RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. This protein is responsible for viral replication and has become an attractive target for the development of anti-viral therapeutic drugs. Present in-silico study...

Author(s):Afaf, S. Alwabli, Sana Al-Attas, Alawiah M. Alhebshi, Khalid Al-ghmady, Ishtiaq Qadri

Molecular diagnosis of Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis from culture-positive isolates using line probe assay in North Karnataka

Article in Press

Background: The control of tuberculosis (TB) has become a global health challenge due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). This highlights the need for faster and more accurate detection of tuberculosis cases. Objectives: The study aims to detect MDR-TB strains of pulmonary tuberculosis using resistance ratio method and to compare the diagnostic value of drug...

Author(s):Reshma Bellad, Mahantesh Nagamoti

INTESTINAL HELMINTHIASIS, A SILENT THREAT TO CHILD’S DEVELOPMENT

Article in Press

Background: Intestinal helminth is a public health problem with high mortality in pre- school and school aged children and affects the overall physiological and mental development of a child. The key objective of this work is to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal helminths in primary school pupils. Methodology: Blood and Stool specimens were collected from 557 pupils and were examined for intestinal...

Author(s):Achukwu, Ngozika.Obianuju, Enweani, Ifeoma.Bessy, Aniobi, Charles Emmanuel, Okolie, Anthony Ndubuisi

ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC POOL OF THE NEW CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) LITRATURE

Article in Press

A brief background: The pandemic for the new coronavirus culminated in a scientific race in search of explanations about viruses, as well as treatment, vaccines, preventive strategies, in order to reduce the health, health and economy impact in the world. Aim: The present study was carried out with the aim of analyzing the world scientific production of COVID-19. Method / Design: This is an exploratory and descriptive...

Author(s):Erika Morganna Neves de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Batista de Carvalho, Joyce Soares e Silva, Antônio Rosa de Sousa Neto, Maria Eliete Batista Moura, Daniela Reis Joaquim de Freitas

Recent trends of MDR, XDR and PDR strains of Escherichia coli in Urinary Tract infection samples

Article in Press

Escherichia coli (E. coli) are frequent occupant of the animal and human intestine. It also acts as leading pathogen causing Urinary tract infections. We have checked the checked the antibiotic susceptibility of E. coli against different antibiotics by Kirby-Bauer diffusion method. In this study, prevalence of E. coli is 64%. 27(42.18%) samples showed Multi drug resistance (MDR) in this study. 4(6.25%) samples showed...

Author(s):Muhammad Bilal Habib, Noreen Sher Akbar

Inhibitory Activities of Bryophyllumpinnatum leaf extract on Selected Strains of Microorganisms

Article in Press

BryophyllumpinnatumLam. (Crassulaceae) called ‘Oda-opue’ in Igbo, ‘Eru-odundunin Yoruba and ‘Abomoda’ in Hausa languages are widely used as food and as medicines in traditional medical practice. They are found widely in tropical Africa, America, India and China. This study investigates the inhibitory activities of hydro-ethanolic leaf extract ofB. pinnatumagainst some strains of microorganisms (Staphylococcus...

Author(s):Afees Adebayo Oladejo; Henrientta Aritetsoma Ogbunugafor, Chike Samuel Okafor and Ada Evelyn Kyrian-Ogbonna

Studies on Antiretroviral Treatment Failure among HIV Positive Clients Attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano.

Article in Press

Antiretroviral (ART) treatment failure is a major obstacle in the management of HIV positive clients. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of ART treatment failure among HIV positive clients attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. The study was conducted by assessing immunological (CD4 cells count) and virological (viral load test) parameters. Of the 120 HIV positive clients tested, 27 (22.5%) had...

Author(s):USMAN DUTSINMA ALIYU, Bello Ahmed Salim

Isolation and identification of nitrite-degrading lactic acid bacteria from traditional Sichuan pickle

Article in Press

Sichuan traditional pickle is fermented by pickling with aged brine which is used for years even decades. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify autochthonous nitrite-degrading lactic acid bacteria from traditional Sichuan fermented radish. Three lactic acid bacteria strains with high nitrite-degrading ability were screened and identified as Leuoconostoc mesenteroieds (R5) and Weissella sp (R2, R4) by...

Author(s):SHUANGSHUANG GUO, Yan Ge, Anjun Chen

PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES IN YOGHURT AND RAW MILK SAMPLES IN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Article in Press

Listeria monocytogenes is a food borne pathogen frequently associated with the consumption of contaminated food. Severe and life threatening human diseases caused by Listeria monocytogenes has been reported throughout the world. The present study evaluated the prevalence and antibiograms of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from yoghurt and raw milk sample in Zaria, Kaduna State. A total of three hundred and sixteen samples...

Author(s):Veronica C.

Antibiotics Susceptibility Profile and Killing Rate of Cronobacter sakazakii Isolated fro Used, Retail Infant Formulas and Opened-Vended Milk in Nigeria

Article in Press

Cronobacter sakazakii was isolated from Used and Retail Powdered Infant Formulas (PIF) and Opened-vended Powdered Milk (OVPM) samples using standard methods comprising Enterobacteriaceae Enrichment Broth and HARDYCHROM sakazakii medium. The antibiotics susceptibility results showed that out of the forty-four (44) of the Cronobacter sakazakii isolates tested, 44 (100%) was sensitive to Ciprofloxacin, 27 (61.36%) to...

Author(s):STEPHEN DARE OLONINEFA, Safiya Yahaya Daniyan, Moses Enemaduku Abalaka

Management of Powdery Mildew, Alternaria and Bacterial blight complex of Cluster Bean under Organic Farming System

Article in Press

Organic farming system emphasis on sustainable development of agriculture, the traditional agriculture system was much akin to the organic system but modernization of agriculture made a shift to this trend. Field experiments were conducted during kharif (Rain fed) 2013 and 2014 to develop a suitable organic module to manage these diseases and improve productivity of cluster bean. The module consisting of soil application...

Author(s):HARSHRAJ KANWAR, Amit Trivedi

Purification of a Saponin with antifungal activity isolated from the seeds of Filicium decipiens plant: Hemolytic inhibition activity by the Lectin PpyLL

Article in Press

Triterpenoids are a large group of naturally occurring substances in plant kingdon. In this paper was presented a Saponin from Fillicium decipiens seeds purified through a protocol using Ion-exchange coupled-chromatography for protein retention followed by Gel filtration under Sephadex-LH-20, and characterized by HPLC-MS. Saponin was examined for its antifungal properties by sensibility and dilution methods, and submitted...

Author(s):BRANDO-COSTA ROMERO, Ferreira Araújo Vivianne

Multiplex PCR technique for rapid detection of indicator bacteria in drinking water

Article in Press

Microbial indicators, in particular coliform bacteria including Escherichia coli and Enterococci have been established for detecting fecal contamination in water. These indicators, used to assess the potential public health risk of drinking water and their presence or absence, are key elements of most drinking water quality guidelines. Approved traditional methods for indicator organisms detection include the multiple-tube...

Author(s):El-Sayed Ahmed Kassem A.

DETERMINATION GENOYTYPE D OF HEPATITIS B VIRUSAMONGST PATEINTS IN MOSUL-IRAQ

Article in Press

Background: Hepatitis means inflammation of liver, caused by several viruses and agents. Hepatitis B virus is one of many types of viruses can infect liver and causes inflammation and in sometimes reaching to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Objectives: the aim of this study is to detect the genotype of hepatitis B virus from patients in Mosul. Methods: We evaluate 25 patients presumably with HBV in acute and...

Author(s):ALI ADEL DAWOOD

SOKOTO ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH UROGENITAL TRACTS OF FEMALE PATIENTS ATTENDING SOME SELECTED HOSPITALS WITHIN METROPOLIS

Article in Press

The research was aimed at Isolation and Identification of Anaerobic and Aerobic bacteria present in theUrogenital tracts of female patients attending Specialist Hospital Sokoto and Maryam Abacha Women and Children Hospital Sokoto. A total of forty (40) samples were collected from 40 female patients. A total of twenty (20) High vagina swab (HVS) samples and twenty(20) urine samples were collected. Bacteria isolated were...

Author(s):SA'ADATU ALIYU SHINKAFI

In vitro antibacterial activity of an endemic plant of south Algeria

Article in Press

Resistances to current antibacterial drugs are growing global concerns. Traditional medicine is a potential source of new antibacterial. The main purpose of this study firstly, it is to find the chemical compounds in the Citrullus colocynthis Schard fruits leaves and roots , secondly, to evaluate the antibacterial activity of aqueous and hydromethanolic extract of the different parts. Phytochemical screening revealed the...

Author(s):Nora Nahal

Studied on the Antibacterial Potential of Actinomycetes Isolated from the Haridwar Region of Uttarakhand

Article in Press

In this study, 29 isolates of actinomycetes were isolated from soil samples collected in the area of various localities of Haridwar region. These isolates were tested for their antagonistic properties against test organisms Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcesens, and Escherichia coli. Some of these actinomycetous strains exhibited antimicrobial activity...

Author(s):GARIMA ARYA, Purshotam Kaushik

Distribution Pattern and Molecular Evaluation of Facultative Anaerobic Thermophilic Bacteria in Hot Spring Sehezar, Iran

Article in Press

Generally, hot areas such as hot springs have high potential for growth of thermophilic bacteria. These bacteria are very useful in various industries in the fields of microbiology and biotechnology. One of the most important and most diverse groups of thermophiles is Bacillaceae family. Many species of this family are Extremophiles. Recently, scientists have found a tendency to study about thermophilic bacteria, thus they...

Author(s):Seyed Davar Siadat

Production of Lovastatin by Monascus purpureus MTCC369 using corn bran under solid state fermentation

Article in Press

Production of lovastatin was carried out by Monascuspurpureus MTCC 369 using agro-industrial residues likecorn bran as substrate under solid state fermentation. Lovastatin is a potent hypercholesterolemic drug used forlowering blood cholesterol. In recent years, lovastatin has also been reported as a potential therapeutic agent forthe treatment of various types of tumors and also play a tremendous role in the regulation of...

Author(s):PRASANNA LATHA

In Vitro Detection of Antibacterial Activity of Glycyrrhizic Acid Nanoparticle against Multi-Drug Resistant K. pneumoniae with Genotypic Analysis

Article in Press

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae can resist many antibiotic groups as they contain resistant genes responsible for multi-drug resistance. the study aimed to detect and identifying multi-drug resistant (MDR) K. pneumoniae from different clinical samples with detection and sequencing of both TEM and SHV genes, and using Glycyrrhizic acid nanoparticle as a treatment agent for MDR, ESBL...

Author(s):HAMDY AHMED EL-KHATEEB, Mahmoud Abd El-Mongy, Amal Sabry Othman

Microbial analysis of drinking water from rawalakot muncipality of Azad Jammu And Kashmir

Article in Press

Water has always been an important and life-sustaining drink to humans and is essential for the survival of all organisms. Therefore, a study was carried out to analyze the safety of drinking water. Samples of water will be collected from different sources available in Rawalakot municipality of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and were analyzed for microbiological parameters. Microbiological parameters include total coli forms,...

Author(s):KHAN

Microbiological Safety of Raw Cow Milk across the Milk Supply Chain in Eastern Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study was conducted to determine the microbiological safety of informally marketed raw cow milk across the milk supply chain in eastern Ethiopia. A total of 360 pooled raw cow milk samples (each with a volume of 450 mL) were collected from the udders and milk handling equipment of producers in rural areas of Babile district; from the equipment of collectors/transporters in Harar and Dire Dawa towns as well as from the...

Author(s):Tadele Amentie

Microbiological quality and safety of ready-to-eat foods from restaurants and food establishments in Yirgalem town, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Foodborne illness is considered as one of the most important public health problems, especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the microbiological quality and safety of ready-to-eat foods in Yirgalem town, Southern Ethiopia, from November 2016 to August 2017. A total of 160 food samples, including 40 'Injera firfir', 40 'Bayeaynet', 40 Vegetables and 40 spaghetti were collected and...

Author(s):Tsegaye Shamebo and Assefa Hamito

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE IMMUNE RESPONSE AND SAFETY OF TWO COMMERCIAL INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VACCINES USED BY POULTRY FARMS IN KIGALI CITY, RWANDA

Article in Press

A total of ninety broilers chicks were reared for a defined period of time until they reached to two months of age after completion of vaccination program required for broiler chickens. The chicks were divided into three groups (A, B and C) of 30 chicks each, and housed separately into chicken pens divided into three compartments, they were fed daily and given water ad-libitum. Two vaccines against IBD were obtained from...

Author(s):Dushimirimana Emmanuel

THE INCIDENCE OF PSEUDOMONADS BOTH IN CLINICALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY AND ITS ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE TO THE RANGE OF ANTIBIOTICS

Article in Press

This study was undertaken to explore the antimicrobial resistance of the organism Pseudomonas to the diverse classes of antimicrobials formulated in clinical practice and the prevalence of metallo-Beta-lactamases (mbls) produced by these isolates. Aims and objectives was to analyze the antibiotic resistance .The 97 strains were isolated both clinically and environmentally and were characterized by 16S molecular...

Author(s):DAS Ruchira, SINHA Papiya and PANDEY Piyush

Assessment of Post-Harvest Fungal Diseases of Mango, Grape and Banana Saudi Arabia Market

Article in Press

A study was conducted to assess the extent of loss in mango, grape and banana fruits caused by fungal diseases during post-harvest. The loss due to fungal diseases was assessed at weekly intervals for four months (June to September 2018). A bout 300 samples of infected fruits were collected during this study, from different fruits market of Riyadh regions in Saudi Arabia. The results showed that, mango, grape and banana...

Author(s):Ahmed R. Al-Najada

Physicochemical Properties and Microbial Quality of Raw Cow Milk Collected from Debre Berhan Milk shed, Central Highlands of Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Debre Berhan Milk shed Areas, central highlands of Ethiopia, with the objectives to evaluate the physio-chemical characteristics, microbial load and hygienic practices of raw cow milk produced and marketed in study areas. A total of 359 milk samples were collected and analyzed physio-chemical and microbial examination. The study revealed that the proportions of respondents who practice washed...

Author(s):Admasu Lakew, Gebeyehu Goshu, Gezahegne Mamo, Ashenafi Mengistu and Tilaye Demissie

Stability and Antioxidant Activity of Natural Red pigment by Pseudomonas stutzeri ZH-1

Article in Press

Natural pigments are widely used in textiles, leather, food and other materials, due to they are non-toxic and easy to extract. In the present study, stability and antioxidant activity of a natural red pigment was investigated from Pseudomonas stutzeri ZH-1 which was first isolated and identified from the sludge of Fenhe River, Linfen, Shanxi Province. The results of stability tests showed the red pigment had a relative...

Author(s):Si-yu Wang and Qing-ping Hu

Bacteriological study of goats and sheep livers slaughtered in slaughterhouse under Federal Inspection Service in Bahia

Article in Press

The study aimed to verify the occurrence of aerobic bacteria causing liver macroscopic lesions in sheep and goats, besides describing the susceptibility profile to antimicrobials and the pathogenic potential of the isolated bacterial species. The samples were collected during the slaughter of 1,270 animals in slaughterhouse under Federal Inspection Service (SIF) in the municipality of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil....

Author(s):Lorena Santos Brandão, Maurício Costa Alves da Silva, Tatiana Pacheco Rodrigues, Rebeca Ayala Rosa da Silva

Isolation, Biochemical and Molecular Characterizations of Riboflavin Producing Lactic acid Bacteria from Nigerian Fermented Food Products

Article in Press

The purpose of this research was to explore lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from Nigerian fermented foods that can be used to produce riboflavin. In this study, LAB were isolated from “wara”, “nono”, and “ogi”. Total number of colonies of LAB in triplicates ranged from 3.9 x 106 CFU ml 1 to 4.2 x 106 CFU ml 1. A total of 321 lactic acid bacteria were isolated. Of these LAB isolates, 129 (40%) belong to the genus...

Author(s):Joy Abiola Onipede and Oluwatoyin Rebecca Afolabi

Antibiotic Susceptibilities, MIC50 and MIC90 of Clinical Isolates of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Article in Press

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is evolved strains of S. aureus resistant to all β-Lactam antibiotics and is among important nosocomial pathogens worldwide. The study aimed to determine the antibiotic susceptibilities of clinical MRSA strains to first-line drugs and drugs of last resort in the treatment of MRSA infections. Clinical samples were collected, screened for MRSA and minimum inhibitory concentrations...

Author(s):Uzal Umar, Auwalu Uba, Olubukola M. Oyawoye

Isolation and characterization of Edwardsiella tarda from wild fish from the gulf of Lake Tana, North Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

Edwardsiellosis is one of the important bacterial diseases of fish causing severe economic losses in aquaculture worldwide. In Ethiopia, information on fish pathogenicEdwardsiella species is scanty. This study was conducted to isolate and determine the extent of occurrence of fish pathogenic Edwardsiella species from apparently healthy fish harvested for human consumption from the gulf of Lake Tana, Ethiopia....

Author(s):Yoseph Kerie, Anuar Nuru, Liyuwok Tesfaw, Takele Abayneh

A Fluorescence based assay for detection of Listeria monocytogenes using wheat germ agglutinin

Article in Press

Purpose: This study was designed with the objective to check the ability of Wheat Germ Agglutinin (WGA) lectin to specifically bind with Listeria monocytogenes based on fluorescence based assay. Methods: The fluorescence activity of WGA, mixture of WGA and L. monocytogenes and WGA with different sugars was evaluated using Tecan multimode plate reader by an optimized protocol. Association constant (Ka) of WGA with...

Author(s):Raghu H. V , Naresh Kumar, Anjali M. K, Harsimran Kaur and Brijesh Kumar

Bacteriological Assessment of Hospital Air and Selected Surfaces in Three Referral Hospitals in Makurdi Middle Belt Nigeria

Article in Press

Hospital environment needs more attention because of the influx of people into the environment for medical checkup and other services. This study unveils the incidence of bacteria isolated from air and selected surfaces in three referral hospitals (City hospital, Federal Medical Centre, Wadata and Saint Theresa Hospital) in Makurdi Middle Belt Nigeria. Fifty (50) bacteria were isolated; hospital air (26%), bed rails (16%),...

Author(s):Emmanuel Olumuyiwa Onifade, Innocent Okonkwo Ogbonna, Joseph Ikwebe, Tosin Adebola Ode, Stephen Olaide Aremu, Babatunde Fatoke, Oluwole Opeyemi Owoyemi, Ebenezer O. Abeleje

Root growth in tomato seedlings in response to bacterial inoculation Serratia sp.

Article in Press

Growth-promoting rhizobacteria are soil bacteria that inhabit the surrounding root, and are directly or indirectly involved in promoting plant growth and development. The objective of this study was to verify if the mechanism of growth promotion of the bacterium is similar to that promoted by Polyethylene glycol (PEG) and to compare the possible effects of water stress on the tomato against the effects of inoculation of...

Author(s):Ana Carla Pinheiro Lima; Eduardo de Assis Lima, Débora Alves Gonzaga da Silva Ballesteiro Pereira, Leonardo Oliveira Médici

Isolation and characterization of Bacillus species for the production of lipopeptides and its in vitro management against root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita

Article in Press

Bacillus species are found to be abundant in the terrestrial ecosystem. In this study, native Bacillus species associated with different horticultural crops growing in different districts of Tamil Nadu were isolated and identified. In total of 40 isolates collected, 30 isolates were identified as Bacillus species using morphological and biochemical characterization. These 30 Bacillus isolates were investigated for their...

Author(s):SANKARI MEENA

Antibacterial Activity of Marine Yeasts by Resazurin Assay

Article in Press

Resazurin is an oxidation–reduction indicator used for the evaluation of cell growth, particularly in various cytotoxicity assays. It has been used over five decades to monitor bacterial and yeast contamination of milk, and also for assessing semen quality. This chemical reduction is mainly used in viability assays for mammalian cells. In the present study, antibacterial activity of marine yeasts is assessed by using...

Author(s):Senthil raja P

Determination of staphylococcal species in raw cow milk and associated risk factors in urban dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Staphylococci species are important milk-borne zoonotic pathogens. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of staphylococci in milk, cow skin, milkers’ hands and equipment, as well as to assess the farm hygiene and pre-milking practices in dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A total of 604 milk and cow skin as well as swab samples (n=44) were also collected from personnel and milk...

Author(s):TESFAYE SISAY TESSEMA, Mezgebu Merid, Girma Zewde, Berhanu Sibhat

Evaluation of Common bean germplasm for resistance to Angular Leaf Spot Disease (Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferraris) under natural conditions

Article in Press

Breeding programmes for resistance to angular leaf spot (ALS) in common bean have relied on a range of sources of resistance. However, due to the occurrence of many different races of the pathogen, the sources of resistance may not always be effective in all the regions. This study was conducted to identify new sources of resistance to ALS. A total of Seventy five genotypes of common bean were screened for resistance...

Author(s):S M Razvi, Mushtaq Ahmad, M A Bhat, B A Paddar, S A Ganie

In vitro screening and characterization of endophytic bacteria from root and nodule of Cicer arietinum L.

Article in Press

Endophytic bacteria are able to live inside the plant tissue for enhancing plant growth without any negative effect. A total of forty endophytic bacteria were isolated from different tissues of chickpea and in vitro screening was done for biochemical tests and different plant growth promotion activities, that is, indole acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA) production, and phosphate solubilization. On the basis of...

Author(s):Harsimranjeet Kaur, Poonam Sharma and Kailash Chand

Performance of microbial inoculants and mineral amendments for producing high quality compost from recycling plant residues

Article in Press

The present work aimed at studying the use of some bioaccelerator, namely Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum, Serratia species, Pseudomonas fluorescence and Bacillus polymyxa, together with mineral materials, that is, dolomite, feldspar, rock phosphate, bentonite, and elemental sulfur, for production of a high quality compost at a reduced time of processing. Plant residues composting 40% rice straw + 40% maize...

Author(s):Mohamed Ahmed El-Howeity and Shaban Shehata El-Bohy

Determination of fungal opportunistic pathogens in HIV/AIDS patients attending Pepfar Clinic in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Article in Press

Fungal infections, also called mycoses, are important causes of morbidity and mortality in humans. Fungal opportunistic pathogens can lead to many of the complications seen in advanced HIV disease and are commonly identified in HIV-infected populations with decreased immune function. This research was therefore aimed at determining the opportunistic fungal infections associated with HIV/AIDS patients receiving...

Author(s):Bukar A. M., Uba A., Yusuph H., Zailani S. B. and Digima A.

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