African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPP Articles in press

Synthesis, Biological Evaluation and Molecular Modeling of Hybrid Compounds based on Different Fragments Clubbed with Pyrrole

Article in Press

The limitations of currently available drugs and emergence of multidrug and extensively drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) stress the need of new candidates as antitubercular agents. Different 2,5-dimethyl pyrrole derivatives clubbed with coumarin, naphthyl, furyl, phenyl, fragment of ibuprofen, fragment of diclofenac were synthesized and evaluated for antitubercular activity. The structure of all...

Author(s):Apeejay Stya University, Haryana


Article in Press

Cruciferous vegetables constitute an important phytochemical that is Glucosinolate, it is an organic anionic compound containing sulphur, nitrogen and a group derived from glucose. Glucosinolates are abundantly present in the members of family Cruiciferae. The enzymes catalysing the hydrolysis of glucosinolates are known as myrosinases. The potentially beneficial activities of glucosinolates and their enzymatic hydrolysis...


Isolation and Antimicrobial Efficacy of Bergenia ciliate Using in vitro Models

Article in Press

Antimicrobial activities of five constituents isolated from ethyl acetate fraction of Bergenia ciliate were investigated. About all constituents exhibited antimicrobial efficacy on the tested microorganisms, including two human Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus) and four Gram-negative ones (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella Pneumonia). Of these...

Author(s):Collage of Material Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China

Film forming Gels: A Review

Article in Press

Film forming gels are a novel approach in this area that might present an alternative to the conventional dosage forms used on the skin, such as ointments,creams, gels or patches. The polymeric solution is applied to the skin as a liquid and forms an almost invisible film in situ by solvent evaporation. Transdermal drug delivery system (TDDS) can provide some desirable performances over conventional pharmaceutical dosage...

Author(s):department of pharmaceutical sciences, Kumaun University, Nainital

Phyto-Bioactive Potentials of Ethanol Extract of Jatropha multifida Leaves and its effect on Prostaglandin and Haematological Indices in Ethanol-Induced Gastric Lesions on Wistar Albino Rats.

Article in Press

The use of plants extract in traditional medicine continues to provide the therapeutic needs for greater percentage of the world’s population especially in developing countries. In this study, the phytochemical properties and biochemical responses of some haematological parameters and prostaglandin of gastric lesions to ethanol extract of Jatropha multifida leaves were investigated. The quantitative phytochemical...

Author(s):Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Antimicrobial activity of the Endemic Orchid Brachycorythis iantha (Wight) of Peninsular India, Kanyakumari district

Article in Press

The present study has been designed to examine the antimicrobial activity of aqueous and organic extracts of powdered pod, leaves and flowers of an endemic terrestrial orchid Brachycorythis iantha. The extracts of Brachycorythis iantha were tested against the bacterial pathogens via Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris and fungus (Candida albicans). Antimicrobial...

Author(s):R. Mary Suja and B. Christudhas Williams

Nutritional management of diabetes

Article in Press

Diabetes mellitus is a multifaceted unending disease and is a key source of death worldwide. It is responsible for more than a million amputations every year. It is anticipated that 400 million people worldwide will suffer from diabetes by 2030. The likelihood of developing diabetes depends on a blend of genetic factors, obesity, living style and environmental factors. There are two major types of diabetes: insulin...

Author(s):Usman Rashid Malik, Abid Mehmood Yousaf, Irfan Bashir and Muhammad Jamshaid

Isolation and characterization of betulinic acid from the stem bark extract of Glossonema Boveanum (Decne)

Article in Press

The ethyl acetate extracts through maceration extraction of stem bark of Glossonema boveanum (Decne.) (Asclepiadaceae) afforded one pentacyclic triterpene, betulinic acid, which is reported for the first time in this plant. The structure of the isolated compound was identified on the basis of 1D NMR (1H, 13C and DEPT), 2D NMR (COSY, HSQC, HMBC and NOESY) and by comparison with reported data. The isolated compound was then...

Author(s):Mohammed Sani Sallau , Ahmed Jibrin Uttu , Hamisu Ibrahim Abdullahi Yunusa Idris and Habila James Dama

Development and invitro characterization of improved vesicular drug delivery system containing methotrexate

Article in Press

Conventional chemotherapy for the treatment of intracellular infections is not effective, due to limited permeation of drugs into cells. This can be overcome by use of vesicular drug delivery systems. Encapsulation of a drug in vesicular structures can be predicted to prolong the existence of the drug in systemic circulation, and perhaps, reduces the toxicity if selective uptake can be achieved. Proniosomes are dry powder...

Author(s):S. Chellaram, D. Dhachinamoorthi and K. B. Chandrasekhar

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio of fixed dose highly active antiretroviral drugs using white rabbit

Article in Press

There is an increasing reliance on neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a prognostic marker in certain diseases. Observations have suggested the effects of administering highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients to be beneficial as well as having its side effects. Hence, this study was designed to examine the relationship of NLR of fixed dose HAART. Twenty male white...

Author(s):OSIME Evarista Odaburhine and INNIH Silvanus Olu

A mixed-method approach to investigation of influencing factors on prescription behavior of physicians in the choice of brands chemotherapy drugs

Article in Press

Brands are considered as one of the most valuable assets of companies in the area of ever increasing competitions of markets, goods and various services. Physicians are actually the ultimate decision holder of which brand should be prescribed to their patients. Prescribing behavior of physicians affected by many factors. The present study investigates the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions. In order to...

Author(s):Mehdi Mohammadzadeh, Seyyed Abolfazl Abolfazli , Farzad Peiravian and Atefeh Hajiagha Bozorgi

Antihypertensive effects of ethanolic extract of Mucuna flagellipes seed on salt-induced hypertension on Sprague-dawley rats

Article in Press

The need to consider an ethnomedicinal alternative for the management of hypertension has become necessary due to the high cost associated with purchasing conventional antihypertensive drugs and the inability of patients to adhere strictly to the procedures of administration. A total of 40 acclimatized male Wistar rats were used for the study. Five rats were grouped as normotensive control (group A). 25 hypertensive rats...

Author(s):Egharevba E. Jovita, Celestine O. Ani, Igwe.C.Uzoma, Anyaeji S.Pamela, Onwuka C. Kelechi, Adeyomo M. Ayowumi and Nwachukwu C. Daniel

Evaluation of analgesic activity of the ethanolic extract of Pennisetum purpureum in albino mice

Article in Press

Pennisetum purpureum (Elephant or Napier grass) is being used in East Africa and some other parts of the world as animal feed and also in pulp industry. In some parts of South eastern Nigeria where it is popularly known as ‘’Achara‘’ it is a delicacy in some traditional dishes. In recent studies, its nutritional and non-nutritional components reveal that it contains flavoids, saponin, sterols, glycosides, tannins...

Author(s):Igbokwe E. E., Igbokwe G. O. and B. M. Agaie

Prediction of novel therapeutic indication for rosiglitazone based on its reported clinical side effects: Drug repositioning using pharmacovigilance approach

Article in Press

Repositioning of drug using pharmacovigilance approach is the primary objective of this study. Rosiglitazone is the target molecule for this pilot scale study. Rosiglitazone is an anti-diabetic drug of thiazolidinedione class. It works as an insulin sensitizer, by binding to the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) gamma in fat cells and making the cells more responsive to insulin. Rosiglitazone has been...

Author(s):Mrugank Parmar and Shital Panchal

Analgesic properties of snake venom as compared to conventional analgesics

Article in Press

An analgesic is a drug that relieves pain by acting on the central nervous system or peripheral pain receptor mechanisms; while snake venom is a highly modified saliva containing zootoxins which facilitate the immobilization and digestion of prey and defense against threats. Snake venom is toxic but may also have therapeutic effects, e.g. captopril, an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme inhibitor was developed from the Pit...

Author(s):Caroline Moraa Gesisa and Joseph Gikunju Kangangi

RP-HPLC method development and validation for the simultaneous estimation of atorvastatin, simvastatin and rosuvastatin in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form

Article in Press

This research was designed to develop and validate a precise, simple, rapid, reliable, more accurate, as well as least time consuming High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) technique for simultaneous and individual estimation of atorvastatin, rosuvastatin and simvastatin in whole and in various formulations. This separation was attained chromatographically using blend of methanol and trifluroacetic acid (0.1%) in...

Author(s):Bhuvnesh Kumar Singh, Neelanchal Trivedi, Abhishek Bharadwaj and K. K. Jha

Impact of three modes of cooking on anticholinesterase, antioxidant activities and polyphenols content of eggplant Solanum melongena (Adria variety)

Article in Press

Nowadays, the growing interest in consumption of fruit and vegetables raises the question of cooking impact on their nutritional benefits. Growing evidence suggests that oxidative damage caused by the β-amyloid peptide in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease may be hydrogen peroxide mediated. Many polyphenols, the most abundant dietary antioxidants, possess stronger neuroprotection against hydrogen peroxide.The...

Author(s):Imen Laib, Malika Barkat and Abdulselam Ertas Mustafa abdullah yilmiz

Scientific and technological prospect of Platonia insignis Mart (Clusiaceae)

Article in Press

The chemodiversity and pharmacological potential of the flora are uncounted and allow the study of native plants, such as Platonia insignis Mart. (Clusiaceae), an exotic plant in Piaui, Brazil. Investigations on the chemical composition of the plant of the family Clusiaceae have shown that they are mainly rich in polysoprenylated benzophenones and xanthones, which have been isolated not only from the resins, but also from...

Author(s):George L. S. Oliveira, Ana Paula dos Santos C. L da Silva, José Carlos C. L. da Silva Filho, Joaquim S. da Costa Júnior, Jorge M. David and Rivelilson Mendes de Freitas

Neurohistological and immunohistochemical effects of prophylactic ethanolic leaf extract of Nauclea Latifolia and Artemether/Lumefantrine on the hippocampus of Plasmodium Berghei-infected mice

Article in Press

The prophylactic effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Nauclea latifolia, widely used in herbal malarial treatment, against the widely used drug Coartem® (Artemether/Lumefantrine) in Plasmodium-infected mice was investigated, and thereafter analysed for organosomatic index, parasitemia, histomorphological and immunohistochemical changes in the hippocampus. Twenty male mice about 6 to 8 weeks weighing 20 to 24 g were...

Author(s):Innocent A. Edagha, Inyang A. Atting and Moses U. Ekanemesang

A review on chemical and pharmacological profile of a novel class of antihyperglycemic drugs: Dipeptidyl protease-4 inhibitors

Article in Press

The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are a new class of anti hyperglycemic agents which were developed for the treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus by rational drug design, based on an understanding of the mechanism of action and knowledge of the structure of the target enzyme. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP 1) and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) are hormones secreted by the enteroendocrine cells of the gut in...

Author(s):Himanshu Joshi, Abdul Wadood Siddiqui, Zia Ur Rehman, Afrin Salma and Deepanshu Sharma


Article in Press

The objective of the present investigation was to formulate, evaluate and optimize oral film of Fexofenadine HCl using (Box Behnken) design. In the present investigation an attempt was made to develop mouth dissolving films of Fexofenadine HCl to achieve fast disintegration and dissolution characteristics with improved bioavailability by oral route. Oral films of Fexofenadine HCl were formulated using HPMC E15 premium...

Author(s):Bhusnure O.G

In vivo assessment of the antipyretic activity of tilmicosin

Article in Press

The aim of the present study was to assess the antipyretic activity of the macrolide antibiotic, tilmicosin, at dose levels of 20 and 40 mg/kg of body weight, subcutaneously, in Brewer's yeast-induced fever model in mice. Pyrexia was induced by subcutaneous injection of 20 mL/kg of 20% (w/v) Brewer’s yeast suspension into the animal’s scruff region. Eighteen hours later, feverish animals were treated with either...

Author(s):A. M. El-Mahmoudy, I. M. Gheith, A. A. Elmajdoub and S. K. Awidat

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