Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009

JVMAH Articles in press

Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle in selected areas of Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Gastrointestinal nematode are among the major health problem which resulted in the reduction of production and productivity of cattle. A cross section study design was carried out for the determination of the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode of cattle in Hawassa, Ethiopia from November, 2017 to February, 2018 to investigate the main risk factors influencing the prevalence and worm load infection of cattle. A total...

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The Prevalence of small ruminant Trypanosomiasis in Oofa district, Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study was conducted in three PAS of Oofa district Wolaita zone /southern Ethiopia, from November to April, to determine the prevalence of trypanosomosis in small ruminants. Blood samples were collected from 384 randomly selected local Sheep (139) and goats (245) of different sex and age groups. The collected blood samples were examined by conventional hematological and parasitological techniques....

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Prevalence rate and antibiotic susceptibility of salmonella isolates from meat swabs in Addis Ababa and Debrezeit, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2015 to march 2016 to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of salmonella isolates in Addis Ababa and Debrezeit abattoir, Ethiopia. Swab samples were collected from a total of 288 meat samples (72 bovine, 72 ovine, 72 caprine and 72 chickens) from abattoirs and were subjected to microbiological examination. Based on the microbiological examination...

Author(s):ShimelsTikuyeYalew, DesiyeTesfayeTegegne, YohannesEquarMessele, BezinaAregaEmeru, GebremeskelMamuWerid, Mosisa Dire, ShelemaKelbesa Bora

Prevalence of Bovine Anemia associated with Trypanosomosis: in local breed cattle's of Sokoru District, Ethiopia

Article in Press

In tropical Africa, protozoan parasites cause several diseases of social and economic importance. Among protozoan parasites, trypanosomosis is one of the most devastating zoonotic diseases caused by infection with trypanosomes, which are transmitted primarily by tsetse flies and other hematophagous flies to human, domestic animals and wildlife. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Bovine...

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The High distribution of goat abortion in Tanqua Abergelle districts, Tigray regional state, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A questionnaire and serological survey was conducted to estimate the epidemiological distribution of brucellosis in goat in Tanqua Abergelle districts. According to the questionnaire survey, high rate of goat abortion (89.7%) was observed during the study year. The pregnancy stage of high risk of occurrence of abortion was during the third trimester (37.9%), followed by during first and third trimesters (27.5%). The...

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Haematological Parameters of Balami Sheep (Ovis aries) at Sokoto Modern Abattoir before Slaughter

Article in Press

The importance of determination of haematology reference values cannot be overemphasized as the changes in some of the blood cell parameters are of clinical importance. This study evaluated the haematology reference values in apparently healthy Nigerian Balami Sheep and determined the influence of sex on the haematological parameters. A total of 200 apparently healthy sheep consisting of 100 males (rams) and 100 females...

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Prevalence and direct financial losses associated with Bovine Hydatidosis in Durame municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study aimed at determining the prevalence, cyst characteristics and estimating the financial loss due to cystic echinococcosis (hydatidosis) in cattle slaughtered at Durame municipal abattoir was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016. Postmortem examination was carried out on 400 Cattles were randomly Selected and slaughtered at the abattoir through visual inspection, palpation and incision...

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Study on prevalence and associated risk factors of poultry coccidiosis in and around alage Atvet College, Southwestern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to March 2017 in and around Alage Agricultural Technical Vocational Education Technical CollegeAlage (ATVET), southwestern Ethiopia, with the objective of determining the prevalence of poultry coccidiosis and its associated risk factors in intensively and backyard managed chickens. Fresh fecal samples were collected from a total of 451 chickens by systematic random...

Author(s):Nigussu Fasil Kedesegne and Eshetu Ketema

Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Awuradda Abattior, Decha Woreda of Kaffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis by postmortem examination of 384 slaughtered animals in Awuradda municipal abattoir, southern nation nationalities peoples regional states from December 2016 to June, 2017. Out of 384 livers examined, 73 (19%) cattle were positive for fasciolosis. Species identification revealed that Fasciola hepatica was more...

Author(s):Fentaye Kassa, Birhanu Haile, Gedafaw Demewez

Sero-prevalence of foot and mouth disease virus infection in pigs in gboko and Makurdi Local gGovernment areas of Benue state, Nigeria.

Article in Press

In this work, seroprevalence and destribution of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) in pig population in Gboko and Makurdi local government areas of Benue state, Nigeria, was investigated using the PRIOCHECK FMDV- 3ABC non-structural proteins ELISA (NSP-ELISA). This ELISA test was capable of discriminating between antibodies induced by the field virus and those induced in response to vaccination. The results showed that...

Author(s):Ibu Okpabi John, Yiltawe Wungak, Eson Anzaku, Didacus Eze, Emmanuel Chukwudi Okwor

Identification, Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Bovine Ixodid Ticks Infections in and around Jimma Town, Southwestern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 to determining the prevalence of tick infestation, to identify the common tick species in cattle and to assess the major risk factors associated with the occurrence of tick species in and around Jimma town, Southwestern Ethiopia. Out of 384 cattle examined, 276(71.90%) were infested by one or more tick species. Overall, 1468 adult ticks were collected...

Author(s):Tekle Faltamo, Fethu Lemma, Karthik Kaliaperumal and Tegegn Dilbato

Growth performance of broilers fed Moringa oleifera supplemented feed following challenged with a very virulent infectious bursal disease virus

Article in Press

A study was conducted to assess the growth performance of broiler chickens fed Moringa oleifera leaf (MOL)feed supplement and challenged with a very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV).Two hundred and forty day-old Ross 308 hybrid broiler chicks were randomly assigned into groups A, B, C and D of 60 chicks eachandwere raised in deep litter housing. Broiler starter (BS) and broiler finisher (BF) mash were...

Author(s):A.G Balami , J.J Ndahi, J.J Gadzama , S.J Enam P.A Abdu, A.M Wakawa, and T Aluwong

Effect of unilateral nephrectomy on kidney function in feral domestic Cats (Felis catus)

Article in Press

This experimental study was conducted to determine the effect of unilateral nephrectomy on kidney function through hematological and urological values after surgery using feral domestic cats. Four (4) apparently healthy stray male cats were caught and used as experimental animals in this study. The animals were grouped into two (2) with two cats in each group. Grouping of the animals was based according to age, the 1st...

Author(s): Estopa Dionesio

Study of hoof lesions in equids at debre Zeit, East Shoa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of hoof lesion in different species of equines in Debre Zeit donkey health and welfare project (DHWP) and society for the protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics from November, 2009 to April, 2010. A total of 1020 equines (355 horses, 619 donkeys and 46 mules), which visited DHWP and SPANA clinics have been examined to assess...

Author(s):Abayneh Edget

Seroprevalence study of brucellosis in small ruminantsin jibatdistrict of West Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State.

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis and associated risk factors in small ruminants in Jibat district of west shoa zone. Small ruminants were selected randomly, from purposively selected district. A total 308 blood samples were collected from local breeds of sheep and goats and serum samples from these animals were initially screened by Rose...

Author(s):Tadesse Endebu Tujo

PREVALENCE OF EXTERNAL INJURIES IN WORKING DONKEYS IN AND AROUND MEKELLE, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

The study conducted from November 2007-April 2008 in and around Mekelle, to determine the magnitude of external injuries in donkeys revealed 39.64 %overall prevalence of injuries from 978 randomly selected donkeys. There was a significant variation between two veterinary clinics (x2=11.23, P

Author(s):Tolesa Garoma

Seroepidemology of Bovine Brucellosis in Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center, and Its Surroundings in Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Wollega University Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center and its surrounding, of Western Ethiopia to estimate the seroprevelence of bovine brucellosis and its associated risk factors from December 2017 to March 2018. A total of 812 cattle from three stations (districts) were randomly selected for serology and questionery surveys from 102 respondents were collected using...

Author(s):Tolesa Garoma and Bedaso Mamo

RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SOME VIRAL DISEASES OF POULTRY REPORTED IN SELECTED VETERINARY CLINICS IN JOS, PLATEAU STATE

Article in Press

A four year (2008-2011) retrospective study of the prevalence of some viral diseases of poultry diagnosed in selected Veterinary clinics in Jos was conducted. A prevalence of 3.0%, 5.7%, and 12.6% (out of a total of 14, 644 cases of poultry diseases) for Newcastle disease (ND), Infectious bursa disease (IBD) and Neoplastic viral diseases (NVD) of poultry respectively were recorded. The prevalence of IBD increased steadily...

Author(s):Bata, S. I., Ogbu, K. I., Abdullateef, H., Agwu, E.,Chindo, A., Udokainyang, A. D., Manasseh, L. N., Abba, M. and Obalisa, A

STUDY ON TICK INFESTATION IN CATTLE COME TO DODOLA VETERINARY CLINIC,WEST ARSI, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2015 to March 2016 at Dodola in Oromia Regional state to identify the major tick species of cattle and to determine the tick burden and as well as to asses possible risk factors that might be associated with cattle infestation. A total of 400 cattle were selected. Adult ticks were collected from nine half-body regions of cattle into universal sampling bottle containing...

Author(s):Mohammed Ahmed Adem and Musa Shamo Nuunaa

WELFARE ASSESSMENT AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS OF WORKING EQUINES IN KAMBA WOREDA, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

A cross-sectional type of study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives to assess welfare issues and associated risk factors compromising welfare concerns of equines health in Kamba Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. The study implemented both direct (animal based) and indirect (owner interview) assessment methods for welfare assessment. Out of 386 equines examined in the study16.6%, 16.6%, and 88.8%...

Author(s):Mandefot Meaza, Dereje Debalke and Tadele Gashaw

The Prevalence of Fasciolosis in Small Ruminants in and around Mekelle, Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted in sheep and goats to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis in and around Mekelle, Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia. Faecal sample collected from a total of 412 small ruminants comprising of 259 sheep and 153 goats were examined by using the sedimentation technique to find out the eggs of Fasciola species. Out of the total, 412 examined faecal samples 67 were found positive for...

Author(s):Abebe Asnake, Berhe Mekonnen Mengistu, Mu’uz Gebru, Habtom Kiros bitsue

Outbreak Based Serotype Identification and Molecular Detection of Circulating FMD Virus Serotypes at Adea berga Dairy Farm, Central High Land of Ethiopia

Article in Press

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a transmissible viral infection of cloven hooved animals associated with severe economic losses due to morbidity, mortality, and milk loss and trade restrictions. Outbreak investigation and cross-sectional study were conducted from September 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives of serotype identification and molecular detection from outbreak cases at Adea berga dairy farm in Adea berga...

Author(s):Beksisa Urge, Fufa Dawo , Daniel Gizaw

MAJOR CAUSES OF ORGANS AND CARCASSES CONDEMNATION AND THEIR FINANCIAL LOSSES IN CATTLE SLAUGHTERED AT SULULTA ABATTOIR ENTERPRISE, ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

The study was carried out from November 2017 to April 2018 on cattle slaughtered at Sululta abattoir to identify major causes of organs and carcass condemnation and to estimate the amount of direct economic losses. The study design was cross sectional and by using a systematic random sampling. Three hundred eight four cattle were selected for study. Both ante mortem and post mortem examination were employed. The ante...

Author(s):Yale let Worku Wodegebrieland Ephrem Teshome Mesfin

Multidrug-resistant enterobacteria colonizes commercial day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria

Article in Press

Day-old chicks are important source of introduction of multidrug-resistant enterobacteria in broiler production chain. This study was conducted to isolate generic enterobacteria from day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria, and to determine the antibacterial resistance profile. The birds were sourced from 5 purposively-selected hatcheries identified as “A”, “B”, “C”, “D” and “E” in Southwest Nigeria....

Author(s):Obianuju Nkiruka Okoroafora, Madubuike Umunna Anyanwub, Emmanuel Onyeka Nwafora, George Nnamdi Anosaa, Rita Ijeoma Udegbunamc

WELFARE PROBLEMS OF WORKING DONKEYS IN ARBAMINCH AND SODO TOWNS, SOUTHERN-WESTERN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted out from November 2017 to April 2018 with the objectives of assessing welfare problems and determining risk factors on cart pulling donkeys in Arbaminch and Sodo towns, Southern Ethiopia. Both direct methods, based on observation of animals, and indirect methods, interviews of the owners which indicates the resource bases, were used to collect data. A total of 384 randomly selected...

Author(s):Bereket Molla Tanga, Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Yebelayhun Mulugeta

Major Causes of Organ and Carcass Condemnation in Cattle Slaughtered at Bahir Dar Municipality Abattoir, North West Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2010 to March 2011 in Bahir Dar municipality abattoir, Northwest Ethiopia to identify the major causes of organ and carcass condemnations and to estimate the direct economic losses. A total of 413 cattle were taken for antemortem and postmortem examination. During the antemortem examination of 413 cattle destined for slaughter, rough hair coat (2%) and tick infestation...

Author(s):Chemere Ayenew, AregaTafere, Ayichew Teshale

A COMPARISON ON AND PROGRESSION OF DENTAL DISEASE IN THREE AGE GROUPS OF CAPTIVE AND FREE GRAZING CEPHALOPHUS NIGER IN WET AND DRY SEASONS- CONTRIBUTORY IMPACTS OF DEFICIENT DIET AND EXTREME WEATHER

Article in Press

Purpose-The study aims to assess the contributory and predisposing effects of prolonged drought and climate phenomenon on occurrence of dental abnormalities among three age group categories of Cephalophus niger. Methods- This inquiry utilized a population cohort study comprising of 18 females and males for a period of three years in a continuum. Each group consisted of (eight) 0-10 months old kids (4 males and females),...

Author(s):Samuel O.M, Femi-Akinlosotu O.M, Usende, L.I

Study on ruminal and reticular foreign body in slaughtered cattle at Dessie municipal abattoir, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2016 to April, 2017 on 396 cattle at Dessie Municipal Abattoir, with the objectives to determine the prevalence and type of indigestible foreign body in rumen and reticulum of cattle in association with hypothetical risk factors. Simple random sampling technique was used for selecting the study animals which were ruminants brought from various localities to abattoir. 59...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tintagu Gizaw, Huzeyifa Shawol, Bethelehem Alemu Minalu, Yalew Tefera and Ali Selamawi Fantahun

A comparative study on prevalence of major reproductive health problems of indigenous and cross breed dairy cattle in Jimma zone, south western Ethiopia

Article in Press

The objective of the current study was to assess the major reproductive health problems and associated risk factors of dairy cattle in and around Jimma town, South–Western Ethiopia in the current study, out of 343 cows investigated (28%) were found to be positive for at least one reproductive health problems. The major reproductive health problems identified in the current study were retained fetal membrane (8.75%),...

Author(s):Galana Abaya and Assefa Kebede

Prevalence of poultry coccidiosis in and around Guder town, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

Coccidiosis is an important protozoal disease of chickens, which causes high economic losses in the poultry industry. A cross sectional study was conducted in and around Guder town, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia from November 2016 to March 2017 in order to determine the prevalence of coccidiosis and its associated risk factors in local and exotic breed chicken that were kept under free-range and...

Author(s):Getu Moti, Amare Eshetu, Endale Teshome, Solomon Shiferaw and Befikadu Seyoum

Prevalence and economic impact of bovine fasciolosis in Wolaita Sodo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016 with the objectives of determining the prevalence of fasciolosis and predominant species, identifying the associated risk factors and their association with severity of liver lesions and economic significance due to liver condemnation in cattle slaughtered in Wolaita Sodo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. All cattle brought for slaughter to Wolaita...

Author(s):Bakalo Basa, Ayichew Teshale, Tamirat Herago and Abebe Agonafir

Some macro and micro-minerals content in milk of desert sheep and goats in South Darfur State, Sudan

Article in Press

This study was aimed to determine the content of some macro-minerals (Ca, P, Na and K) and micro-minerals (Zn, Cu and Mn) in the milk of desert sheep and goat as well as the effect of stage of lactation on mineral composition. Samples were collected from South Darfur State during dry season (November-February) 2011. Two hundred and five milk samples were collected from lactating desert sheep and 250 samples from desert...

Author(s):Ishraga G. Ibrahim, Hajer I. Ishag, Osman H., Amna E. Khallafalla and Sahar M. Nasar

Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Gawo-Dalle district of Kellem Wollega zone, Oromia State, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was carried out from October, 2007 to March, 2008 to determine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and tsetse apparent density using parasitological, entomological and questionnaire survey in Birbir valley Gawo-Dalle district. The overall prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis was 13.4%. Trypanosoma congolense was identified as the dominant species (71.8%) followed by Trypanosoma brucei (14.1%),...

Author(s):Waktole Terfa, Dinka Ayana, Yacob Hailu, Fufa Abunna

Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium bovis in Jalisco, Mexico: Tracing back sources of infection

Article in Press

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of cattle that presents risk to public health, causing severe economic losses to the livestock industry and difficulty in eradication because of its complex epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify relationships between Mycobacterium bovis strains from cattle in the State of Jalisco, and those of other States of México. Molecular fingerprints of 337 M. bovis isolates from...

Author(s):Sara González Ruiz, Susana L. Sosa Gallegos, Elba Rodríguez Hernández, Susana Flores Villalba, Sergio I. Román Ponce, Isabel Bárcenas Reyes, Germinal J. Cantó Alarcón and Feliciano Milián Suazo

Prevalence of bovine of schistosomosis in and around Nekemte, East Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016 to May 2016 at Guto Gida District, Nekemte, Ethiopia to determine the prevalence of bovine schistosomosis. Simple random sampling method was used to select the study animals and sedimentation technique was applied for finding Schistosoma eggs from fresh fecal samples. Out of 384 fecal samples examined, 22 were found positive indicating an overall prevalence of 5.7%...

Author(s):Abriham Kebede Jiregna Dugassa, Geremew Haile and Berhanu Wakjira

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