African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

AJAR Articles

Effect of salinity on physiological, and biochemical traits of two forage species: Albizia lebbeck and Faidherbia albida

May 2023

To maximize the productivity of crops in salty areas, the search for plant species having economic importance and able of reducing the amount of salt is therefore the main selection criterion for a regeneration program. So, the determination of salinity tolerance capacity during the vegetative stage of Faidherbia albida and Albizia lebbeck was studied. The seeds of each species were germinated and transplanted...

Author(s): CHOULA Fridolin, MEGUEKAM Tekam Liliane and WAMBA Fotso Oscar

Combined effect of rates, insecticides and action mode on the controlling the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda on maize

May 2023

This work aimed to evaluate the combined effect of rates, insecticides and of action mode to control the Fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda in the corn crop. The trial was conducted in, Vilankulo distrit, Mozambique, based on a completely randomized block design, on factorial arrangement, consisting of three factors: (i) Application rate, with five levels: 100% - recommended, -5% below the recommended, -10% - below...

Author(s): Egas José Armando, Horácio Laitela Monica, Simião Gabriel Balane, Bartolomeu Félix Tangune, Jorge Wilson Cortez and Sálvio Napoleão Soares Arcoverde  

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) and local fruit species interaction: Case of Beilschmiedia mannii in traditional agroforestry systems in western Côte d'Ivoire

May 2023

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) cultivation in Côte d'Ivoire faces many constraints and remains one of the main causes of deforestation. However, cocoa-based agroforestry and the domestication of cocoa companion trees would be an alternative to overcome these constraints. This study was conducted to improve the sustainability of cocoa production through its association with "Bitéi" (Beilschmiedia...

Author(s): Nzi Jean-Claude, Mbo Kacou Alban Antoine, Lougué Bassirou, Affessi Wenceslas, Kouassi Kouadio Henri and Kouamé Christophe  

Determinants of farmers’ choice of fodder market outlets in Laikipia County, Kenya

May 2023

Commercial fodder farming is rapidly expanding in Laikipia County, Kenya and there is an emerging market formation involving different market actors. Several market outlets are at the farmers’ disposal for channelling their fodder to consumers. The purpose of this study was therefore, to determine the factors which influence choices of fodder market outlets in Laikipia County. Using data from 204 fodder farmers,...

Author(s): Stephen Muema Mutuku, Florence Achieng’ Opondo and Job Kibiwot Lagat  

Economics of rice/ paddy production in Kano and Niger States of Nigeria in the presence of technological heterogeneity

May 2023

For decades, debates among African leaders have centred on possible solutions to the continent's food security dilemma. If not addressed, the continued increase in population density and the accompanying pressures from conflicting demands for land in many Sub-Saharan African nations, including Nigeria, have the potential to exacerbate the arable land situation in the near future. To achieve increased production,...

Author(s): Matthew O. Adewumi, Mohammed Murtala and Oladele C. Ajewole  

Sweetpotato breeding priority and preferred traits to increasing its utilisation in Niger and Nigeria

May 2023

Sweetpotato is an important food, feed and vegetable crop in Niger and Nigeria. The adoption of a new variety depends on famers and consumers preferences. The objective of this study was to identify sweetpotato preferred traits by end-users in Niger and Nigeria. The study was conducted in two countries through participatory rural appraisal. The results revealed that sweetpotato is produced by men in Niger, while it is...

Author(s): Issa Zakari Mahaman Mourtala, Nwankwo Maxwell Innocent, Dan-Jimo Baina and Happiness Ogba Oselebe  

Ethnobotany and perceptions on the value of taro (Colocasia esculenta) among farmers in Benin Republic

May 2023

Taro (Colocasia esculenta) is a widely grown vegetatively propagated food crop in the Benin Republic. The taro leaf blight (TLB) epidemic in 2009, caused by Phytophthora colocasiae, has destroyed taro production and wiped out many taro landraces in West Africa. A survey was conducted in the southern region of Benin to assess the status of taro and TLB, ethnobotany, farmers' perceptions of taro, and identify...

Author(s): Z. Natacha Julienne Quenum,, P. Lava Kumar, Malachy O. Akoroda, Alexandre Dansi, Ramesh Raju Vetukuri and Ranjana Bhattacharjee  

Zoning and agro-climatic characterization of hotspots in the Tana-Beles Sub-Basin – Ethiopia

April 2023

Agro-climatic zonation is very important for planning crop patterns and to bring out the agricultural potential of a region. It must be done based on a specific development objective and on a rational basis. The objective of the present study was to classify the Tana Beles sub-basins (TBSB) into homogenous agro-climatic patterns and assessing suitability for crops that could be growing in each Agro-climatic zone. The...

Author(s): Tesfay Mekonnen Weldegerima, Belay Simane Birhanu and Tadesse Terefe Zeleke  

Effect of harvesting stage on yield and nutritive value of antelope grass (Echinochloa pyramidalis) hay under natural pasture in Nuer Zone of Gambella, Ethiopia

April 2023

The study was conducted to evaluate and identify the appropriate harvesting stage of growth and quality of antelopegrass (Echinochloa pyramidalis) hay under natural pasture. DM%, fresh biomass yield (FBY), dry matter yield (DMY) and gross energy (GE) were determined. The main analysis such as ash, crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL), ether extract...

Author(s): Yien Deng Pathot and Woldegebriel Tesfamariam Berhanu  

Raising crop productivity of smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Long-term Ugandan fertilizer study

April 2023

Peri-urban small-holder farms throughout Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are predominantly run by women who traditionally use livestock manure as a fertiliser. The rates applied are often inadequate for optimum crop yields contributing to low farmer income and exacerbating food insecurity in the region. This report summarises targeted fertilizer experiments in Uganda from 2010 to 2019 aimed to improve crop yield. Preliminary...

Author(s): Innocent Muhereza, Deborah Pritchard, and David Collins  

Contrasting responses to prolonged drought stress and mitigation effects of manure application on plant growth of two tropical forage legumes

April 2023

Glycine and siratro are tropical forage legumes that especially thrive in regions with low precipitation such as sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated legume responses to drought stress and cattle manure application in a greenhouse pot experiment aiming to contribute to their cultivation. Glycine was affected by drought stress-reducing plant physiology and growth expressed by leaf relative water content, stomatal...

Author(s): Andressa C. S. Nakagawa and Tetsuji Oya  

Challenges and opportunities for up-scaling indigenous farming practices for adaptation to climate change induced food insecurity in Busega District, Simiyu Region, Tanzania

April 2023

In spite of their vulnerabilities to the impacts of climate change, smallholder farmers have managed to utilize indigenous farming practices to adapt to the impacts of climate change and variability but only at low scale which needs to be scaled up. This paper explores the challenges and opportunities involved in such scaling up of indigenous farming practices. Specifically, the paper assesses existing indigenous...

Author(s): Nyashilu I. M. and Nyomora S. M. A.  

Evaluation of the efficiency of three fungicides on radial mycelial growth, sporulation and germination of Curvularia lunata, a rice curvulariosis disease in Burkina Faso

April 2023

Rice curvulariosis caused by Curvularia lunata is an emerging disease in Burkina Faso. This study evaluated the efficiency of three contact fungicides on the developmental stages of this pathogen in vitro. The experimental design used was a split-plot. The main factor included fungicides with three modalities, and the secondary factor was the doses of fungicides with four levels, including the untreated control, which...

Author(s): Abalo Itolou KASSANKOGNO, Abdoul Kader GUIGMA, Kadidia KOITA, Abdoulaye NANA and Issa WONNI  

Assessment of different rates of neem extracts as bio-pesticide for the control of insect vectors and associated viral diseases in okra

April 2023

Neem extract as bio-pesticide is effective in reducing insect pest populations. However, farmers lack information on the effective application rate. This study ascertained the effective neem extract concentration for reducing insect vector numbers, incidence and severity of the viral diseases. Three rates 20, 30 and 40 ml/L of neem extract, commercial pesticide Akape® and water as control were sprayed as treatments...

Author(s): Christian Kwasi Akama, Samuel Amiteye, Andrew Sarkodie Appiah, Prince Buertey Kpentey, Robert Appiah, Jacob Teye Kutufam, Doris Akua Dzimega and Godwin Amenorpe,

Identification of resistance to Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. manihotis, agent of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) bacterial blight in Burkina Faso

April 2023

Cassava bacterial blight (CBB) is rife in all production areas in Burkina Faso. The use of resistant varieties is known as the best control against this disease. Our objective is to identify resistant varieties within a collection of local and introduced cassava varieties in Burkina Faso. Eleven varieties of cassava were screened in the field for two successive years using a randomized block of Fisher design with three...

Author(s): Florence Yameogo, Issa Wonni, Narcisse Laogon Zan and Irénée Somda  

Economic Injury level and yield loss assessment for carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisduval) on tomato Solanum lycopersicum under greenhouse conditions

April 2023

A study was undertaken over two cropping seasons, 2018/2019 and 2019/2020, to determine the economic injury level for carmine spider mite, Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval) on tomato Solanum lycopersicum in Botswana. Tomato plants were infested with adult spider mites for durations of 0 (no exposure), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 weeks (complete exposure). The corresponding treatments were 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 and 0 sprays...

Author(s): Mitch M. Legwaila, Motshwari Obopile and Bamphitlhi Tiroesele  

The effects of agricultural R&D investments on poverty and undernourishment in sub-Saharan Africa

April 2023

The analysis explores the relationship between agricultural R&D investments, and rural poverty and undernourishment in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Agricultural R&D knowledge stocks (KS) account for the lagged effects of research. Causal mediation analysis assesses the impacts of KS and measures the effect of KS-induced productivity growth on poverty and undernourishment. Evidence suggests that growth in KS helped...

Author(s): Rui Benfica and Alejandro Nin-Pratt

Efficiency and diversity of nitrogen fixing bacteria colonizing Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb

April 2023

The objective of the present work was to study the efficiency and diversity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria that colonize the weed Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb. M. lathyroides roots were collected in areas of natural infestation of the species in rural and periurban areas of the municipality of Alta Floresta-MT, Brazil. The roots that presented nodulation were washed and their nodules removed, disinfected and...

Author(s): Lucas de P. Mera, Oscar M. Yamashita, Raíssa P. Vicentin, Anderson Ferreira, Ana A.B. Rossi, Marco A.C. Carvalho, Luis F. C. Ribeiro, Eulália S. S. Hoogerheide, Maurício Franceschi, Adriano M. Rocha, Wagner Gervazio, Ana C. D. Guimarães and Rivanildo Dallacort  

Exploration of challenges and associated recommendations to livestock sector development in South Africa using a stakeholder-driven approach

March 2023

Development of the livestock sector in South Africa has the potential to contribute significantly to national development. The aim of this study was to explore challenges and propose recommendations to support livestock sector development in South Africa using a stakeholder-driven approach. Interviews with high-level stakeholders across major livestock industries were conducted to gather insights. Responses were...

Author(s): Carla Louise Stoffel  

Coping with catastrophe: Crop diversity and crop production in Tigray National Regional State in Northern Ethiopia

March 2023

Tigray, the most northern of Ethiopia’s ethnically based regional states, covers an area of 53 386 km2 and has a population exceeding 5.17 million of whom some 24.3% are urban dwellers. Wide agroclimatic variations result from altitudinal differences (600 to 3000 m) and rainfall patterns. The area is a center of origin of many cultivated and wild plants. The mainly agricultural rural population, farming small...

Author(s): R. Trevor Wilson  

Growth performance and carcass composition of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) fed on black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens Linnaeus, 1758) larvae based diets

March 2023

A 12-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of replacing fishmeal with black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) meal on growth performance and carcass composition of African catfish fingerlings. Five isonitrogenous (40% CP) diets of 0 (Control), 25, 50, 75 and 100% fishmeal with BSFL were used in triplicate. A randomized complete block design was used, and 600 fingerlings (0.46±0.02g) were randomly...

Author(s): General Beven Mundida, Julius Otieno Manyala, James Madzimure and Kenneth Rono  

Effects of plant densities on the performance of common bean varieties in multiple environments of northwestern Tanzania

March 2023

A study was carried out at two sites in Tanzania to assess the effect of different planting densities on growth and yield of five recently released bush bean varieties. The experiment was laid out in a split-plot design in a factorial arrangement with three replications during long and short rainy seasons of 2019/20 and 2020/21. The treatments comprised five bean varieties; TARIBEAN 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and five plant...

Author(s): Raya Amara, Joseph Kimisha, Julius Mbiu, Teshale Assefa and Boaz Waswa

Biochar as an alternative to improve the in vitro environment for Pitaya (Hylocereus undatus Haw) and strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch) growing

March 2023

In vitro cultivation is widely used for micropropagation of several plant species; however, the increase in the gas concentration, such as ethylene gas, inside the growth vials can cause physiological changes. Thus, 4 experiments were carried out at the Federal University of Minas Gerais to evaluate the biochar use from sugarcane bagasse in vials with or without caps with porous membrane in the in vitro growing of...

Author(s): Laura Souza Santos, Érika Manuela Gonçalves Lopes, Claudinéia Ferreira Nunes, Demerson Arruda Sanglard, Eulina Fernandes Damião, Matheus Mendes Reis,  Leidivan Almeida Frazão and Luiz Arnaldo Fernandes  

Design optimization of communal solar powered irrigation system

March 2023

Communal solar-powered irrigation systems (SPIS) have the potential for sharing the upfront costs hence encouraging farmers to adopt irrigation. Conventional methods of sizing photovoltaic water pumping (PVWP) system for irrigation consider the hydraulic energy requirement by the pump and PV generator capacity separately from the available water source capacity. As a result, the potential of the technology is not...

Author(s): Isaac Kyeyune, and Joshua Wanyama  

Systemic challenges hindering the flow of sustainable forestry knowledge among smallholder farmers in South Africa

March 2023

South African democratic governments instituted several policies aimed at developing the capabilities of smallholder foresters to ensure economic inclusion and rural development. Skills development to build smallholder capabilities was deemed necessary to improve productivity, food security and conserve forestry resources. However, systemic blockages within the South African skills system hinder skills development,...

Author(s): Dandira Mushangai  

Impacts of farmer field schools on food security and environmental conservation in Western Kenya

March 2023

This study assessed the impacts of Farmer Field Schools (FFS) on household food security and environmental conservation in the Western Province of Kenya. The outcome variables were: Maize yield per acre, income per acre, household food insecurity score and environmental conservation score. Principal component analysis and propensity score matching techniques were used for analyses and regression method to test the...

Author(s): Laurine Kithi, Amin Mugera and Bujdoso Geza  

Determination of import demand of wheat in Kenya; A time series analysis from 2000 to 2019

March 2023

Trade influences economic growth and entails imports and exports. In Kenya, wheat imports have been expanding with no sign of slowing down and this has become a matter of great concern because the country is losing over 30 billion Kenyan shillings in importing wheat on a yearly basis. This motivated the need to estimate wheat import demand model, which was conducted using secondary time series data from 2000 to 2019....

Author(s): Henry Kipsang Too, Hillary Kiplangat Bett and Raphael Gitau  

Typologies of pineapple-based farming systems in Centre-Cameroon

March 2023

The high diversity in pineapple fields and farmers provide huge challenges in farm management in already dwindling pineapple production sector in the center region of Cameroon. A first step to overcome these production challenges is to manage the afore-mentioned diversity to a reasonable level without loss of detail and specific management interventions for each category or typology proposed. Field surveys were...

Author(s): Marius Georges Etame Kossi, Honoré Beyegue Djonko, Asafor Henry Chotangui, Alexis Boukong and Jean-Pierre Mvondo Awono

Artificial intelligence and deep learning based technologies for emerging disease recognition and pest prediction in beans (phaseolus vulgaris l.): A systematic review

March 2023

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and deep learning have the capacity to reduce losses in crop production, such as low crop yields, food insecurity, and the negative impacts on a country’s economy caused by crop infections. This study aims to find the knowledge and technological gaps associated with the application of AI-based technologies for plant disease detection and pest prediction at an early stage and recommend...

Author(s): Michael Pendo John Mahenge, Hussein Mkwazu, Camilius A. Sanga, Richard Raphael Madege, Beatrice Mwaipopo and Caroline Maro  

Depth and soil physiochemical properties effects on soil compaction in agricultural field

February 2023

Physical and chemical properties of the soil are key determinants of farm soil compaction. The purpose of this study is to study the effects of depth and soil physiochemical properties on soil compaction. Soil compaction was measured using a Spot On digital compaction meter. During the soil compaction field test five different depths were selected. In the soil laboratory, soil texture, soil pH, soil electric...

Author(s): Yared Seifu, Someshakher S Hiremath, Simie Tola and Amana Wako  

Response of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars to ridge -furrow tillage systems

February 2023

Tillage system is one of the main factors influencing growth and physiology of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), that eventually translates to high yield and good kernel quality. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of the ridge (RT) and flat tillage (FT) systems on (i) growth and production of spring wheat, (ii) root growth and physiology and (iii) soil physical properties. Trials were conducted at...

Author(s): Zabdi Kipngetich Chumba, James Otieno Owuoche, Victor Wafula Wasike and Alex Machio Kange

Effects of cricket frass on vegetative growth of Cleome gynandra

February 2023

Insect farming as food and feed has gained popularity. Insects require less land and water and are efficient in feed-food conversion, making them a sustainable alternative source of protein for food fortification and feed formulation. Some insects play a vital role in bio-remediation of organic waste as they feed on waste breaking it down to frass that has the potential to be used as an organic fertilizer in food...

Author(s): Annrose Wanjugu, Peter Bulli and Darius Andika  

Yields and soil chemical property changes in an intensive vegetable cropping system in the Sahel

February 2023

Irrigated vegetable production is an important agricultural activity and a significant source of income for millions of smallholder farmers in the Sahel. There is little information on the potential effects of intensive vegetable production using African Market Garden (AMG) technology on vegetable yields and soil chemical properties. Three contiguous 500-m2 plots were established to evaluate three vegetable management...

Author(s): Ali Ibrahim, Dan Lamso Nomaou, Adamou Didier Tidjani, Yadji Guero and  Lennart Woltering

Effect of manure-based biochar amendment on soil chemical properties, total enzymic activities and tomato growth performance in acidic soil under controlled conditions

February 2023

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of biochar on tomato production under controlled conditions. Trials were installed using a complete randomized block design (CRD) with 5 replications of 4 treatments: T0 (0%); T1 (8%); T2 (12%) and T3 (16%). During plant growth, parameters including height, diameter, number of leaves, number of fruits and plant biomass were collected. Plants obtained from pot that received...

Author(s): Emile B. BOLOU-BI, Thierry Philippe GUETY, Adama TRAORE, and  Brahima KONE

Factors influencing choice of milk market outlets among smallholder dairy farmers in Kuresoi north sub-county, Kenya

February 2023

Kuresoi North Sub-County has experienced a rapid expansion in milk production and there exist both formal and informal milk market outlets. With these abundant opportunities, much of the produced quantities of milk are expected to enter the market and farmers’ livelihoods be improved. However, it is not clear whether the smallholder milk producers are exploiting the existing and emerging market opportunities...

Author(s): Kibet R. Kurgat, Job K. Lagat and Edith W. Gathungu

Nitrogen effects on leaf gas exchange, vegetative growth and yield of black pepper plants using Gliricidia sepium as living support

February 2023

For the implantation of one hectare of black pepper (Piper nigrum), about 25 to 30 trees are removed from the Amazon Forest to produce tutors for black pepper. As an alternative to the dead wooden stake (WS), there is sustainable cultivation of black pepper with tree species, with the living supports (LS) of gliricídia (Gliricidia sepium L.). However, there is inadequate technical information on the effect of...

Author(s): Rubia Carla Ribeiro Dantas, Hugo Alves Pinheiro, Edilson Carvalho Brasil, Oriel Filgueira de Lemos, João Paulo Castanheira Lima Both, Sônia Maria Botelho and Joaquim Alves de Lima Junior  

Effects of corn-pea mixture and harvesting days on forage yield and quality

February 2023

The objective of this study was to assess the effect of mix-cropping, Yangtsepa corn variety with legume Sesbania, and single cropping on the forage yield and quality at 60-, 90-, and 120-days harvest. Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications was used as an experimental design. The corn and pea were line sown at 20 cm apart with a seed ratio of 50:50. The results showed higher corn forage yield...

Author(s): Chencho Drugay and Jigdrel Dorji  

Role of income from rice cultivation on livelihoods of rice farmers: Evidence from Ahero Region, Kenya

February 2023

In Africa, the demand for rice has increased rapidly as urbanization progresses and assistance is being provided to improve productivity and rice farming management. In the rice-cultivation area near Lake Victoria in western Kenya, where farmers are called “outgrowers”, wage labor costs put pressure on rice farming and reduce profits. However, wage laborers were rice farmers living in the same area. The...

Author(s): Yuko Yamane  

Bacillus subtilis UFMT-Pant001 as a plant growth promoter in soybean in a greenhouse

February 2023

This study aims at evaluating the agronomic efficiency of the Bacillus subtilis UFMT-Pant001 strain as a plant growth promoter in soybean at three greenhouses from distinct Brazilian regions. The treatments were formulated based on this strain at a concentration of 1x109 UFC.mL-1 in volumes of 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 350 or 400 mL for each 50 kg of seeds. Bradyrhizobium japonicum was added in all experiments, and the...

Author(s): Marco Antonio Camillo de Carvalho, Marco Eustáquio de Sá, Daniela Tiago da Silva Campos, Alexandre Paulo Machado, and Aloisio Freitas Chagas Junior

Species of the Corchorus genus: Identification, nomenclature and socio-economic role in Burkina Faso

February 2023

Indigenous leafy vegetables play a significant socio-economic role for the local population. However, most of them used at the local level have not been studied a lot and their nutritional values are less implemented. This study focuses on the local nomenclature and the socio-cultural services of the species of Corchorus genus. Therefore, a collection followed by an ethnobotanical survey was carried out in 22 provinces...

Author(s): Sawadogo Zakaridja, Kiebre Zakaria, Kiebre Mariam, Sawadogo Pingawinde and Bationo-Kando Pauline  

Fertilization options for improved cassava productivity and economic profitability in the Pissa and Damara areas, Central African Republic: Comparative Approach

January 2023

This study aimed to identify fertilization options for improving cassava productivity and profitability in two contrasting regions of the Central African Republic. The Pissa (guinea forest) and Damara (savannah). The study adopted a randomized complete block design with four treatments replicated four times in a plot size of 7 m by 7 m. The treatments were; T1 (Control), T2 (Peasant practice), T3 (sole NPK), and T4 (Cow...

Author(s): Gougodo De Mon-Zoni L. J., Kosh-Komba E., , Omenda J. A., Zaman M., Mingabaye-Bendima B. , Batawila K. and Akpagana K.

Influence of seed co-inoculation with Bradyrhizobium species and Azospirillum brasilense on soybean development in Southern and Southeastern Brazil

January 2023

Bioinoculants are widely used in Brazil, based on efficient and low-cost. This study aimed to evaluate the agronomic efficiency of co-inoculation with Bradyrhizobium species and Azospirillum brasilense in soybean seeds. Field trials were established in four regions of Brazil using a randomized block design  with 8 treatments and 4 replications as follows: T1 - Control, T2 - 200 kg ha-1 N, T3 - Bradyrhizobium spp....

Author(s): Alessandro Lucca Braccini, Marcos Vinícius Ribas Milléo, Bernardo Alleoni, Artur Berbel Lirio Rondina, Fabiane Paulitsch, Luciane Muller Martins, Fernanda Gravina, Tárik Hanai Yoshida, Fernanda Gravina, Vinícius Tavares Ávila, Fernanda M. Rampazzo Schena de Figueiredo and Raul Almeida  

Chemical and textural properties of floodplain forest soils in the Eastern Amazon, Brazil

January 2023

Soils in floodplain ecosystems are sedimentary and subject to removal, transport, and deposition processes caused mainly by the water cycle, contributing to frequent variations in landscape patterns and continuous transformation of the floodplain environment. Given the constant disturbance caused by flood pulse variability, it is difficult to assess soil properties in floodplain ecosystems. Soil samples were collected...

Author(s): Avner Brasileiro dos Santos Gaspar, Diego Pereira Bezerra, Iolanda Maria Soares Reis andRodrigo da Silva,

Emergency response to the Spodoptera frugiperda invasion in Africa: What do maize producers in Burkina Faso think and do?

January 2023

Spodoptera frugiperda, the fall armyworm (FAW), has become a major pest of maize since its appearance in Burkina Faso in 2017 requiring appropriate emergency response. A survey was conducted with 161 maize farmers from 9 regions and 48 villages in the Sudano-Sahelian and Sudanese agro-climatic zones, the main maize-growing areas in Burkina Faso to collect their perceptions. For this purpose, a questionnaire designed on...

Author(s): Manoé René Sanou, Idrissa Compaoré and Antoine Sanon  

Physico-chemical parameters, macronutrients and micronutrients evaluation in the soil of Trenabougou, rural commune of Siby, Mali

January 2023

The insufficiency of nutrients in the soils has been identified as one of the factors that have affected the productivity of crops. An investigation was carried out to assess the trophic level of soil in the region. Using a non-probability sampling technique, a total of 70 representative surface soil samples were collected between February and April, 2021. The sampling depth ranged from 0 to 30 cm, according to the root...

Author(s): Djibril Sekou Keita, Modibo Keita, Traore Moctar and Harshad Patel

Protective equipments use by veterinarians in Nigeria

January 2023

The transmissible nature of certain diseases makes anthropozoonosis an important hazard associated with veterinarians. For this reason, the attitude and compliance of veterinarians in Nigeria to personal protective equipment (PPE) use was studied using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Questionnaires were administered at the 2017 Veterinary continuing education seminar held at Akure (Ondo state),...

Author(s): Jones S. Akinbobola, Jerome Nyhalah Dinga,, Jude N. Omeje, Ruth I. A. Akinbobola, Emmanuel E. Oguntade, James O. Babalola, Olabode R. Ifarajimi and Kazeem A. Tijani

Farm diversification benefits and technology choice: A case of the coffee-banana farming system in Central Uganda

January 2023

Diversification has been argued to be the future of small farms and more so in developing countries given its benefits to mitigating against risk, increase economic and social benefits. This study was built on an earlier study by Mpiira et al. (2021). 247 respondents were interviewed using pre-tested and semi-structured questionnaires in three districts of Central Uganda: Kiboga, Nakaseke and Sembabule. Using a...

Author(s): Samuel Mpiira, Mary Kipsat, Phoebe Mose, Francis Kalyango, Wilberforce Tushemereirwe and Charles Staver  

Rice ratooning as a sustainable climate smart adaptation for agriculture in Liberia

January 2023

Rice (Oryza glaberrima) is a staple food for many people in Africa. In West Africa, especially Liberia, it is the main dish and plays a major role in the political stability of the country despite its insufficient production. The objective of the study was to evaluate how varied cutting heights affected rice yields. The experiment was set up in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three treatments and three...

Author(s): Zipporah Page, Inoussab Akintayo, Ahouansou Roger, Bolorunduro Paul and Robert Z. Ziama  

Xanthomonas wilt of enset in Ethiopia: Geographical spread, impact on production systems and the effect of training on disease management practices

January 2023

Xanthomonas wilt of enset is a major bacterial disease affecting the entire enset-growing belt in the southern Ethiopian highlands, impacting food security and livelihoods of small-holder subsistence farmers. Through extensive interviews and field validation visits with 354 households covering 19 communities (kebeles), we show 70% of the farms to present current and past enset Xanthomonas wilt infections, with a median...

Author(s): Guy Blomme, Elizabeth Kearsley, Sisay Buta, Alemayehu Chala, Ruhama Kebede, Temesgen Addis and Zerihun Yemataw

Agricultural livelihood systems typology for coping with diversity in smallholder farming system research: A demonstrative case in South-western Burkina Faso

January 2023

Smallholder farms’ populations are characterized by their heterogeneity giving the diversity of farms’ livelihood settings. Integrated farming system modelling therefore requires a preliminary clear identification of the farm types in a location and for a given population. This study aims to formulate empirically agricultural livelihood system (ALS) typology for the purpose of integrated modeling of...

Author(s): Boundia Alexandre Thiombiano and Quang Bao Le  

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