African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6843

AJAR Articles

Effects of lime, NPK fertilizer and intercropping on selected properties of an acid mollic andosol in potato (solanum tuberosum) production systems

July 2022

This study investigated the effects of intercropping, liming, and NPK fertilizer application on soil pH, available soil phosphorus (P), and total soil nitrogen (N) in potato production system during a two season’s field experiment in Molo sub-county, Kenya. A randomized complete block design with a split-split plot arrangement of treatments and three replicates was used. Main plot factors were NPK fertilizer...

Author(s): Naom K. Mose, Joyce J. Lelei and Josephine P. Ouma  

Investigating the resistance of barnyard grass populations to pretilachlor in direct-seed rice in the Central Region of Vietnam

July 2022

Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.) is a major weed widely distributed across the world and causes serious damage to rice production. Yield loss due to barnyard grass was estimated at about 7 to 27% in Vietnam. This study aimed to investigate the rice production, weed impacts, herbicide usage and herbicide resistance in the Central Region of Vietnam. A survey of farmers producing rice and yield loss due...

Author(s): Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy, Tran Thi Anh Tuyet, Paul Kristiansen and Nguyen Vinh Truong  

Use of néré seeds, Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) Benth as a partial substitute for roasted soybeans in diet of broiler chickens

July 2022

This study was undertaken to contribute to the search for alternative ways to improve poultry feed. The objective was to evaluate the effects of incorporating roasted cowpea seed meal as a protein source in broiler feed. The experiment was conducted for 56 days with 120 Dutch Blue hybrid chicks divided into three batches of 40 chicks. These batches were each subdivided into two sub-batches of 20 chicks corresponding to...

Author(s): Bansé O., Henri K., Sibiri Jean Z. and Laya S.  

Growth and yield of carrots affected by integrated nutrient management of organic and inorganic fertilizers

July 2022

Two experiments were conducted at the Multipurpose Crop Nursery Research fields of the Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skill Training and Entrepreneurial Development (AAMUSTED), Mampong-Ashanti during the 2018 major (March-July) and minor (September-December) seasons to assess the effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers and their combinations on the growth and yield of carrot. Four organic manures [cattle dung...

Author(s): Jemima Naa Amerley Amartey, Joseph Sarkordie-Addo, Margaret Esi Essilfie and Harrison Kwame Dapaah  

Agripreneurs profile: A case study of farmers in Delta State oil and gas producing area

July 2022

Various government policies and programs initiated to address the challenges facing agriculture over the years have not met their objectives. This is evidenced by the volume of such policies and programs and the constant changes in their form. It is therefore important to identify the profile of Agripreneurs in the rural arears as a first step diagnoses of the challenges so that appropriate solutions can be provided....

Author(s): Williams I. I. Makinde  

Pre-harvest Loss Assessment of Maize crop in Semi-arid Areas in Tanzania Due to Rodent pests

June 2022

Two experiments were conducted, first was to estimate maize seedling damage in farmers’ fields and a simulation experiment. This study aim to investigate the impact of rodent pest species, damage to maize crop in semi-arid areas at pre-harvest, with a view to provide farmers with appropriate information on rodent pest management interventions. In farmers’ fields, damage assessment was done by counting the...

Author(s): Emmanuel C. M. Mlyashimbi, Didas N. Kimaro, Akwilin J. P. Tarimo, Robert S. Machang’u, Moses Isabirye, Rhodes H. Makundi, Herwig Leirs, Apia W. Massawe, Mashaka E. Mdangi, Steven R. Belmain and  Loth S. Mulungu  

Spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their relationships with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield and some major soil variables

June 2022

Studying the spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their effects on plant growth is important for implementing precision-farming and/or economizing fertilizer management. The present investigation was done through soil sampling (0–20 cm depth) from three locations in central Ethiopia. The tools employed include, descriptive and/or classical statistics. The concentrations of available copper...

Author(s): Assefa Menna  

Floral activity of Chrysomya putoria Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera: Calliphoridae) enhances the pollination and fruit set rate of Ricinus communis L., 1753 (Euphorbiaceae)

June 2022

Experiments were conducted to study the foraging behaviour of blowfly species, Chrysomya putoria (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) in Sudano-Sahelian area of Cameroon in 2017 and 2018. To do so, castor bean plants were flagged and fly foraging parameters were recorded. The effects of blowfly activity on pollination and fruiting rate of R. communis were estimated by comparing unrestricted and...

Author(s): Michelson AZO’O ELA, Bouba AINE BIDIKI, Beaudelaine Stéphanie KENGNI, Sidonie FAMENI TOPE, Arianna THOMAS-CABIANCA, and  Fernand-Nestor TCHUENGUEM FOHOUO  

Analysis of the determinants of adoption of bio-herbicide technology for sustainable food production in the North-Eastern Region of Nigeria

June 2022

There is a growing concern in many developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa on the harmful effects of synthetic herbicide usage on the agro-ecology, as well as food crop production. Therefore, this study focused on analyzing the factors that influence the adoption of bio-herbicide technology as an alternative to the chemical herbicides used by rural farmers in the North-Eastern region of Nigeria. Multi-stage random...

Author(s): Adewuyi K. A. and Offar G.  

Research achievements and recommendations in crop management for enhancing the productivity of spices: A review

June 2022

Spices are invaluable crops in Ethiopia and research. Just like coffee, their production started many years ago. Availability of diverse agro ecology allowed the country to cultivate different spices. Lowland (ginger, turmeric, black pepper, cardamom, and vanilla) and highland seed spices (black cumin and white cumin, fenugreek, and coriander) were some of the target in research. Appropriate crop management practices,...

Author(s): Girma Hailemichael, Abukiya Getu and Behailu Mekonnen  

Comparison of the infestation of three rubber tree clones by Phragmantera capitata (Sprengel) S. Balle (Loranthaceae) in the South-west region of Cameroon

June 2022

Rubber tree clones are used for their high latex production, resistance to the diseases and to the climatic conditions. The aim of this study was to characterize the parasitism of Phragmanthera capitata on three rubber clones. The study was carried out in the rubber plantations of the Cameroon Development Corporation located in 4 villages around Muyuka and Tiko, two locality of the Fako Department, South-West Region of...

Author(s): Jacques Bruno Ngotta Biyon, Patrice Brice Mvogo Ottou, Rosette Christelle Ndjib, Joseph Marie Ondoua and Victor Désiré Taffouo  

Experimental study on the effect of light quality on the quality of hydroponic Cichorium endivia L. in plant factory with artificial light

June 2022

In recent years, plant factories have developed rapidly and played an important role in modern agricultural production. Finding the best lighting formula has become the most basic and important research topic for the industrialization of the plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL) hydroponic Cichorium endivia L. In this paper, the LED plant growth lamp with adjustable ratio of red, blue and white light intensity...

Author(s): Xinfa Wang, Zubko Vladisla, Onychko Viktor, Mingfu Zhao and Zhenwei Wu  

Maize intercropped between Eucalyptus urophylla in agroforestry systems in Brazil

June 2022

The objective of this work was to evaluate the agronomic characteristics of maize intercropping with Eucalyptus urophylla at agroforestry system in two triple row distance (alleys) at different sampling distances and positions in relation to the eucalyptus external row (transect), and three positions in relation to the cardinal points: east side, west side and middle. Eucalyptus (E. urophylla) seedlings were planted...

Author(s): Wander Luis Barbosa Borges, Maria Fernanda Guerreiro, Luiz Fernando Braz da Silva Biga, Maria Luiza Franceschi Nicodemo and Carlos Eduardo Silva Santos  

Stability of productivity parameters of six cocoa clones [Theobroma cacao (Malvaceae)] during the main production season in Côte d'Ivoire

June 2022

The strong climatic fluctuation observed during the major cocoa production period with reductions in rainfall and rising temperatures lead to a low graining index. This climatic situation makes cocoa marketing difficult for producers. The stability of quantitative productivity parameters in six cacao clones on farm was analyzed during the main production season. Flowering, average pod weight, number of beans per pod,...

Author(s): M’BO Kacou Antoine Alban, AKOBE Luc Jocelin, GOLI Siagbé, BÉNÉ Yéboi, S. Elain APSHARA and KOUAME Christophe  

Dominant practices, information, and constraints of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management for range pastures in a sedentary grazing system in South-Western Uganda

June 2022

Range pastures constitute the major source of livestock feeds throughout the year in the grazing areas of Uganda. However, pasture yields have been declining overtime, yet there is limited information on efforts of improving pasture productivity through soil moisture conservation and nutrient management. This study assessed soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices used by livestock farmers, sources...

Author(s): Dina Nabasumba, Robert Muzira, Geoffrey Beyihayo, Joseph Okello, and Halid Kirunda  

Alkalinization and moist heat treatments of substrates for cultivation of edible mushrooms in pupunha and cocoa residues

May 2022

In search of a healthier diet, the consumption of edible mushrooms has been expanding, as well as the use of agro-industrial residues for cultivation and the use of less costly techniques. In this work, residues of pupunha palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth.) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) were tested as a substrate to produce Pleurotus pulmonarius CCB19, as well as two forms of disinfection: Moist heat (autoclaving) and...

Author(s): Geni Alves Casteliano, Tizá Teles Santos, Camila Oliveira Bezerra, Andréa Miura da Costa, Cid Edson Mendonça Póvoas,  Antonio Fábio Reis Figueirêdo,  Marliane de Cássia Soares da Silva, José Maria Rodrigues da Luz, Maria Catarina Megumi Kasuya, Givaldo Rocha Niela, Antônio Zózimo de Matos, José Luiz Bezerra and  Ana Paula Trovatti Uetanabaro  

Family agriculture in mesoregions of the state of Alagoas, Brazil: Analysis from the production of rural settlements

May 2022

This study aimed to analyze food production and verify the purpose of production in rural settlements, in different mesoregions of the state of Alagoas. Semi-structured interviews were used, with 245 families from six settlements distributed in the three mesoregions: East, Agreste, and Sertão, resulting in a diversity of crops in regions with water availability, and the main crops, such as corn and beans,...

Author(s): Miriam Monteiro da Costa, Raquel de Melo Silva, Luan Danilo Ferreira de Andrade Melo, João Luciano de Andrade Melo Junior, Vanuze Costa de Oliveira, Larice Bruna Ferreira Soares, Ivanildo Claudino da Silva, Adriana Guimarães Duarte, Reinaldo de Alencar Paes, Jaqueline Figueredo de Oliveira Costa, Priscila Cordeiro Souto, Lívia Francyne Gomes Chaves and Wesley Oliveira de Assis  

Indigenous knowledge on host tree preference of the wild edible Gynanisa maja (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) matches with the laboratory test results in western Zambia

May 2022

Gynanisa maja is an edible caterpillar and contributes significantly towards household food security. The linkage between indigenous and scientific knowledge influencing G. maja forage preference is not yet clear, and therefore the study aimed at determining this linkage regarding host preferences for G. maja in western Zambia. A household survey was conducted to determine people’s perception on the most preferred...

Author(s): Benjamin Chanda, Calleb Ochia Olweny and Donald Chungu,  

Effects of spacing on yield and head characteristics of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) in two agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

May 2022

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) is one of the major vegetable crops grown in Ethiopia. In the 2018 rainy season, 31,400 tonnes of head cabbage was produced. Despite its importance, the productivity of cabbage in Ethiopia remains very low (6 t/ha) as compared to world (28.8 t/ha) and East Africa (16 t/ha). Low plant population was one of the major causes of low yield and big size heads, which consumers and...

Author(s): Getachew Tabor, Gizachew Atinafu, Fekadu Gebretensay, Demis Fikre, Yenenesh Asfaw and Fasil Tadesse Tewolde  

Impact of program-based sustainable urban agricultural intervention on women empowerment in Addis Ababa: Evidence from women empowerment in agriculture index analysis

May 2022

Urban agriculture is increasingly recognized in academic research, policy practice, and advocacy as rural land is increasingly shrinking for agricultural production; and is argued as pro-poor urban intervention. This study argued that previous researches focused on: (1) rural agriculture; (2) women’s economic empowerment; and (3) positive impacts of urban agricultural interventions on the poor. By observing 10...

Author(s): Filmon Hadaro Hando and Mitke Alemu Legesse  

Maize production constraints at household levels: The case of Hawassa Zuria district in Sidama Region, Ethiopia

May 2022

Maize is the most important cereal crop in Ethiopia in terms of plantation area, production volume, and economic importance for food security. Despite the relative yield increment at the national level, maize production in the study area has been hindered by a couple of factors. This study was conducted to assess and evaluate maize production constraints in the Hawassa Zuria district. Primary data was collected from 60...

Author(s): Solomon Yokamo, Xiaoqiang Jiao, Fekadu Gurmu, Aklilu Atinafu, Tsadiku Alemu and Rongfeng Jiang  

Effects of tractor forward velocity on soil compaction under different soil water contents in Tunisia

May 2022

Africa is the second continent suffering from soil compaction; studies of this phenomenon must be multiplied in order to overcome this problem. Very few studies have been conducted in Tunisia to understand soil compaction, its causes and its effect on soil properties. The research was conducted on experimental field at the Higher Institute of Agronomy of Chott Mariam, Sousse, Tunisia. The main objective of this study...

Author(s): Chiheb Khemis, Khaoula Abrougui, Karim Gabsi, Roua Amami, Waweru Geofrey, Eunice Mutuku, Wim Cornelis and Sayed Chehaibi  

Effect of selective micronutrients on productivity of upland rice varieties

May 2022

The realization of optimal recommendations for the nutrient balance of upland rice is an excellent strategy to increase the productivity and sustainability of the production system, especially in soils with limiting conditions for cultivation. The objective of the study was to evaluate the behavior of upland rice cultivars (ANa 9005CL, ANa 8001, AN Cambará and BRS A502), by foliar fertilization (Maxi Zinc®,...

Author(s): Kauê Eduardo Martins da Silva, Marcelo Crestani Mota, Francismeire Bonadeu, Karina Galvão de Souza, Sérgio Monteze Alves, Andressa Gregolin Moreira and Marley Marico Utumi  

Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to sulfur impurity supplied as triple-super phosphate under gypsum and urea fertilizer backgrounds

May 2022

On-farm experiments (24) were conducted in two seasons to assess the influence of sulfur impurity in triple-super phosphate (TSP) on wheat. The experiments were laid-out in completely randomized block design in triplicate. Nutrients investigated include: Nitrogen (N), sulfur (S) and phosphorus (P). The TSP is tested to contain about 2 to 6% sulfur as impurity. However, wheat did not show response to sulfur from TSP....

Author(s): Assefa Menna  

Silicon on rice seed yield and quality

April 2022

The study aimed to evaluate the yield components and physiological quality of rice seeds produced, obtained from coated seeds with rice rusk ash and kaolin®. Treatments consisted of coating rice seeds with two sources of silicon (silicate of aluminum-70% SiO2 (kaolin® and rice husk ash- 95% SiO2) at doses of 0; 30; 60; 90 and 120 g.100 kg-1 seed. Yield components were evaluated: Seed yield per plant, number of...

Author(s): Jucilayne Fernandes Vieira, Luis Henrique kozen, Henrique Lopes Chagas, Acácio Figueiredo Neto, Paloma Bispo Coelho, Lilian Vanussa Madruga de Tunes, Daniel Ândrei Robe Fonseca, Bruna Barreto dos Reis and Ana dos Santos Sunne  

Assessment of aflatoxin awareness in The Gambia

April 2022

Aflatoxins belong to a category of mycotoxins that have impacted mankind since the beginning of organized cultivation. This toxin is produced by certain molds in food and feeds and results to adverse health effects to both humans and animals, as well as economic barriers to farmers and countries. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the current level of aflatoxin awareness and knowledge of its contamination,...

Author(s): Ebrima A. A. Jallow, , Lamin B. Sonko Dumevi Rexford Mawunyo and Jalil Yusufu  

Evaluation of medium maturity group of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) for agronomic performance and adaptation in Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso

April 2022

Soybean is an economically important crop that provides oil and high-quality protein. In Burkina Faso, soybean is one of the promising crops identified in the framework of the strategy for the development of agricultural sectors. However, very few improved varieties have been developed. The identification of newly improved varieties with high agronomic potential and adapted to the climatic conditions will strengthen...

Author(s): Ibié Gilles Thio, Nofou Ouédraogo, Inoussa Drabo, Frank Essem, Fidèle Bawomon Neya, Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby Sombié, Fabrice Wendyam Nikiema, Oumar Boro, Bouma Thio, James Bouma Néya, Bertin M&#;bi Zagré, Mahamadou Sawadogo and Paco Sérémé

Biological control using essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum and four other biopesticides on Formicococcus njalensis, the most active mealybugs species in the transmission of CSSV (Cocoa swollen shoot virus)

April 2022

A laboratory investigation was conducted to evaluate the use of Ocimum gratissimum essential oil to control the development of Formicococcus njalensis, the main vector of Cocoa Swollen shoot virus (CSSV) in West Africa. Commercial biopesticides (Squad, Agriphy, Mycotal and Banole), the essential oil of O. gratissimum obtained by hydrodistillation were compared at the concentration of 0, 1000, 2000 and 3000 µl.l-1...

Author(s): Bolou Bi Bolou Antoine, Kouakou Koffié, Diby Lucien, Belé Luc, Bené Yeboi and Kouamé Christophe

Estimation of genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for protein content on durum wheat (Triticum turgidium Var Durum)

March 2022

Genotype x environment interaction (GEI) and stability of protein content across locations could be helpful in identifying wheat lines with premium quality. The protein contents of 25 selected durum wheat genotypes tested over six environments in 2017 to evaluate genotype by environment interactions and identify stable genotypes for protein content. Protein content was determined based on Mini-infra Smart T Grain...

Author(s): Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Firew Mekbib, Kebebew Assefa and Zewdie Bishaw

An assessment of tomato production practices among rural farmers in major tomato growing districts in Malawi

March 2022

Tomato is one of the most commonly grown vegetables in Malawi. However, considerable attention has not been given for its production and marketing aspects among smallholder farmers. Therefore, this study was conducted in six major tomato growing districts in Malawi with the objective of identifying production and marketing practices and constraints affecting tomato productivity. Semi structured questionnaires were...

Author(s): Eviness Pemphero Nyalugwe, Charles Malidadi and Hilda Kabuli  

Multiple solutions for rice farmers’ production constraints in Ethiopia: Cost efficient methods of sheath rot disease management

March 2022

Rice sheath rot disease is one of the obstacles in Fogera plain of rain-fed rice production system. A cultivar called X-Jigna has been used by small scale farmers based on mono-cropping system for over two decades. This production system contributed to the disease occurrence and adversely impacted the production and productivity. So far, there were no any effective measures taken as research remedies in the rain-fed...

Author(s): Misganaw Anteneh Tegegne, Endayen Melaku Baye, Ayele Tesfahun Gashu, Adane Melak, Desalegn Yalew and Derese Teshome Mekonen  

Role of aromatic plants in the integrated pest management (IPM) of Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

March 2022

Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman is a cosmopolitan and polyphagous insect pest. Onion thrips cause direct and indirect damage to onion by feeding and ovipositing on leaves of several horticultural crops. Besides causing direct damage to its host plants, T. tabaci has been known as an asymptomatic transmitter of plant pathogens such as tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), iris yellow spot virus (IYSV) and tomato yellow...

Author(s): Wondimagegn Atilaw Woldemelak  

Shading effects on the yield, quality, and sucrose-metabolizing enzyme activity of sweet corn during filling stage

March 2022

Two low-light sensitive varieties of sweet corn (Zea mays L.), cultivars Xiantian 5, and Huazhen, were subjected to different shading-intensity treatments during the grain-filling stage in a field experiment in order to clarify physiological mechanisms of lowlight effects on the yield, quality, and sucrose-metabolizing enzyme activity of sweet corn. The results showed that under weak light stress (50% light...

Author(s): Fu-cheng Zhao, He-ping Tan, Li-quan Jing, Hai-liang Han, Fei Bao, Wei-ping Lu and Gui-yue Wang  

Assessment of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) landrace varieties for resistance to anthracnose disease

March 2022

Yam anthracnose disease (YAD), caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz, is the most damaging fungal disease of Dioscorea alata yam worldwide. Local yam varieties, which sustain Côte d'Ivoire’s farmers and other end-users livelihoods, are highly susceptible to this pathogen. Thus, there is a need for developing new yam cultivars to sustain yam production in Côte d'Ivoire. To...

Author(s): Lassana BAKAYOKO, Désiré N’Da POKOU, Brice Sidoine ESSIS, Amani Michel KOUAKOU, Konan Evrard Brice DIBI, Abou Bakari KOUASSI, Boni N’ZUE, Tchimon Timothée KOUTOUAN, Goli Pierre ZOHOURI, Assanvo Simon Pierre N’GUETTA, Paterne AGRE, Jean Mubalama MONDO, and Patrick ADEBOLA  

Prospects and constraints faced by smallholder farmers in the cultivation of GM crops: A case study from Northern Ghana

March 2022

As Ghana prepares to commence commercialization of Genetically Modified (GM) crops, this paper reports findings of a survey that sought the views of smallholder farmers in northern Ghana on the likely prospects and constraints of GM crops cultivation. Multi-stage sampling techniques were employed to sample 360 smallholder farmers across ten districts in northern Ghana with interviews, guided by semi-structured...

Author(s): Zakaria H., Obeng F. K., Quainoo A. K. and Abujaja A. M.  

Effects of crops residues management systems on crops yields and chemical characteristics of tropical ferruginous soil in Western Burkina Faso

March 2022

Crop residues' inappropriate management is the main constraint causing the decline in soil fertility and crop yields in Burkina Faso. This study was conducted at the Farako-Bâ Research Station from 2014 to 2019 to assess the effects of crop residue management to improve the sustainability of the cotton-cereal based production systems. The experimental design was complete randomized blocks of Fischer with four...

Author(s): Adama OUATTARA, Bazoumana KOULIBALY, Dehou DAKUO, Pascal BAZONGO, Kalifa COULIBALY, Jake MOWRER and Hassan Bismarck NACRO  

Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the growth and development of maize (Zea mays L.) Grown in Bangui (Central African Republic) under controlled conditions

February 2022

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on the growth and development of maize (Zea mays) in a greenhouse at the University of Bangui  for three months under controlled conditions. Data collection was done at 30, 60 and 90 days after sowing (DAS) for growth parameters (plant height, crown diameter, number of leaves) and above-ground, root and total biomass were...

Author(s): Elian Hubert Dieu-Béni, Touckia Gorgon Igor, Djamndo Djasbé Mathurin, Ngalambo Emmanuel, Ngonda Cesar, Gueret Egisthe and Goudidenango Eric Borgio  

Measuring technical efficiency and its determinants among sweet potatoes farmers in Western Uganda

February 2022

Sweet potato is one of the important staple food for majority of Ugandans. As such, it is depended on by many households. Reportedly, sweet potatoes production is low especially in Western Uganda. This may have been attributed to resource misallocation leading to some levels of efficiency or inefficiency. However, the current level of efficiency or inefficiency and its determinants in sweet potatoes production is...

Author(s): Midamba Dick Chune, Alela Beatrice, Atukunda Bwesigye Obrine, Mary Kwesiga and Ogei Kizito  

Tree performance and peach fruits yield and quality under compounds sprays to induce sprouting

February 2022

The sprouting induction is a fundamental cultural practice in peach orchards grown in subtropical regions around the world. The evaluation of alternatives compounds to induce sprouting is necessary mainly considering its effects on fruit quality. Two alternative compounds such as 2.5% nitrogen fertilizer (NF) + 4% calcium nitrate (CN) and 4% calcium nitrate (CN), besides the control were compared with 0.6% hydrogen...

Author(s): Rafael Bibiano Ferreira, Sarita Leonel, Jackson Mirellys Azevedo Souza, Magali Leonel, Marcelo Souza Silva, Rafaelly Calsavara Martins and Vitor Hugo Artigiani Filho  

Response of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to seed treatment in Central Kenya

February 2022

Seed treatment presents an opportunity to boost bean productivity; however, the technology has not been widely tested in Kenya and the sub Saharan Africa region. An experiment was carried out at Kandara, Central Kenya to compare the effects of seed treatment applications on bean performance. The split-plot design experiment with three replicates included four seed treatment products: Apron Star, Seed Plus, Gro Plus and...

Author(s): Boaz S. Waswa, Eliezah Kamau, David Karanja and Franklin Mairura  

Modeling the water balance of a ruminant production system in the semi-arid region

February 2022

In the Brazilian semi-arid region, most cattle properties that use small dams as a source of water are unaware of the water balance of this system, which makes it difficult to plan and use this resource rationally. In this context, the objective was to demonstrate the impact of water consumption from a ruminant production system in a small reservoir. The water use model was developed using the Vensim PLE™ software...

Author(s): Samuel Rocha Maranhão, Rodrigo Gregório da Silva, Gherman Garcia Leal de Araújo and Magno José Duarte Cândido

Redefining conservation agriculture through appropriate use of herbicides and fertilisers to improve crop production in Mozambique

February 2022

The effects and applicability of conservation agriculture in different farming contexts are highly contested. Yet, there has been limited attempt to adapt the conservation agriculture system to the conditions of resource-poor farmers, focusing primarily on the existing farmers’ capacity and objective to practice conservation agriculture. The study assessed the factors that influence adoption and dis-adoption of...

Author(s): Inacio M. Cipriano, Didy O. Onautsu, Titki D. Tarassoum, Idris I. Adejumobi, and Bily A. Bolakonga

In vitro efficiency of crude extract of Ricinus communis, Abroma augusta, and Bombax ceiba seed on brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee

February 2022

Brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee is a major pest. The frequent use of toxic chemical insecticides ultimately poses a problem due to pollution of the environment, health hazards, and adverse effects on beneficial organisms. Hence, the current researches looked into the efficacy of various botanicals against brinjal pests. This experiment was carried out to see how ethyl acetate and methanol...

Author(s): Rina Khatun,#, Khasrul Alam,#, Shahin Rana, Abdullah Al Mashud, Abdullah Al Masud, Sabbir Ahmed, Rezuanul Islam and Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal  

Potential of aqueous neem extract for Thaumastocoris peregrinus control

February 2022

Eucalyptus cultivation has undergone great expansion in recent years due to the increase in commercial production of this wood for the paper, cellulose and steel industries. One of the main factors responsible for production losses is insect attack. The main insect that acts as a pest, devastating eucalyptus plantations is Thaumastocoris peregrinus, being controlled through the application of synthetic insecticides. The...

Author(s): Andressa Layane Ferreira Linhares, Mauricélia Ferreira Almeida, Edmar de Souza Tuelher, Michela Costa Batista, Roldão Carlos Andrade Lima, Adriana de Sousa Freitas,Bianca Pinheiro da Costa Neiva, Brunna Tavares da Silva Brito Sousa, Kaio Lucena Vidal, Jeferson Pereira da Silva, Raylson Marcelo Fernandes de Lima, Yago Luan Santos Vila Nova and Nayane Ketley Ferreira Linhares

Variability of soil chemical properties in lower Wabishebele Sub-Basin in Somali Region South-eastern Ethiopia, as influenced by land use and land cover

February 2022

This study was performed at lower Wabishebele sub-basin in Somali region south eastern Ethiopia to analyse the land use and cover and spatial variability of soil chemical properties of the sub-basin and develop soil map. A total of 41 soil samples were collected from 0-30 cm depth and analyzed for; pH total nitrogen (TN), available phosphorus (AP), and exchangeable potassium (EK). The data was analyzed through...

Author(s): Dahir Yosuf Abdi, Derege Tsegaye Meshesha    and Tadeos Shiferaw Woldegiorgis

Analysis of climate change vulnerability and adaptation towards increase resilience among farmers in Borno State, Nigeria

February 2022

This study analyzed climate change vulnerability and adaptation among smallholder farmers in Borno State, Nigeria. The study was conducted in Sudan and Guinea savannah Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZ) of the state. Survey research design was employed for the study. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used in selecting 360 farmers for the study. Descriptive statistics such as percentages, frequencies, means and livelihood...

Author(s): Mohammed D., Timothy E., Abaka S. S and Arubi A. A  

Elite local rice varieties resistant to bacterial leaf streak caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola under field conditions in Burkina Faso

February 2022

This study aims to evaluate the phenotype of nine genotypes of rice, during two consecutive seasons, in plots of rice farmers in irrigated plains Kou valley and Di. A Fisher block was implanted with three replicates at both sites on plots that had previously been shown to have a high incidence of bacterial leaf streak (BLS). The incidence, severity, growth rate of the disease, and the average yield of the different...

Author(s): Sylvain Zougrana, Issa Wonni, Kadidia Koïta and Boris Szurek

Assessing the effects of Lecanicillium lecanii in the biological control of early and late leaf spot of peanut in vitro (Burkina Faso, West Africa)

January 2022

Early and late leaf spots caused by Cercospora arachidicola and Phaeoisariopsis personata respectively, are the most widespread peanut fungal diseases in West Africa. These diseases lead to notable crop losses in the rural area. In the recent decades, chemical fungicides are used to fight against crop losses, but these chemical substances cause big damages to the environment including the animals and human beings....

Author(s): Tounwendsida Abel NANA, Adama ZONGO, Bawomon Fidèle NEYA and Philippe SANKARA

Presence of metals in farmland edible termites in Mazabuka District, Zambia

January 2022

Edible termites have played an important role in the history of human nutrition due to their nutritional value. Despite their nutritional body content, it is known that during their termitarium construction, termites accumulate metals in their bodies. This study examined the heavy metal content in selected edible termites for food safety. The household survey was carried out in 8 camps of Magoye and Stateland farming...

Author(s): Meekness Kapaale, Darius Otiato Andika and Philip Obed Yobe Nkunika  

Agronomic practices in soil water management for sustainable crop production under rain fed agriculture of Drylands in Sub-Sahara Africa

January 2022

Water is one of the very important inputs necessary for the production of food crops hence, food security and rural livelihoods are essentially linked to the accessibility of water. Eighty percent of the world’s global agricultural land area is under rain-fed; this contributes to 58% of the world’s staple foods. In Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA), reliance on rain-fed agriculture is high with 97% of the moisture...

Author(s): S. Lamptey  

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