African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006

AJAR Articles in press

Growth promotion and yield attribute improvement of five groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties by application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria.

Article in Press

The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the symbiotic performance of a collection of 10 Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains on the growth and yield attributes of 5 groundnut varieties. The screening was conducted in the greenhouse using seeds of the varieties Essamay, Amoul Morom, 55-437, Fleur 11 and Sunu Gaal grown in 1.5 kg pots with Sangalkam soils. Leaf chlorophyll content, plant height, number...

Author(s):Sene Godar

Controlling The Diamondback Moth (Xylostella Pluttela) By Intercropping Rape (Brassica Napus) And Garlic (Allium Sativum) .

Article in Press

Cultural methods such as intercropping can be applied to manage insect pests and reduce the problems caused by use of insecticides. An experiment was carried out in Ward 1 of Hurungwe District, in Zimbabwe at Muchbinding Farm to investigate the management of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) in Rape (Brassica napus) by intercropping rape with garlic (Allium sativum). A randomized complete block design with four...

Author(s):Rumbidzai Debra Katsaruware-Chapoto,Dennis Ian Chabikwa

Genetic divergence among linseed (linumusitatissimum l.) genotypesfor morpho-agronomic traits, fatty acids and oil yield in Ethiopia

Article in Press

The present study was conducted with 120 germplasm of linseed (Linumusitatissimum L) including six checks, to assess the extent and pattern of genetic divergence. The experiment was conducted in Alpha lattice Design at Holeta and Kulumsa Research Centers, highlands of Ethiopia during rainfed season 2019/20. The genetic diversity was estimated by Mahalanobis D2statistics and the genotypes were grouped into four clusters...

Author(s):Tadesse Ghiday, Prof. Wassu Mohammed, Yemane Tsehaye, Chemeda Daba, Adugna Wakjira, Tesfaye Dissasa

Evaluation of Nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium of some crops straw and their corresponding vermicompost using Eisenia fetida in Bedele District.

Article in Press

Vermicomposting is a Biotechniques and vermicompost are a good superlative for organic farming. The aim of present study was to evaluate supplement of nutrient from Pisum sativum, Guizotia abyssinica and Eragrostis tef through the process of vermicompost employing Eisenia fetida to treat soil acidity and maintain soil fertility and to enhance farmer’s crop productivity. The prepared for laboratory analysis and...

Author(s):Tizita Alemu Warkeneh and Fikru Mosisa

Reviewing Impacts of Organic Farming in Promoting Soil Fertility and Biodiversity Conservation

Article in Press

The objective of reviewing organic farming impact on soil fertility and biodiversity conservation was to get an updated scientific understanding, evidence-based decision-making, comparative analysis, conservation, sustainability, and continuous improvement. Inorganic agricultural farm-ing is a conventional or industrial farming system by utilizing synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms to...

Author(s):Lalisa Diriba Falama

Economic Analysis of Various Fertilizer Blends on Maize (Zea mays L.) Yield in Lilongwe District, Central Malawi

Article in Press

Maize is the main staple food crop and dominates farming systems in Malawi. Maize farming covers 92% of Malawi’s arable land contributing to 54% of national caloric intake. For this reason, the Government has over the decades implemented annual fertilizer subsidy programs for maize production as a key strategy to achieving food security. However, national fertilizer (Basal 23:10:5+6S+1Zn and Top 46%N) remains the only...

Author(s):Gabriel Dean Chilumpha and Jonathan Atkinson

Genotype x Environment Interaction and Seed Yield Stability of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes in North, Central and Southeast Ethiopia

Article in Press

Lack of suitable varieties that exhibit stable yield performances across wide ranges of environments is the major factor among several production constraints contributing to low productivity of linseed in Ethiopia. Thirteen linseed genotypes were planted in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications at six linseed major growing agro-ecologies of Northern, central and Southeastern Ethiopia (Werabe, D\Markos,...

Author(s):Tadesse Ghiday, Wassu Mohamed, Yemane Tsehaye, Adugna Wakjira, Chemeda Daba and Teasfaye Disasa

Determinants of small landholder maize farmers’ productivity and market access: A case of Bilate Zuria woreda, Sidama national regional state, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Increasing maize productivity for small landholder farmers has a big potential to uplift the living standards of poor household through increasing production and consumption. This study, therefore, examined the determinants of productivity and market access among smallholder maize farmers in Bilate Zuria woreda using the Probit model and Cobb Douglass production functions. The socio-economic results found that the average...

Author(s):Yohannes Hobasa Kayamo, Kenenisa Abdisa Kuse,Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne and Tadele Kassahun Wudu

Characterization of genetic variance of cassava seedlings for yield performance in highlands of Uganda

Article in Press

The experiment was conducted in Uganda 2013, in two locations; National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI) in Namulonge representing the lowland at 1150 meters above sea level, and Buginyanya Zonal Agricultural Research Development Institute (BugiZARDI) in Buginyanya located in highlands sites in Eastern Uganda at >1750 m.a.s.l. A total of 4800 botanical seeds collected from 24 half-sib families were planted in...

Author(s):Gabriel Joshua Gadet, Settumba M and Robert Kawuki

Growth Performance Evaluation and Demonstration of Potchefstroom Koekoek Chicken Breed Under Intensive and Rural Household Conditions in Shashemene and Kuyera Districts of West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A study aiming at enhancing the production and productivity of small-scale family poultry production system in urban and peri-urban areas, through demonstration and evaluation of dual purpose chicken breed conducted in Shashemene and Kuyera districts. In the study, five households (HHs) were involved and two days training on basic chicken management (health and nutrition) given at HH level. Each HH received 50 a day-old...

Author(s):Misba Alewi and Alemayehu Guteta

Generation mean analysis of fruit yield and yield related traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

Article in Press

Information on gene actions controlling the expression of traits from generation mean analysis is critical for developing heterotic hybrids and/or selection of lines from segregating generations. The study was conducted under irrigation condition at West Wallega Zone Gimbi Destric from October 2020 to June 2021. Two extremely different lines viz. ARP tomato d2 (Floradado) (fresh market tomato) with higher TSS, pH value,...

Author(s):Jiregna Tasisa Dufera

Pollination by Xylocopa olivacea Fabricius 1871 (Hymenoptera : Apidae) and potential benefits on Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. 1843 (Fabaceae) production at Djoumassi (North Region, Cameroon)

Article in Press

Investigations were conducted to study the impact of Xylocopa olivacea on Vigna unguiculata yields and its foraging and pollinating activities were studied at Djoumassi from October 30th to November 04th in 2018 and from 04th to 10th October in 2019. Observations were made on 540 flowers divided into four treatments of which two were differentiated according to the presence or absence of flower protection regarding insect...


Heterogeneity in maize (Zea mays L.) landrace seeds of the Lake Zone of Tanzania

Article in Press

Among the most likely genetic shortcomings of landrace varieties is a lack of genetic uniformity and variety purity. An analysis of genetic heterogeneity was performed on 40 maize landrace seed samples collected from the Lake Zone regions of Tanzania using the Grow Out Test (GOT) method in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Seed samples were replicated four times, which resulted in 160 experimental units at the SUA...

Author(s):Gregory Mwanishi and Dunstan Gabriel Msuya

Effect of Site-Specific Fertilizer Application on Selected Soil Physicochemical Properties, Maize (Zea mays L.) Growth and Yield in Mikalango Extension Planning Area, Southern Malawi

Article in Press

Malawi’s economy is agro-based, yet soils are continuously depleted of nutrients threatening development, food, and nutrition security. Current blanket application of fertilizers doesn’t often match with nutrient deficiencies in the diverse soils of Malawi. Further, blanket fertilizer application results in over-fertilization which brings about greenhouse gas emissions from highly fertilized soils contributing to climate...

Author(s):Gabriel D. Chilumpha, Samuel Feyissa and Isaac R. Fandika

Comparative studies of hematological profiles of cultured and wild Clariid Catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) in South-east Nigeria

Article in Press

The study compared the hematological profiles of cultured and wild Clarias gariepinus from selected fish farms and rivers in Southeast Nigeria. Wild fish were collected from Anambra, Imo, Otamiri and Cross Rivers while farmed fish were sampled from Awka, Umuahia, Owerri and Abakiliki farms. 15 C. gariepinus were collected monthly from each of the rivers and farms for 12 months (January – December 2022). The overall mean...

Author(s):Christopher Nwani, Janefrances Chioma Okeke and Joseph E Eyo

Characterization of Smallholder Irob Cattle Production System: Contributions to Develop a Breeding Program

Article in Press

A survey (i) to study livestock production system, reproductive and productive performance traits of cattle and (ii) to recognize constraints to cattle production was conducted in selected districts of eastern Tigray zone. Six tabias (the smallest administrative unit consisting of several villages) were selected. Mixed crop-livestock farming system dominates the area. Overall herd size was 5.14±2.68. Cattle are reared for...

Author(s):Hagos H. Abraham

Phenotypic and Genotypic Variability of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subterranean L) Accessions at Tepi Southwest, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L) Verdc.) is a grain legume underutilized in Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the extent of phenotypic and genotypic variability of the introduced accessions and the relationship between the traits, which would aid in the selection of elite accessions. A field trial was conducted in Tepi, southwestern Ethiopia, during the 2021/22 cropping season. 276 Bambara...

Author(s):Getachew Shiferaw, Wosene Gebresilassie, and Uba Charles U.

An Assessment of Constraints and Potential Benefits of Using Burrow Pits for Fish Farming.A case study of Kano State, Nigeria.

Article in Press

The study was conducted between January 2021 and March 2022 in 2local governmentsof Kano State, Nigeria(namely: Sallarin, {TarauniLG}andKofan Dan Agundi,{Municipal LG}). The objective of the study are to examine the socioeconomic characteristics of fish farmers, estimate the opportunities of the burrow pits fish production systems and identify the problems facing fish farmers in the study areas.Specifically, the results...

Author(s):Alhaji T.A., Somasundara J.W.D. and Saad Buba

Effects of Climate Change on Livestock Farmers in Mundri East County

Article in Press

The study was conducted on the effect of climate change on livestock production in Mundri East County of Western Equatoria state, South Sudan. Data were collected by using a cross-sectional questionnaire administered to 120 households who used to rear livestock in two Payams of Kediba and Lakamadi respectively. Majorities (75%) of the households were male and had more than 20 years’ experiences in livestock production....

Author(s):Girima Tona

Heterosis in Crosses of Linseed Parental lines for Morpho-agronomic Traits, Oil Content and Fatty Acids Components

Article in Press

The magnitude of heterosis provides a basis for genetic diversity and guideline to the choice of desirable parents for developing superior F1 hybrids. This study was carried out to exploit hybrid vigour and for building gene pool to be exploitation in population improvement. Heterosis and nature of gene action for morphoagronomic traits, oil content and fatty acid composition in linseed. Eight parents, their 28 F1crosses...

Author(s):Tadesse Ghiday, Wassu Mohamed, Yemane Tsehaye, Adugna Wakjira, Chemeda Daba and Teasfaye Disasa

Effect of Turmeric-calamansi Supplementation on the Drinking Water of Broiler Chickens

Article in Press

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of turmeric and Calamansi juice as water supplement on the live and carcass weight performance of broiler chicken. The research was carried out using completely randomized design (CRD). Ninety-six broiler chickens were raised from day old to 45 days old chicks. The chicks was supplemented with water supplements according to treatments. The study used four treatments...

Author(s):Frank Clin M. Parado and Jammil D. Eppie

Effect of 40 years continuous application of sewer water on soil properties and plant nutrient contents under the drainage basin area in Parbhani district of Maharashtra as affected by crop season

Article in Press

The present study deals the assessment of changes in soil properties and plant nutrient contents of sorghum and soybean crop after 40 years of continuous application of reclaimed sewer water as affected by the crop season. Results of the study revealed that the various soil properties and plant nutrients of the crops viz., sorghum and soybean highly influenced by the 40 years continuous application of the sewer water....

Author(s):P. H. Gourkhede, K. Yadav and S. P. Zade

Genotype and Environment Interaction for yield performance of 12 Advanced Tongil rice genotypes with Doubled Haploid Background under Salts tress conditions in Tanzania.

Article in Press

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important global food commodity crop. Its yield was affected by genotype, environment, and the interaction between genotype and environment that demands the development of diverse tolerant rice to increase yields and adaptation. Genotype & Environment interaction for yields of rice Tongil types with doubled haploid (DH) were evaluated in three locations. A randomized complete block design...

Author(s):Benjamin Peter Mfupe, Susan Nchimbi Msolla and Luseko Amos Chilagane

Genetic diversity of Cleome gynandra germplasm in Burkina Faso using SSRs molecular markers

Article in Press

Cleome gynandra L. is an important traditional leafy vegetable in Burkina Faso diets. Because of its high nutritional value, it makes a good dietary supplement, providing an important nutritional and medicinal requirement. The aim of the present study was to assess the genetic diversity and intra- and interpopulation relationships of the C gynandra collection using SSR molecular markers specific to Cleome gynandra. Nine...

Author(s):SAKANDE Boureima, KIEBRE Zakaria, BATIENO Teyiouê Benoît Joseph, SAWADOGO Pingawindé and BATIONO/KANDO Pauline

Opportunities, Perceptions and Challenges in Production and Use of Traditional Grains in Semi-Arid Masvingo District, Zimbabwe

Article in Press

This paper aims to understand farmers’ perceptions and challenges in production and use of traditional grains as well as feed manufacturers perceptions on inclusion of traditional grains in feed formulations. The study also seeks to ascertain the opportunities for increased adoption of traditional grains as an adaptive strategy to climate change. Climate change has contributed to a shift in seasons and precipitation,...

Author(s):Nyasha Rugwete

Evaluating the soil carbon sequestration potential through measuring clay, sand and silt content in soil under agroforestry parklands systems according to a rainfall gradient in Burkina Faso (West Africa)

Article in Press

Soil texture and precipitation influence soil organic carbon sequestration. This research measured soil texture to assess the organic carbon sequestration potential of the soils in agroforestry parklands according to a rainfall gradient for sites recommendations to promote agroforestry to mitigate climate change in Burkina Faso. Soil samples were collected at layers 0- 10, 10 - 20 and 20 - 30 cm in agroforestry parklands...

Author(s):Yacouba Noël Coulibaly and Gérard Zombré

Economic Evaluation of Cowpea Production under different Spraying Regimes in three Southern Agro-ecologies of Nigeria

Article in Press

Use of pesticide in cowpea production has remained on the front burner of discuss on sustainable cowpea production due to prevailing threat of insect pests, increasing cost of chemicals, threat of environmental hazard and concern for food safety. This study therefore evaluated different spraying regimes on production of two cowpea varieties in the humid South West Agro-ecologies with the aim of recommending optimum...


Screening of selected tomato germplasm for the resistance to Tuta absoluta, whiteflies, and red spider mites

Article in Press

Tomato production is constrained by arthropod pests which cause significant damage reducing both quality and quantity of the yields. These arthropod pests include tomato leaf miner, whitefly and red spider mite. Over-reliance and use of chemical pesticides to control these pests have led to the loss of efficacy against them. Host plant resistance, a key component in Integrated Pest Management as a long term intervention...

Author(s):Wanderi, P.N., Kilalo, D.C., Olubayo, F.M. and Nzuve, F.

Review on causes and management of soil acidity in Highland of Ethiopia

Article in Press

In Ethiopia, large areas of highlands with altitude of >1500 m located in almost all regional states of the country are affected by soil acidity. About 43% of the Ethiopian arable land is affected by soil acidity. The main factors giving rise to increased soil acidity in Ethiopia include climatic factors such as high amount of precipitation (that exceeds evapo-transpiration which leaches appreciable amounts of exchangeable...

Author(s):Habtamu Alemayehu and Wassie Haile

Phytosociological survey of weeds in cassava growth area

Article in Press

The presence of weeds in agricultural crops causes direct losses in productivity, causing economic losses, which makes it necessary to know the quality and quantity of weeds that compete with agriculture crops. Therefore, the objective of this work was to identify the weed community associated with cassava cultivation through a phytosociological survey, carried out in a cassava cultivation area, in the city of Nampula. The...

Author(s):Eduardo Hélder Horácio, Isac Bernardino José António Cabo, Elias Carlos Sousa and Paulo César Timossi

Efficiency of liquid and peaty inoculant containing stripes Azospirillum Brasilense in coinoculation with Bradyrhizobium Japonicum in soybean crop

Article in Press

The use of liquid and peaty inoculants containing Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains to supply nitrogen to soybean has already been consolidated. However, in recent years, the co-inoculation technology has been used, where, besides the inoculum based on B. japonicum, strains of diazotrophic bacteria of the genus Azospirillum brasilense have been inoculated, which has been proven to be effective in grasses of great economic...

Author(s):Vandeir Francisco Guimarães, Jeferson Klein, Débora Kestring Klein and Marcos Barbosa Ferreira

Performance Evaluation of Solar-powered Spray Tube and Sprinkler Irrigation Systems

Article in Press

Irrigated agriculture has been deemed a wasteful water user as a result of inefficiencies in most irrigation systems. Pressurized irrigation needs a steady pumping system to ensure constant uniformity of the irrigation system, which is hard under directly coupled solar-powered irrigation. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of two (2) different water application systems namely spray tube and sprinkler irrigation...

Author(s):Vedaste Niyokwizerwa, Felix K. Abagale and Thomas Apusiga Adongo

The mixed hard ticks species (ixodidae) distribution in some selected areas of Afar Region

Article in Press

This research gives an understanding to identify common tick species, which infest Afar cattle. Total of 3922 ticks were randomly collected from selected districts of Afar Region, Ethiopia. Generally, four genera of ticks were found: Abmlyomma, Rhipiciphalus, Hyaloma and Boophilus sub-type. The highest three ranking species are Rhipiciphalus pulchilis 34.5%, Rhipiciphalus evertsi 14.9%, Amblyoma hebraeum 13.5% and the...

Author(s):Mebrate Genet Gebre, Endashaw Bekele, Kefelegn kebede snd Kefena Effa

Afar cattle hard ticks (ixodidae) species distribution principal component analysis in some selects districts of afar

Article in Press

Ticks are notorious blood sucking insects causing irritation, restlessness, disease transmission, and lesion on the skin to animals and human. Tick invasion problem urges researching their behavior, geographical distribution, veterinary importance and species distribution statistics. Principal Component Analysis on the dynamics of hard tick species distribution with Generalized Linear Model in R base software was through....

Author(s):Mebrate Genet Gebre, Endashaw Bekele, Kefelegn Kebede, Juan-lin Han

Hard tick (ixodidae) burden principal component analysis on some body predilection sites of Ethiopian Afar cattle

Article in Press

To analyze the dynamics of tick burden on Afar cattle R studio software base principal component analysis was through. The average tick burden counted was 19.14 ticks on individual animal, the maximum tick load was 129 and minimum was 0. Among the body predilection sites maximum tick burden was on ear 59 ticks, anus/vulva 57 were counted, while the lowest burden was neck 13 and abdomen 5 ticks. The level of burden in...

Author(s):Mebrate Genet Gebre, Endashaw Bekele, Kefelegn kebede and Kefena Effa

Mixed hard ticks (ixodidae) species burden count on afar cattle

Article in Press

Cattle are exposed to various levels of parasite burden challenges. Among the common parasites ticks are identified as the most notorious threat to cattle due to sever irritation, toxic effect, allergy , means of diseases transmission, anemia and are of socio-economic and veterinary medicine importance. The motto of this research was to divulge the significance and degree of Ixodidea (hard ticks) invasion problem in some...

Author(s):Mebrate Genet Gebre, Endashaw Bekele, Kefelegn kebede and Juan-lin Han

Distribution, Characterization and Chemical Management of Noxious Shrub Weed (Dichapetalum stulhmannii Engl.) in Cashew in South-eastern Tanzania

Article in Press

Weeds are among the limiting factors that influence inter-competition for resources, hinder harvesting and low production of cashew (Anacardium occidental L.) in Tanzania. The current study determined the distribution, characteristics and management of Dichapetalum stulhmannii. Distribution study involved a survey for weed presence in south-eastern, Tanzania. The characterization involved assessing the growth and...

Author(s):William Valerian Mbasa, Fortunus Anton Kapinga, Wilson Angelo Nene, Abdallah Rajabu Makale, Kasiga Ndibanya Ngiha and Ramadhani Ayubu Bashiru

Review on the Economic Impacts of Lumpy Skin Disease of Cattle and its Prevention and Control Strategies in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an infectious disease of cattle, caused by a Lumpy Skin Disease Virus. It is an economically important viral disease of cattle affecting all ages and breeds that can be prevented by vaccination in endemic regions including Ethiopia. LSD is an OIE listed disease because of considerable financial losses and in Ethiopia due to the endemic nature of LSD; the country is facing serious difficulties in...

Author(s):Samson Terefe Kassa

Review paper: The role of agroecology in combatting hunger and food insecurity among small-holder farmers

Article in Press

This review investigates the role of agroecology as an intervention to fight hunger and promote sustainable food security among smallholder farmers. The aim of the paper was to review basic principles of agroecology, and discussed the current status of global hunger. Finally, the study reflected on the potential of agroecology in sustaining food security. In response to the unsustainable technologies of green revolution...


Effects of soil PH levels on iron and zinc concentrations of common bean (phaseolus vulgaris l.) genotypes

Article in Press

Plants grown in acid soils experiences a variety of stresses which include aluminium, hydrogen and/or manganese toxicity, as well as nutrient deficiencies of calcium and magnesium. A study was carried out to determine the influence of soil pH levels of iron and zinc in leaves and seeds of twenty five common bean genotypes. Plastics cups trial was carried out in the screen house to determine the actual amount of quick lime...

Author(s):Kinguye Masamaki Magomere, Susan Nchimbi-Msolla and George Muhamba Tryphone

Farm size and total productivity in selected maize producing districts in Tanzania: Implications for sustainable agro-industrial development

Article in Press

Evidence contradicting the usual negative relationship between farm size and productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) casts doubt on the viability of a smallholder-led development strategy. This paper examine the relationship between farm size and total factor productivity by employing a Cobb-Douglas production and survey data from mainland Tanzania. Two important contributions are highlighted: (1) examine relationship...

Author(s):Nickson Severian Kahigi and Ntengua S.Y. Mdoe

Effect of vermicompost on soil properties, cabbage earliness and yield under sandy soil agroecosystem

Article in Press

The Present study was conducted to find the effect of vermicompost application on yield and some other parameters of cabbage under highly weathered soils of Uganda. Five rates of vermicomposte (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 t/ha) were applied on cabbage, planted in plots and arranged in RCBD during three seasons with three replications each. Plant height, number of leaves and Leaf size were measured during the vegetative growth...

Author(s):Issa Balde

Effects of scattered Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev. trees on some selected soil properties in farmers’ land in Konso, southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Farmers in Ethiopia have traditionally practiced agroforestry to improve soil fertility. Yet, there is a paucity of information on the effects of scattered trees in farmlands on soil fertility. The study aimed to investigate whether scattered Faidherbia albida trees in farmers’ land in the Kenna District, Konso Zone, southern Ethiopia, affect soil properties. We selected three farmlands, and in each farmland, we designated...

Author(s):Kulla Kutama Guyawo, Agidew Abebe ASHA and Yonas Ugo Utaile

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) for Zoonotic Diseases among Smallholder Cattle Farmers in Gicumbi District, Rwanda

Article in Press

Livestock production sector could be responsible for zoonotic diseases which have public health and economic importance. The present study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) about zoonotic diseases among smallholder cattle farmers in Gicumbi District of Rwanda. The data were collected from 120 randomly farmers through a Semi-structured questionnaire, then coded and analyzed using Statistical Package of...

Author(s):Mubashankwaya Isaac, Rugwiro Patrick, Munyaneza Celestin, Munyandamutsa Fabrice, Dukundane Bertine, Birorinkindi Olivier and Iradukunda Olivier

Physico-chemical properties of irradiated fresh tomatoes

Article in Press

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of various levels of gamma irradiation on the physico-chemical composition of fresh tomatoes. Tomato samples were irradiated in a Co-60 gamma irradiator and maintained at 25 °C ± 2 storage conditions. The experiment was designed with five treatments of radiation dose (0, 0.5, 0.75 1.0, 1.5, and 2 kGy). Before irradiation, the initial composition of physical-chemical properties were...

Author(s):Rose Jumbe and Rashid Suleiman

The role of conservation agriculture in sustainable crop production: A Review

Article in Press

The world human population is expected to increase from 7.7 billion in 2019 to 9.7 billion in 2050. To meet the world`s food demand, agricultural systems around the world are required to change from the current scenario to produce more food sustainably. In this regard Conservation Agriculture has been advocated as an agricultural system capable of attaining the sustainable intensification required to meet world food...

Author(s):Melkamu Dugassa and Tarekegn Yoseph Samago

Homegarden Change to Khat Based System on Tree Species Diversity and Soil Organic Carbon in Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Homegarden agroforestry system is recognized as inclusive and ecologically sound system. However, the recently observed change from enset-coffee based homegardens to cash crop khat, is expected to cause decline in tree species diversity and soil organic carbon. Thus, this study aimed at assessing the effect of traditional homegarden system change to khat based system on tree species diversity and soil carbon in Wondo Genet...

Author(s):Senait Desalgne and Beyene Teklu Mellisse

Factors Affecting Adoption Of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum) Row Planting Practices By Smallholder Farming Households In Elfeta District Oromia Regional State Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study identifies the factors affecting adoption of wheat row planting practices by smallholder farmers in the study area. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches to achieve the study’s goals were used. Moreover cross sectional research design using random sampling technique was employed and data were gathered from 141 respondents. Sample respondents were selected from sample frame based on random sampling...

Author(s):Dajane Ajema Sima and Warkaw Legesse Abate

Intercropping as a multiple advantage cropping system: Review

Article in Press

The objective of this review paper is to organize relevant literature on the multiple advantages of intercropping system using the results of researches undertaken in different parts of the world. Accordingly, relevant materials including journal articles reviews and short communications were used to organize the review entitled “intercropping as a multiple advantage cropping system”. The review material can assist...

Author(s):Melkamu Dugassa

Effects of liquid biofertilizer from anaerobic fermentation of manure on soil properties and different crops

Article in Press

The liquid obtained after anaerobic fermentation of pig manure (biofertilizer) from hoggery is beneficial for the supply of crop nutrients. This study was proceeded to the effect of irrigation by biofertilizer on crops. The irrigation area was set based on the amount of appropriate fertilization for nine crops in the crop fertilization manual (FI), and the application of chemical fertilizers were set as control...

Author(s):Yong-Hong Lin, Fu-Min Wang, Chia-Chung Wang, Guan-Ming Su, Mei-Juan Lin and Kuo-Chun Hung

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