African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006

AJAR Articles in press

Evaluation and Adaptation trial of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) varieties in the mid land areas of Guji zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L,) is one of the most important spice and cash crop produced in Ethiopia. However, information related to potential of the midland areas of Guji zone for Coriander production is limited. This experiment was conducted in the Kiltu sorsa, Gobicha and Dole areas at three farmers’ field to evaluate the growth and yield performance of Coriander varieties and to select and recommend high yielding...

Author(s):Arega Amdie, Solomon Teshome, Beriso Wako

The Amino Acid and Polyamines Profile Modification of Tomato under Saline Stress Using Differential Nitrogen Nutrition.

Article in Press

High-quality resources are targeted by the horticultural industry for its success in performance and earnings. Toearnings. To achieve these goals, nitrogen is used, which is an essential nutrient for the growth of plants and quality crops.Nitrogen is the essential nutrient required to achieve these objectives for the quality of product and growth of plants. Investigation has been done on the impacts of the provision of ...

Author(s):Naser Ahmadi, Elnaz Akbari

Evaluation of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] genetic variability at Melkassa, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

Background: Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L). Moench] is one of the indigenous genetic resources of western Ethiopia. However, only a few studies were carried out to assess its genetic diversity and performance throughout the country, and specifically, no research was conducted to assess the diversity of okra genotypes from/within a regional state. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the genetic divergence of...

Author(s):Nesru Temam, Wassu Mohammed, Dire Dawa

Cocoa farmers’ perceptions of Soil Organic Carbon effects on fertility, management and climate change in the Ashanti region of Ghana.

Article in Press

Farmers can play an important role in climate change mitigation through sustainable soil management practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the Atwima Nwabiagya municipality of Ashanti region, Ghana, to explore farmers' knowledge and perceptions of their soils, soil fertility, applied management practices, and climate change on soil organic carbon. The interviews included topics related to farmers’ access...

Author(s):F. Adiyah, M. Fuchs, E .Michéli, E. Dawoe, E. Kovács

Fixed mode technology support for eco boosted cultivation of Cassava for multiple benefits

Article in Press

Erect long plant, stem cut planted tuber crop cassava produces flour, which on account of its low content of non carbohydrate constituents might well be called a starch, is known in world trade as tapioca flour. The production system of cassava did not receive adequate research attention to make it still higher productivity that existing low level. Many efforts have come up for revamping the productivity of crops and...

Author(s):R.C.Yadab, Jaya Yadav

Assessment on Production, Processing and Marketing Status of Beeswax in Kafa Zone, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia.

Article in Press

The study was conducted in the three districts of Kafa Zone of Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region being; Chena, Gimbo and Gesha and three peasant associations (PAs) from each district. The main intention was to identify the production, processing and marketing status of beeswax. The districts were purposively selected based on their potential for honey and beeswax production and marketing. The survey data...

Author(s):Tesfu Shegaw, Tewabe Edimew

Profiling cassava leaf nutrients for quality and safety for human consumption in coastal Kenya

Article in Press

Cassava leaves are nutritionally rich, but only moderately consumed in Coastal Kenya. Enhanced leaves’ utilization could reduce nutrients’ insecurity in this region of Kenya. Nutritional and safety information availability could popularize them. This study determined nutrients levels of the varieties Tajirika, Karembo and Kibandameno, at 3, 6, and 9 months after planting. Leaves harvested were analyzed for Moisture /...

Author(s):Christine Kasichana Masha, Michael Wandayi Okoth, George Ooko Abong, Solomon I. Shibairo

Mapping of Smallholder Dairy cattle feed resources and milk yield for Shashemene Dilla Milkshed area, Ethiopia: A review

Article in Press

The objective of this review was to map dairy feed resources and milk yield in Shashemene to Dilla milkshed area. Shashemene to Dilla milkshed area include West Arsi zone, Sidama zone, Gedio Zone (includes Dilla town), Shashemene and Hawassa towns. This milkshed area is a smallholder mixed crop–livestock dairy production system that concentrates in the mid and high altitude agro-ecologies where cereals and cash crops are...

Author(s):Tsedey Azeze Tebo, Mitiku Eshetu Guya

Overcoming dual challenges for maize cropping under high plant density: stalk lodging and kernel abortion

Article in Press

Increased optimal plant density is necessary in ensuring future food security by increasing crop productivity. However, maintaining relatively high plant density has to overcome two challenges i.e. Kernel kernel abortion and stalk lodging. This paper reviewed the maize response to increased plant density and the impacts of increased plant density on maize productivity. Increased plant density induces elevated plant height,...

Author(s):Alam Sher, Muhamad Nadeem, Mudassar Maqbool, Muhammad Saleem, Muhammad Assad, Abdul Qayum, Noor Hafiz, Muhammad Sarwer, Xiangyang Yuan, Guo Pingyi

Effect of various pre-treatments for breaking the dormancy of Ricinus communis Linn.

Article in Press

In the present investigation, seeds of Ricinus communis were subjected to various treatments to achieve early germination by breaking dormancy. At the end of 17th day, highest germination (82%) was achieved in the seeds subjected to mechanical injury followed by IAA treated seeds (79%). The germination percentage was 28, 48, 54, 23, 40, 17, 37, 4, 27, 38, 43, 27, 30 and 77 respectively in the seeds...

Author(s):Mudasir Qadir, Fatima Khan, Shaukat Saeed Khan

Marketing Structure and Opportunities of Almonds Products in Samangan and Balkh provinces, Afghanistan

Article in Press

The objective of study was identifying the marketing structure and opportunities of almond products in the Samangan and Balkh provinces. The primary data were obtained by face to face interviews with the 125 almond producers and 42 intermediaries. The collected data analyzed by using parametric and nonparametric statistical methods through SPSS 24. According to the research findings, the average age of the producers, who...

Author(s):Ahmad Jawid MURADI, Ismet BOZ

Agronomic characteristics of cassava genotypes subjected to five different spacings cultivated in two cycles under no-till system

Article in Press

The best phytotechnical adjustment of the plants is essential to obtain high yield levels in the cassava crop. Thus, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the agronomic and morphological characteristics of cassava genotypes submitted to five different spacings grown in two cycles under no-till system in the western region of the state of Paraná. The experimental design was a randomized block design, with four...

Author(s):Gerson Sander, Antonio Carlos Torres da Costa, Marco Antonio Sedrez Rangel, Jose Barbosa Duarte Junior, Vandeir Francisco Guimarães

Efficacy of Various Plant Powders Against Rice Weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and grain weight loss in Stored Sorghum

Article in Press

Effect of plant powders tested against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infesting stored sorghum was carried out. The experiment of ten plant powders at 2 per cent tested, among them Piper nigrum 2 % per cent seed powder was significantly different from all other treatments. At four days after the treatment highest mortality was registered in Sesbania grandiflora (81.10%) which was...

Author(s):K. Govindan, S. Geethanjali, S. Douressamy, M.Pandiyan, G. Brundha

Farmers knowledge on pesticide safety and pest management in the Serbia

Article in Press

A survey with closed and open questions was done to assess knowledge and practice towards pesticides among farmworkers in Serbia and to evaluate the possible influence of education level, the amount of farming, and length in farming on farmers' behavior. The survey included 33 closed and open-ended questions, and meeting interview and personal visits were used for filling the questionnaire. All farmers (84) had at least...

Author(s):Stanislav Sabo, Peter Juriš, Dragana Milijašević, Ljiljana Tomić, Zdenko Tomić , Ana Sabo

Seed Treatments Commonly Used for Better Field Establishment of Crop Seed: Review

Article in Press

Seed treatment refers to the application of certain agents, physical, chemical or biological to the seed prior to sowing in order to suppress, control or repel pathogens, insects and other pests that attack seeds, seedlings or plants. One of the advantages of seed treatment is, to break and prevent from seed dormancy.Seed dormancy and germination are strongly under the control of phytohormones and the germination responses...

Author(s):Mohammed Aman and Hayat Worku

Potential of Model Based Decision Making to Enhance Performance of Agriculture in Ethiopia: A Review Article.

Article in Press

In Ethiopia, agriculture takes the leading role in the economy and the efficiency of agriculture remains essential for Ethiopia to eradicate extreme poverty. The country has registered steady increase in economic growth in recent years, but suffers from resource degradation, environmental pollution, low level of agricultural performance, and unemployment. One of the main challenges has been the use of conventional land use...

Author(s):Meselu Tegenie Mellaku, Ashebir Sidelil Sebsibe.

Effects of Time of Harvesting in Storage Root, Garri and Garrification Attributes of Pro-Vitamin A Cassava (Manihot esculenta Cratz) Genotypes in Rainforest Ecology.

Article in Press

Time of harvesting is one of the factors that influence crop yield and quality of produce from the crop. The actual time of harvesting cassava varies according to varieties. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effect of time of harvesting some pro-vitamin A cassava genotypes in storage root and garri yield and sensory qualities of garri produced from the cassava genotypes. The experiment was laid out in a...

Author(s):Ikeh A.O., Udoh E.I, Ndaeyo N.U.

Stability of Cili Padi Bara (Capsicum frutescens L.) paste containing calamansi lime during storage.

Article in Press

This study evaluates the local chili bird paste stability, stored for 12 days at different temperatures (37°C and 4°C), adding calamansi lime as preservative. The paste functionality was assessed by its effect on chicken fillet as marinating paste. The paste containing calamansi lime stored at 4°C has the lowest microbial growth (5 log CFU/mL), a high DPPH-radical scavenging activity (57.4%) and low pungency index...

Author(s):Norhayati Hussain, Nur Fathiah Abdul Razak, Najjah Azhar.

Comparative growth performance of exotic layer chickens under intensive management conditions in Southwest Ethiopia

Article in Press

In Ethiopia, the expansion of commercial poultry production is limited by inadequate supply of high performing breeds of chicken. This situation warrants the identification, introduction and evaluation of improved breeds of chicken that could adapt and perform under the current Ethiopian situation. One hundred fifty of each of Dominant Sussex, Lohmann Brown and Novo Brown breed of day-old chicks obtained from Debre Zeit...

Author(s):Mebratu Yigzaw, Solomon Demeke, Wasihun Hassen

Fairtrade Channel Choice and its Effect on Income of Coffee Farm Households in Jimma Zone.

Article in Press

This article attempts to identify factors influencing Fairtrade coffee marketing channel choice and its effect on the income of coffee farmers in Jimma zone, based on primary data generated from 153 randomly sampled respondents. The probit model result indicated that members of cooperatives, literacy, access to market information, participation in training, and small-scale coffee farm enhances but remoteness from...

Author(s):Gezahagn Kudama.

Evaluation OF Genetic Variability Among Native Strains OF Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae Isolated from Dendroctonus mexicanus sp. Using ISSR Molecular Markers.

Article in Press

The intraspecific genetic variability among entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae isolated from the Mexican pine beetle Dendroctonus mexicanus sp. was analyzed. Specimens were collected from four regions of Otinapa Durango, Mexico (geographic coordinates: -105.008333 longitude, 24.053889 latitude). Strains collected from the specimens were compared to commercial Metarhizium anisopliae (Metatron®)...

Author(s):Jesús García-Pereyra, Gabriel Nicolás Aviña-Martínez, Sergio De los Santos -Villalobos, Rosa Bertha Rubio-Graciano, Mónica García-Montelongo, Gabriel Alejandre-Iturbide

What Influences the Demand for Imported Broiler Chicken Among Low-Income Households in Ghana.

Article in Press

Cheap poultry imports are detrimental to the growth of the poultry industry in Ghana since they threaten the livelihoods of about 400,000 people involved in the local poultry value chain. This study attempts to identify factors that affect the demand for imported broiler chicken among low-income households in Ghana apart from price. Both Primary and Secondary data were used for analysis. The study employed the linear...

Author(s):Abdul-Hamid Sherrif, Fred Nimoh, Alfred Asuming Boakye , Daniel Adu Ankrah, Andrew Agyei-Holmes

Determinants of Enset farmers' market participation and outlet choice in Dawuro Zone, Southern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Enset ventricosum is a multipurpose food security crop that is widely cultivated in the south and southwestern Ethiopia. It serves as a staple food for 20 million people in Ethiopia. It plays a vital role in emergency food security, income generation, and environmental conservation. This study was carried out in Dawuro Zone by using a multi-stage sampling technique to select respondents and collect data from 152 producers,...

Author(s):Berhanu Megerssa, Ashenafi Haile

Physico-chemical Water Quality of Budamada Reservoir for fish Aquaculture Production in East Badawacho District, Southern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Water quality is essential for the survival and growth of aquatic organisms. This study was aimed assessing the quality of Budamada reservoir for fish aquaculture production at East Badawacho district, Southern Ethiopia. The water samples from Budamada reservoir were collected from February 2019 to July 2019 following the standard laboratory techniques for the analysis of the following physico-chemical parameters:...

Author(s):Tsegaye Dobamo, Wondimu Ersino

Assessment of livestock production and available feed resources in Bedele District, Oromia, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Bedele district, Bunno Bedele Zone of Oromia regional state from December to February aimed to assess livestock production system and available major livestock feed resource. Single-visit-multiple-subjects formal survey technique was used to collect data with the use of pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaires prepared in the local language. The collected data was managed and organized with...

Author(s):Ashenafi Miresa, Solomon Demeke

Olive oil production as influenced by pruning practice and deficit irrigation

Article in Press

The present study focused on the effect of two agronomic practices pruning and irrigation on water status of tree, fruit growth and olive oil quality. One level of pruning (50% of the canopy volume were removed) had been tested compared to non pruned trees and they were combined with two irrigation treatments: trees irrigated usually as irrigation treatment (I) and trees subjected to water stress during the summer period...

Author(s):Asma Haj Sghaier, Dalenda Boujnah, Feten Aissaoui, Salwa Laamari, Badreddine Chihaoui, Zoubeir Mahjoub, Hanen Sfina , Mouhamed Ayadi, Mohamed Gouiaa, Hechmi Chehab

Opportunities and Best Practices for Dryland Agriculture in Ethiopia, as Coping Mechanisms for Vulnerabilities: A Review

Article in Press

Agriculture continues to be a strategic sector in the development of most low-income nations. Despite extreme climate conditions, agriculture plays a major role in the development of the economy, eradication of poverty, sustainable growth, and modernization of society in Sub-Saharan Africa. About 75% of Ethiopia’s landmass is categorized as dryland, which is home to about one-third of the country’s population. There is...

Author(s):Belay Asnake

Determinants of Rural Households Resilience to Food Insecurity: Evidence from Southern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Food insecurity is one of the development challenges of developing countries in general and Ethiopia in particular. In addition, despite the colossal effort that has been made by Ethiopian government to reduce food insecurity, the number of food insecure people are still significant in Ethiopia compared to Saharan African countries. Though many studies assessed the level and determinants of food insecurity, evidences on...

Author(s):Fasil Eshetu, Adem Guye

Differential Vegetation Status of Okomu National Park and Okomu Forest Reserve, Edo State, Nigeria

Article in Press

Okomu National Park and Okomu Forest Reserve were established to protect the rich flora and fauna resources. Studies at comparing the impact of these two approaches in conserving the rich flora and fauna resources have not been carried out on the study sites. This study is aimed at filling the knowledge gaps and assessed the differences in vegetation status of Okomu National Park and Okomu Forest Reserve. The purpose is to...

Author(s):Humphrey. I. Aigbe and Ayuk. A. Nchor

Assessment of fieldpea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes on genetic divergence and relationship among yield and yield related characters under High Ganges River Floodplain

Article in Press

An Experiment was carried out at Pulses Research Center, Ishurdi, Bangladesh for genetic divergence and variability estimate in nine field peas genotype. The trial was conducted randomly in complete block design with three replicas. Observations were recorded on different yield and yield contributing characters. All cultivars showed considerable differences in their performance, indicating the presence of extensive...

Author(s):M. G. Azam, M. S. Iqbal, M. A. Hossain, J. Hossain, M. F. Hossain

Capacity building interventions and performance of hybrid sweet potato projects in kenya: A Case of Njoro Sub-County, Nakuru County.

Article in Press

This study sought to establish the influence of capacity building interventions on performance of hybrid sweet potato projects in Kenya: A case of Njoro Sub-County, Nakuru County. The study was grounded on Resource Dependency Theory and Diffusion of Innovations Theory. The philosophical underpinning of this study was pragmatism where a mixed method approach was used in a descriptive survey study design. The target...

Author(s):Duncan Mwaniki Taiti, Angeline Mulwa, NaomI Gikonyo

Analysis of Sheep Value Chain in Central and Eastern Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted to analyze sheep value chain in central and eastern Ethiopia. The objectives were to identify core functions, major market routes and to assess distribution of costs and margins. Purposive and simple random sampling was employed as a sampling technique to select 150 (75 mixed crop-livestock producers and 75 agro-pastoralists) respondents. The data collected through structured questionnaire and...

Author(s):Eyob Gebregziabhear, Mengistu Urge, Getachew Animut, Mengistu Ketema

Pre-scaling up of Irish Potato (Solanum tuberosum) in Bule Hora District of West Guji Zone,Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Article in Press

This activity was conducted during the 2013 and 2014 main cropping season at Bule Hora District of West Guji Zone to improve farmers’ income, develop local capacity for future scaling up of potato technology and strengthen stakeholders linkage and collaboration in the study area. A total of fourty (40) farmers in the district were participated for the activity. A multidisciplinary team composed of breeder, pathologist,...

Author(s):Ahmed Mohammed Abdulla, Feyissa Desiso and Ibsa Aliyi

Impact of microbial loads of thermotolerant coliforms in lake water for irrigation on vegetable crops grown around the lakes of Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire

Article in Press

The quality of the Yamoussoukro lakes and the risks of bacteriological contamination of the surrounding vegetables were assessed by studying thermotolerant coliforms and Escherichia coli, indicators of pollution. Sampling was carried out on five (5) lakes during two dry seasons and two rainy seasons of the years 2015 to 2016 and 2016 to 2017. The bacteriological results revealed very high bacterial loads compared to...

Author(s):Tchimonbié Messikely Anoman; Kpahé Herbert Michael Kpanh; Konan Samuel Ahoudjo; Adolphe Zeze

Performance Evaluation and Adaptation Trial of Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter) Genotypes for Midland Areas of Siltie Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Tef is one of the most important staple food crop cultivated throughout the country. Twenty (20) Tef varieties (including local check) were brought from Debre Zeit Agricultural Research center and planted in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications at Wulbareg and Dalocha woreda for two consecutive years. The study used Plots size 2mx2m with 1.5m, 1m distances b/n blocks and plots, respectively. ...

Author(s):Molalign Assefa

Phytochemical analysis and antifungal activity of Tithonia diversifolia and Kigelia africana extracts against Fusarium oxysporum in tomato

Article in Press

Fusarium wilt can cause severe losses in many vegetables and flowers, field crops and plantation crops. The main method for control of Fusarium wilt is through chemical methods which have a disadvantage of polluting the environment and are expensive. Thus, there is a need for more environmentally friendly and cheaper techniques for controlling Fusarium Wilt. This study screened phytochemical compounds of two plant...

Author(s):Awere, C. A, Githae, E. W , Gichumbi, J. M

Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth, Flowering, and Yield Attributes of Marigold (Tagetes sp.)

Article in Press

A field experiment was conducted at Horticulture Farm of Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal from July 5 to October 20, in the year 2019 to evaluate the effect of concentrations of Gibberellic acid (GA3), Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and Ethrel® on growth, flowering and yield attributes of a locally grown marigold (Tagetes sp.).The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design...

Author(s):Gaurav Adhikari, Susmita Sigdel, Kritika Adhikari, Susil Khanal, Bishal Shrestha, Shiva Om Makaju

Environmental risk assessment for the use of liquid swine manure as soil fertilizer

Article in Press

Liquid swine manure has been recognized as potential fertilizer for agriculture, but excessive and/or prolonged applications of high doses in agricultural systems may cause soil and water pollution. The present paper presents the proposition of a multicriteria model that aims to identify and classify agricultural areas that receive liquid swine manure as soil fertilizers, according to the degree of potential risk of...

Author(s):Eduardo Lando Bernardo, Claudio Rocha de Miranda, Sebastião Roberto Soares, Paulo Belli Filho

Effect of Mulching on Brinjal Production and Soil Properties under Pitcher Irrigation in an Alfisol of West Bengal in India

Article in Press

The present research work had been carried out to investigate the effect of different type of mulching with pitcher irrigation on changes of soil properties under brinjal production. The location of the experiment was at farmer’s field in Paschim Medinipur, under Red and Lateritic Zone of West Bengal. Five treatment combinations viz. Pitcher irrigation with jute fiber mulch (T1), with live mulch (black gram) (T2), with...

Author(s):Angira Prasad Mahata, Abantika Mondal, Susanta Kumar De

Farm income stabilization in developing countries: hedging effectiveness of revenue insurance

Article in Press

This study analyses the risk-reducing performance of revenue insurance for corn producers in Burkina Faso. We apply the Miranda (1991) model to empirical data from the corn sector of 13 agricultural regions of Burkina Faso from 1995 to 2009 to analyze the potential effects of revenue insurance in this sector. Our results show that revenue insurance can reduce farmers' income fluctuation by an average of 40% with variations...

Author(s):Abel Tiemtore

Projected Climate Induced Global Distribution and Range Shifts of Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera Frugiperda

Article in Press

Fall Armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda), an endemic pest species in the tropical and subtropical Americas, is expanding its geographical range, with recent invasions reported in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, and their interconnection with Europe. With a host range of over 80 plants, the pest inflicts most damage to staple cereals, non-cereal crops, and pasture grasses impacting food security and livestock production....

Author(s):B. E. Isabirye, I. Rwomushana, A. M. Akol, A. Mayamba, F. Kagoda, P. Butono

Availability, Access and utilization of ICTs and tools among Poultry farmers for improved productivity in Nigeria

Article in Press

A descriptive survey was conducted to investigate the availability, access and utilization of ICTs and tools among Poultry farmers for improved production in Yenagoa Local Government Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. 110 poultry farmers were purposively selected from eleven (11) communities in the study area. The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequencies,...

Author(s):G.A. Kalio

Distributiion, Composition and Economic Significance of Major Silk worm Diseases in Some Parts of Ethiopia

Article in Press

A survey was carried out to study the distribution, composition and economic importance of silkworm diseases between 2015 and 2017 in some parts of Ethiopia. From the surveyed areas, diseased silkworms were observed and distinguished at their station. In addition, sample infected silkworm parts were taken and examined in Melkassa Agricultural Research Center (MARC). The result showed that flacherie, grasserie and...

Author(s):Metasebia Terefe, Kedir Shifa, Abiy Tilahun and Ahmed Ibrahim

Effect of Intra Row Spacing and Harvesting Frequency on Growth and Yield of Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. var cicla) at Debre Markos, North West Ethiopia

Article in Press

An experiment was conducted to evaluate influence of different intra row spacing and harvesting frequency on growth and yield of swisschard. The result showed that the interaction effect of intra row spacing and harvesting frequency had a significant effect on the growth and yield of swisschard. The highest plant height (34.133 and 32.067cm) was obtained from swisschard harvested every 14 days combined with intrarow...

Author(s):Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Balewken Atnaf, Anchinalu Addisu and Shashi Shotaw

Effect of Moringa leaves Extracts and Licorice roots on some growth characteristics and grape yield (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Halawany

Article in Press

This study was conducted in a private grape vineyard during the year 2019, was located in Tapalw village, Lailan district, Kirkuk province, Iraq. The was to study the effect of spraying four levels of the moringa leaf extract (0, 15, 30 and 45) g.L-1 and licorice root extract (0, 2.5, 5 and 7.5) g.L-1 on some growth characteristics and yield of grape (Vitis vinifera) cv. Halawany. Spraying of the extracts were applied...

Author(s): Bnar Fuad Jamal Alsalhy, Ali Muhi Aldeen Omar Aljabary

Exploiting Legume-Rhizobium Specificity to Enhance Yield and Economic Return of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.)

Article in Press

This study reports the interaction of rhizobium strains and varieties on yield and yield components of faba bean, and economic feasibility of the inoculant use in faba bean production. The two years field experiments used a split-plot design that involved six elite rhizobium strains as main plot and three faba bean varieties as sub-plot treatments. Non-inoculated plants with N fertilizer and without fertilizer were...

Author(s):Bayou Bunkura Allito; Nana Ewusi-Mensah; Vincent Logah, Demelash Kefale Hunegnaw, Diriba Muleta Yadetie

Effect of Different Tire Inflation Pressures and Extra Ballasts on Tractor Performance in a Clay Loam Soil

Article in Press

The present study was carried out at the Farm of the University of Khartoum, Sudan during March 2017, to investigate the effect of different tire inflation pressure and extra front ballast on tractor performance in a clay loam soil at 23% moisture content. 2 WD tractor (62 kW) and three bottom disc plough were used for this study. The treatments included three values of tire inflation pressures (124.2, 165.6 and 207kPa)...

Author(s):Omer Ahmed Abdalla, Tewheeda Fareed

Smallholder Dairy Production Characteristics in Selected Areas of Eastern Gojjam, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The vast majority of smallholder farmers in Ethiopia use low input production systems that relate to relatively low milk yield per cow/day. While, the dairy sector is not yet developed to the expected level and its contribution to the national economy is quite low in Ethiopia. Even if Eastern Gojjam has good potential for milk and milk products production, diminutive is known about the existing characteristics of...

Author(s):Aleme Asresie, Zelalem Yilma, Eyassu Seifu, Lemma Zemedu, Mitiku Eshetu, Mohammed Y. Kurtu

Effects of aqueous plant extracts on cotton red spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) and ladybird beetles (Coccinellidae spp)

Article in Press

Cotton is one of the key agricultural exports in Zimbabwe. Low cotton yields in Zimbabwe are mainly due to pests and diseases among other factors. Red spider mites (RSM) can account for more than 40 % yield loss if not controlled. Control methods implemented for this pest include cultural practices, chemical control, biological control and use of biopesticides. Three aqueous plant extracts at 10 and 20 % v/v application...

Author(s):Rangarirai Mapuranga, Francis Jimu

Phytoremediation of heavy metals using some selected leguminous crops.

Article in Press

The phytoremediation of heavy metals (cadmium, chromium, copper and lead) by Phaseolus vulgaris and Arachis hypogaea were investigated using standard techniques. The heavy metal polluted soil samples were collected from Crush Rock Industries Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria, while heavy metal free control soil samples were obtained from Ebonyi State Ministry of Agriculture, Ishiagu Station. The seeds of the two plants were...

Author(s):G.I. Ameh, H.O. Nwamba, V.S. Njom and E.C. Ofordile

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