African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5195

AJMR Articles

Pathological effects of staphylococcal species (S. aureus, S. xylosus and S. lentus) on some visceral organs (liver, kidney and bladder) of wistar rats following intraperitoneal inoculation

February 2018

Following the intraperitoneal inoculation of 200 Wistar rats (96 males, 96 females and 8 controls) aged 2 to4 months with graded-doses of saline and peptone water broth cultures of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus xylosus and Staphylococcus lentus isolates obtained from urinary tract infection (UTI) in Enugu, Nigeria and typed down to species using API® Staph typing kit, the rats were observed for 72 h and were...

Author(s): Onyebueke Ebere Adaeze, Onyemelukwe Ngozi Felicia, Achukwu Peter Uwadiegwu and Onuba Augustine Chukwudum

Isolation and phenotypic characterization of actinomycetes from Rabat neighborhood soil and their potential to produce bioactive compounds

February 2018

This study aimed to examine the isolation of actinomycetes strains from unexplored Rabat neighbourhood soil followed by phenotypic diversity highlight to access their potential as novel bioactive compounds producers. Twenty nine actinomycetes strains were isolated from southeast of Rabat region. Morphological and cultural characterization, pigment production and antibacterial assay were carried out. All isolates (100%)...

Author(s): Ayoubi Hasnaa, Mouslim Assia, Moujabbir Sara, Amine Soukaina, Azougar Iman, Mouslim Jamal and Menggad Mohammed

Antibacterial and anti-adherent effect of Mimosa tenuiflora and Myrciaria cauliflora on dental biofilm bacteria

February 2018

The use of plants in the prevention and treatment of oral infectious and as an antibiofilm agent continues to be valued in many parts of the world. The aim of study is to evaluate in vitro antimicrobial action of the plant extracts of barks Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.), Poir. (jurema preta) and leaf and stem of Myrciaria cauliflora Berg. (jabuticabeira) against dental biofilm bactéria. The oral bacteria were used...

Author(s): Maria Regina Macêdo-Costa, Carlus Alberto Oliveira dos Santos, Eduardo Roberto de Lucena, Maria do Socorro Vieira Pereira and Kenio Costa de Lima

Effect of maize and peanut crops on Ivory Coast northern soil biological activities and their response to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation

February 2018

The overuse of chemical fertilizers in agriculture remains an environmental concern, especially in sub-Saharan areas of Africa where soil degradation lead to low crop yield. Crop inoculation with beneficial microorganisms appears a good alternative to reduce chemical substances and improve yield. In this regard, studies on soil biological activities and inoculation experiments on maize (Zea mays L.) and peanut (Arachis...

Author(s): Gisèle Amoin Koffi,, Fatou Ndoye,, Soumaïla Dabonné, Niokhor Bakhoum,, Mathieu Ndigue Faye, Dioumacor Fall, and  Diégane Diouf,  

Investigation on biosuppression of Fusarium crown and root rot of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and growth promotion using fungi naturally associated to Solanum linnaeanum L.

February 2018

Fusarium crown and root rot (FCRR) is a serious tomato disease in Tunisia which is difficult to control due to its soilborne nature and to the luck of genetic resistance. In the current study, native Solanum linnaeanum was explored as potential source of effective fungal agents for disease biocontrol. Eight fungal isolates, recovered from S. linnaeanum plants growing in the Tunisian Centre-East and shown able to...


Prevalence of extended spectrum β-lactamases in multidrug resistant strains of Gram-negative bacteria

February 2018

Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are enzymes that are now becoming major sources of resistance to β-lactamase antibiotics more especially in enteric bacteria such as Klebsiella pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Increase in the frequency of the β-lactam resistance in bacteria has become a serious threat for treating bacterial infections caused by enterobacteriaceae. This study aims to...

Author(s): Thonda Oluwakemi Abike, Oluduro Anthonia Olufunke and Osuntokun Oludare Temitope

Evaluation of safety and immunogenicity of combined blackleg and hemorrhagic septicemia vaccine

February 2018

To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of combined hemorrhagic septicemia (HS) and blackleg (BL) vaccine, combined vaccine was produced in two different formulations (group one, G1 and group two, G2) and compared with safety and immunogenicity of monovalent Hs and BL vaccines in different doses. G1 combined vaccine was vaccinated in 4 and 2 ml in to five calves each while G2 combined vaccine, the monovalent HS and...

Author(s): Hunderra Sori, Shiferaw Jemberie, Martha Yami, Jalata Shuka, Birhanu Abebe and Kenaw Birhanu

Molecular epidemiology of Coxiella burnetii in human, animals and ticks in Bangladesh

February 2018

Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetti is a well recognised zoonotic disease around the world which is endemic in many countries. In Bangladesh, a very few information is available in men and animals about this disease. Thus, the objective of this study is to determine the presence of Q fever in animal (goat and cattle) and human population including the tick which is a vector of the disease. A total of 172 animals with...

Author(s): Md. Siddiqur Rahman, Amitavo Chakrabartty, Roma Rani Sarker, Sayra Tasnin Sharmy, Abu Sayeed Sarker, Sonia Parvin, Heinrich Neubauer and Klaus Henning  

Parameter optimization of pyoverdine content and growth kinetics on Pseudomonas fluorescens pf-10 strain in iron deficient liquid state media

February 2018

Iron nutrition in bacteria presents a fundamental challenge due to its extremely low solubility in aerobic environments at moderate pH. For optimal growth, Pseudomonas bacteria necessitate about 10 e-6 to 10 e-7 M of bioavailable iron and therefore solve an iron supply problem for survival by synthesizing and exporting a low-molecular-weight compound called siderophore. The latter has a high iron binding capability from...

Author(s): Berdja R., Abderrahmane O., and Benchabane M.  

Sugarcane growth promotion by Kosakonia sp. ICB117 an endophytic and diazotrophic bacterium

February 2018

The present study investigates the strain Kosakonia sp. ICB117, an endophytic, N2-fixing bacterium that belongs to a genus recently described. The bacteria were isolated from sugarcane stalks (Saccharum sp. variety SP791011) and inoculated into other sugarcane plants of the same variety. The effect of inoculation on sugarcane growth was then studied in the presence or absence of nitrate supplementation (10 mM). The...

Author(s): Carolina Krebs Kleingesinds, Felipe Ibañez de Santi Ferrara, Eny Iochevet Segal Floh, Marcos Pereira Marinho Aidar and Heloiza Ramos Barbosa  

Shelf life enhancement of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria using a simple formulation screening method

February 2018

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a specific group of bacteria interacting beneficially with plants. Among the known PGPRs, the species Pseudomonas fluorescens and Burkholderia pyrrocinia have been highlighted in both growth promotion and control of rice diseases. Ensuring the stability of the microorganism during production, formulation, distribution and storage has been a challenge for these species. In...

Author(s): Marina Teixeira Arriel-Elias,#, Maythsulene I. S. Oliveira,#, Valacia Lemes Silva-Lobo, Marta Cristina Corsi Filippi, Amadou H. Babana, Edemilson Cardoso Conceição and Marcio Vinicius de C. B. Cortes  

Quorum sensing: An imperative longevity weapon in bacteria

January 2018

Bacterial cells exhibit a complex pattern of co-operative behaviour as shown by their capacity to communicate amongst each other. Quorum sensing (QS) is a generic term used for bacterial cell-to-cell communication which secures survival of its species. Many QS bacteria produce and release autoinducers like acyl-homoserine lactone-signaling molecules to regulate cell population density. Different species of bacteria...

Author(s): Shrikant Pawar and Chandrajit Lahiri  

Nosocomial infections are still a major concern in peri-urban polyclinics in Ghana

January 2018

The study assessed potential sources of nosocomial infections as well as the knowledge of healthcare workers about these infections in a peri-urban polyclinic of Ghana. Swabs were taken in duplicates from beds in the wards, door knobs, sinks, nurses’ desks, taps handles, delivery beds, wound dressing rooms, and door and flashing handles of lavatories. After overnight incubation, the samples were serially diluted...

Author(s): Samuel Essien-Baidoo, Benjamin Ansah Agyei, Anna Hayfron Benjamin, Loretta Betty Blay Mensah and Justice Afrifa  

Phenotypic characteristics of rhizobial and non-rhizobial isolates recovered from root nodules of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) grown in Ethiopia

January 2018

Fifty endophytic bacteria recovered from surface sterilized root nodules of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) grown in Ethiopia were authenticated using three chickpea cultivars (Natoli, ICC-4918 and ICC-5003). These isolates were characterized based on morphological and phenotypic traits. The test isolates were divided into two: bacteria nodulating chickpea (27 isolates, Group I] and endophytic non-nodulating bacteria (23...

Author(s): Negash Demissie, Tulu Degefu, Alazar Ergena and Chris Ojiewo  

Direct identification of yeasts from blood culture by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry

January 2018

This study aimed to identify yeasts directly from positive blood cultures by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. This was a 5-month prospective study (February to June, 2015) carried out on bottles of blood cultures from in-patients at the Hôpital de l’ARCHET at the CHU, Nice. Positive blood culture broth was analysed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry using Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate (SDS) as the lysis buffer. Out of 64...

Author(s): C. G. Kouadio-Yapo, L. Hasseine, P. Delaunay, P. Marty and M. Gari-Toussaint  

Antibiotic susceptibility and serotype patterns of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from clinical isolates in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire

January 2018

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) has been found to be a common hospital acquired pathogen, responsible for several severe infections. The objective of this study was to describe the antibiotic resistance profile of P. aeruginosa strains from human sample. This descriptive study was carried out on 168 isolated strains of P. aeruginosa collected from January 2014 to December 2015 at the Pasteur Institute of...

Author(s): Clarisse Kouamé Elogne, Julien Coulibaly Kalpy, Alain Yéo, Nathalie Guessennd, Jean Claude Anné, Tatianah Kangah Ngoran, Sofia Okpo Boyou,  Adèle Kacou N’douba   and Mireille Dosso  

GC-MS and molecular analyses of monocrotophos biodegradation by selected bacterial isolates

January 2018

Soil treatment incubation method was carried out to analyze the monocrotophos (MCP) biodegradation using three selected bacterial isolates namely Pseudomonas stutzeri (KY287931), Bacillus licheniforms (KY287928), and Bacillus sonorensis (KY287930). After 45 days of incubation of pesticide exposed to soil samples, the MCP biodegradation by individual cultures and consortium culture was analyzed and conformed by gas...

Author(s): Buvaneswari G., Thenmozhi R., Nagasathya A., Thajuddin N. and Praveen Kumar D.  

Evaluation of various marine products against Rhizoctonia solani under in vitro condition

January 2018

Rhizoctonia solani is the causative agent of rice sheath blight, which has become a major problem in rice production. Seaweed provides a rich source of structurally diverse and biologically active secondary metabolite and is proved to be better in decreasing foliar fungal diseases which ultimately increase its fertility and help in the growth of plants. The use of natural products is the ultimate way of combating this...

Author(s): T. Suthin Raj, K. Hane Graff and H. Ann Suji  

Phenotypic detection methods of metallo-β-lactamases -producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated in urology ward from Skikda hospital Algeria

January 2018

Acquired metallo-β-lactamases (MβL) are emerging determinants of resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa . The objectives of this study were to phenotypically detect MβL in P. aeruginosa collected in urology ward from Skikda hospital Algeria. A total of seventeen P. aeruginosa isolates were identified using API 20NE and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry...

Author(s): Fatma Zohra Mellouk and Sameh Meradji  

Evaluation of antibacterial and phytochemical properties of different spice extracts

January 2018

Now-a-days majority of world population rely on the plant preparations as medicines to cure diseases, as they are considered safe and as effective as allopathic preparations without any side effects. Spices are plant products having aroma, are mainly used during cooking to impart flavor and taste to the dish and also possess medicinal values. The present study was designed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of four...

Author(s): Suman Upadhyaya, Divya Yadav, Ram Chandra and Naveen Arora  

In vitro antibiotic resistance patterns of Pseudomonas spp. isolated from clinical samples of a hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia

January 2018

Pseudomonas spp. are the leading cause of nosocomial infections. Rise in multidrug resistance among clinical isolates limit therapeutic options and hence increase mortality rate.  Clinical samples (6840) from a hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia were collected for a duration of 14 months to study the frequency, antimicrobial sensitivity pattern and seasonal variations of Pseudomonas isolates. Conventional...

Author(s): Walaa M. Saeed , Samah Ghanem, Hatem M. El Shafey, and Nikhat Manzoor,

Polyphenolic profile, and antioxidant and antifungal activities of honey products in Benin

January 2018

The aim of this study was to characterize polyphenolic compounds, antifungal and antioxidant activities of polyfloral honey collected from three different phytogeographical zones in Benin duing dry and rainy seasons. Spectrophotometrically at 517 nm, DPPH scavenging activity of tested samples was measured, while antifungal activity, total polyphenols, flavonoids and condensed tannins were evaluted by Dohou, Singleton...

Author(s): François Ezin Azonwadé, Bertin Gbaguidi,  Armand Paraïso,  Durand M. Dah-Nouvlessounon, Elvire Goubalan, Farid Baba-Moussa, Madjid Amoussa, Latifou Lagnika, Victorien Dougnon and Lamine Baba-Moussa

Analysis of nitrifying microbial community for organic hydroponics

January 2018

For many years, the generation of nitrates from organic sources in order to create nutrient solutions for hydroponics had proved a challenge until lately when microorganisms were introduced to perform this task. The objectives of the current study therefore were to use local microbial consortium to nitrify goat manure in water and to determine microbial diversity in the inoculated consortium. Therefore, microorganisms...

Author(s): Edgar Mowa, Levi Akundabweni, Percy Chimwamurombe and Gaddafi Liswaniso

Genotyping of high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) and its role in cervical cancer among suspected women at reproductive age

December 2017

One of the important causes of uterine and cervical malignancy and premalignancy lesions in human is the infection with papilloma virus, especially genotypes that belong to high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) group. The involvement of HPV DNA testing in an adjacent to cytological screening will be of positive impact in early discovery of cervical neoplasia among women at risk and will significantly minimize the...

Author(s): Moneira A. Mansour, Mogahid M. Elhassan, Faris M. Eltom, Hala M. Yousif, Hashim M. Missawi, Eshraga O. Mohamed, Ibrahim B. Elemam and Bahjat S. Farsi

Solanum paniculatum Linn: A potential antimicrobial agent against oral microorganisms

December 2017

In Brazil, several species of potentially medicinal native plants exist, including Solanum paniculatum. This species is commonly known as “jurubeba” and belongs to the Solanaceae family, which is found in several regions in Brazil. It is widely used as a remedy for bronchitis, coughs, arthritis, jaundice, hepatitis, fever and stomach problems. The plant is believed to possess anti-viral, anti-cancer,...

Author(s): Maria Regina Macêdo-Costa , Pedro Henrique Sette-de-Souza , Shenia Eliane do Rego Carneiro , Julia Morais Fernandes , Silvana Maria Zucolotto Langassner , Maria do Socorro Vieira Pereira and  Kenio Costa Lima

Phytochemical screening and antifungal activity of leaves extracts of Luffa cylindrica (Roem)

December 2017

Mycosis constitutes a common health problem, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. The current cascade of antifungals are either too toxic or require long term use for total eradication. This study evaluates antifungal activity and phytochemical constituents of Luffa cylindrica leaves extract which were screened for the presence of bioactive phytochemicals and extracted by cold maceration in n-hexane, ethyl...

Author(s): Mercy Itohan Aboh, Peters Oladosu, Gbonbola Adeshina, Busayo Olayinka and Stephen Olayeni Olonitola

Phytochemical screening, toxicity and antimicrobial action of Solanum paniculatum Linn extract against dental biofilm bacteria

December 2017

The aims of study were to determine the phytochemical composition of hydroalcoholic extract of Solanum paniculatum Linn (jurubeba) root, to evaluate its in vitro antimicrobial action, as well as to determine the acute toxicity and potential cytotoxic effects of this extract. The extract was characterized by phytochemical screening and thin-layer chromatography. The following oral bacteria were used to determine the...

Author(s): Maria Regina Macêdo-Costa, Pedro Henrique Sette-de-Souza, Shenia Eliane do Rêgo Carneiro, Anne Kaline Claudino Ribeiro, Katarine Florêncio de Medeiros, Juliana Félix Silva, Matheus de Freitas Fernandes-Pedrosa and Kenio Costa de Lima

Genotypic characterization of Escherichia coli strains isolated from dairy cattle environment

December 2017

The aim of this study was to characterize the diversity of Escherichia coli strains involved in the dispersion of virulence genes. 152 E. coli strains originated from dairy cattle environment were evaluated through phenotypic and proteomic assays. These samples were investigated for the presence of virulence genes (eaeA, stxI, stxII, ST, LT, eagg, ial) and biofilm related genes (fimH, csgA, flu). Eighteen profiles were...

Author(s): Greiciane França Bronzato, Naiara Miranda Bento Rodrigues, Bruno Rocha Pribul, Gabrielli Stefaninni Santiago, Irene da Silva Coelho, Miliane Moreira Soares de Souza, Elina Reinoso, Mirta Lasagno and Shana de Mattos de Oliveira Coelho

Sanitization protocols applied to commercial restaurants: Effects on natural contaminant microbiota and Salmonella enterica Enteritidis adhered on tomatoes

December 2017

Sanitization is considered as essential for the microbial control of vegetables. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sanitization procedures used in commercial restaurants located in Vitória, Brazil. The efficacy of these sanitization procedures in reducing the presence of natural microbiota and Salmonella enterica Enteritidis cells on tomatoes were evaluated. All the restaurants in this study applied the...

Author(s): Maria Clara de Moraes Motta Machado, Grazielli Ramos de Lyra, Erika Madeira Moreira da Silva and  Jackline Freitas Brilhante de São José

A retrospective study of antibiotic sensitivity pattern of uropathogens in the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

December 2017

This study was designed to bring to the fore the prevalent causative agents of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in Nigeria, using patients attending University of Abuja Teaching Hospital (UATH) as a case study. Using microbiological/biochemical methods, prevalence of uropathogens amongst sexes, was compared between 2010 and 2015. Bacterial counts (105/ml) in the urine was used...

Author(s): Michael P. Okoh, Halima M. Habi and Salamatu S. Machunga-Mambula

Variability in the genotypes of rotavirus detected in Côte d'Ivoire from 2010-2016

December 2017

Group A rotaviruses are the major viral agent of acute gastroenteritis and severe diarrhea in children <5 years old. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends surveillance of circulating strains before and after introduction of vaccination in countries. However, the diversity of circulating strains in developing countries is a major challenge to the vaccination programs. This study, carried out in furtherance of...

Author(s): Boni-Cisse Catherine, Meite syndou, Britoh Mlan Alice, Zaba Flore, N’Guessan Rebecca, Aka Lepri Nicaise and Lartey Bélinda

Isolation of indigenous microorganisms from soil contaminated with metal scraps for the uptake of selected heavy metals in constituted growth media

December 2017

Indigenous bacteria and fungi were isolated from soil obtained from a metal scrap dumpsite in Ibadan, Nigeria. Soil sample analyses showed presence of calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, manganese and copper. A selective isolation of microorganisms was done using heavy metal constituted growth media at concentration of 25 mg/L. Lactobacillus casei was isolated from cadmium and lead composed growth media, Corynebacterium...

Author(s): Ogunnusi T. A. and Oyetunji O. A.

Prevalence, risk factors and multidrug resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine mastitis in selected dairy farms in and around Asella town, Arsi Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

December 2017

A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2012 - May 2013 to estimate the prevalence of multi drug resistance Staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitis and to assess its associated risk factors in selected dairy farms in and around Asella town, Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. A total of 384 fresh raw milk samples from dairy cows were examined for mastitis. Milk samples collected from 251 mastitic lactating cows were...

Author(s): Kemal Kedir Elemo, Tesfaye Sisay, Ashanafi Shiferaw and Muhammadhussien Aman Fato

Serotypes and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Salmonella isolated from fresh beef processing and chilled fresh beef samples produced and marketed in the metropolitan region of Cuiabá, in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

December 2017

Salmonella spp. in food products of animal origin can cause foodborne infections, and when antimicrobial-resistant strains are present, can evolve to severe disease. This study aims to determine the occurrence of Salmonella and identify the serotypes present in the beef production chain of the metropolitan region of Cuiabá, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, and evaluate their antimicrobial resistance profile. The...

Author(s): Adelino da Cunha-Neto, Vinicius Silva Castro, Larrayane Albuês Carvalho, Dália dos Prazeres Rodrigues, Sérgio Borges Mano, Eduardo Eustáquio de Souza Figueiredo and Carlos Adam Conte-Junior,

Mitigation of drought in rice by a phyllosphere bacterium Bacillus altitudinis FD48

December 2017

Phyllosphere bacteria plays important role in mitigating biotic and abiotic stress. This study aimed to use phyllosphere bacterium of rice to enhance drought tolerance. Bacterial isolates obtained from rice phyllosphere were investigated for their plant growth promoting activities and role in alleviation of drought stress in rice. The isolates were identified as Bacillus altitudinis FD48, Bacillus pumilus FS20 and...

Author(s): Aswathy S. Kumar, Sridar R. and Sivakumar Uthandi

Isolation and identification of methicillin-resistant Staphlococcus aureus from mastitic dairy cows in Bishoftu town, Ethiopia

November 2017

This study determines prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus from bovine mastitis in dairy cows from October 2012 to June 2013 in Bishoftu town, Ethiopia. In this cross-sectional study, 16 dairy farms were included and 384 lactating cows sampled. Clinical examination and California mastitis test (CMT) were performed to diagnose clinical and subclinical mastitis, respectively. Milk samples were obtained from the...

Author(s): Hika Waktole Ayana, Biruk Tesfaye Mekonnen, Ashenafi Shiferaw Bulle and Mekonnen Sorsa Berecha

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates in a Senegalese teaching hospital: A cross sectional study

November 2017

Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have been increasingly reported worldwide. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of these multidrug-resistant strains in a major university teaching hospital in Dakar, Senegal. A total of 1205 Enterobacteriaceae stains were tested for ESBL and carbapenemase production. Antibiotics susceptibility test was...

Author(s): Makhtar Camara, Mamadou Thierry Mane, Awa Ba-Diallo, Assane Dieng, Halimatou Diop-Ndiaye, Farba Karam, Seynabou Lo-Lo, Habsa Diagne-Samb, Safietou Ngom-Cisse, Coumba Toure-Kane, Aïssatou Gaye-Diallo, Souleymane Mboup, and Cheikh Saad Bouh Boye

A novel groel gene from the endosymbiont of beet leafhopper, Candidatus Sulcia muelleri

November 2017

Curtoviruses are transmitted by the beet leafhopper Circulifer tenellus, in a circulative (non-propagative) manner. Curtoviruses are phloem-limited and are acquired by the vector during feeding. Sap-feeding insects harbor endosymbionts which can help provide essential nutrients required for the insects’ survival. Candidatus Sulcia muelleri is an endosymbiont present in the beet leafhopper identified during this...

Author(s): Tesneem Nusayr and Rebecca Creamer,

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella species from lactating cows in dairy farm of Bahir Dar Town, Ethiopia

November 2017

Salmonella is the most important disease causing bacteria in persons as well as in animals. Antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella can be transmitted from animals to humans through consumption of contaminated food and food products. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella species from lactating cows in dairy farms of Bahir Dar town. A cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Guesh Mulaw

Pityriasis versicolor profiles among outpatients of the Dermatology Department of the Teaching Hospital of Yopougon Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire

November 2017

This cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out to determine the socio-demographic, and clinical profiles of mycologically diagnosed pityriasis versicolor (PV) among outpatients of the Department of Dermatology, Teaching Hospital of Yopougon (Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire) between July, 2012 and February, 2013. Among 1578 patients screened for various consultations, 200 presented with lesions suggestive...

Author(s): Abibatou Konaté, Pulchérie Christiane Marie Barro-Kiki, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Henriette Vanga-Bosson, Vincent Djohan, Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh, Assohoun Jean Sebastien Miézan, William Yavo and Eby Ignace Hervé Menan,

In vitro biocontrol and biofertilization features study of a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (4RH) strain isolated from a hot spring soil in Algeria

November 2017

Several Bacillus strains were isolated from “Ouled Yelass” hot spring soil, located in Setif city (Eastern Algeria). Three isolates of them coded (4RH), (14 RH), and (Set-oxy), were screened for their ability to inhibit the growth of some phytopathogenic fungi, such as Fusarium oxysporium, Botrytis cinerea, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium cucumerinium and Alternaria alternata. The molecular identification of...

Author(s): Asma AIT KAKI, Mounira KARA ALI, Asma MILET, Nassim MOULA, Philippe THONART and Noreddine KACEM CHAOUCHE

Antibiotic susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates in children with otitis media in Zamfara, North-Western Nigeria

November 2017

Otitis media has been reported as a common childhood disease and is associated with multiple microbial pathogens within the middle ear. Though the causative agents of this infection have largely remained the same over the years, current literature reviews show that the antibiotic susceptibility pattern has changed considerably. This study aimed to identify bacterial isolates and determine their antibiotic susceptibility...

Author(s): Bilkisu Ilah Garba, Bello Alhaji Mohammed, Fatima Mohammed, Murtala Rabiu, Usman Mohammed Sani, Khadija Omene Isezuo and Usman Mohammed Waziri

Isolation and characterization of bacteria associated with yolk sac infection (Omphalitis) in chicken from three hatcheries in Bishoftu, Ethiopia

November 2017

A study was conducted from November 2014 to June 2015 at three hatcheries designated as A, D and E in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia, to isolate and identify bacteria associated with yolk sac infection and to determine antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the predominant isolates. A total of 385 Lohmann and Koekoek breed, 1 to 7 days old chicks suffering from yolk sac infection were examined from three different hatcheries...

Author(s): Kasech Melese, Wondmeneh Esatu and Takele Abayneh

Effect of rates and sources of soluble phosphorus on the behavior of cowpea plants inoculated with rhizobacteria from soils of the north region of Brazil

November 2017

Cowpea can obtain N through biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) through symbiosis with rhizobacteria. However, nodulation and BNF are influenced by edaphoclimatic factors that may bring about benefits or damages to the process, and the availability of nutrients is among the main factors that affect BNF and phosphorus (P). Thus, the present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of doses and sources of soluble P on...

Author(s): Érica de Oliveira Araújo, Juliana Guimarães Gerola, Caiqui Raoni Gomes Ferreira and Leandro Cecílio Matte

Microbial quality of retail raw meat in administrative towns of Gojjam area North-West Ethiopia with special reference of Gram positive cocci species

November 2017

This study was conducted to determine the bacteriological quality of retail raw meat. Twenty one raw meat samples were randomly collected from four administrative towns: Bure, Debre-Markos, Dejen and Fenoteselam meat-stalls of Gojjam area. Samples were collected and transported kept in cold sterile screw cap bottles with ice contained icebox. It was cultured on plate count agar and mannitol salt agar plates for...

Author(s): Seifu Birhanu, and Sentayhu Menda,

Microbial production of textile grade pigments

November 2017

Biological pigments or biochromes are substances produced by living organisms and have a color  resulting from selective color absorption. A total of 37 isolates of Actinomycetes and 2 bacteria were isolated from 26 different soil samples collected from different habitats of Kerala. The isolates were screened for pigment production. The effect of pigment production by the strains on various carbon and nitrogen...

Author(s): A. Sadasivan Nair, B. Prakash Kumar and J. Anu Geo

Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon by Micrococcus sp. in form of wax ball

November 2017

Hydrocarbon containing compounds like diesel, crude oil and petrol cause environmental pollution. Hydrocarbon contaminated sites contain large amount of microbial community adapted for utilizing these compound as a source of carbon and other metabolic activities. A study was conducted in order to isolate the micro-organism from hydrocarbon contaminated sites for petroleum degradation. The soil sample was collected from...

Author(s): Nida Abdul Qadir, Javed Hasnain and Warda Fatima

Production of antimicrobial agents by Bacillus spp. isolated from Al-Khor coast soils, Qatar

November 2017

Bacilli are Gram-positive, sporulating bacteria that can be found in diverse habitats, but mostly in soil. Many recent studies showed the importance of their antimicrobial agents that mainly target other Gram-positive bacteria. This study was conducted to assess the antibacterial activity of Al-Khor coastal soil Bacillus strains against four bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Escherichia...

Author(s): Asmaa Missoum and Roda Al-Thani

Effect of surfactants on lignin modifying enzyme activity of Ganoderma species KX879638 and Lentinus species KY006984 under solid state fermentation

November 2017

Lignin modifying enzyme (LME) activity [laccase, lignin peroxidase (LiP) and manganese peroxidase (MnP)] was studied in two indigenously isolated white rot fungi, Ganoderma species KX879638 and Lentinus species KY006984 under solid state fermentation (SSF) of wheat bran and saw dust supplemented with various non-ionic polysorbate surfactants (Tweens) and Triton X-100. Both fungal species proved to be highly ligninolytic...

Author(s): A. Singh and R. K. Singh

Diversity and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella strains isolated from different sources in Burkina Faso

October 2017

Epidemiologic and traceback evidence of Salmonella infection is not much in many developing countries including Burkina Faso. This study investigates the antimicrobial resistance and distribution of Salmonella serotypes isolated from diverse sources in Burkina Faso. 615 Salmonella serotypes isolated from beef meat, poultry carcasses, poultry, swine, cattle, hedgehog, fish, salad, channel and humans from 2009 to 2011...

Author(s): Kagambèga A., , , Bouda S. C., Bako E., Cissé H., Barro N. and Haukka K.,

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