Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 403

JVMAH Articles

Mastitis in camels (Camelus dromedarius): Past and recent research in pastoral production system of both East Africa and Middle East

August 2014

Udder infection was considered as one of the main constraints for camel rearing. During the last decades the disease has been reported from a number of camels-rearing countries in Africa and Asia such as Egypt, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and United Arab Emirate. An attempt was made in this paper in order to review the status of camel mastitis (Camelus dromedarius) research in pastoral production system of...

Author(s): Atif E. Abdelgadir

Postmortem incidence and trends of Newcastle disease lesions among chicken presented for diagnosis at Makerere University Central Veterinary Laboratory: A retrospective study

August 2014

In Uganda, endemic poultry diseases especially Newcastle disease (ND) presents an important limiting factor in the development of commercial poultry production and establishment of trade links. However, there was limited information about its incidence and trends. A retrospective study was conducted to determine incidence and trends of ND among chicken presented for post mortem diagnosis at Makerere University Central...

Author(s): Ndidde, Y., Akullo, J., Zirintunda, G. and Ekou, J.

Risk management of importation of day old chicks in Khartoum State, Sudan

August 2014

The present study was carried out in Khartoum state comprising three towns namely Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum North and was aimed of identifing, analyzing and dealing with risks related to importation of day old chicks in order to minimize risk impact and to develop systemic approach for approving or rejecting imported day old chicks according to processes of import policy and procedures. Data was obtained from...

Author(s): Marwa ElTayeb Abdel Rahman, Atif Elamin Abdelgadir and Mahmoud Musa Mahmoud

Confirmatory diagnosis of contagious ecthyma (Orf) by polymerase chain reaction at Adet Sheep Research Sub-Center, Ethiopia: A case report

July 2014

An outbreak of contagious ecthyma (CE) was investigated in June, 2012 with morbidity rate of 22% in Adet Sheep Research Sub-Center, Ethiopia. The results of this investigation indicated that the outbreak was caused by infection with CE virus. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for rapid diagnosis was applied to five scab samples obtained from sheep suspected for CE. To confirm whether the causative agent was...

Author(s): Yeshwas Ferede, Almaz Habtamu and Sisay Gebresellasie

Do dental abnormalities predispose horses to colic?

July 2014

Evaluation of dental abnormalities were carried out on a group of 74 polo horses with history of colic (colicky group) and another group of 70 randomly selected polo horses with no history of colic (non-colicky group) under similar environmental and management condition at Lagos Polo Club, Lagos, Nigeria in order to investigate probable correlation between dental abnormalities, routine dental care and predisposition to...

Author(s): Timothy A. O. Olusa and Joseph Fadeyemi Akinrinmade

Slaughter surveillance for tuberculosis among cattle in three metropolitan abattoirs in Ghana

July 2014

Despite its existence in Ghana, there is very little information on the extent or nature of bovine tuberculosis. This state of affairs may pose a serious public health threat through risks associated with the consumption of beef from infected cattle, dairy milk and other bovine products. A study to screen bovine carcasses with lesions suggestive of mycobacterial infection at necropsy in three selected abattoirs in Accra...

Author(s): Samuel Kumah Atiadeve, Oti Kwasi Gyamfi, Ephraim Mak-Mensah, Isaac K. A. Galyuon, Darlington Owusu, Frank Adae Bonsu, Kofi Dzorgbenyuie Bedzra and Richard K. Gyasi

Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis and assessment of Cattle owners’ awareness on its public health implication in and around Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia

June 2014

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September, 2010 to July, 2011 on 480 cattle in and around Mekelle town, northern Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) using comparative intradermal tuberculin (CIDT) test and to assess cattle owners’ awareness on its public health implication using a questionnaire survey. The individual animal and herd bovine tuberculin positivity prevalence...

Author(s): Fikre Zeru, Gebremedhin Romha, Gebretsadik Berhe, Gezahegne Mamo, Tesfaye Sisay and Gobena Ameni,

Caseous lymphadenitis in goats from Borena Range Land South Ethiopia slaughtered at Luna Export Abattoir

June 2014

A study was conducted on 400 goats in Luna Export Abattoir originated from district area of Borena Range land (that is Yabello and Negella) from November, 2008 to April, 2009 to estimate the prevalence of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) in goats. Detail post mortem examination and bacteriology were applied to undertake this study. On the bases of post mortem and bacteriological results, the prevalence of caseous...

Author(s): Fikre Zeru and Abraha Gebregziabher Kahsay

Outbreaks of Peste des petits ruminants in two different localities in Sudan

June 2014

This report describes the details of outbreaks of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) which occurred during 2008 in Khartoum and River Nile States in Sudan. An outbreak was reported in a sheep flock at the southern part of the State (Soba) in Khartoum, with 100% morbidity and mortality rates. In ElDamer city at River Nile State, the morbidity rate was 31.4% while mortality rate was 17.1% in the total animal...

Author(s): Ali, Y.H., Intisar, K. S. and Khalafalla, A. I.

Rabies in animals and humans in and around Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia: A retrospective and questionnaire based study

June 2014

Reliable data is required on diseases like rabies by policy makers and professionals. This study was therefore aimed at assessing the situation of rabies in and around Addis Ababa using retrospective data obtained during 2008 to 2011. Besides, a questionnaire was used to generate information on factors associated with the occurrence of rabies. A total of 935 brain samples from different species of animals were examined...

Author(s): Reta, T., Teshale, S., Deresa, A., Ali, A., Mengistu, F., Sifer, D. and Freuling, C. M.

Pathophysiologic mechanisms of pain in animals – A review

May 2014

The sense of pain is of practical significance in human and veterinary medicine. Its management and prevention constitute integral and fundamental parts of quality and compassionate care of patients. In order to recognise, assess, prevent and treat pain, an understanding of its pathway and the pathophysiologic mechanisms is necessary. This review discusses definitions of pain, its classification, description,...

Author(s): Okafor, R. O. S., Remi-Adewunmi, B. D., Fadason, S. T., Ayo, J. O. and Muhammed, S. M.

Species composition, prevalence and seasonal variations of ixodid cattle ticks in and around Haramaya town, Ethiopia

May 2014

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2009 to March 2010 in and around Haramaya town to determine the species composition, prevalence and seasonal variation of ixodid cattle ticks. During the study period, a total of 3117 adult ixodid cattle ticks were collected from the half body regions of 346 local breeds of cattle which were under extensive management system during early dry and early wet periods and...

Author(s): Mohamed Bedasso, Belay Abebe and Hailu Degefu

Evaluation of biosecurity measures on broiler farms in Khartoum, Sudan

May 2014

This study was designed to evaluate the present biosecurity measures in broiler farms in Khartoum and to compare between the biosecurity practices followed in closed system and open system farms. The primary information that included numbers of broiler poultry in each farms, locations in the state and type of farms were obtained from Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, Khartoum. Multi-stage cluster sampling...

Author(s): Mahmoud Mohamed Ali, Atif Elamin Abdelgadir and Hayfa Mohammed Ismail

Major causes and risk factors associated with calf mortality in dairy farms in Khartoum State, Sudan

May 2014

This study was conducted in dairy farms in Khartoum state in order to determine the major causes and risk factors associated with calves’ mortality. The main results revealed that out of 2,310 animals a highest mortality rate was in Hilat kuku 2.16% (n = 50), followed by Alrudwan and Alseleit 1.73% (n = 24) and 1.04% (n = 40), respectively. Application of analytical statistic using one way analysis of variance...

Author(s): Abdullatief E.  M. Mansour, Atif E. Abdelgadir and Ibtisam E. M. El Zubeir

Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease (FMD) and associated economic impact on Central Ethiopian cattle feedlots

May 2014

The study was conducted in central part of Ethiopia in 2011 with the objectives to determine seroprevalence and associated economic impact on cattle feedlots. From the total of 38,187 bulls examined for foot and mouth disease (FMD) antibody, 5,536 (14.5%) was found positive and subsequently rejected from international market. The seropositivity of FMD varied from site to site and the variations were statistically...

Author(s): Gezahegn Alemayehu, Girma Zewde and Berhanu Admassu

Listeriosis in a 5 month old white Fulani-cross heifer

April 2014

A five month old calf was presented to the Large Animal Clinic of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, with a chief complaint of nervous dysfunction. The calf was hospitalized and a thorough physical examination was carried out. The condition was diagnosed to be listeriosis based on the clinical signs, though efforts were made to isolate the organism from urine without success. The calf was...

Author(s): Kaltungo, B.Y., Musa, I. W., Baba, A.Y., Onoja., I. I., Babashani, M. and Okaiyeto, S.O.

Age-related changes in haematologic parameters of cage-raised Japanese quails (Cortunix japonica)

April 2014

Blood samples were collected from clinically normal, cage-raised Japanese quails at regular intervals, over a six-week period. Full routine haematological analyses were carried out to establish reference values for growing individuals of this species and to assess age-related changes. The results of this study showed an initial significant reduction (p˂0.001) in the values of the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean...

Author(s): Oluwasanmi Olayinka Aina and Temitayo Ajibade

Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in dromedary camels and awareness of pastoralists about its zoonotic importance in Eastern Ethiopia

April 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate bovine tuberculosis in camels which was conducted in Eastern part of Ethiopia using post mortem examination, Mycobaterium isolation, tuberculin skin test and questionnaire based interview. Tuberculosis (TB) is an important disease for pastoralist, particularly due to prevailing habit of consuming raw milk and sharing house during night time with their animals. This study has...

Author(s): Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Kaleab Zerom Gezahegne, Abiy Mussa, Gobena Ameni and Mohammed Sanni Ali

Microbiological study on bacterial causes of bovine mastitis and its antibiotics suscebtibility patterns in East Showa Zone, Akaki District, Ethiopia

April 2014

The study was conducted during September, 2008 to 2009 in East Showa Zone, Akaki district to determine the prevalence of mastitis, identify risk factors, isolate and identify major bacterial causes and conduct in-vitro antimicrobial susceptibility test. Forty six (46) small holder dairy farms and 200 dairy cows were selected by one stage cluster sampling. Questionnaire survey, farm inspection and clinical examination of...

Author(s): Redeat Belayneh, Kelay Belihu and Asamenew Tesfaye

Heat stress amelioration and production performance in layers supplemented with herbal liquid anti-stressor product

March 2014

As the body temperature of birds rise, feed consumption, growth rate, feed efficiency, survivability, egg production and egg quality tends to decline. In order to address the problem of heat stress, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of AV/LAP/19 liquid (Supplied by M/s Ayurvet Ltd. Baddi, HP, India) containing natural vitamin C with bioflavonoids and selenium, and synthetic ascorbic-acid (vitamin C)...

Author(s): N. V. Jadhav, B. Awati, S. Kulkarni, P. G. Waghmare, M. D. Suranagi, K. Ravikanth, M. Dandale and Shivi Maini

Effects of transportation positions and orientations on muscular damage of goats transported by road for 12 h during the hot-dry conditions

March 2014

The influence of road transportation position and orientation on muscular damage was evaluated in 30 goats. The animals were divided into two groups: 20 goats transported by road for 12-h during hot-dry conditions (TG) and 10 non-transported sedentary goats (SG). During the 12-h transportation period, the goats spent 7 h standing, of which 40.0% of the goats spent 4.5 ± 0.7 h standing in perpendicular direction,...

Author(s): Ndazo Salka Minka and Joseph Olusegun Ayo

A three year follow-up study on the occurrence of bovine ehrlichiosis (cowdriosis) at Gondar University dairy farm

March 2014

Bovine ehrlichiosis (cowdriosis) is an acute, fatal, non-contagious, infectious, tick-borne rickettsial disease of ruminants, caused by Ehrlichia ruminantium and transmitted by Amblyomma ticks. During the 3 years period, 37 cases were examined at the University of Gondar dairy farms with diagnosis based on clinical, post-mortem and squash smear preparations. The age of animals which showed clinical signs ranged from two...

Author(s): Achenef Melaku, Basaznew Bogale, Mersha Chanie, Wassie Molla and Gizat Almaw

Cloacal feacal carriage and occurrence of antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli in chicken grown with and without antibiotic supplemented feed

March 2014

Drug resistant Escherichia coli persist in the intestinal flora of poultry birds, and these serve as route via which they can be transmitted directly to humans, thus contributing to the already growing crisis of antibiotic resistance. The purpose of this study was to determine the cloacal feacal carriage and occurrence of antibiotic resistant E. coli isolates from chicken fed with and without antibiotic supplemented...

Author(s): Nwankwo Chinwe, Ayogu Thomas, Iroha Ifeanyichukwu, Ejikeugwu Chika, Nwakaeze Emmanuel, Oji Anthonia and ILang Donatus

Bacteriological evaluation of the drinking water quality in dairy farms in Khartoum state, Sudan

March 2014

This study was conducted in Khartoum State in order to evaluate the quality of the drinking water in dairy farms based on bacteriological examinations and viable counts. A total of 39 water samples were obtained from dairy farms (13 in Khartoum, 13 in Omdurman and 13 in Khartoum North). All samples were cultured on Blood Agar and MacConkey for bacterial isolation and on nutrient agar for viable counts. The main result...

Author(s): Amna Mustafa Musa and Atif Elamin Abdelgadir

Gross pathological lesions of bovine tuberculosis and efficiency of meat inspection procedure to detect-infected cattle in Adama municipal abattoir

February 2014

A cross-sectional study was conducted at Adama municipal abattoir from February 2010 to May 2011 to estimate the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) and to evaluate the efficiency of meat inspection procedure to detect cattle infected with Mycobacterium bovis. The study only involved routine and detailed inspection at slaughter house. Chi-square test and test of agreement (Kappa value) were used to analyze the data....

Author(s): Dechassa Terefe

Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitism of cattle in East Showa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia

February 2014

This study was conducted from November 2011 to April 2012 in the East Showa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia in four selected study area to investigate the prevalence, burden of helminths, and to asses associated risk factors. A total of 326 fecal samples were used for qualitative and quantitative coprological examination. The overall prevalence was 61% of gastrointestinal (GI) helminths and the prevalent...

Author(s): Cheru Telila, Birhanu Abera, Diriba Lemma and Eyob Eticha

Spermatozoa morphology and characteristics of Spondias mombin L. (Anacardiaceae) protected male Wistar rats exposed to sodium arsenite

February 2014

The sperm protective potential of Spondias mombin L in arsenic-treated rats was carried out. Thirty-five male albino rats (225 to 228 g) were used and grouped into 7 (A to G), each group containing 5 rats. Group A was treated with 0.1 ml dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), B (0.1 ml of distilled water), C (sodium arsenite (SA-2.5 mg/kg body weight), D (ethyl acetate fraction), E (ethyl acetate fraction for 7 days and sodium...

Author(s): Olufunke Ola-Davies, Ajani O. S. and Oyeyemi M. O.

Comparison between rolling and surgical treatment of uterine torsion in buffaloes (Bubalis bubalis) in Basrah province

February 2014

A number of 30 buffaloes with uterine torsion were described in a period of 2010 to 2011 in our clinic in Basrah Province Alnashwa. All animals were treated first by rolling but only four cases responded and were corrected by this method, 86.67% of cases were corrected by caesarian section (CS). We found that the right uterine torsion was more incidence 73.33% than left uterine torsion, from the result, we found 4 cases...

Author(s): Abd-Albari A. Alfaris, Taher A. Fahad and Baqer J. Hassan

Pre-weaning kid mortality in Adamitulu Jedokombolcha District, Mid Rift Valley, Ethiopia

January 2014

A longitudinal study was conducted, from October 2008 to April 2009, on 188 kids born from flocks of 50 randomly selected households in Aneno and Edokontola villages in Adamitulu Jedokombolcha district, mid rift valley, Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to estimate pre-weaning mortality, identify associated factors and establish possible causes of death in goat kids. Data collected were used to evaluate the effect of...

Author(s): Alula Petros, Kassaye Aragaw and Berhanu Shilima

Evaluation of the newcastle disease antibody level after vaccination regimes in chickens in Debrezeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia

January 2014

Evaluation of the Newcastle disease (NCD) antibody level after different vaccination regime was conducted on 110 chickens: (32%) vaccinated and kept separated, (25.2%) unvaccinated and kept with vaccinated, (25.2%) were control groups. Four vaccination regime of chicken against NCD using live lentogenic stain, Hithcner B1 (at the age of 3 day old) and lasota (at the age of 27, 63, and 112th days of age) were used. The...

Author(s): Zelalem Gebretsadik Anebo, Kidist Teklemichael, Belachew Bacha, Tadios Habte and Addisalem Hunde

Prevalence of clinical and sub-clinical mastitis on cross bred dairy cows at Holleta Agricultural Research Center, Central Ethiopia

January 2014

A study on bovine mastitis, designed to determine the prevalence and causal agent in cross breed dairy cow, was conducted from November, 2009 to March, 2010 at Holleta agricultural research center. A total of 90 cross bred cows were examined by physical examination and California mastitis test (CMT). Out of the total animals examined, 81.1% (73) had mastitis, in which 7.8% (7) and 73.3% (66) had clinical and sub...

Author(s): Ararsa Duguma, Tadele Tolosa and Aster Yohannes

Tail docking in dogs: Evaluation of current practices and ethical aspects in southwest Nigeria

January 2014

This study evaluated the current practices of tail docking in dogs routinely performed in southwest Nigeria, as well as their ethical issues. The data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire provided to breeders/owners besides an audit of retrospective case records. The results indicated that tail docking was performed and embraced by all practices and breeders/owners surveyed, with higher frequency of...

Author(s): Akinrinmade Joseph Fadeyemi

Ectoparasitism: Threat to Ethiopian small ruminant population and tanning industry

January 2014

Sheep and goats are important contributors to food production in Ethiopia providing meat, milk and income generation for the country. Skins are the most important items to generate foreign currency for developing countries like Ethiopia. However, the huge resource potential of sheep and goats populations of the country are constrained and threatened by compound effect of diseases, poor management and malnutrition....

Author(s): Yacob Hailu Tolossa

Retrospective study of clinical cases presented at veterinary hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan

January 2014

The study was conducted in Veterinary Hospitals in Khartoum state in order to determine the clinical cases in different animal species. Many Bovine diseases were diagnosed in different Veterinary Hospitals in Khartoum State from 2010 to 2012. A total of (204) cases were recorded all over the state and the highest overall prevalence rate was observed for surgical interferences 35.78% (n = 73), parasitic diseases 33.33%...

Author(s): Afrah Mahmoud Abusara and Atif Elamin Abdelgadir

Sensitivity of Trypanosoma congolense field isolates in experimentally infected calves in Konso district, Southern Ethiopia to isomethamidium and diminazene

January 2014

Study on sensitivity to diminazene aceturate 3.5 mg/kg and isometamidium chloride 0.5 mg/kg in tenzebu calves experimentally infected with two field isolates of Trypanosoma congolense (ET/07/Konso 59 and ET/07/Konso 114) was undertaken in Konso district, Southern Ethiopia. Calves were monitored for clinical and parasitological parameters during three months. At day 15 post-infection, corresponding to peak parasitaemia,...

Author(s): Hagos A., Gewado A. and Yacob H. T.

Epidemiological studies of gastrointestinal parasitic infections in ruminants in Jakiri, Bui Division, North West Region of Cameroon

December 2013

Goats recorded the highest (90.4%) prevalence of GIT parasites, followed by sheep (73.1%), and the least prevalence was observed in cattle (56.7%). Concerning the various management techniques, prevalence of GIT parasites were higher in tethered animals (88.1%) followed by free range grazing animals (60.9%). Animals confined in paddocks had the least prevalence (45.5%). Eimeria species recorded the highest prevalence...

Author(s): Ntonifor H. N., Shei S. J. , Ndaleh N. W. and Mbunkur G. N.

Isolation time of brooding chicks play an important role in the control of Marek’s disease

December 2013

This work reported the use of a combination of measures for the control of an outbreak of Marek’s disease (MD). Post- introduction vaccinations of young chickens in a farm that had an outbreak over a period of six years did not yield good result. The disease was therefore controlled by brooding new birds in isolated pens far away from the other one, use of biosecurity measures and brooding birds during the rainy...

Author(s): Okwor E. C., Eze D. C. and Agbo I. C.

Review on camel trypanosomosis (surra) due to Trypanosoma evansi: Epidemiology and host response

December 2013

Trypanosomosis is the most important and serious pathogenic protozoal disease of camel caused by Trypanosoma species. Trypanosome evansi parasite has a wide range of distribution throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Mostly, camels suffer from trypanosomosis caused by T. evansi that is transmitted mechanically, non-cyclically, by haematophagus flies such as horseflies (Tabanus) and stable flies...

Author(s): Eyob E. and Matios L.

Sero-prevalence of small ruminants’ brucellosis in four districts of Afar National Regional State, Northeast Ethiopia

December 2013

A cross-sectional study was conducted in four districts of Afar region to determine the prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants. One thousand fifty sera were tested using modified Rose Bengal plate test (mRBPT) and complement fixation test (CFT) as screening and confirmatory tests, respectively. The results showed that 7.1 and 13.6% of sheep and goats were sero-positive, respectively. District level sero-prevalence...

Author(s): Wesinew Adugna, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema and Simenew Keskes,⃰

Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitism of cattle in Gedebano Gutazer Wolene district, Ethiopia

December 2013

This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and monthly distribution of helminth parasites of cattle in Gedebano Gutazer Wolene district, Southern Ethiopia, from November 2008 to May 2009. A total of 406 faecal samples were collected and subjected to qualitative and quantitative coprologic parasitological examination. From the cattle examined an overall prevalence of 39.6% (n=161) was recorded. The study...

Author(s): Jelalu Kemal and Yitagele Terefe

Probiotics in animal production: A review

November 2013

Probiotics have been recently defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization/ World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) as live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host. A good probiotic should be non-pathogenic, non-toxic and capable of exerting beneficial effect on the host animal. It should be present as viable cells and capable of surviving and metabolizing...

Author(s): Ezema, C.

A review of the role of five kinds of alternatives to in-feed antibiotics in broiler production

November 2013

In view of severe restriction of total ban on the use of antibiotics as growth promoters and therapeutic agents in poultry industry, the search for alternatives to replace antibiotics has gained increasing interest in animal nutrition. Gut micro flora appears to be the target for IFAs and alternatives to exert health benefits and some growth-promoting effects. Subsequent to banning of use of...

Author(s): Rozbeh Fallah, Ali Kiani and Arash Azarfar

Participatory epidemiology and associated risk factors of foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in South Omo zone, South-Western Ethiopia

November 2013

Participatory appraisal was applied to determine the major cattle diseases and investigate the epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in South Omo pastoral and agro-pastoral livestock production system. Furthermore, assessment of associated risk factors in particular concern to local production system was conducted by participatory appraisal. The participatory methods used were clinical observation, matrix ranking...

Author(s): Bereket Molla, Gelagay Ayelet, Yilkal Asfaw, Yasmin Jibril and Esayas Gelaye

Study on prevalence of hydatidosis and cyst characterization in camels (Camelus dromedarius) slaughtered at Akaki abattoir, Ethiopia

November 2013

A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2010 to August 2012 to determine the prevalence of camel hydatidosis and associated risk factors in camels slaughtered for human consumption at Akaki municipal abattoir. The results of this study revealed that out of 770 camels slaughtered, 474 (61.6 %) were harboring hydatid cysts with varying numbers and sizes in different organs (3850) in the following manner; liver...

Author(s): Bulto Giro Boru, Yacob Hailu Tolossa, Getachew Tilahun and  Hagos Ashenafi

Effect of infectious bursal disease virus on pathogenicity of avian influenza virus subtype H9N2 in broiler chicks

October 2013

In this experiment, pathogenesis of H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV), experimentally infected with infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) in broiler chicks was examined. Three groups of twenty were randomly selected. Day old chickens in group 1, were infected by 103 CID50 of IBDV intrabursaly, and in thirty days of age groups 1 and 2 were challenged with 106 EID50 H9N2, intranasaly-intraoculary. Chickens in...

Author(s): Motamed, N., Mayahi, M., Seifi, M. R. and Jafari, R. A.

Dairy cows mastitis survey in Adama Town, Ethiopia

October 2013

A total of 102 smallholder dairy farms and 303 cross bred milking cows were examined to determine the overall prevalence of mastitis, to identify risk factor, to isolate and identify bacterial pathogens and to conduct in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility test in Adama Town, Ethiopia using pre-tested questionnaires, California mastitis test (CMT), microbial isolation and identification and in...

Author(s): Rediet Belayneh, Kelay Belihu and Alehegne Wubete

Preliminary study on prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle owned by tuberculosis positive and negative farmers and assessment of zoonotic awareness in Ambo and Toke Kutaye districts, Ethiopia

October 2013

A cross sectional study was conducted from April to September, 2012 on cattle owned by tuberculosis positive and negative farmers and households to assess prevalence of bovine tuberculosis and zoonotic awareness of the households in Ambo and Guder districts, Ethiopia. A total of 398 cattle were tested using single comparative intradermal tuberculin test. The result was interpreted at >4 and >2 mm. An overall 1 and...

Author(s): Firaol Tamiru, Milkessa Hailemariam and Waktole Terfa

Epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematodes of Horro sheep in Western Oromiya, Ethiopia

October 2013

This study was conducted during May 2011 to December 2012 in Western Oromiya to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in naturally infected Horro sheep and associated risk factors. A total of 1680 faecal samples were examined using flotation and modified McMaster methods. Identification of all isolated nematodes was performed on larvae recovered from pooled faecal cultures and worms collected from...

Author(s): Takele Sori Aga, Yacob Hailu Tolossa and Getachew Terefe

Preliminary studies on synchronization of estrus with double injection of prostenol in dwarf does (Capra hircus) and role of macro minerals in estrus

October 2013

A study was conducted to examine the efficacy of prostenol for synchronizing estrus in dwarf goats (Capra hircus) and role of concentration of macro minerals during estrus phase. A lot of goats (n=8) were selected from the flock maintained at Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) Farm, Faisalabad on the basis of their post-partum period >2 months. Goats (n=5) were given 2 prostenol (an...

Author(s): Tarique Hussain, Mujahid Hussain, Shahzad Akbar Khan, Rehana Kausar, Mudasser Habib, Abdul Shakoor and Shahnaz Adeeb Khanum

Management practices and welfare problems encountered on working equids in Hawassa town, Southern Ethiopia

September 2013

A cross sectional study was conducted between November, 2008 and April, 2009 to evaluate (observe) management practices and welfare problems of working equids at Hawassa town, Southern Ethiopia. Six hundred working equids were screened for various lesions on the skin. Sixty animal owners or users were interviewed about management practices. Among studied (observed) equids, 90% were draught, and 10% were pack animals....

Author(s): Solomon Mekuria and Matusala Mulachew  Rahmeto Abebe

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